United Nations Security Council Resolution 1956

Last updated
UN Security Council
Resolution 1956
Flag of Iraq.svg
Date15 December 2010
Meeting no.6,450
CodeS/RES/1956 (Document)
SubjectThe situation concerning Iraq
Voting summary
  • 15 voted for
  • None voted against
  • None abstained
ResultAdopted
Security Council composition
Permanent members
Non-permanent members

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1956, adopted unanimously on December 15, 2010, after recognising positive developments in Iraq since the adoption of 661 (1990), the Council terminated UN supervised arrangements for the Development Fund for Iraq with effect from June 30, 2011. [1]

Contents

Resolution 1956, along with resolutions 1957 (2010) and 1958 (2010), ended some major restrictions placed on Iraq. However, demands that Iraq resolve disputes with Kuwait remained. [2] The high-level meeting was chaired by United States Vice President Joe Biden. [3]

Resolution

Observations

The Security Council began by welcoming the letter from the Prime Minister of Iraq, Nouri al-Maliki which reaffirmed the commitment of the Iraqi government not to request further extensions of arrangements for the Development Fund for Iraq, and that revenues from oil would be used fairly. It recalled the significant role of the Development Fund and the International Advisory and Monitoring Board.

Acts

Acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Council decided to terminate arrangements established in Resolution 1483 (2003) for depositing proceeds from exports of petroleum, petroleum products and natural gas into the Development Fund for Iraq and its monitoring by the International Advisory and Monitoring Board on June 30, 2011. After this date, the arrangements would not apply, and 5 percent of the proceeds would be deposited in the Compensation Fund established in Resolution 687 (1991). [2]

The resolution called upon the Iraqi government to work with the Secretary-General towards a post-Development Fund mechanism, with a full transfer of its funds to government successor account by June 30, 2011. The Secretary-General was instructed to provide reports every six months on progress.

See also

Related Research Articles

In May 2003, following the invasion of Iraq in March of that year, the Central Bank of Iraq-Development Fund for Iraq (DFI) account was created at the U.S. Federal Reserve Bank of New York at the request of the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) Administrator. A part of the fund has been transferred to Baghdad and Iraq, and the DFI-Baghdad account was opened at the Central Bank of Iraq "for cash payment requirements". The fund also eventually received money from seized and "vested" Iraqi bank accounts and funds seized by coalition forces. of this amount belongs to Uday Saddam Hussein, the older son of the former Iraqi president. The DFI have been disbursed mainly for "the wheat purchase program, the currency exchange program, the electricity and oil infrastructure programs, equipment for Iraqis security forces, and for Iraqi civil service salaries and ministry budget operations".

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1483

United Nations Security Council resolution 1483, adopted on 22 May 2003, after recalling all previous resolutions on the situation between Iraq and Kuwait, the Council lifted trade sanctions against Iraq and terminated the Oil-for-Food Programme.

Sanctions against Iraq

The sanctions against Iraq were a near-total financial and trade embargo imposed by the United Nations Security Council on Ba'athist Iraq. They began August 6, 1990, four days after Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, stayed largely in force until May 22, 2003, and persisted in part, including reparations to Kuwait, through the present. The original stated purposes of the sanctions were to compel Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, to pay reparations, and to disclose and eliminate any weapons of mass destruction.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1284

United Nations Security Council resolution 1284, adopted on 17 December 1999, after recalling previous relevant resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 661 (1990), 687 (1991), 699 (1991), 707 (1991), 715 (1991), 986 (1995), 1051 (1996), 1153 (1998), 1175 (1998), 1242 (1999) and 1266 (1999), the Council established the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) to replace the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM). It was the final resolution adopted in 1999.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 986

United Nations Security Council resolution 986, adopted unanimously on 14 April 1995, after reaffirming all resolutions on Iraq and noting the serious humanitarian situation with the Iraqi civilian population, the Council, acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, established a mechanism whereby Iraqi oil exports would finance humanitarian aid to the country, which later became known as the Oil-for-Food Programme.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1723

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1723, adopted unanimously on November 28, 2006, after recalling previous resolutions on Iraq, the Council extended the mandate of the multinational force until the end of 2007.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1637

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1637, adopted unanimously on 8 November 2005, after reaffirming previous resolutions on Iraq, the Council extended the mandate of the multinational force until the end of 2006.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1905

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1905, adopted unanimously on December 21, 2009, after noting the letter from Prime Minister of Iraq Nouri al-Maliki, the Council extended until 31 December 2010 the arrangements for depositing proceeds from oil and gas export sales into the Development Fund for Iraq, established under Resolution 1483 (2003).

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1295

United Nations Security Council resolution 1295, adopted unanimously on 18 April 2000, after reaffirming Resolution 864 (1993) and all subsequent resolutions on Angola, particularly resolutions 1127 (1997), 1173 (1998) and 1237 (1999), the Council authorised a tightening of sanctions against UNITA and established a panel of experts to investigation violations of Security Council resolutions imposing measures against UNITA.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1175

United Nations Security Council resolution 1175, adopted unanimously on 19 June 1998, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 986 (1995), 1111 (1997), 1129 (1997), 1143 (1997), 1153 (1998) and 1158 (1998) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme, the Council noted that Iraq was unable to export petroleum or petroleum products sufficient to produce US$5.256 billion worth of oil and authorised countries to provide Iraq with equipment to allow it to meet that sum.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1302

United Nations Security Council resolution 1302, adopted unanimously on 8 June 2000, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 986 (1995), 1111 (1997), 1129 (1997), 1143 (1997), 1153 (1998), 1175 (1998), 1210 (1998), 1242 (1999), 1266 (1999), 1275 (1999), 1280 (1999), 1281 (1999) and 1293 (2000) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme, the Council extended provisions relating to the export of Iraqi petroleum or petroleum products in return for humanitarian aid for a further 180 days.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1330

United Nations Security Council resolution 1330, adopted unanimously on 5 December 2000, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 986 (1995), 1111 (1997), 1129 (1997), 1143 (1997), 1153 (1998), 1175 (1998), 1210 (1998), 1242 (1999), 1266 (1999), 1275 (1999), 1280 (1999), 1281 (1999), 1293 (2000) and 1302 (2000) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme, the Council extended provisions relating to the export of Iraqi petroleum or petroleum products in return for humanitarian aid for a further 180 days.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1352

United Nations Security Council resolution 1352, adopted unanimously on 1 June 2001, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 986 (1995), 1284 (1999) and 1330 (2000) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme, the Council extended provisions relating to the export of Iraqi petroleum or petroleum products in return for humanitarian aid until 3 July 2001.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1360

United Nations Security Council resolution 1360, adopted unanimously on 3 July 2001, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 986 (1995), 1284 (1999), 1330 (2000) and 1352 (2001) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme, the Council extended provisions relating to the export of Iraqi petroleum or petroleum products in return for humanitarian aid for a further 150 days.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1382

United Nations Security Council resolution 1382, adopted unanimously on 29 November 2001, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 986 (1995), 1284 (1999), 1352 (2001) and 1360 (2001) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme, the Council extended provisions relating to the export of Iraqi petroleum or petroleum products in return for humanitarian aid for a further 180 days.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1409

United Nations Security Council resolution 1409, adopted unanimously on 14 May 2002, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 986 (1995), 1284 (1999), 1352 (2001), 1360 (2001) and 1382 (2001) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme, the Council extended provisions relating to the export of Iraqi petroleum or petroleum products in return for humanitarian aid for a further 180 days and approved a list of revised sanctions against the country. Its adoption streamlined the sanctions program, with restrictions on shipping civilian goods to Iraq lifted though prohibitions on weapons and military goods remained.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1443

United Nations Security Council resolution 1443, adopted unanimously on 25 November 2002, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 986 (1995), 1284 (1999), 1352 (2001), 1360 (2001), 1382 (2001) and 1409 (2002) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme. The Council, acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, extended provisions relating to the export of Iraqi petroleum or petroleum products in return for humanitarian aid until 4 December 2002.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1957

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1957, adopted unanimously on 15 December 2010, after recognising positive developments in Iraq since the adoption of 661 (1990), the Council lifted sanctions relating to weapons of mass destruction, long-range ballistic missiles, and the acquisition of nuclear weapons.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1958

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1958, adopted on December 15, 2010, after recalling resolutions 986 (1995), 1472 (2003), 1476 (2003), 1483 (2003) and 1546 (2004) on the situation in Iraq, the Council terminated the residual activities of the Oil-for-Food Programme.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1859 was unanimously adopted on 22 December 2008.

References

  1. "Security Council takes action to end Iraq sanctions, terminate Oil-for-Food Programme as members recognise 'major changes' since 1990". United Nations. December 15, 2010.
  2. 1 2 MacFarquhar, Neil (December 15, 2010). "Security Council Removes Restrictions on Iraq". The New York Times .
  3. "UN lifts sanctions against Iraq". BBC News. December 15, 2010.