Tibiscum

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Tibiscum
Castrum Tibiscum - 08.jpg
Porta principalis sinistra
Romania location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location within Romania
Alternative name(s)Tibisco, Tivisco, Tibiscus, Tibiskon, Tiriskon [1]
Known also asCastra of Jupa
Founded during the reign of Trajan
Foundedc. 101 AD
Abandonedc. 6th-7th century AD
Attested by Tabula Peutingeriana
Previous fortification Dacian
Place in the Roman world
Province Dacia
Administrative unit Dacia Apulensis
Administrative unit Dacia Superior
Structure
— Stone structure —
Size and area307 m × 170 m (5.4 ha)
Stationed military units
Cohorts
Numeri
Location
Coordinates 45°27′59″N22°11′22″E / 45.4663°N 22.1895°E / 45.4663; 22.1895 Coordinates: 45°27′59″N22°11′22″E / 45.4663°N 22.1895°E / 45.4663; 22.1895
Altitudec. 180 m
Town Jupa
County Caraș-Severin
CountryFlag of Romania.svg  Romania
Reference
RO-LMI CS-I-s-A-10805 [2]
RO-RAN 51038.01 [2]
Site notes
Recognition Monument istoric.svg National Historical Monument
ConditionRuined
Excavation dates
  • 1924 - 1925 [2]
  • 1980 - 1990 [2]
Archaeologists

Tibiscum (Tibisco, Tibiscus, Tibiskon) was a Dacian town mentioned by Ptolemy, later a Roman castra and municipium. [5] [6] The ruins of the ancient settlement are located in Jupa, Caraş-Severin County, Romania.

Contents

Ancient sources

Ptolemy's Geographia

Tabula Peutingeriana

Etymology

History

Dacian town

Roman times


Archaeology


See also

Notes

  1. Schütte, Gudmund (1917). "Ptolemy's maps of northern Europe, a reconstruction of the prototypes". The Royal Danish Geographical Society. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Castrul şi vicus-ul roman (municipiul Tibiscum) de la Jupa - "Cetate"". National Archaeological Record of Romania (RAN). ran.cimec.ro. 16 October 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  3. Tactica, strategie si specific de lupta la cohortele equitate din Dacia Romana, de Petru Ureche
  4. 1 2 Tibiscum
  5. Ptolemy & 140 AD, III 8,4.
  6. Olteanu, Ptolemy's Dacia.

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References

Ancient

Modern

Further reading