|Genus:|| Furipterus |
(F. Cuvier, 1828)
The thumbless bat (Furipterus horrens) is a species of insectivorous bat in the family Furipteridae, in the monotypic genus Furipterus. It is found in Costa Rica, Brazil, Venezuela; Colombia; Ecuador; Suriname; French Guiana; Guyana; Panama; Trinidad, and Peru. They have a small thumb which is included in the membrane of the wing, causing the 'thumbless' appearance.
The thumbless bat belongs to the family Furipteridae (Mammalia: Chiroptera) which is currently composed of only two genera: Amorphochilus and Furipterus. [ citation needed ] The first description of the species was proposed by Frédéric Cuvier in 1828, separating the taxon to a new genus Furia. The taxon was reassigned to Furipterus in 1839 by Charles Bonaparte.Both genera are monotypic.
The thumbless bat is found in Central and South America. Its range includes Costa Rica, Panama, southern Brazil and Bolivia (Gardner 2008, Peracchi et al. 2011).In Brazil, it was recorded in 12 different regions covering the Amazon, Caatinga, Cerrado and Atlantic Forest biomes (Reis and Gazarini 2007, Tavares et al. 2008, Peracchi et al. 2011).
Its populations are rare and very local, but widespread.Male and female bats may live separately during some parts of the year. There were found more than 60 males occupying one hollow.
The thumbless bat is found in caves. Additionally, it is associated with moist environments. Thumbless bats were detected significantly more frequently over large lakes(Emmons and Feer 1997).The moist habitat plays a key role for aerial insectivorous bats. However, thumbless bat's activity is significantly higher in forest compared to the lakes. They roots in small clusters in colonies for up to 60 individuals in caves. The nests are located in deep cracks between rocks.
Thumbless bats are aerial insectivorous bats.
The bat family Noctilionidae, commonly known as bulldog bats or fishing bats, is represented by two extant species, the greater and the lesser bulldog bats, as well as at least one fossil species, Noctilio lacrimaelunaris, from the Miocene of Argentina. The naked bulldog bat does not belong to this family, but to the family Molossidae, the free-tailed bats. They are found near water, from Mexico to Argentina and also in the Caribbean islands. In these areas they can be found roosting in groups within hollow trees, caves, man made homes, or other openings with enough space. While the two species exhibit different social and foraging behaviors both tend to return to a main roosting spot while also visiting other alternative roosting spots.
Furipteridae is family of bats, allying two genera of single species, Amorphochilus schnablii and the type Furipterus horrens. They are found in Central and South America and are closely related to the bats in the families Natalidae and Thyropteridae. The species are distinguished by their reduced or functionless thumbs, enclosed by the wing membranes, and their broad, funnel-shaped ears. They are insectivorous and can live in many different kinds of environments. They have greyish fur, and a small nose-leaf. Like many bats, they roost in caves.
The big-eared woolly bat or (Peters's) woolly false vampire bat is a species of bat, belonging to the Order Chiroptera and Family Phyllostomidae.
The silver-tipped myotis is a species of mouse-eared bat found in a range of lowland habitats in the Americas.
The black myotis, is a vesper bat species from South and Central America.
The Mato Grosso dog-faced bat, is a bat species from South America. It is found in Brazil, Colombia, Guyana and Venezuela.
The Neotropical fruit bats (Artibeus) are a genus of bats within the subfamily Stenodermatinae. The genus consists of 12 species, which are native to Central and South America, as well as parts of the Caribbean.
Diclidurus is a genus of bats whose common name is the ghost bats. Diclidurus all inhabit tropical South America, and D. albus is also found in Mexico and Central America. The fur of these insectivorous bats is white, sometimes with a slight greyish tinge, except D. isabella, which is partially pale brown. The only other all-white bat in the New World is the Honduran white bat, but it is easily distinguished from Diclidurus by its relatively large nose leaf. Diclidurus are poorly known and only infrequently captured, at least in part because they fly high above the ground or in the forest canopy.
Carollia is a genus of bats often referred to as the short-tailed fruit bats. Along with the genus Rhinophylla, Carollia makes up the subfamily Carolliinae of family Phyllostomidae, the leaf-nosed bats. Currently, nine species of Carollia are recognized, with a number having been described since 2002. Members of this genus are found throughout tropical regions of Central and South America but do not occur on Caribbean islands other than Trinidad and Tobago. Bats of the genus Carollia often are among the most abundant mammals in neotropical ecosystems and play important roles as seed dispersers, particularly of pioneer plants such as those of the genera Piper, Cecropia, Solanum, and Vismia. Carollia are primarily frugivorous; however, C. perspicillata, C. castanea, and C. subrufa are known to feed on insects.
Van Gelder's bat is a species of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae. It is found in Belize, Costa Rica, Honduras, and Mexico. The species is monotypic within its genus. It is part of the tribe Antrozoini within the subfamily Vespertilioninae and is related to the pallid bat. The bat is found in forest habitat from sea level to elevations as high as 2300 m, although not usually above 1300 m, and is insectivorous and crepuscular. It apparently has a fragmented distribution, and is threatened by deforestation.
The eastern false pipistrelle, species Falsistrellus tasmaniensis, is a vespertilionid bat that occurs in eastern and south-eastern Australia, including the island of Tasmania.
Peters's myotis or the small black myotis is a species of insectivorous vesper bat. It is found in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, and the Philippines; its exact distribution is uncertain as it is difficult to distinguish from some other Myotis species. It appears adaptable to a variety of habitats, including primary tropical moist lowland forest, secondary forest, agricultural areas and villages.
Thomas's sac-winged bat is a species of sac-winged bat in the family Emballonuridae.
Saccolaimus is a genus of the bat family Emballonuridae, small insectivorous flying mammals with distinctive sheathtails and pouches at the wrist.
Glossophaga is a genus of bats in the leaf-nosed bat family, Phyllostomidae. Members of the genus are native to the American Neotropics.
The smoky bat is a species of bat in the family Furipteridae. It is monotypic within the genus Amorphochilus. Its natural habitat is rocky shores. It is threatened by habitat loss. This bat is also called the thumbless bat because its thumb is partly enclosed in its wing; this common name is also applied to another species, Furipterus horrens. This species lives in western Peru, western Ecuador, Puna island (Ecuador) and northern Chile. These bats can be found in groups up to 300 bats. In 2013, Bat Conservation International listed this species as one of the 35 species of its worldwide priority list of conservation. The Smoky Bat is known to be exclusive to neotropical distribution, especially in Central American regions. It is also known that they do not leave their habitat until very dark out. The Smoky Bat also insectivores animals that like to fly very close to the ground to catch their prey. They also like to live in areas that are very hidden, such as small crevices (Duda, R., Dalapicolla, J., & Costa, L. P..
Miller's mastiff bat is a species of bat in the family Molossidae. It is found in Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guyana, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Venezuela.
The Pemba flying fox is a species of flying fox in the family Pteropodidae. It is endemic to the island of Pemba on the coast of Tanzania.
The Coiban mastiff bat is a species of bat in the family Molossidae. Its range extends from Chiapas in southern Mexico to Mato Grosso in Brazil, including Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, Panama, Costa Rica and El Salvador. The taxonomic status of the populations in Central America is uncertain. The species is insectivorous and is known from a variety of forest habitats at elevations from near sea level to 1300 m.
LaVal's disk-winged bat is a species of bat in the family Thyropteridae. It is native to Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela and Brazil where it has been found near streams in tropical rainforest. The bat is insectivorous. It is poorly studied but is believed to be rare. The species was named in honor of American zoologist Richard K. LaVal.