Three Rivers Station

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Three Rivers Station
Location in Western Australia

Three Rivers or Three Rivers Station is a pastoral lease and sheep station located in the Mid West region of Western Australia. Three Rivers and the neighbouring Bryah Station occupy an area of 513,000 hectares (1,267,651 acres) on the headwater of the Gascoyne River and primarily composed of grasslands.

Sheep Domesticated ruminant bred for meat, wool and milk

Domestic sheep are quadrupedal, ruminant mammals typically kept as livestock. Like most ruminants, sheep are members of the order Artiodactyla, the even-toed ungulates. Although the name sheep applies to many species in the genus Ovis, in everyday usage it almost always refers to Ovis aries. Numbering a little over one billion, domestic sheep are also the most numerous species of sheep. An adult female sheep is referred to as a ewe, an intact male as a ram or occasionally a tup, a castrated male as a wether, and a younger sheep as a lamb.

Station (Australian agriculture) large landholding used for livestock production (in Australian agriculture)

In Australia, a station is a large landholding used for producing livestock, predominantly cattle or sheep, that need an extensive range of grazing land. It corresponds to American ranches that operate under the Taylor Grazing Act of 1934 on public lands. The owner of a station is called a pastoralist or a grazier.

Mid West (Western Australia) Region in Western Australia

The Mid West region is one of the nine regions of Western Australia. It is a sparsely populated region extending from the west coast of Western Australia, about 200 kilometres (120 mi) north and south of its administrative centre of Geraldton and inland to 450 kilometres (280 mi) east of Wiluna in the Gibson Desert.

Three Rivers Station has a total area of 480,000 hectares (1,186,106 acres). [1]

The longest river in Western Australia, the Gascoyne River, rises near the Great Northern Highway on the property and then flows west to the coast. [2]

Western Australia State in Australia

Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the north and west, and the Southern Ocean to the south, the Northern Territory to the north-east, and South Australia to the south-east. Western Australia is Australia's largest state, with a total land area of 2,529,875 square kilometres, and the second-largest country subdivision in the world, surpassed only by Russia's Sakha Republic. The state has about 2.6 million inhabitants – around 11 percent of the national total – of whom the vast majority live in the south-west corner, 79 per cent of the population living in the Perth area, leaving the remainder of the state sparsely populated.

Gascoyne River river in Australia

The Gascoyne River is a river in the Gascoyne region of Western Australia. At 865 kilometres (537 mi), it is the longest river in Western Australia.

Great Northern Highway highway in Western Australia

Great Northern Highway links Western Australia's capital city Perth with its northernmost port, Wyndham. With a length of almost 3,200 kilometres (2,000 mi), it is the longest highway in Australia, with the majority included as part of the Perth Darwin National Highway. The highway is constructed as a sealed, predominantly two-lane single carriageway, but with some single-lane bridges in the Kimberley. Great Northern Highway travels through remote areas of the state, and is the only sealed road link between the Northern Territory and northern Western Australia. Economically, it provides vital access through the Wheatbelt and Mid West to the resource-rich regions of the Pilbara and Kimberley. In these areas, the key industries of mining, agriculture and pastoral stations, and tourism are all dependent on the highway.

The station is situated approximately 120 miles (193 km) north of Meekatharra [3] It was established by the pastoralist Frederick Francis Burdett Wittenoom in 1884 when Wittenoom and B. J. Carlyon took up a large tract of land beyond Peak Hill and stocked it with cattle from Nookawarra Station. [4]

Meekatharra, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Meekatharra is a town in the Mid West region of Western Australia. Meekatharra is a Yamatji word meaning 'place of little water'. At the 2016 census, Meekatharra had a population of 708, with 34.0% being of Aboriginal descent.

Pastoral farming covers the systems of production of articles of bovine, type of animal breeding

Pastoral farming aimed at producing livestock, rather than growing crops. Examples include dairy farming, raising beef cattle, and raising sheep for wool. In contrast, arable farming concentrates on crops rather than livestock. Finally, Mixed farming incorporates livestock and crops on a single farm. Some mixed farmers grow crops purely as fodder for their livestock; some crop farmers grow fodder and sell and in some cases pastoralists. Pastoral farming is a non-nomadic form of pastoralism in which the livestock farmer has some form of ownership of the land used, giving the farmer more economic incentive to improve the land. Unlike other pastoral systems, pastoral farmers are sedentary and do not change locations in search for fresh resources. Rather, pastoral farmers adjust their pastures to fit the needs of their animals. Improvements include drainage, stock tanks, irrigation and sowing clover.

Frank Wittenoom Australian explorer

Francis "Frank" Frederick Burdett Wittenoom was an explorer and pastoralist in Western Australia.

The station had a registered office on St Georges Terrace in Perth that was established in 1920. [5]

Perth City in Western Australia

Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia (WA). It is named after the city of Perth, Scotland and is the fourth-most populous city in Australia, with a population of 2.06 million living in Greater Perth. Perth is part of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, with the majority of the metropolitan area located on the Swan Coastal Plain, a narrow strip between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp. The first areas settled were on the Swan River at Guildford, with the city's central business district and port (Fremantle) both later founded downriver.

The well known pastoralist, David Stewart, acquired a share in the station in 1921. [6]

The shearer, Harry Finlay, once shore 301 sheep in a day at the station in 1926. [7]

Wesley Hall Taylor was found dead at the station in 1928 with a shotgun wound to the head. It was later determined that he had accidentally inflicted the wound to himself. [8]

The station sold 1,200 sheep and 105 cattle, which were trucked out via Meekatharra in 1939. [9]

In 1940, Paul Hanson, a book-keeper from the station, collapsed and died in his car about 25 miles (40 km) from the station. The woman he was driving who did not know the country or how to drive a car was stranded at the spot for three days and nights. She was found in a distraught condition by the station manager, Mr J. Bowman. [10]

The area had good rains in 1948 with the station receiving over 3 inches (76 mm) in five days. Road were closed as was many landing strips around the area. [11]

An escapee from Barton's Mill prison farm, John Henry Price was caught and arrested at the station by Constable R. Carr in 1954. [12]

The Forsyth family acquired Bryah Station in 1973 and expanded by acquiring Three Rivers in 1984. At this time the station was stocked with about 2,300 sheep and 250 cattle. The 1980s and 1990s were hard times with the area experiencing prolonged droughts and a boom in gold mining.

The lessee of Three Rivers in 2012 was Plutonic, Three Rivers is operating under the Crown Lease number CL168-1970 and has the Land Act number LA3114/926.

See also

Related Research Articles

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Sir Edward Horne Wittenoom KCMG was an Australian politician who served intermittently in the Legislative Council of Western Australia between 1883 and 1934, including as President of the Legislative Council from 1922 to 1926. He sat in the Legislative Council from 1883 to 1884, 1885 to 1886, 1894 to 1898, 1902 to 1906, and finally from 1910 to 1934. Wittenoom was a minister in the government of Sir John Forrest, and was also Agent-General for Western Australia between 1898 and 1901.

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References

  1. "Soils for Life – Restoring the Gascoyne rangeland". 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  2. "Landgate – History of River Names – G". 2008. Archived from the original on 22 January 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
  3. "Escapee Caught On Station". The West Australian . Perth: National Library of Australia. 9 February 1954. p. 7. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
  4. "Mr. F. B. Wittenoom dead". Western Mail . Perth: National Library of Australia. 14 September 1939. p. 7. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  5. "Advertising". The West Australian . Perth: National Library of Australia. 2 August 1920. p. 3. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
  6. "Pioneer Pastoralist". Sunday Times . Perth: National Library of Australia. 18 March 1934. p. 6 Section: First Section. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  7. "NZ Sheep Easier". Sunday Times . Perth: National Library of Australia. 24 January 1954. p. 14. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  8. "Accidental Shooting". Geraldton Guardian . Geraldton, Western Australia: National Library of Australia. 15 December 1928. p. 2. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  9. "Stock Movements". The Northern Times . Carnarvon, Western Australia: National Library of Australia. 29 September 1939. p. 1. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  10. "Alone For Three Days Beside Body of Companion". The Advocate . National Library of Australia. 29 March 1940. p. 7. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  11. "Pastoral Rains". The West Australian . Perth: National Library of Australia. 23 April 1948. p. 11. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  12. "Escapee Caught On Station". The West Australian . Perth: National Library of Australia. 9 February 1954. p. 7. Retrieved 26 May 2012.

Coordinates: 25°07′30.75″S119°09′06.17″E / 25.1252083°S 119.1517139°E / -25.1252083; 119.1517139