Tien Shan dhole

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Tian Shan dhole
Siberian wild dog.png
Photographed by William Percival Westell (1910)
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Cuon
Species:
Subspecies:
C. a. hesperius
Trinomial name
Cuon alpinus hesperius
Afanasjev and Zolotarev, 1935 [1]
Synonyms

Cuon alpinus jason(Pocock, 1936)

The Tian Shan dhole (Cuon alpinus hesperius), also known as the Siberian dhole, Western Asiatic dhole, [2] or northern dhole is a subspecies of dhole native to the Altai and Tian Shan mountain ranges, and possibly Pamir and Kashmir.

Contents

Characteristic

Exhibit of Tian Shan dhole. Tien shan dhole.jpg
Exhibit of Tian Shan dhole.

The Tian Shan dhole is somewhat smaller than the Ussuri dhole, with a relatively wider skull and much lighter, straw-coloured winter fur coat. It has a short, wide face and a skull measuring 180 mm long on average. The top of the head and outer sides of the ears are reddish-straw coloured. The upper surface of the neck is dirty-white, with a narrow, sandy-yellow-coloured band running along the upper surface of the back from the ears to the shoulders. The outer surfaces of the limbs are sandy-yellow, while the flanks and inner sides of the limbs have little to no yellowish tint. [3]

The auditory bullae of this subspecies has distinct morphology compared to other dhole subspecies. [4]

Distribution and habitat

Illustration by John Gerrard Keulemans (1890). Keulmans Cuon alpinus alpinus.png
Illustration by John Gerrard Keulemans (1890).

The Tian Shan dhole's habitats consists of mountain ranges and other areas with colder climate. It currently lives in the Tian Shan and the Altai Mountains.

The dhole was once widespread from Northeast to southern Central Asia in Transoxiana. They formerly lived in Siberia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan. The Tian Shan dhole still occurs in Tibet. A few still live in the Gansu Province from northwestern China. Although dholes have not been recorded in Pakistan, they once occurred in the alpine steppes extending into Kashmir.

Hunting and diet

Painting of Tian Shan dholes (Cuon alpinus hesperius) hunting an argali. MSU V2P1a - Cuon alpinus painting.png
Painting of Tian Shan dholes (Cuon alpinus hesperius) hunting an argali.

It feeds primarily on Siberian ibexes, arkhar, argali, roe deer, maral and wild boar, as well as musk deer and reindeer. [5]

Related Research Articles

Dhole Species of mammal

The dhole is a canid native to Central, South, East, and Southeast Asia. Other English names for the species include Asian wild dog, Asiatic wild dog, Indian wild dog, whistling dog, red dog, and mountain wolf. It is genetically close to species within the genus Canis, but distinct in several anatomical aspects: its skull is convex rather than concave in profile, it lacks a third lower molar and the upper molars sport only a single cusp as opposed to between two and four. During the Pleistocene, the dhole ranged throughout Asia, Europe, and North America but became restricted to its historical range 12,000–18,000 years ago.

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Siberian roe deer Species of deer

The Siberian roe deer or eastern roe deer is a species of roe deer found in northeastern Asia. In addition to Siberia and Mongolia, it is found in Kazakhstan, the Tian Shan Mountains of Kyrgyzstan, eastern Tibet, the Korean Peninsula, and northeastern China (Manchuria).

Siberian weasel Species of carnivore

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Yellow-throated marten Species of carnivore

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East Siberian brown bear Subspecies of carnivore

The East Siberian brown bear(Ursus arctos collaris) is a population or subspecies of brown bear which ranges from eastern Siberia, beginning at the Yenisei river, north to the Arctic Circle, as far as Trans-Baikaliya, the Stanovoy Range, the Lena River, Kolyma and generally throughout Yakutia and the Altai Mountains. The subspecies is also present in northern Mongolia.

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<i>Trans-Caucasian fox</i> Subspecies of carnivore

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Siberian lynx Subspecies of carnivore

The Siberian lynx, also known as the East Siberian lynx, is a subspecies of Eurasian lynx living in the Russian Far East. It lives in the Stanovoy Range and east of the Yenisei River. There were 5,890 mature individuals in the Russian Far East as of 2013. Prey include the Siberian roe deer. The Siberian lynx is the second most common subspecies of the Eurasian lynx. According to a study done on the mortality of Eurasian lynx, the Siberian lynx lives to an average age of 15 years.

Ussuri dhole Subspecies of carnivore

The Ussuri dhole, also known as the Indian dhole, Eastern Asiatic dhole, Chinese dhole or southern dhole, is the nominate subspecies of the dhole native to East Asia. It is widespread in the Indian subcontinent and the Indochinese Peninsula. The Ussuri dhole is also native to China, however it is probably extinct in most of its ranges in China, as well as in Mongolia and the Russian Far East.

Mongolian wolf Subspecies of mammal

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References

  1. Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN   978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC   62265494.
  2. Fox, M. W. (1984), The Whistling Hunters: Field Studies of the Indian Wild Dog (Cuon Alpinus), Steven Simpson Books, p. 40, ISBN   0-9524390-6-9
  3. Heptner & Naumov (1998). "Mammals of the Soviet Union": 579.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. "Dhole | Canids".
  5. Heptner, V. G. & Naumov, N. P. (1998), Mammals of the Soviet Union Vol.II Part 1a, SIRENIA AND CARNIVORA (Sea cows; Wolves and Bears) , Science Publishers, Inc. USA., pp. 566-86, ISBN   1-886106-81-9