Thorndon Park Reserve

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Thorndon Park Reserve is a public park in the Adelaide suburb of Paradise, South Australia. It was formerly the site of the Thorndon Park reservoir, which was completed in 1860. [1] The reserve became accessible to the public for recreational use in 1986.[ citation needed ] It was redesigned in the 2000s[ citation needed ] and as of 2015 improvement works are ongoing. [2] [3] The reserve has picnic areas, barbecues, play equipment for children, large grassy areas, wheelchair-friendly walking paths, an amphitheatre, waterways and a terraced series of ponds and wetlands which support diverse native flora and fauna. [4] In 2014, the prospect of establishing a community orchard within the Thorndon Park Reserve was considered. [5] Dogs are not permitted in the park. [6]

Adelaide City in South Australia

Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia. In June 2017, Adelaide had an estimated resident population of 1,333,927. Adelaide is home to more than 75 percent of the South Australian population, making it the most centralised population of any state in Australia.

Paradise, South Australia Suburb of Adelaide, South Australia

Paradise is a northeastern suburb of Adelaide in South Australia. It is bounded on the north side by the River Torrens. Amongst its neighboring suburbs are Highbury, Dernancourt, Athelstone, Newton and Campbelltown.

South Australia State of Australia

South Australia is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi), it is the fourth-largest of Australia's states and territories by area, and fifth largest by population. It has a total of 1.7 million people, and its population is the second most highly centralised in Australia, after Western Australia, with more than 77 percent of South Australians living in the capital, Adelaide, or its environs. Other population centres in the state are relatively small; Mount Gambier, the second largest centre, has a population of 28,684.

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Thorndon Park reservoir

Thorndon Park Reservoir

Thorndon Park Reservoir.jpeg

Thorndon Park Reservoir, 1899
Coordinates 34°52′28″S138°41′18″E / 34.87444°S 138.68833°E / -34.87444; 138.68833 Coordinates: 34°52′28″S138°41′18″E / 34.87444°S 138.68833°E / -34.87444; 138.68833
Status Drained and converted to a park
Construction began 1857
Opening date 1860
Demolition date 1986
Dam and spillways
Type of dam earth
Height 42 feet (13 m) [1]
Width (crest) 5 feet (1.5 m)
Width (base) 10 feet (3.0 m)
Reservoir
Total capacity 142,000,000 imperial gallons (650 Ml)
Surface area 26.5 acres (10.7 ha) [1]
Maximum water depth 40 feet (12 m)

The Thorndon Park reservoir was the first reservoir built to supply the township of Adelaide. [7] It was under construction between 1857 [8] and 1859 [1] and was completed in 1860. At full capacity, the reservoir held 142,000,000 imperial gallons (650 Ml) of water. [9] [8]

In 1950 the tiny African freshwater jellyfish Craspedacusta sowerbii was found in the reservoir. [10]

Olindiidae family of cnidarians

Olindiidae is a family of hydrozoans in the order Limnomedusae. They have a polyp phase and a medusa phase. The polyps are generally small (1 mm) and solitary, but a few species are colonial. They have a varying number of tentacles and can reproduce by budding. The medusae can grow to 6 cm (2.4 in). Centripetal canals may be present or absent and the radial canals are unbranched. The gonads are beside the radial canals, except in Limnocnida, where they are on the manubrium. The fertilised eggs develop into planula larvae which become polyps. These multiply asexually or can bud off medusae. In some species, medusae are only produced when the water temperature exceeds a certain level. Most species are marine, but several can also be found in brackish water and a few, notably Craspedacusta and Limnocnida, are found in fresh water.

<i>Craspedacusta sowerbii</i> fresh water jellyfish

Craspedacusta sowerbii is a freshwater jellyfish in the phylum Cnidaria. Since it is classified as a hydrozoan, it is one of many jellyfish that are also known as hydromedusae. Hydromedusan jellyfish differ from scyphozoan jellyfish because they have a muscular, shelf-like structure called a velum on the ventral surface, attached to the bell margin. Originally from the Yangtze basin in China, C. sowerbii is an invasive species now found throughout the world in bodies of fresh water.

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "THE RESERVOIR AT THORNDON PARK". South Australian Register. 1859-04-18. p. 2. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
  2. Council, Campbelltown City, Thorndon Park Master Plan, Campbelltown City Council, retrieved 2016-02-07
  3. Abbracciavento, Daniela (2014-08-14). "Public green light for multi-million dollar Thorndon Park plan". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
  4. "Campbelltown City Council -". www.campbelltown.sa.gov.au. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
  5. "Forget the swings, this local park has fresh fruit". NewsComAu. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
  6. "Thorndon Park Reserve | Open Space & Shade". Play and Go. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
  7. "ADELAIDE'S OLDEST RESERVOIR IN LOW STATE". The Register News-Pictorial. 1930-06-26. p. 12. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
  8. 1 2 "NOMENCLATURE OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA. NAMES AND THEIR ORIGIN. XXIV.—AN ALPHABETICAL REVIEW. Adelaide's First Reservoir". The Register. 1908-07-22. p. 5. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
  9. "RESERVOIR FULL". News. 1939-08-23. p. 7. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
  10. "Tiny African jellyfish in S.A. reservoir". The Mail. 1950-03-11. p. 3. Retrieved 2016-02-07.