Last updated

Castrum Tibiscum - 08.jpg
Porta principalis sinistra
Romania location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location within Romania
Alternative name(s)Tibisco, Tivisco, Tibiscus, Tibiskon, Tiriskon [1]
Known also asCastra of Jupa
Founded during the reign of Trajan
Foundedc. 101 AD
Abandonedc. 6th-7th century AD
Attested by Tabula Peutingeriana
Previous fortification Dacian
Place in the Roman world
Province Dacia
Administrative unit Dacia Apulensis
Administrative unit Dacia Superior
— Stone structure —
Size and area307 m × 170 m (5.4 ha)
Stationed military units
Coordinates 45°27′59″N22°11′22″E / 45.4663°N 22.1895°E / 45.4663; 22.1895 Coordinates: 45°27′59″N22°11′22″E / 45.4663°N 22.1895°E / 45.4663; 22.1895
Altitudec. 180 m
Town Jupa
County Caraș-Severin
CountryFlag of Romania.svg  Romania
RO-LMI CS-I-s-A-10805 [2]
RO-RAN 51038.01 [2]
Site notes
Recognition Monument istoric.svg National Historical Monument
Excavation dates
  • 1924 - 1925 [2]
  • 1980 - 1990 [2]

Tibiscum (Tibisco, Tibiscus, Tibiskon) was a Dacian town mentioned by Ptolemy, later a Roman castra and municipium. [5] [6] The ruins of the ancient settlement are located in Jupa, Caraş-Severin County, Romania.


Ancient sources

Ptolemy's Geographia

Tabula Peutingeriana



Dacian town

Roman times


See also


  1. Schütte, Gudmund (1917). "Ptolemy's maps of northern Europe, a reconstruction of the prototypes". The Royal Danish Geographical Society. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Castrul şi vicus-ul roman (municipiul Tibiscum) de la Jupa - "Cetate"". National Archaeological Record of Romania (RAN). ran.cimec.ro. 16 October 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  3. Tactica, strategie si specific de lupta la cohortele equitate din Dacia Romana, de Petru Ureche
  4. 1 2 Tibiscum
  5. Ptolemy & 140 AD, III 8,4.
  6. Olteanu, Ptolemy's Dacia.

Related Research Articles

Romula castrum

Romula or Malva was an ancient city in Roman Dacia, later the village of Reşca, Dobrosloveni Commune, Olt County, Romania. It was the capital of Dacia Malvensis, one of the three subdivisions of the province of Dacia.

Argidava Dacian settlement

Argidava was a Dacian fortress town close to the Danube, inhabited and governed by the Albocense. Located in today's Vărădia, Caraş-Severin County, Romania.


Zurobara was a Dacian town located in today's Banat region in Romania. It is positioned by the Tibiscus river, north of Zarmizegethusa Regia and south of Ziridava. It was near the Tisza river, in the area of the Dacian tribe of Biephi.

Piroboridava Dacian fortified settlement

Piroboridava was a Dacian town mentioned by Ptolemy, and archaeologically identified at Poiana, Galați, Romania. Second part name of the city Dacian dava shows significance of the tribal city.

Ramidava was a Dacian town.

Recidava was a Dacian town.

Rusidava was a Dacian town mentioned in Tabula Peutingeriana between Acidava and Pons Aluti, today's Drăgășani, Vâlcea County, Romania.

Sacidava was a Dacian town between Cedonia and Apulon.

Sacidava (Moesia) Dacian fortified settlement in Moesia

Sacidava (Sagadava) was a Dacian town in Moesia Inferior, today's Dunăreni, Constanţa, Romania. Not to be confused with Sacidava, near Apulon.

Scaidava was a Dacian town between Iatrus and Trimammium (Ablanovo).

Sucidava, Moesia

Sucidava was an ancient settlement on the Danube, between Durostorum and Axiopolis, most probably located near the modern village of Izvoarele, in Romania. Not to be confused with the Sucidava near Oescus.

Tamasidava was a Dacian town mentioned by Ptolemy.

Zargidava was a Dacian town mentioned by Ptolemy.

Keiladeva was a Dacian town mentioned in toponomastic inscriptions.

Acmonia was a Dacian town mentioned by Ptolemy.

Zeugma was a Dacian town mentioned by Ptolemy.

Șanțul Mare heritage site in Arad County, Romania

Şanţul Mare is an important archaeological site located 9 km west of Pecica, Arad County, Romania, near the border with Semlac commune and 600 m from the Mureş River.

Ion Horațiu Crișan Romanian historian, archaeologist

Ion Horaţiu Crişan (1928–1994) was a Romanian historian and archaeologist. He conducted research in South-Eastern and Central Europe, focusing on Geto-Dacians and Celts.

Arcobara Dacian settlement

Arcobara was a Dacian town mentioned by Ptolemy.




Further reading