Topalu

Last updated
Topalu
Topalu jud Constanta.jpg
Location in Constanța County
Romania location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Topalu
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 44°33′N28°3′E / 44.550°N 28.050°E / 44.550; 28.050 Coordinates: 44°33′N28°3′E / 44.550°N 28.050°E / 44.550; 28.050
CountryFlag of Romania.svg  Romania
County Constanța
SubdivisionsTopalu, Capidava
Government
  MayorValentin Stanciu [1] (PNL)
Area
79.29 km2 (30.61 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [2]
1,785
  Density23/km2 (58/sq mi)
Time zone EET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg. CT
Website www.primariatopalu.ro

Topalu is a commune located on the right bank of the Danube in Constanța County, Northern Dobruja, Romania.

Contents

Administration

The commune includes two villages:

Demographics

At the 2011 census, Topalu had 1,707 Romanians (99.94%), 1 others (0.06%). [3]

History

Capidava on Tabula Peutingeriana (upper center) Part of Tabula Peutingeriana showing Eastern Moesia Inferior, Eastern Dacia and Thrace.png
Capidava on Tabula Peutingeriana (upper center)

Tabula Peutingeriana

Capidava is depicted in the form Calidava/Calidaua in Segmentum VIII of Tabula Peutingeriana (1st-4th century AD) on a Roman road between Axiopolis and Carsium. [4] [5] The map provides accurate data on the distances between Axiopolis, Capidava and Carsium. These distances coincide with the distances between the present localities of Hinog - Capidava and Capidava - Hârșova. This is also verified by the discovery of military marking pillar at Seimenii Mici that indicates the distance of 18,000 feet (27 km) from Axiopolis to Capidava. [6]

Ancient times

Ruins of the Geto-Dacian fortress Capidava Capidava.jpg
Ruins of the Geto-Dacian fortress Capidava

The village Capidava is the site of the fortified Geto-Dacian center with the same name, Capidava.

After the Roman conquest of Dacia it became a Roman city and castra in the province of Scythia Minor (modern Dobruja).

Etymology

Capidava is a Getic toponym, meaning the "curve fortified settlement". [6]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Constanța County County of Romania

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Battle of Adamclisi Battle beyween the Roman Empire and the Dacians (101/102)

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Argidava

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Acidava

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Aizis

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Zurobara

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Dava (Dacian)

Dava was a Geto-Dacian name for a city, town or fortress. Generally, the name indicated a tribal center or an important settlement, usually fortified. Some of the Dacian settlements and the fortresses employed the Murus Dacicus traditional construction technique.

Amutria

Amutria was a Dacian town close to the Danube and included in the Roman road network, after the conquest of Dacia.

Capidava

Capidava was an important Geto-Dacian center on the right bank of the Danube. After the Roman conquest, it became a civil and military center, as part of the province of Moesia Inferior, modern Dobruja.

Rusidava was a Dacian town mentioned in Tabula Peutingeriana between Acidava and Pons Aluti, today's Drăgășani, Vâlcea County, Romania.

Sucidava, Moesia

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Ziridava

Ziridava was a Dacian town located between Apulon and Tibiscum, mentioned by Ptolemy in the area of the Dacian tribe of Biephi.

References

  1. "Rezultate finale în judeţul Constanţa. Iată care sunt noii primari din judeţ!" (in Romanian). Ziua de Constanța. 6 June 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
  2. "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  3. "Constanța County at the 2011 census" (PDF) (in Romanian). INSSE. February 2, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 24, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2012.
  4. Anonymous. "Segmentum VIII,3". Tabula Peutingeriana (in Latin). 1-4th century AD.
  5. Olteanu, Sorin. "Categorii de toponime în funcţie de origine şi aşezare" [Toponymy categories according to origin and location]. Linguae Thraco-Daco-Moesorum (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 3 January 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  6. 1 2 Florescu, Radu; Manea, Florentina. Oberländer-Târnoveanu, Irina; Bor, Corina (eds.). "Capidava". Bucharest, Romania: Institute for Cultural Memory (Institutul de Memorie Culturală) - cIMeC. Archived from the original on 3 February 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2011.

Further reading