|Tinguá Biological Reserve
|Reserva Biológica do Tinguá
Serra do Tinguá mountains
|Rio de Janeiro State
|Rio de Janeiro
|26,260 hectares (64,900 acres)
|23 May 1989
Tinguá Biological Reserve (Portuguese : Reserva Biológica do Tinguá) is a biological reserve in the Serra do Tinguá mountains, Rio de Janeiro state, eastern Brazil.
Portuguese is a Western Romance language originating in the Iberian Peninsula. It is the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Angola, and São Tomé and Príncipe. It also has co-official language status in East Timor, Equatorial Guinea and Macau in China. As the result of expansion during colonial times, a cultural presence of Portuguese and Portuguese creole speakers are also found in Goa, Daman and Diu in India; in Batticaloa on the east coast of Sri Lanka; in the Indonesian island of Flores; in the Malacca state of Malaysia; and the ABC islands in the Caribbean where Papiamento is spoken, while Cape Verdean Creole is the most widely spoken Portuguese-based Creole. A Portuguese-speaking person or nation may be referred to as "Lusophone" in both English and Portuguese.
A biological reserve in Brazil is a legally defined type of protected area of Brazil, a conservation unit that aims for full preservation of biota and other natural attributes without human interference. It may be visited only with prior approval of the responsible agency, and only for research or educational purposes.
Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Brazil borders every South American country except Chile and Ecuador. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.
The reserve, which covers 26,260 hectares (64,900 acres), was created on 23 May 1989. It is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation. The reserve lies in the municipalities of Duque de Caxias, Nova Iguaçu and Petrópolis in Rio de Janeiro State. It adjoins the 2,353 hectares (5,810 acres) Jaceruba Environmental Protection Area, created in 2002, to the west. The biome is Atlantic Forest and includes submontane, montane and upper montane rain forest. The reserve is in the Central Rio de Janeiro Atlantic Forest Mosaic, created in 2006.
The Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation is the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment's administrative arm. Its acronym is "ICMBio". It is named after the environmental activist Chico Mendes.
Duque de Caxias is a city on Guanabara Bay and part of Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area, being the third most populous in Rio de Janeiro state, southeastern Brazil.
Nova Iguaçu is a municipality in Rio de Janeiro state in Brazil.
The Biological Reserve is a "strict nature reserve" under IUCN protected area category Ia. The purpose is to fully protect the biota and other natural attributes without direct human interference.Protected species in the reserve include southern muriqui (brachyteles arachnoides), red myotis (myotis ruber), Recife broad-nosed bat (platyrrhinus recifinus), ocelot (leopardus pardalis mitis), cougar (puma concolor capricornensis), the frog species thoropa petropolitana and thoropa lutzi, Chaco eagle (Harpyhaliaetus coronatus), grey-winged cotinga (tijuca condita), Salvadori's antwren (myrmotherula minor), white-necked hawk (leucopternis lacernulatus) and white-eared parakeet (pyrrhura leucotis).
IUCN protected area categories, or IUCN protected area management categories, are categories used to classify protected areas in a system developed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
The southern muriqui is a muriqui species endemic to Brazil. It is found in the Brazilian states of Paraná, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo and Minas Gerais. This New World monkey is known locally as mono carvoeiro, which translates to "charcoal monkey".
The red myotis, is a vesper bat species found in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.
Casimiro de Abreu is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro. Its population was 26,243 (2005) and its area is 461 km².
Silva Jardim is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro. Its population was 21,349 (2010) and its area is 938 km².
Poço das Antas Biological Reserve is a biological reserve located in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.
Lago Piratuba Biological Reserve is a biological reserve in the state of Amapá, Brazil.
Una Biological Reserve is a Biological reserve in Brazil.
Córrego do Veado Biological Reserve is a biological reserve in the municipality of Pinheiros, Espírito Santo, Brazil.
Augusto Ruschi Biological Reserve is a Federal biological reserve in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. It holds dense rainforest of the Atlantic Forest biome.
Serra Negra Biological Reserve is a Biological reserve in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil.
Sooretama Biological Reserve (Portuguese: Reserva Biológica de Sooretama is a biological reserve in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil.
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Comboios Biological Reserve is a biological reserve in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil.
Santa Isabel Biological Reserve is a biological reserve on the coast of the municipalities of Pacatuba and Pirambu in Sergipe, Brazil.
Córrego Grande Biological Reserve is a biological reserve spanning the boundary of Bahia and Espírito Santo, Brazil.
Uatumã Biological Reserve is a Biological reserve around the river Uatumã in the state of Amazonas in Brazil.
Petrópolis Environmental Protection Area is a protected area of Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
Guapimirim Environmental Protection Area is a coastal marine protected area on Guanabara Bay in the state of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil.
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União Biological Reserve is a strictly protected biological reserve in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is home to a population of endangered golden lion tamarin.
The Bom Jesus Biological Reserve is a biological reserve in the state of Paraná, Brazil.
The Jaceruba Environmental Protection Area is a municipal environmental protection area in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.