Morristown, Tennessee

Last updated
Morristown, Tennessee
City of Morristown
Morristown Main Street looking east.jpg
MorristownTNCityCenter.jpg
Rose Center.jpg
College Square Mall.jpg
Heritagepark.jpg
Hamblen-county-courthouse-tn1.jpg
Crockett Tavern Museum.jpg
Images, from top down, left to right: Main Street Historic District in downtown Morristown, Morristown City Center, Rose Center, College Square Mall, Fulton-Hill Park on the historic Morristown College site, Hamblen County Courthouse, Crockett Tavern Museum
City of Morristown Seal.png
City of Morristown Logo.jpg
Nickname(s): 
Mo'Town, [1] Tennessee’s Disc Golf Capital [2]
Motto: 
"A City Always Expanding"
Hamblen County Tennessee incorporated and unincorporated areas Morristown highlighted.svg
Location in Hamblen County and the state of Tennessee
Coordinates: 36°12′38″N83°17′46″W / 36.21056°N 83.29611°W / 36.21056; -83.29611 Coordinates: 36°12′38″N83°17′46″W / 36.21056°N 83.29611°W / 36.21056; -83.29611
Country United States
State Tennessee
Counties Hamblen, Jefferson
Settledca. 1787
Incorporated1855 [3]
Founded by Gideon Morris
Named for Gideon Morris
Government
  Type Council-manager
   Mayor Gary Chesney
   City Manager Tony Cox
   City Council
Council members
Area
[6]
   City 27.72 sq mi (71.79 km2)
  Land27.67 sq mi (71.67 km2)
  Water0.04 sq mi (0.11 km2)
Elevation
1,350 ft (397 m)
Population
 (2020) [7]
   City 30,431
  Density1,099.66/sq mi (424.58/km2)
   Urban
65,631 [8]
   Metro
142,749 [9]
Demonym Morristownian
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
37813-37816
Area code 423
FIPS code 47-50280 [10]
GNIS feature ID 2404307 [11]
Primary Airport Morristown Regional Airport
Interstate I-81.svg
Website www.mymorristown.com

Morristown is a city in and the county seat of Hamblen County, Tennessee, United States. [12] Morristown also extends into Jefferson County on the western and southern ends. The city's population was recorded to be 30,431 at the 2020 United States census. [13] It is the principal city of the Morristown Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Grainger, Hamblen, and Jefferson counties. [14] The Morristown metropolitan area is also part of the Knoxville-Morristown-Sevierville Combined Statistical Area. [14]

Contents

Established in 1855, Morristown developed into a thriving community due to its strategic location at the intersection of two major stagecoach routes. It would experience turmoil from battles in its immediate area and its change of control under Union and Confederate forces during the Civil War. Following the war, Morristown furthered its industrial growth with companies expanding rail access, making it a prominent logistics hub into the 20th century. Since the mid-20th century, the city has established itself as the regional economic hub and metropolis of the Lakeway Area region following efforts to expand the industrial sector of the city's economy into a market with over 100 companies, providing a workforce of an estimated 30,000 people. [15] In 2019, the city was reported to have a daytime population of 118,600, including those commuting to the city from surrounding counties and communities. [16]

History

Early years and establishment

The first European settler was Gideon Morris, a farmer who arrived from the Watauga Settlement, a settlement that was leased to settlers from the inhabiting Cherokee tribes. [17] Morris, along with his siblings, petitioned to have the Watauga Settlement annexed in the State of North Carolina. [17] After the success of the petition, the settlement was named Morristown, and land grants containing Hamblen and Jefferson counties were assigned to Morris and his brothers Daniel and Absalom in 1787 by North Carolina officials. [18] [15]

Pioneer and folk-hero David Crockett lived in present-day Morristown with his father, John Crockett, and established a tavern in 1794. The current-day Crockett Tavern Museum sits at the approximate location of the former tavern and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [19]

In 1855, Morristown was incorporated into a city. [20] During the period between 1855 and 1870, Morristown's limits were divided along Main Street into Grainger and Jefferson counties. [20] Many residents brought concerns regarding transportation and communication access in Morristown and neighboring communities such as Russellville and Panther Springs. [21] After working with officials from the neighboring counties and the state government, Hamblen County was formed from portions of Grainger, Jefferson, Hawkins, and Greene counties. [21]

Morristown was chosen as the county seat of Hamblen County shortly after its formation in 1870. [20]

Civil War

As the Civil War approached, the town's sympathies were divided between the Union and secessionist sides. In December 1863, some 25,000 Confederate Army soldiers under the command of General James Longstreet arrived at Bethesda Presbyterian Church, northeast of the town, to spend the winter, after the Battle of Bean's Station. They remained there until February 1864 and used the Bethesda Church building as a hospital. [22] [23] Military engagements occurred near the church in both October and November 1864. [22] On October 28, 1864, Union General Alvan C. Gillem attacked Confederate forces under General John C. Vaughn in the Battle of Morristown. They fought in and around the town with Gillem routing Vaughn's Confederates in what became known as "Vaughn's Stampede." Vaughn was forced to retreat to Carter's Station on the Watauga River in northeastern Tennessee. The battle resulted in about 335 total casualties. [24] [25] [26] In the Battle of Bull's Gap ("Gillem's Stampede") in November, Confederate forces under General John C. Breckinridge prevailed over Gillem's troops, chasing the Union forces westward to a defensive position at Strawberry Plains near Knoxville. [26] [27] During one of these skirmishes, a cannonball penetrated one of the church walls, causing structural damage that was repaired by reinforcing the walls with large iron rods. [22] The Union Army used the church as a hospital for soldiers wounded in these operations. [27] Many soldiers from both sides are interred in the Bethesda Church cemetery. Eighty of the wartime burials are unidentified. [22] [23]

Later 18th century developments

Morristown saw a steady shift into an industrially-based economy in the early beginnings of the Industrial Revolution, around the early to late 19th century. The first industry in the area was the Shields Paper Mill, located on the Holston River, operating from 1825 to 1861. [28] Other prominent early businesses included the Morristown Manufacturing Company and the later Knoxville-based J. F. Goodson Coffee Company in 1882. [28] [29]

From 1891 to 1928, Morristown was a terminal on the Knoxville and Bristol Railroad, commonly known by locals as the "Peavine Railroad." The railroad was a branch line of the Southern Railway that ran from downtown Morristown on Main Street to Corryton, a bedroom community outside of Knoxville. [30] [31] The Peavine Railroad had first operated between Morristown and Bean Station, with plans to connect north to the Cumberland Gap, but instead extended west through Grainger County towards Knoxville. [32]

Mid 20th century to present day

American Enka and the labor movement

American Enka Company fiber factory in the Lowland region of Morristown, circa 1948 American Enka Corp., Morristown, Tennessee. LOC gsc.5a18830.jpg
American Enka Company fiber factory in the Lowland region of Morristown, circa 1948

In 1944, the American Enka Company, a rayon fiber producer based out of Asheville, North Carolina, began construction on a 230-acre plant in the Lowland region of Morristown, beginning operations in 1947. [33] [34]

In March 1950, workers at the facility walked out on strike. Officials from American Enka Company then advertised for replacements of the striking workers. Tensions soon built when residents of Morristown and Lowland appeared at the gates of the Enka plant to apply for the listed jobs. Violence then followed, with shots fired, cars damaged, and one adjacent house destroyed by dynamite. The then-governor of Tennessee, Gordon Browning, dispatched National Guard troops to restore order at the Enka factory. By the end of the strike, and following acts of violence and vandalism, its story had become national front-page news, and on-site congressional hearings regarding labor relations and the labor movement were held in Morristown, led by Democratic Senator Hubert Humphrey. [35] [36]

In 1985, the American Enka facility was acquired by BASF and continued under their operations until 1992, when it was sold to Lenzing AG. [33] The plant closed in 2005, after the company that operated the plant, Liberty Fibers, filed for bankruptcy. [37] The plant site and its adjacent wastewater treatment plant have since been annexed into the Morristown city limits. [37]

Industrial development

Beginning in 1959, following then presidential candidate John F. Kennedy's exposure to poverty in Appalachia, Morristown officials began a joint effort with Tennessee economic development representatives to establish the city as a major industrial hub, and the program began with the construction and completion of the East Tennessee Valley Industrial District (ETVID) industrial park in eastern Morristown near Russellville. [38]

By 1978, the 375 acres (1.52 km2) ETVID industrial park had reached its estimated capacity, prompting city officials to develop a second industrial park. [38] After acquiring a 670 acres (2.7 km2) site in western Morristown near Morristown Regional Airport in the same year, city officials developed the site into the Morristown Airport Industrial District (MAID) industrial park in 1981. [38] Five months after the park's completion, two companies opened facilities at the MAID. [38] As overall economic prosperity continued to make gains in Morristown, city officials and development representatives have cited Morristown's industrial development initiative as an example of economic growth: [38]

In the 1990s, the City of Morristown acquired over 900 acres (3.6 km2) near Interstate 81 exit 8 for its third industrial park, the East Tennessee Progress Center (ETPC). [39] Initial site development such as roadway and utility upgrades were completed in 2001. [39] Several large manufacturers opened facilities at the site, but further infrastructure upgrades, grading work, and property acquisition was done on the site throughout the 2000s and 2010s. [39] [40]

Following the 2007-2012 global economic crisis, Morristown saw the loss of one of its largest employers, Berkline, which closed after filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 2011. [41] The furniture manufacturer, which relocated to the city in 1937, eliminated 602 jobs and ended an era of Morristown being known as a predominately furniture manufacturing hub: [42]

"For two or three generations, Morristown has been considered a furniture town, and this is the last of the major furniture operations here."

Hamblen County Mayor Bill Brittain, "Furniture maker Berkline closing Morristown operation", Knoxville News Sentinel (2011)

In 2018, Belgian bus manufacturer Van Hool announced the construction of a 500,000 square feet (46,000 m2) facility at the ETPC, [39] one of the largest industrial development projects in the history of Morristown. [43] [44] The project expects to create an estimated 650 jobs, over $47 million in private investment and an influx of interest of further industrial development in the Morristown area. [39] [45]

Downtown emergence and the "Skymart" project

The road now known as Main Street was first reported to have been built in 1792–1793 in an area between Grainger and Jefferson counties. [46]

By 1833, Morristown had its first post office and store located along Main Street. [46] Fourteen years later, railroad lines were built, stimulating further commercial growth until the beginning of the American Civil War. [46] Morristown's Main Street district, measuring approximately 1 square mile (2.6 km2), arose from the intersection of two railroad lines, gradually turning Morristown into wholesale/retail hub after the end of the Civil War. [46]

By the dawn of the 20th century, Morristown saw another era of growth. Several new buildings emerged in the downtown area, including the Henry Street Post Office, the First National Bank Building, currently the second tallest building in downtown Morristown, and the Princess Theater. The Princess Theater would be the first theater in Morristown and showcased touring musical acts, ministerial shows, pageants, films, and special Grand Ole Opry performances. Following the opening of theaters in neighboring shopping complexes, the Princess Theater would close in 1982. It was demolished in 1995. [46]

Following the 1950s, the downtown district saw losses in revenue, as a suburban shopping mall on the city's west side jeopardized businesses downtown. The city developed a plan to modernize Main Street by creating an "overhead sidewalk" as part of the nationwide push for urban renewal projects, enabling businesses to form on the second floor of existing buildings while serving as a canopy for passage below. Building owners spent nearly $2 million ($16 million today) upgrading their properties and linking them to ramps, while the government contributed over $5 million to build the elevated walkways. [46] The underground channel for Turkey Creek was also enlarged and rerouted. In 1962, Turkey Creek, which bisects the street, flooded and damaged the downtown commercial district. The project was completed in 1967, becoming the first second-story sidewalk system in an American city. [47] Over time, the Skymart has served as little more than a remnant of the idealism of 1960s urban renewal projects. Despite the aftermath of the project, the overhead sidewalks still stand in the downtown area. [48] [49]

Morristown is embarking on a resurrection of the Skymart, eyeing the structure as a key redevelopment tool of turning downtown into a social and commercial hub. It has been made a key element in a greenway master plan along Turkey Creek, with plans to connect downtown Morristown to Cherokee Park and Cherokee Lake. [50] [51] In an effort to renew public interest, city officials, the Crossroads Downtown Partnership, and the Morristown Area Chamber of Commerce hold events in the city's downtown or the "Skymart District" throughout the year, mainly during the warmer months of May to September. [52]

On March 22, 2016, Main Street along with the rest Morristown's downtown district was officially listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [48]

Geography

Morristown is situated in the upper region of East Tennessee in the Tennessee Valley between the Great Smoky Mountains to the south and Clinch Mountain to the north. [18] It is considered part of a region known as the "Lakeway Area", consisting of an land area surrounding Cherokee and Douglas lakes. [18] It is positioned nearly at the midpoint between Knoxville and the Tri-Cities region. [53]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 28.0 square miles (72.4 km2), of which 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.19%, are water. Cherokee Lake, an artificial reservoir built by the Tennessee Valley Authority in the 1940s, is north of the city.

Neighborhoods

  • Alpha
  • Barton Springs
  • Brockland Acres
  • Corbin Estates
  • Dogwood Hills
  • Drinnon Heights
  • East Ridge
  • Edgewood
  • Fairview-Marguerite
  • Hidden Acres
  • Hillcrest
  • Liberty Heights
  • Lowland (partial)
  • Lyn-Mar Estates
  • Lyn-Ross Manor
  • Old Towne
  • Ridgeview
  • Talbott (partial)
  • West Hills
  • Wildwood
  • Wilderness Shores
  • Witt

Important suburbs

Climate

Morristown falls in the humid subtropical climate zone (Köppen climate classification Cfa), although it is not quite as hot as areas to the south and west of Tennessee due to the higher elevations. Summers are hot and humid, with July highs averaging 85 °F (29 °C), lows averaging 66 °F (19 °C), and an average of eight days per year with temperatures above 90 °F (32 °C). [54] Winters are generally cool, with occasional small amounts of snow. January averages a high of around 45 °F (7 °C) and a low of around 28 °F (−2 °C), although low temperatures in the single digits and teens are not uncommon. The record high for Morristown, since 1994, is 103 °F (39 °C), while the record low is −2 °F (−19 °C). Annual precipitation averages around 44.3 in (1,125 mm), and average winter snowfall is 11.7 inches (30 cm). The average monthly relative humidity is around 70 percent.

Climate data for Morristown, TN (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1982–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)77
(25)
80
(27)
84
(29)
90
(32)
91
(33)
103
(39)
103
(39)
100
(38)
95
(35)
95
(35)
84
(29)
78
(26)
103
(39)
Average high °F (°C)46.2
(7.9)
50.8
(10.4)
59.7
(15.4)
69.2
(20.7)
76.8
(24.9)
83.3
(28.5)
86.4
(30.2)
85.6
(29.8)
80.6
(27.0)
70.3
(21.3)
58.7
(14.8)
49.0
(9.4)
68.0
(20.0)
Daily mean °F (°C)36.6
(2.6)
40.4
(4.7)
48.0
(8.9)
57.0
(13.9)
65.7
(18.7)
73.1
(22.8)
76.6
(24.8)
75.4
(24.1)
69.6
(20.9)
58.5
(14.7)
47.1
(8.4)
39.9
(4.4)
57.3
(14.1)
Average low °F (°C)27.1
(−2.7)
30.1
(−1.1)
36.2
(2.3)
44.7
(7.1)
54.5
(12.5)
63.0
(17.2)
66.9
(19.4)
65.2
(18.4)
58.6
(14.8)
46.6
(8.1)
35.6
(2.0)
30.9
(−0.6)
46.6
(8.1)
Record low °F (°C)−19
(−28)
−13
(−25)
0
(−18)
21
(−6)
31
(−1)
41
(5)
49
(9)
46
(8)
35
(2)
24
(−4)
14
(−10)
−4
(−20)
−19
(−28)
Average precipitation inches (mm)4.05
(103)
4.49
(114)
4.88
(124)
4.44
(113)
3.75
(95)
4.53
(115)
4.73
(120)
3.33
(85)
3.24
(82)
2.76
(70)
3.37
(86)
4.57
(116)
48.14
(1,223)
Average snowfall inches (cm)2.1
(5.3)
2.9
(7.4)
2.0
(5.1)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
1.6
(4.1)
8.8
(22)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)12.212.612.911.412.412.212.510.08.99.09.412.2135.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)1.71.80.80.10.00.00.00.00.00.00.11.15.6
Source: NOAA [55] [56]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 950
1880 1,35042.1%
1890 1,99948.1%
1900 2,97348.7%
1910 4,00734.8%
1920 5,87546.6%
1930 7,30524.3%
1940 8,05010.2%
1950 13,01961.7%
1960 21,26763.4%
1970 20,318−4.5%
1980 19,570−3.7%
1990 21,3859.3%
2000 24,96516.7%
2010 29,13716.7%
2020 30,4314.4%
Sources: [57] [58] [59] [60] [7]

2020 census

Morristown racial composition [61]
RaceNumberPercentage
White (non-Hispanic)19,06762.66%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic)1,6055.27%
Native American 650.21%
Asian 4531.49%
Pacific Islander 2540.83%
Other/Mixed 1,2063.96%
Hispanic or Latino 7,78125.57%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 30,431 people, 11,639 households, and 6,985 families residing in the city.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, [10] there were 29,137 people, 11,412 households, and 7,278 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,194.7 people per square mile (461.2/km2). There were 12,705 housing units at an average density of 528.1 per square mile (203.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.52% White, 6.63% African American, 0.87% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, and 2.15% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origins were 19.37% of the population.

There were 11,412 households, out of which 22.5% had children under 17 years of age living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. 31% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.85% under 17 years of age, 9.45% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 16% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,005, and the median income for a family was $33,391. Males had a median income of $26,724 versus $20,515 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,894. About 14.6% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.9% of those under age 18 and 17.3% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Being centrally located in the East Tennessee region, Morristown serves at the hub for a labor market area pulling most of its labor force from a surrounding seven-county area of 337,000 people. [62] Morristown and its metropolitan area in 2019 was reported to have a gross metropolitan product of US$5.1 billion. [16]

Top employers

According to a March 2021 survey by the Morristown Area Chamber of Commerce, [63] the top 15 employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1Hamblen County Department of Education1,284
2 Koch Foods 1,100
3 MAHLE Powertrain 1,015
4Team Technologies853
5 Arconic 833
6 Walmart 749
7 Walters State Community College 743
8Morristown-Hamblen Healthcare Systems716
9 JTEKT 693
10 Rich Products 540
11Tuff Torq Corporation500
12 Food City 422
13Healthstar Physicians373
14Otics USA Inc.366
15City of Morristown338

Real estate

As of August 2020, Morristown has seen a high demand for both single-family and multi-family residential developments. [64] [65] Morristown reported a 110% increase in residential construction in the city's annual economic and community development report in 2020. [66]

A study by Middle Tennessee State University found that the Morristown metropolitan area saw an 8.1% increase in housing prices in the third quarter of 2019 compared to the same period in 2018. [67]

As of 2010, the median price for a home in the Morristown-Hamblen area was $125,600, compared with $142,000 in the Knoxville metropolitan area, and $177,900 nationally. [15]

In 2010, the Morristown-Hamblen area was home to over 1,000 businesses, employing over 25,000 people. [15] Total property tax revenue was almost equally divided amongst residential, commercial, and industrial properties, with residential property tax supplying 50.1%, commercial at 26.1%, and industrial at 20.1%. [15]

Manufacturing

Morristown is considered to be one of the largest manufacturing and industrial hubs in the state of Tennessee. [68] There are several industrial parks located in the eastern, western and southern parts of the city, [40] and over 100 manufacturers have based their facilities in Morristown, ranging from food processing, aerospace technology, machine and parts production, plastics engineering, and many other industries. [69] [70]

In 2019, the Morristown area was reported to be home to 109 manufacturing companies, with projections showing Morristown could gain 3,000 jobs and over $600,000,000 dollars in investment in the manufacturing sector alone by the year 2024. [65]

Morristown's manufacturing market employs nearly 10,000 or 24% of the workforce in Hamblen County, and an extra 11,000 commuting from surrounding counties such as Jefferson, Grainger, Cocke, and Hawkins for employment. [62]

Retail

Morristown is considered a hub for retail, with the indoor regional College Square Mall serving an area of 300,000 people, and a diverse array of locally owned shops and franchised stores in retail developments dispersed around Morristown and in its downtown area. [53] [71] In 2016, the city saw nearly $1.4 billion in retail sales. [20]

Arts and culture

Festivals

There are several annual festivals and events held in Morristown, [72] some of the more notable events include:

Historic sites

Sports

Minor league baseball

Morristown hosted several Minor League Baseball teams from 1910 to 1961 at Sherwood Park. [78] The Morristown Jobbers became charter members of the Southeastern League in 1910. [79] The Jobbers continued in the Appalachian League in 1911 and played each season through 1914. [80] From 1923 to 1925, the city's entry in the league was called the Morristown Roosters. [79] In 1948, the Morristown Red Sox became charter members of the Mountain States League in which they played through 1954. [79] The team won the league championship in their first season. [81] The Red Sox folded early in the 1954 season and were replaced in the league by the Morristown Reds. [82] [83] The Morristown Cubs, the city's final professional baseball team played in the Appalachian League from 1959 to 1961 and won the 1959 pennant. [79] [84]

Little League

Little League softball in Morristown dates back to the late 20th century. In 1985 and 1987, Morristown had teams qualify for the Little League World Series; the 1985 team finished in third place. The Morristown teams were only two of eight Tennessee teams that have advanced to the series in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Morristown would see podium placement by the 2000s, placing fourth in the 2006 Little League Softball World Series, [85] and winning it the following year. [86]

Parks and recreation

The Morristown-Hamblen area includes several parks and recreational sites, including Panther Creek State Park. Municipal and county recreation areas include Cherokee Park, Frank Lorino, Fred Miller, and Fulton-Hill. Public access for boating and swimming to Cherokee Reservoir is available in the northern area of the city and county. Morristown is also home to several golf and disc golf courses. [87]

Government

Morristown uses the mayor-council government system, which was established in 1855 when the city was incorporated. Morristown is governed by a seven-member city council composed of the mayor and six council members, four members are elected from single-member districts and two members are elected at-large for the entire city. [5] The citizens elect the mayor to a four-year term and the six council members to two-year terms.

The City Council meets every first and third Tuesday of each month at 5:00 p.m. in the Council Chambers at the City Center building. [5]

Morristown is represented in the Tennessee House of Representatives in the 10th district by Representative Rick Eldridge, a Republican. [88]

In the Tennessee State Senate, Morristown is represented by the 1st district by Senator Steve Southerland, also a Republican. [89]

Morristown is represented in the United States House of Representatives by Republican Diana Harshbarger of the 1st congressional district. [90]

Education

Main campus of Walters State Community College in East Morristown WSCC Campus.jpg
Main campus of Walters State Community College in East Morristown

Public schools

Public schools in Morristown are operated by the Hamblen County Department of Education. There are four middle schools: East Ridge, Lincoln, Meadowview, and Westview. Morristown has two high schools: Morristown-Hamblen High School East and Morristown-Hamblen High School West. [91]

Colleges

The main campus of Walters State Community College is located in Morristown. [92]

The main campus and the aviation technology expansion campus of the Tennessee College of Applied Technology - Morristown, are located in Morristown.

Satellite campuses of King University and Tusculum College are located in Morristown.

Media

Radio

Newspaper

In film

Infrastructure

Healthcare

Morristown is home to the Morristown-Hamblen Hospital. The hospital has a 167-room capacity with 23 designated for emergency use. It is considered the main healthcare center in the Morristown metropolitan area. [95]

Utilities

Morristown Utilities System (MUS) provides electricity, water, sewer, and fiber broadband internet to the City of Morristown and several eastern Hamblen County residents and businesses. It provides services to approximately 15,000 customers. [96]

Appalachian Electric Cooperative (AEC), a utilities company based out of New Market in neighboring Jefferson County, provides electricity and fiber broadband internet for western and northern portions of Morristown, portions of Hamblen County, Jefferson County (including New Market, Baneberry, Jefferson City, Dandridge, and White Pine), and Grainger County (including Bean Station and Rutledge). [97] [98] AEC, as of June 2018, provides services to 46,000 customers. [98]

Transportation

Morristown is primarily populated with car-dependent stroad infrastructure. Traffic congestion - US 11E - Morristown, TN.jpg
Morristown is primarily populated with car-dependent stroad infrastructure.

Morristown is an automobile-dependent city, almost entirely reliant on roadway infrastructure to support its large commuting-base residing inside the city and from surrounding counties. [99]

All U.S. routes, state routes in Morristown, along with I-81, are maintained by the Tennessee Department of Transportation (TDOT) in TDOT Region 1, which consists of 24 counties in East Tennessee. [99] [100] Streets, sidewalks, and greenways in the Morristown-Hamblen area are maintained by either the Hamblen County Highway Department or the City of Morristown Public Works Department. [101] [102] [103] [104]

In 2002, the United States Census Bureau declared the municipalities of Morristown, Jefferson City, White Pine, and portions of unincorporated Hamblen and Jefferson counties as a part of an urbanized area. [105] The Lakeway Area Metropolitan Transportation Planning Organization (LAMPTO) was created following the requirement of a designated MTPO for all urbanized areas in the United States. [105] The LAMPTO plans and coordinates regional transportation projects in Morristown and its urbanized area. [105]

Major highways

The sole interstate highway serving Morristown is Interstate 81, which connects the city to Interstate 40 in nearby Dandridge to the west, and the Tri-Cities region in northeasternmost Tennessee to the east. [106]

U.S. Route 25E-Tennessee State Route 32 is the principal north–south route in Morristown, and connects the city from Interstate 81 at exit 8, to U.S. Route 11W in Bean Station. US 25E also extends to Interstate 75 in Corbin, Kentucky, serving as a popular alternate route of I-75 regarding construction and congestion in Knoxville. [107] The route is given the designation Appalachian Development Highway System Corridor S from I-81 in Morristown to the Tennessee-Kentucky state line at the Cumberland Gap, and as High-Priority Corridor 12 of the National Highway System. [106]

U.S. Route 11E-Tennessee State Route 34 is the principal east–west route in Morristown, paralleling the I-40-I-81 corridor, and connecting the city to Jefferson City to the west, and Greeneville to the east. [106]

Tennessee State Route 160 is a bypass route of US 11E, and serves the city with access to I-81 at exit 12, US 25E, and US 11E. [106]

Tennessee State Route 66 is a connector route to serving Morristown, connecting the city to I-81 exit 4 in White Pine, and to SR 160 and US 11E in west Morristown. [106]

Principal highways

  • I-81.svg I-81
  • US 11E.svg US 11E (Morris Boulevard, West Andrew Johnson Highway)
  • US 25E.svg US 25E (Davy Crockett Parkway)
  • Tennessee 32.svg SR 32 (concurrent to US 25E)
  • Tennessee 34.svg SR 34 (concurrent to US 11E)
  • Tennessee 66.svg SR 66 (Doctor Martin Luther King Jr. Parkway, East Andrew Johnson Highway, First North Street)
  • Tennessee 160.svg SR 160 (Governor Dewitt Clinton Senter Parkway, Air Park Boulevard, Enka Highway)

Major surface routes

  • Secondary Tennessee 113.svg SR 113
  • Secondary Tennessee 341.svg SR 341 (Alpha Valley Home Road)
  • Secondary Tennessee 342.svg SR 342 (Panther Creek Road)
  • Secondary Tennessee 343.svg SR 343 (Cumberland Street, Buffalo Trail)
  • Secondary Tennessee 344.svg SR 344 (Old Russellville Pike)
  • Secondary Tennessee 474.svg SR 474 (Merchants Greene Boulevard)
  • Brights Pike
  • Cherokee Drive
  • Commerce Boulevard
  • Economy Road
  • Kidwell Ridge Road
  • Liberty Hill Road
  • Lincoln Drive
  • Main Street / Morningside Drive
  • Sulpher Springs Road
  • Veterans Parkway
  • Walters Drive

Rail access

Norfolk Southern Railway operates freight transport throughout Morristown along several lines, including the Crescent Corridor. [108] [109] The Southern Railway used to serve Johnson City with several trains: the Birmingham Special (ended, 1970), the Pelican (ended, 1970) and the Tennessean (ended, 1968). [110]

Mass transit

Public transportation is provided by Lakeway Transit. Three fixed bus routes connect to the downtown area, most residential areas, and major shopping centers throughout the city. Lakeway Transit operates using passenger fares, and city, state, federal funding. [111]

Airport

Morristown and the surrounding area is served by Morristown Regional Airport (IATA:MOR), a 160-acre (65 ha) airport equipped with one 5,717-foot (1,743 m) runway. The airport is located southwest of Morristown's central business district near the neighborhood of Alpha, and is operated by the municipal government. [112]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jefferson County, Tennessee</span> County in Tennessee, United States

Jefferson County is an exurban county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2020 census, the population was 54,683. Its county seat is Dandridge. Jefferson County is part of the Morristown Metropolitan Statistical Area with neighboring Grainger and Hamblen counties. The county, along with the Morristown MSA, is included in the Knoxville-Morristown-Sevierville Combined Statistical Area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hamblen County, Tennessee</span> County in Tennessee, United States

Hamblen County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2020 census, the population was 64,499. Its county seat and only incorporated city is Morristown. Hamblen County is the core county of the Morristown Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Hamblen, Jefferson, and Grainger counties. The county and the Morristown MSA is included in the Knoxville-Morristown-Sevierville, TN Combined Statistical Area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Grainger County, Tennessee</span> County in Tennessee, United States

Grainger County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2020 census, the population was 23,527. Its county seat is Rutledge. Grainger County is a part of both the Knoxville Metropolitan Statistical Area and Morristown Metropolitan Statistical Area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dandridge, Tennessee</span> County seat of Jefferson County, Tennessee, United States

Dandridge is a town in and the county seat of Jefferson County, Tennessee, United States. It had a population of 3,344 at the 2020 census. The town is part of the Morristown, Tennessee Metropolitan Statistical Area, which consists of Jefferson, Hamblen, and Grainger counties.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">White Pine, Tennessee</span> Town in Jefferson and Hamblen counties in Tennessee, United States

White Pine is a town in Jefferson and Hamblen counties in Tennessee, United States. It is part of the Morristown Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 2,471 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">East Tennessee</span> Geographic and cultural region of Tennessee, United States

East Tennessee is one of the three Grand Divisions of Tennessee defined in state law. Geographically and socioculturally distinct, it comprises approximately the eastern third of the U.S. state of Tennessee. East Tennessee consists of 33 counties, 30 located within the Eastern Time Zone and three counties in the Central Time Zone, namely Bledsoe, Cumberland, and Marion. East Tennessee is entirely located within the Appalachian Mountains, although the landforms range from densely forested 6,000-foot (1,800 m) mountains to broad river valleys. The region contains the major cities of Knoxville and Chattanooga, Tennessee's third and fourth largest cities, respectively, and the Tri-Cities, the state's sixth largest population center.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bean Station, Tennessee</span> Lakeside town in Grainger and Hawkins counties, Tennessee

Bean Station is a town in Grainger and Hawkins counties in the state of Tennessee, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population was 2,967.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">U.S. Route 11W</span> Suffixed section of U.S. Highway in Tennessee and Virginia in the United States

U.S. Route 11W, locally known as Bloody 11W, is a divided highway of US 11 in the U.S. states of Tennessee and Virginia. The U.S. Highway, which is complemented by US 11E to the south and east, runs 111.2 miles (179.0 km) from US 11, US 11E, and US 70 in Knoxville, Tennessee north and east to US 11, US 11E, US 19, and US 421 in Bristol, Virginia. US 11W connects Knoxville and the twin cities of Bristol, Virginia and Bristol, Tennessee with the East Tennessee communities of Rogersville and Kingsport. The U.S. Highway has an unsigned concurrency with Tennessee State Route 1 for its whole length. In 2021, the route in its entirety was labeled among the top 25 deadliest highways in the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">U.S. Route 11E</span> Suffixed U.S. Highway in Tennessee and Virginia in the United States

U.S. Route 11E is a divided highway of US 11 in the U.S. states of Tennessee and Virginia. The U.S. Highway, which is complemented by US 11W to the north and west, runs 120.9 miles (194.6 km) from US 11, US 11W, and US 70 in Knoxville, Tennessee north and east to US 11, US 11W, US 19, and US 421 in Bristol, Virginia. US 11E connects Knoxville and the twin cities of Bristol, Virginia and Bristol, Tennessee with the East Tennessee communities of Morristown, Greeneville, and Johnson City. The U.S. Highway runs concurrently with US 70 and US 25W east of Knoxville, US 321 from Greeneville and Johnson City, and both US 19W and US 19 between Johnson City and Bristol. US 11E also has an unsigned concurrency with Tennessee State Route 34 for almost all of its course in Tennessee.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">U.S. Route 25E</span> Highway in Tennessee and Kentucky, United States

U.S. Route 25E is the eastern branch of U.S. Route 25 from Newport, Tennessee, where US 25 splits into US 25E and US 25W, to North Corbin, Kentucky, where the two highways rejoin. The road, however, continues as US 25E for roughly 2 miles (3.2 km) until it joins Interstate 75 in the Laurel County community of North Corbin at exit 29. The entire route serves as a arterial expressway for long-distance travelers and truckers connecting central Appalachia to the Great Lakes and Eastern Seaboard regions of the U.S. via access to Interstate highways.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Interstate 81 in Tennessee</span>

Interstate 81 (I-81) is an 855.02-mile-long (1,376.02 km) Interstate Highway stretching from Dandridge, Tennessee, northward to the Thousand Islands Bridge at the Canadian border near Fishers Landing, New York. In Tennessee, I-81 serves the northeastern part of the state, running 75.66 miles (121.76 km) from its southern terminus with I-40 in Dandridge to the Virginia state line in Bristol. The route serves the Tri-Cities region of the state and the eastern parts of the Knoxville metropolitan area, terminating about 35 miles (56 km) east of Knoxville. In Tennessee, I-81 bypasses most cities that it serves, instead providing access via interchanges with state and federal routes. I-81 remains in the Ridge-and-Valley topographic region of the Appalachian Mountains for its entire length in Tennessee, and runs in a more northeast to southwest direction.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tennessee State Route 66</span>

State Route 66 is a state-maintained highway in eastern Tennessee, including a six-lane divided highway segment in Sevier County, a four-lane expressway in Hamblen and Jefferson counties, and a two-lane segment through mountainous terrain continuing to the northeast terminus.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Strawberry Plains, Tennessee</span> Census-designated place in Tennessee, United States

Strawberry Plains is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Jefferson, Knox, and Sevier counties in the State of Tennessee, United States. Before 2010, it was treated by the United States Census Bureau as a census county division. It is included in both the Knoxville Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Morristown Metropolitan Statistical Area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Russellville, Tennessee</span> CDP in Tennessee, United States

Russellville is a census-designated place in Hamblen County, Tennessee, United States. Located along U.S. Route 11E-Tennessee State Route 34, it is situated approximately at a midpoint between Whitesburg and Morristown.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Knoxville metropolitan area</span> Metropolitan area in Tennessee, United States

The Knoxville metropolitan area, commonly known as Greater Knoxville, is a metropolitan statistical area centered on Knoxville, Tennessee, the third largest city in Tennessee and the largest city in East Tennessee. It is the third largest metropolitan area in Tennessee. In 2020, the metro area had a population of 879,773. The Knoxville–Morristown–Sevierville Combined Statistical Area had a population of 1,156,861 according to the census bureau in 2020.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Morristown metropolitan area</span> Metropolitan area based in Morristown, Tennessee, United States

The Morristown Metropolitan Statistical Area, commonly known as the Lakeway Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of three counties - Grainger, Hamblen, and Jefferson - in eastern Tennessee, anchored by the city of Morristown. As of the 2000 census, the MSA had a population of 123,081. A July 1, 2009 estimate placed the population at 137,612).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tennessee State Route 160</span> State highway in Tennessee

State Route 160 is a state highway in East Tennessee that has both four-lane expressway and two-lane rural collector sections. It serves as a arterial bypass route of US 11E/SR 34 in the city of Morristown in Hamblen County.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lowland, Tennessee</span> Unincorporated community in Tennessee, United States

Lowland is an unincorporated community in Hamblen County, Tennessee, United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tennessee State Route 32</span> State unsigned highway in Tennessee

State Route 32 is a state highway in East Tennessee. For most of its route, it is an unsigned companion route concurrent with U.S. Route 25E. The highway stretches 89 miles from the North Carolina state line to the Tennessee-Kentucky state line near the town of Cumberland Gap.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">East Tennessee Crossing Byway</span> National Scenic Byway in East Tennessee

The East Tennessee Crossing Byway is a 83-mile (134 km) National Scenic Byway in the U.S. state of Tennessee. Established in 2009, it is one of the newest byways in the National Scenic Byway system. The scenic byway traverses mostly along an unsigned concurrency of U.S. Route 25E/State Route 32 (US 25E/SR 32) in East Tennessee.

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Further reading