Tomb of Eve

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Coordinates: 21°29′31″N39°11′24″E / 21.49194°N 39.19000°E / 21.49194; 39.19000

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The tomb of Eve in 1894, during the Ottoman period. Eves-tomb-pelerinage-a-la-mecque-et-a-medina.png
The tomb of Eve in 1894, during the Ottoman period.

The Tomb of Eve, also known as Eve's Grave and Eve's Tomb, is an archeological site located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia ( 21°29′31″N39°11′24″E / 21.49194°N 39.19000°E / 21.49194; 39.19000 ). [1] It is considered by some Muslims to be the burial place of Eve. Prince Faisal, Viceroy of Hejaz, destroyed it in 1928. [2] In 1975, the site was also sealed with concrete by religious authorities, who disapprove of pilgrims praying at tombs. [3]

Richard Francis Burton mentions seeing it in his translation of the Book of a Thousand Nights and a Night . [4]

According to folk belief, Eve is considered the grandmother of humanity, which influenced the name Jeddah which means grandmother in Arabic. [5]

Mentions

Angelo Pesce mentions the site in his book on Jeddah [6] and the earliest documented reference to the tomb:

In Hamdani (10th century) who states 'It has been related that Adam was in Mine when he felt a yearning to see Eve... that Eve had come from Juddah, and that he knew her on Arafat. The first one to speak of Eve's tomb as being in Jeddah is Idrisi (mid-12th century). However, Ibn Jubayr (late 12th century), writing from direct experience (unlike Idrisi, he went to Jeddah for the pilgrimage) state that in Jeddah 'is a place having an ancient and lofty dome, which is said to have been the lodging place of Eve . . . when on her way to Mecca... Ibn Al-Mujawir (13th century) makes a clear reference to the Tomb of Eve in Jeddah, and so does Ibn Khallikan (13th century). [7] Ibn Battutah (14th century) ignores the matter altogether. Historians like Tabari, Masudi, and others state that, according to tradition, Eve is buried in Jeddah, but fail to give any detail of her tomb.

Dimensions

Plan of tomb of Eve by Sir Richard Francis Burton Eves-tomb-personal-narrative-of-a-pilgrimage-to-el-medinah-and-mecca.png
Plan of tomb of Eve by Sir Richard Francis Burton

Émile-Félix Gautier estimates the length of the tomb to about 130 m. [8]

Noted publicist Sirdar Ikbal Ali Shah mentions about the dimensions:

Eve must have been a lady of formidable proportions, for the original grave, I was told, was some eight feet long. It was as well, therefore, that she had not survived to welcome us in the flesh, for although it is rumored that we Muslims have an eye for ladies of heroic proportion we draw the line at the titanic. But I was told that the grave had mysteriously extended itself by the time I arrived to its present gigantic proportions. [9]

Aun Ar-Rafiq (Amir in Hijaz 1882–1905) tried to demolish the tomb, but that caused a public outcry. He then said: "But think you that 'our mother' was so tall? If the stupidity is international, let the tomb stand". [10]

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References

Citations

  1. Jayussi, Salma; Ḥāzimī, Manṣūr Ibrāhīm; Khaṭṭāb, ʻIzzat ibn ʻAbd al-Majīd (28 April 2006), Beyond the Dunes, IB Tauris & Co, p. 34, ISBN   978-1-85043-972-1
  2. "Arabia: Tomb of Eve". Time. February 27, 1928.
  3. "Grandmother Eve — buried in Saudi Arabia?", Sam's Life, March 13, 2013, retrieved 24 August 2014
  4. Burton, Richard Francis, The Book of One Thousand Nights and A Night, p. 358.
  5. Jayussi, Salma; Manṣūr Ibrāhīm Ḥāzimī; ʻIzzat ibn ʻAbd al-Majīd Khaṭṭāb Beyond the Dunes I B Tauris & Co Ltd (28 April 2006), p. 295. ISBN   978-1-85043-972-1
  6. Pesce, Angelo (1974), Jiddah: Portrait of an Arabian city, Falcon Press, pp. 126–30.
  7. Az-zaman, Wafayat al-ayan wa anba abna (وفيات الأعيان وأنباء أبناء الزمان) (1835–1842), Wüstenfeld, F (ed.), Ibn Qalaqis (biography), Göttingen, table II, p. 69, n. 772 (quoted by NALLINO, CA (1939), Nallino, M (ed.), L'Arabia Saudiana[The Saudi Arabia] (in Italian), Rome, p. 178.
  8. Moeurs et coutumes des Musulmans[Uses & costumes of the Muslims] (in French), Paris, 1931, p. 66.
  9. Westward to Mecca, London, 1928, p. 216.
  10. Rihani, Ameen (1930), Around the coasts of Arabia, London, p. 74.

Sources

  • Lawrence, T.E. (1921). Seven Pillars of Wisdom. Chapter VIII.