USS SC-27

Last updated
USS SC-27.jpg
Submarine Chaser No. 27 on 1 July 1918.
History
US flag 48 stars.svgUnited States
Name:
  • USS Submarine Chaser No. 27 (1917-1919)
  • USS SC-27 (retrospectively since 1920)
Builder: New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York
Commissioned: 8 November 1917
Fate: Transferred to U.S. Coast Guard 13 [1] or 14 [2] November 1919
Ensign of the United States Coast Guard.svgUnited States
Name: USCGC Richards
Namesake: A crew member of the Coast Guard Cutter USCGC Tampa killed in her sinking in 1918
Acquired: 13 [3] or 14 [2] November 1919
Fate: Sold 29 January 1923
General characteristics
Class and type: SC-1-class submarine chaser
Displacement:
  • 77 tons normal
  • 85 tons full load
Length:
Beam: 14 ft 9 in (4.50 m)
Draft:
  • 5 ft 7 in (1.70 m) normal
  • 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m) full load
Propulsion: Three 220 bhp (160 kW) Standard Motor Construction Company six-cylinder gasoline engines, three shafts, 2,400 US gallons (9,100 L) of gasoline; one Standard Motor Construction Company two-cylinder gasoline-powered auxiliary engine
Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h)
Range: 1,000 nautical miles (1,900 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h)
Complement: 27 (2 officers, 25 enlisted men)
Sensors and
processing systems:
One Submarine Signal Company S.C. C Tube, M.B. Tube, or K Tube hydrophone
Armament:

USS SC-27, during her service life known as USS Submarine Chaser No. 27 or USS S.C. 27, was an SC-1-class submarine chaser built for the United States Navy during World War I. She later served in the United States Coast Guard as USCGC Richards.

Submarine chaser ship type

A submarine chaser is a small and fast naval vessel that is specifically intended for anti-submarine warfare. Many of the American submarine chasers used in World War I found their way to Allied nations by way of Lend-Lease in World War II.

United States Navy Naval warfare branch of the United States Armed Forces

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most capable navy in the world and it has been estimated that in terms of tonnage of its active battle fleet alone, it is larger than the next 13 navies combined, which includes 11 U.S. allies or partner nations. with the highest combined battle fleet tonnage and the world's largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, and two new carriers under construction. With 319,421 personnel on active duty and 99,616 in the Ready Reserve, the Navy is the third largest of the service branches. It has 282 deployable combat vessels and more than 3,700 operational aircraft as of March 2018, making it the second-largest air force in the world, after the United States Air Force.

World War I 1914–1918 global war originating in Europe

World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.

Contents

U.S. Navy service

SC-27 was a wooden-hulled 110-foot (34 m) submarine chaser built at the New York Navy Yard at Brooklyn, New York. She was commissioned on 8 November 1917 as USS Submarine Chaser No. 27, abbreviated at the time as USS S.C. 27.

Hull (watercraft) watertight body of a ship or boat

A hull is the watertight body of a ship or boat. The hull may open at the top, or it may be fully or partially covered with a deck. Atop the deck may be a deckhouse and other superstructures, such as a funnel, derrick, or mast. The line where the hull meets the water surface is called the waterline.

New York (state) State of the United States of America

New York, officially the State of New York, is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original Thirteen Colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. To distinguish the state from the city in the state with the same name, it is sometimes called New York State.

Ship commissioning is the act or ceremony of placing a ship in active service, and may be regarded as a particular application of the general concepts and practices of project commissioning. The term is most commonly applied to the placing of a warship in active duty with its country's military forces. The ceremonies involved are often rooted in centuries old naval tradition.

Submarine Chaser No. 27 was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard on 13 [3] or 14 [5] November 1919 at Norfolk, Virginia.

Norfolk, Virginia Independent city in Virginia, United States

Norfolk is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. At the 2010 census, the population was 242,803; in 2017, the population was estimated to be 244,703 making it the second-most populous city in Virginia after neighboring Virginia Beach.

Virginia State of the United States of America

Virginia, officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains. Virginia is nicknamed the "Old Dominion" due to its status as the first English colonial possession established in mainland North America and "Mother of Presidents" because eight U.S. presidents were born there, more than any other state. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond; Virginia Beach is the most populous city, and Fairfax County is the most populous political subdivision. The Commonwealth's estimated population as of 2018 is over 8.5 million.

The U.S. Navy adopted its modern hull number system on 17 July 1920, after Submarine Chaser No. 27 had left Navy service. Had she remained in Navy service at that date, she would have been classified as SC-27 and her name would have been shortened to USS SC-27, and she now is referred to retrospectively by this name.

The United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, and United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) use a hull classification symbol to identify their ships by type and by individual ship within a type. The system is analogous to the pennant number system that the Royal Navy and other European and Commonwealth navies use.

U.S. Coast Guard service

The Coast Guard commissioned the submarine chaser as USCGC Richards. As of 1 January 1923 she was based at South Baltimore, Maryland.

Maryland State of the United States of America

Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east. The state's largest city is Baltimore, and its capital is Annapolis. Among its occasional nicknames are Old Line State, the Free State, and the Chesapeake Bay State. It is named after the English queen Henrietta Maria, known in England as Queen Mary.

The Coast Guard found Richards, like other SC-1-class submarine chasers, too expensive to operate and maintain, and sold her on 29 January 1923.

Notes

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References

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<i>Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships</i> book

The Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS) is the official reference work for the basic facts about ships used by the United States Navy.

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

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