United Nations Security Council Resolution 1919

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UN Security Council
Resolution 1919
Cmdp.JPG
Cambodian demining unit as part of UNMIS
Date29 April 2010
Meeting no.6,304
CodeS/RES/1919 (Document)
SubjectThe situation in Sudan
Voting summary
  • 15 voted for
  • None voted against
  • None abstained
ResultAdopted
Security Council composition
Permanent members
Non-permanent members

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1919, adopted unanimously on April 29, 2010, after recalling resolutions 1674 (2006), 1894 (2009) on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, 1612 (2005) and 1882 (2009) on children in armed conflict, 1502 (2003) on the protection of humanitarian and United Nations personnel, and 1325 (2000), 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009), and 1889 (2009) on women, peace, and security, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) until April 30, 2011 with the intention of renewing it further if necessary. [1]

Contents

Observations

The Security Council stressed the importance of the full implementation of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), the right to self-determination for the people of South Sudan and the efforts of the United Nations in promoting trust between the two parties. It also noted that presidential and parliamentary elections had taken place in April 2010 in the country. The United Nations, African Union and Assessment and Evaluation Commission would continue to support dialogue between the National Congress government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement in South Sudan regardless of the results of the independence referendum. All acts of violence perpetrated by any party and the effects on the civilian population were condemned. UNMIS and other United Nations Missions in the region were urged to continue to co-operate against threats of local militia and armed groups, not limited to the Lord's Resistance Army as noted in Resolution 1663 (2006).

Acts

After extending UNMIS's mandate until April 30, 2011, the Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon was requested to report every three months to the Council on the implementation of its mandate and of the CPA. Quarterly reports were required detailing work with both parties and post-referendum tasks. [2] The Council deplored persistent localised conflict and violence, particularly in Southern Sudan, underlining the importance of UNMIS in making full use of its authority and capabilities to provide improved security to the civilian population and United Nations or humanitarian personnel under threat of violence. [3] In this regard, it called upon UNMIS to implement a mission-wide civilian protection strategy and tribal conflict-resolution mechanisms, in addition to increasing its presence in areas of high conflict. [4]

Regarding the 2011 referendums, the Council requested that UNMIS be prepared to play a lead role in international efforts to provide assistance to support preparations for the referendums, including an advisory role related to security arrangements. The Secretary-General had expressed concern that there was a lack of progress in preparations for the referendums. [5] UNMIS would also be required to implement the north-south border demarcation concerning the disputed town of Abyei, the resolution of conflicts in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states, the creation of referenda and consultation commissions and wealth sharing. There was concern about restrictions placed on the activities of UNMIS in certain areas, and in this respect all parties were urged to co-operate with UNMIS and allow it freedom of movement.

The protection of civilians and humanitarian personnel was emphasised, as a conflict in one area of Sudan would affect conflict in another area. The resolution urged called upon UNMIS and the Government of Sudan to co-operate in the disarmament process and strengthening the capacity of local authorities to deal with nomadic conflict. It was also requested to promote rule of law, participate in the restructuring and training of police and co-operate with the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) and Sudanese Armed Forces in the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration process. The SPLA's intention to release all children associated with its forces by the end of 2010, and the return of internally displaced refugees, was welcomed.

Finally, it urged the international community to provide technical and material assistance to Sudan. The Sudanese ambassador to the United Nations said the resolution contained "positive elements" and that the government would work to implement them. [6] The Secretary-General's Special Representative Haile Menkerios said the extension was necessary to monitor "shortcomings" of the election. [7]

See also

Related Research Articles

United Nations Mission in Sudan

The United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS) was established by the UN Security Council under Resolution 1590 of 24 March 2005, in response to the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the government of the Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement on January 9, 2005 in Sudan.

African Union Mission in Sudan

The African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) was an African Union (AU) peacekeeping force operating primarily in the country's western region of Darfur to perform peacekeeping operations related to the Darfur conflict. It was founded in 2004, with a force of 150 troops. By mid-2005, its numbers were increased to about 7,000. Under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1564, AMIS was to "closely and continuously liaise and coordinate ... at all levels" its work with the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS). AMIS was the only external military force in Sudan's Darfur region until UNAMID was established. It was not able to effectively contain the violence in Darfur. A more sizable, better equipped UN peacekeeping force was originally proposed for September 2006, but due to Sudanese government opposition, it was not implemented at that time. AMIS' mandate was extended repeatedly throughout 2006, while the situation in Darfur continued to escalate, until AMIS was replaced by UNAMID on December 31, 2007.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1706

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1706, adopted on August 31, 2006, after recalling previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan, including resolutions 1556 (2004), 1564 (2005), 1574 (2004), 1590 (2004), 1591 (2005), 1593 (2004), 1663 (2006), 1665 (2006) and 1679 (2006), the Council expanded the mandate of the United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS) to include deployments in Darfur to enforce the Darfur Peace Agreement.

Comprehensive Peace Agreement

The Comprehensive Peace Agreement, also known as the Naivasha Agreement, was an accord signed on January 9, 2005, by the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Government of Sudan. The CPA was meant to end the Second Sudanese Civil War, develop democratic governance countrywide, and share oil revenues. It also set a timetable for a Southern Sudanese independence referendum.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1923 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1923 was adopted unanimously on 25 May 2010, after recalling resolutions 1769 (2007), 1778 (2007), 1834 (2008), 1861 (2009), 1913 (2010) and 1922 (2010). The Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT) for a final time until 31 December 2010, with a complete withdrawal by that date.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1935, adopted unanimously on July 30, 2010, after reaffirming all previous resolutions and statements on the situation in Sudan, the Council extended the mandate of the African Union – United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) for a further 12 months until July 31, 2011 and demanded an end to fighting and attacks on United Nations personnel and civilians.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1547

United Nations Security Council resolution 1547, adopted unanimously on 11 June 2004, after welcoming the commitment of the Sudanese government and Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) to work towards a full ceasefire and peace agreement to end the Second Sudanese Civil War, the Council established a United Nations Advance Team in Sudan to prepare for a future United Nations operation following the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. The brief reference to the situation in the Darfur region divided Council members, with Algeria, China and Pakistan against a mention of Darfur and the other two-thirds of the Council supporting its inclusion.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1945

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1945, adopted on October 14, 2010, after recalling previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan, the Council extended the mandate of an expert panel monitoring an arms embargo and other sanctions on groups that "impede peace in Sudan" until October 19, 2011.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1574 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1574, adopted unanimously at a meeting in Nairobi, Kenya, on 19 November 2004, after recalling resolutions 1547 (2004), 1556 (2004) and 1564 (2004), the Council welcomed political efforts to resolve the conflicts in Sudan and reiterated its readiness to establish a mission to support the implementation of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1590

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1590, adopted unanimously on 24 March 2005, after recalling resolutions 1547 (2004), 1556 (2004), 1564 (2004), 1574 (2004), 1585 (2005) and 1588 (2005) on the situation in Sudan, the Council established the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) for an initial period of six months.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1627

United Nations Security Council resolution 1627, adopted unanimously on 23 September 2005, after recalling previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan, particularly Resolution 1590 (2005), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) for six months until 24 March 2006.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1978

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1978, adopted unanimously on April 27, 2011, after recalling all previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) until July 9, 2011 and announced its intention to create a successor mission.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1663

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1663, adopted unanimously on March 24, 2006, after recalling previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan, particularly 1627 (2005) and 1653 (2006), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) for six months until September 24, 2006.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1990

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1990, adopted unanimously on June 27, 2011, after recalling all previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan and the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, the Council established the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) in the disputed Abyei region between Sudan and South Sudan.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1996

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1996, adopted unanimously on July 8, 2011, after welcoming the independence of South Sudan from Sudan, the Council established the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS) for an initial period of one year.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1709

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1709, adopted unanimously on September 22, 2006, after recalling previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan, particularly resolutions 1590 (2005), 1627 (2005), 1653 (2006), 1653 (2006), 1663 (2006), 1679 (2006) and 1706 (2006), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) for a period until October 8, 2006.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1714

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1714, adopted unanimously on October 6, 2006, after recalling previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan, particularly resolutions 1590 (2005), 1627 (2005), 1653 (2006), 1653 (2006), 1663 (2006), 1679 (2006), 1706 (2006) and 1709 (2006), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) until April 30, 2007.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2003

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2003, adopted unanimously on July 29, 2011, after reaffirming all previous resolutions and statements on the situation in Sudan, the Council extended the mandate of the African Union – United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) for a further 12 months until July 31, 2012.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1784 was unanimously adopted on 31 October 2007.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1870, unanimously adopted on 30 April 2009, extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Sudan for another year urging all parties to comply fully with the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended a 21-year civil war between north and south Sudan.

References

  1. "Security Council extends United Nations presence in Sudan until 30 April 2011, calling on mission to take lead in preparations for next year's referendums". United Nations. April 29, 2010.
  2. "UN Security Council extends UN mission mandate in Sudan for one more year". Bernama. April 30, 2010.
  3. "Security Council extends UNMIS for another year". Sudan Tribune . April 30, 2010.
  4. Xinhua (April 30, 2010). "UN Security Council extends mandate of UNMIS for another year". China Radio International.
  5. Obajiori, Konye (April 30, 2010). "UN intensifies efforts on security in Sudan and DR Congo". Afrik.com.
  6. "Mandate of UN mission in Sudan extended". Independent Online (South Africa). April 30, 2010.
  7. PanaPress (April 29, 2010). "UN Security Council supports extending UNMIS mandate in Sudan". Afrique en ligne.