Tiberius Petasius

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Tiberius Petasius
Usurper of the Byzantine Empire
Solidus Tiberius Petasius.jpg
Solidus minted in Tiberius' name
Reignc.730/731
Predecessor Leo III
Successor Leo III
BornPetasius
Died730/731
Regnal name
Tiberius

Tiberius Petasius was a Byzantine usurper in Italy c.730/731.

Contents

History

Very little of Tiberius' life is known, other than that he was born Petasius , [1] and that he revolted against the Byzantine Emperor Leo III the Isaurian (r. 717–741) [2] in either 730 or 731, [3] [4] in Tuscia, Italy, [5] [6] taking the regnal name Tiberius. [1] It is possible that he was acclaimed as emperor by local Italian assemblies, who subsequently lost heart when the rebellion of Agallianos Kontoskeles in Greece was crushed. [7] Tiberius gained the allegiance of several towns near Tuscia, including Castrum Manturianense—identified by the historian Ludovico Muratori as modern-day Barbarano Romano), Blera, and Luna —modern-day location unknown, but likely not the Luna in northern Etruria; Tiberius set his headquarters at Castrum Manturianense. [4]

The Exarch of Ravenna, Eutychius (r. c.727  751), was sent to suppress Tiberius' revolt. Eutychius was short on manpower, thus Pope Gregory II (r. 715–731), who did not support Leo III, but opposed the creation of rival emperors, sent several bishops, as well as Papal forces to support Eutychius. [2] [5] [6] Their combined armies marched to Castrum Manturianense, crushed the rebellion in battle, and killed Tiberius. [4] [5] [6] After killing Tiberius, Eutychius sent his head to Leo III. [2]

The issue of Iconoclasm may have played a part in Tiberius' revolt, with Tiberius deriving support from Italians who opposed Leo III's iconoclastic policies, [8] although the only source which states that the anti-Iconoclastic sentiment of the Italians was related to the revolt of Tiberius comes from a much later anti-Iconoclast. [9]

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