Timeline of Amazon history

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View of Manu National Park in the Amazon Rainforest The Jungle Ultra Long Stage.jpg
View of Manú National Park in the Amazon Rainforest

This is a timeline of Amazon history, which dates back at least 11,000 years ago, when humans left indications of their presence in Caverna da Pedra Pintada. [1] [2]


Here is a brief timeline of historical events in the Amazon River valley.

Pre-Columbian Era

11th century to 19th century

20th century

21st century


  1. Wilford, John Noble. Scientist at Work: Anna C. Roosevelt; Sharp and To the Point In Amazonia. New York Times. April 23, 1996
  2. Roosevelt et al., 1996
  3. Prümers, Heiko; Betancourt, Carla Jaimes; Iriarte, José; Robinson, Mark; Schaich, Martin (2022). "Lidar reveals pre-Hispanic low-density urbanism in the Bolivian Amazon". Nature. 606 (7913): 325–328. Bibcode:2022Natur.606..325P. doi: 10.1038/s41586-022-04780-4 . PMC   9177426 . PMID   35614221. S2CID   249065661.
  4. Oyuela-Bonzani, Isabel. "Exploitive By Design: Warning Signs From the Northwest Amazon". Harvard.Edu. Harvard Graduate School of Design. p. 32. Retrieved December 13, 2023.
  5. "Field Museum scientists estimate 16,000 tree species in the Amazon". Field Museum. October 17, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2013.

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