United Nations Security Council Resolution 1958

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UN Security Council
Resolution 1958
Khawr Al Amaya Oil Platform-090328-N-0803S-013.jpg
Iraqi oil platform
Date15 December 2010
Meeting no.6,450
CodeS/RES/1958 (Document)
SubjectThe situation concerning Iraq
Voting summary
  • 14 voted for
  • None voted against
  • 1 abstained
ResultAdopted
Security Council composition
Permanent members
Non-permanent members

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1958, adopted on December 15, 2010, after recalling resolutions 986 (1995), 1472 (2003), 1476 (2003), 1483 (2003) and 1546 (2004) on the situation in Iraq, the Council terminated the residual activities of the Oil-for-Food Programme. [1]

Contents

Resolution 1958, along with resolutions 1956 (2010) and 1957 (2010), ended some major restrictions placed on Iraq. However, demands that Iraq resolve disputes with Kuwait remained. [2] The high-level meeting was chaired by United States Vice President Joe Biden. [3]

The resolution was passed with 14 votes in favour to none against, and one abstention from France, which said additional financial guarantees were required. [4]

Resolution

Observations

The Council began by recalling the need for the Oil-for-Food Programme as a temporary measure to provide humanitarian aid to the Iraqi people and the need for the country to regain an international standing to the level of that prior to the adoption of Resolution 661 (1990).

Acts

Acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Council requested the Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to terminate the residual activities of the Oil-for-Food Programme. He was authorised to establish an escrow account with independent public accountants, in which US$20 million would be retained for the use of United Nations until December 31, 2016, and a further US$131 million retained as compensation for the United Nations with regard to activities in connection with the Programme since its inception in 1995. All remaining funds in the account created by Resolution 1483 were to be transferred to the Development Fund for Iraq.

The resolution further requested the Secretary-General to ensure the effective implementation of the resolution and report to the Council.

See also

Related Research Articles

Oil-for-Food Programme Programme headed by the United Nations

The Oil-for-Food Programme (OIP), established by the United Nations in 1995 was established to allow Iraq to sell oil on the world market in exchange for food, medicine, and other humanitarian needs for ordinary Iraqi citizens without allowing Iraq to boost its military capabilities.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1483

United Nations Security Council resolution 1483, adopted on 22 May 2003, after recalling all previous resolutions on the situation between Iraq and Kuwait, the Council lifted trade sanctions against Iraq and terminated the Oil-for-Food Programme.

Sanctions against Iraq Financial and trade embargo imposed by the United Nations Security Council on Iraq from 1990 to 2003

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United Nations Security Council Resolution 1284

United Nations Security Council resolution 1284, adopted on 17 December 1999, after recalling previous relevant resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 661 (1990), 687 (1991), 699 (1991), 707 (1991), 715 (1991), 986 (1995), 1051 (1996), 1153 (1998), 1175 (1998), 1242 (1999) and 1266 (1999), the council established the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) to replace the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM). It was the final resolution adopted in 1999.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 986

United Nations Security Council resolution 986, adopted unanimously on 14 April 1995, after reaffirming all resolutions on Iraq and noting the serious humanitarian situation with the Iraqi civilian population, the council, acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, established a mechanism whereby Iraqi oil exports would finance humanitarian aid to the country, which later became known as the Oil-for-Food Programme.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1723

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1723, adopted unanimously on November 28, 2006, after recalling previous resolutions on Iraq, the Council extended the mandate of the multinational force until the end of 2007.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1175

United Nations Security Council resolution 1175, adopted unanimously on 19 June 1998, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 986 (1995), 1111 (1997), 1129 (1997), 1143 (1997), 1153 (1998) and 1158 (1998) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme, the Council noted that Iraq was unable to export petroleum or petroleum products sufficient to produce US$5.256 billion worth of oil and authorised countries to provide Iraq with equipment to allow it to meet that sum.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1210

United Nations Security Council resolution 1210 was adopted unanimously on 24 November 1998, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 986 (1995), 1111 (1997), 1129 (1997), 1143 (1997), 1153 (1998) and 1175 (1998) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme. The Council extended provisions relating to the export of Iraqi petroleum or petroleum products sufficient to produce US$5.256 billion worth of oil for a further 180 days.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1281

United Nations Security Council resolution 1281, adopted unanimously on 10 December 1999, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 986 (1995), 1111 (1997), 1129 (1997), 1143 (1997), 1153 (1998), 1175 (1998), 1210 (1998), 1242 (1999), 1266 (1999), 1275 (1999) and 1280 (1999) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme, the council extended provisions relating to the export of Iraqi petroleum or petroleum products sufficient to produce up to US$5.256 billion worth of oil for a further 180 days.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1302

United Nations Security Council resolution 1302, adopted unanimously on 8 June 2000, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 986 (1995), 1111 (1997), 1129 (1997), 1143 (1997), 1153 (1998), 1175 (1998), 1210 (1998), 1242 (1999), 1266 (1999), 1275 (1999), 1280 (1999), 1281 (1999) and 1293 (2000) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme, the Council extended provisions relating to the export of Iraqi petroleum or petroleum products in return for humanitarian aid for a further 180 days.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1330 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 1330, adopted unanimously on 5 December 2000, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 986 (1995), 1111 (1997), 1129 (1997), 1143 (1997), 1153 (1998), 1175 (1998), 1210 (1998), 1242 (1999), 1266 (1999), 1275 (1999), 1280 (1999), 1281 (1999), 1293 (2000) and 1302 (2000) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme, the Council extended provisions relating to the export of Iraqi petroleum or petroleum products in return for humanitarian aid for a further 180 days.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1360

United Nations Security Council resolution 1360, adopted unanimously on 3 July 2001, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 986 (1995), 1284 (1999), 1330 (2000) and 1352 (2001) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme, the Council extended provisions relating to the export of Iraqi petroleum or petroleum products in return for humanitarian aid for a further 150 days.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1409

United Nations Security Council resolution 1409, adopted unanimously on 14 May 2002, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 986 (1995), 1284 (1999), 1352 (2001), 1360 (2001) and 1382 (2001) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme, the Council extended provisions relating to the export of Iraqi petroleum or petroleum products in return for humanitarian aid for a further 180 days and approved a list of revised sanctions against the country. Its adoption streamlined the sanctions program, with restrictions on shipping civilian goods to Iraq lifted though prohibitions on weapons and military goods remained.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1447

United Nations Security Council resolution 1447, adopted unanimously on 4 December 2002, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 986 (1995), 1284 (1999), 1352 (2001), 1360 (2001), 1382 (2001) and 1409 (2002) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme, the council, acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, extended provisions relating to the export of Iraqi petroleum or petroleum products in return for humanitarian aid for an additional 180 days.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1454

United Nations Security Council resolution 1454, adopted on 30 December 2002, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 661 (1991), 986 (1995), 1284 (1999), 1352 (2001), 1360 (2001), 1382 (2001), 1409 (2002) and 1447 (2002) concerning the Oil-for-Food Programme, the council adjusted the list of restricted goods and procedures for its implementation under the Oil-for-Food Programme. It was the final Security Council resolution adopted in 2002.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1472

United Nations Security Council resolution 1472, adopted unanimously on 28 March 2003, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 661 (1991), 986 (1995), 1409 (2002) and 1454 (2002) concerning the provision of humanitarian aid to the Iraqi people, the Council approved adjustments to the Oil-for-Food Programme giving the Secretary-General more authority to administer the programme for the following 45 days. The programme had been suspended when the Secretary-General ordered all United Nations staff out of Iraq days before the U.S.-led invasion.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1476

United Nations Security Council resolution 1476, adopted unanimously on 24 April 2003, after recalling all previous resolutions on Iraq, including resolutions 661 (1991), 986 (1995), 1409 (2002), 1454 (2002) and 1472 (2003) concerning the provision of humanitarian aid to the Iraqi people, the council extended the Oil-for-Food Programme until 3 June 2003.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1538

United Nations Security Council resolution 1538, adopted unanimously on 21 April 2004, after expressing concern about the administration and management of the Oil-for-Food Programme in Iraq, the council ordered an inquiry to investigate the matter.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1956

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1956, adopted unanimously on December 15, 2010, after recognising positive developments in Iraq since the adoption of 661 (1990), the Council terminated UN supervised arrangements for the Development Fund for Iraq with effect from June 30, 2011.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1957

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1957, adopted unanimously on 15 December 2010, after recognising positive developments in Iraq since the adoption of 661 (1990), the Council lifted sanctions relating to weapons of mass destruction, long-range ballistic missiles, and the acquisition of nuclear weapons.

References

  1. "Security Council takes action to end Iraq sanctions, terminate Oil-for-Food Programme as members recognise 'major changes' since 1990". United Nations. December 15, 2010.
  2. MacFarquhar, Neil (December 15, 2010). "Security Council Removes Restrictions on Iraq". The New York Times .
  3. "UN lifts sanctions against Iraq". BBC News. December 15, 2010.
  4. Witcher, Tim (December 15, 2010). "Security Council ends Saddam-era Iraq sanctions". Agence France-Presse. Archived from the original on January 26, 2021. Retrieved November 12, 2016.