|Election day||November 2|
|Seats contested||34 seats of Class III and 3 special elections|
|Net change||Republican +6|
|2010 Senate election results map|
|Net change||Republican +63|
|2010 House election results map|
|Seats contested||39 (37 states, 2 territories)|
|Net change||Republican +6|
|2010 Gubernatorial election results map|
The 2010 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 2, 2010, in the middle of Democratic President Barack Obama's first term. During this midterm election year, all 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives and 37 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate were contested in this election along with 39 state and territorial governorships, 46 state legislatures (except Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey and Virginia),four territorial legislatures and numerous state and local races.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.
Barack Hussein Obama II is an American attorney and politician who served as the 44th president of the United States from 2009 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, he was the first African American to be elected to the presidency. He previously served as a U.S. senator from Illinois from 2005 to 2008.
Midterm elections in the United States are the general elections that are held near the midpoint of a president's four-year term of office. Federal offices that are up for election during the midterms include all 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, and 33 or 34 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate.
Approximately 82.5 million people voted.The Democratic Party suffered massive defeats in many national and state level elections, with many seats switching to Republican Party control. Although the President's party usually loses congressional, statewide and local seats in midterm elections, the 2010 midterm election season featured some of the biggest losses since the Great Depression. The Republican Party gained 63 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives, recapturing the majority, and making it the largest seat change since 1948 and the largest for any midterm election since the 1938 midterm elections. The Republicans gained six seats in the U.S. Senate, expanding its minority, and also gained 680 seats in state legislative races, to break the previous majority record of 628 set by Democrats in the post-Watergate elections of 1974. This left Republicans in control of 26 state legislatures, compared to the 15 still controlled by Democrats. After the election, Republicans took control of 29 of the 50 State Governorships.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations; in most countries it started in 1929 and lasted until the late-1930s. It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is commonly used as an example of how intensely the world's economy can decline.
The 2010 midterm election is also the third consecutive midterm election held in a president's first term where Republicans picked up seats across both houses of Congress. It was also the second consecutive midterm election where party control in the House of Representatives changed hands.
Political analysts in October 2010 predicted sweeping Republican gains this election, but despite a reported "enthusiasm gap" between likely Republican and Democratic voters,turnout increased relative to the last U.S. midterm elections without any significant shift in voters' political identification. The swaying views of self-declared independent voters, however, were largely responsible for the shift from Democratic to Republican gains.
Candidates and voters in 2010 focused on national economic conditions and the economic policies of the Obama Administration and Congressional Democrats. Attention was paid to public anger over the Wall Street bailout signed into law by President George W. Bush in late 2008. Voters were also motivated for and against the sweeping reforms of the health care system enacted by Democrats in 2010, as well as concerns over tax rates and record deficits.At the time of the election, unemployment was over 9%, and had not declined significantly since Barack Obama had become President. Further eroding public trust in Congress were a series of scandals that saw Democratic Representatives Charlie Rangel and Maxine Waters, as well as Republican Senator John Ensign, all accused of unethical and/or illegal conduct in the months leading up to the 2010 election.
The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, commonly referred to as a bailout of the U.S. financial system, is a law enacted subsequently to the subprime mortgage crisis authorizing the United States Secretary of the Treasury to spend up to $700 billion to purchase distressed assets, especially mortgage-backed securities, and supply cash directly to banks. The funds for purchase of distressed assets were mostly redirected to inject capital into banks and other financial institutions while the Treasury continued to examine the usefulness of targeted asset purchases. Both foreign and domestic banks are included in the program. The Act was proposed by Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson during the global financial crisis of 2008 and signed into law by President George W. Bush on October 3, 2008.
George Walker Bush is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd president of the United States from 2001 to 2009. He had previously served as the 46th governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), often shortened to the Affordable Care Act (ACA) or nicknamed Obamacare, is a United States federal statute enacted by the 111th United States Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010. Together with the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 amendment, it represents the U.S. healthcare system's most significant regulatory overhaul and expansion of coverage since the passage of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965.
The fiscally-focused and quasi-libertarian Tea Party movement was a vocal force in mobilizing voters for Republican candidates nationwide. Their widespread exposure in the media contributed to the election's focus on economic, rather than social, issues. In the opinion of Fox News political analyst Dick Morris, a "fundamental change" occurred in which social issues did not dominate Republican activism in 2010, because "economic and fiscal issues prevail. The Tea Party has made the Republican Party safe for libertarians."
The Tea Party movement is an American fiscally conservative political movement within the Republican Party. Members of the movement have called for lower taxes, and for a reduction of the national debt of the United States and federal budget deficit through decreased government spending. The movement supports small-government principles and opposes government-sponsored universal healthcare. The Tea Party movement has been described as a popular constitutional movement composed of a mixture of libertarian, right-wing populist, and conservative activism. It has sponsored multiple protests and supported various political candidates since 2009. According to the American Enterprise Institute, various polls in 2013 estimate that slightly over 10 percent of Americans identify as part of the movement.
Fox News is an American pay television news channel. It is owned by the Fox News Group, which itself was owned by News Corporation from 1996–2013, 21st Century Fox from 2013–2019, and Fox Corporation since 2019. The channel broadcasts primarily from studios at 1211 Avenue of the Americas in New York City. Fox News is provided in 86 countries or overseas territories worldwide, with international broadcasts featuring Fox Extra segments during ad breaks.
Richard Samuel "Dick" Morris is an American political author and commentator who previously worked as a pollster, political campaign consultant, and general political consultant.
Immigration reform had become an important issue in 2010, particularly following the passage of Arizona Senate Bill 1070, officially known as the Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act. The Act greatly enhanced the power of Arizona's law enforcement agencies to investigate the immigration status of suspected illegal immigrants and to enforce state and national immigration laws. The Act also required immigrants to carry their immigration documentation on their person at all times. Its passage by a Republican-led legislature and its subsequent and very public signing by Jan Brewer, the Republican Governor of Arizona, ignited protests across the Southwest and galvanized political opinion among both pro-immigration Latino groups and Tea Party activists, many of whom supported stronger measures to stem illegal immigration.
The Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act is a 2010 legislative Act in the U.S. state of Arizona that at the time of passage in 2010 was the broadest and strictest anti-illegal immigration measure passed in the United States. It has received international attention and has spurred considerable controversy.
Janice Kay Brewer is an American politician and author who served as Governor of Arizona, from 2009 to 2015. A member of the Republican Party, Brewer is the fourth woman, and was the third consecutive woman, to serve as Governor of Arizona. Brewer became governor of Arizona as part of the line of succession, as determined by the Arizona Constitution, when Governor Janet Napolitano resigned to become secretary of Homeland Security. Brewer had served as secretary of state of Arizona from January 2003 to January 2009.
The passage of the controversial Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act also contributed to the low approval ratings of Congress, particularly Democrats, in the months leading up to the election. Many Republicans ran on a promise to repeal the law, and beat incumbent Democratic opponents who had voted in favor of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
The 34 seats in the United States Senate Class III were up for election. In addition, the Class II Senate seat in Delaware currently held by Ted Kaufman, the Class I Senate seat in New York currently held by Kirsten Gillibrand, and the Class I seat in West Virginia currently held by Carte Goodwin were contested in special elections resulting from Joe Biden's 2008 election as Vice President of the United States and Hillary Clinton's appointment to the Cabinet as U.S. Secretary of State and their subsequent resignations from the Senate, as well as incumbent Senator Robert Byrd's death and the interim appointment of Goodwin to the Senate. A special election was also held for the Class I seat in Massachusetts, as a result of the death of incumbent Senator Ted Kennedy. The election was held on January 19, 2010, resulting in Republican state senator Scott Brown winning the seat.
All 435 voting seats in the United States House of Representatives were up for election. Additionally, elections were held to select the delegates for the District of Columbia and four of the five U.S. territories. The only seat in the House not up for election was that of the Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico, who serves a four-year term and faced election in 2012.
37 state and two territory United States governors were up for election. Elections were also held for the governorships of two U.S. territories. One state, Louisiana, had no campaign for governor but did feature a special election for lieutenant governor.Jerry Brown, a longtime California politician who had been a prominent national political figure since the 1960s, was elected to a third, nonconsecutive term as Governor of California.
In many states where the following positions are elected offices, voters elected state executive branch offices (including Lieutenant Governors (though some will be voted for on the same ticket as the gubernatorial nominee), Secretary of state, state Treasurer, state Auditor, state Attorney General, state Superintendent of Education, Commissioners of Insurance, Agriculture or, Labor, etc.) and state judicial branch offices (seats on state Supreme Courts and, in some states, state appellate courts).
All states except Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey and Virginia held elections for their state legislatures.Republicans made substantial gains in state legislatures across the nation. Twenty chambers flipped from Democratic to Republican control, giving Republicans full control of eleven state legislatures and control of one chamber in Colorado, Iowa and New York.1 Additionally, Republicans gained enough seats in the Oregon House to produce a 30-30 party split, pushing Democrats into a power-sharing agreement that resulted in the election of two "co-speakers" (one from each party) to lead the chamber.
Six states saw both chambers switch from Democrat to Republican majorities: Alabama (where the Republicans won a majority for the first time in 136 years), Maine (for the first time since 1964), Minnesota, New Hampshire, North Carolina (for the first time since 1896), and Wisconsin. In addition, by picking up the lower chambers in Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Montana and Pennsylvania, Republicans gained control of both chambers in an additional five states. Further, Republicans picked up one chamber from Democrats in Colorado, Iowa, and New York to split control in those states. They expanded majorities in both chambers in Texas, Florida, and Georgia. The massive Republican victories in legislative races would be widely expected to have a major impact on the redrawing of Congressional districts for the 2012 election cycle.
One of the few bright spots for Democrats was retaining their majorities in both the California and Illinois legislatures.
On November 2, 2010, various cities, counties, school boards, and special districts (in the United States) witnessed elections. Some elections were high-profile.
High-profile mayoral elections are listed below:
Bold indicates a change in control. Note that not all states held gubernatorial, state legislative, and United States Senate elections in 2014.
|State||Before 2010 elections||After 2010 elections|
|State||PVI||Governor||State leg.||US Senate||US House||Governor||State leg.||US Senate||US House|
|Alabama||R+13||Rep||Dem||Rep||Rep 5–2||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 6–1|
|Alaska||R+13||Rep||Split||Split||Rep 1–0||Rep||Split||Split||Rep 1–0|
|Arizona||R+6||Rep||Rep||Rep||Dem 5–3||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 5–3|
|Arkansas||R+9||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 3–1||Dem||Dem||Split||Rep 3–1|
|California||D+7||Rep||Dem||Dem||Dem 34–19||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 34–19|
|Colorado||Even||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 5–2||Dem||Split||Dem||Rep 4–3|
|Connecticut||D+7||Rep||Dem||Split D/I||Dem 5–0||Dem||Dem||Split D/I||Dem 5–0|
|Delaware||D+7||Dem||Dem||Dem||Rep 1–0||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 1–0|
|Florida||R+2||Ind||Rep||Split||Rep 15–10||Rep||Rep||Split||Rep 19–6|
|Georgia||R+7||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 7–6||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 8–5|
|Hawaii||D+12||Rep||Dem||Dem||Split 1–1||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 2–0|
|Idaho||R+17||Rep||Rep||Rep||Split 1–1||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 2–0|
|Illinois||D+8||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 12–7||Dem||Dem||Split||Rep 11–8|
|Indiana||R+6||Rep||Split||Split||Dem 5–3||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 6–3|
|Iowa||D+1||Dem||Dem||Split||Dem 3–2||Rep||Split||Split||Dem 3–2|
|Kansas||R+11||Dem||Rep||Rep||Rep 3–1||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 4–0|
|Kentucky||R+10||Dem||Split||Rep||Rep 4–2||Dem||Split||Rep||Rep 4–2|
|Louisiana||R+10||Rep||Dem||Split||Rep 6–1||Rep||Split||Split||Rep 6–1|
|Maine||D+5||Dem||Dem||Rep||Dem 2–0||Rep||Rep||Rep||Dem 2–0|
|Maryland||D+9||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 7–1||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 6–2|
|Massachusetts||D+12||Dem||Dem||Split||Dem 10–0||Dem||Dem||Split||Dem 10–0|
|Michigan||D+4||Dem||Split||Dem||Dem 8–7||Rep||Rep||Dem||Rep 9–6|
|Minnesota||D+2||Rep||Dem||Dem||Dem 5–3||Dem||Rep||Dem||Split 4–4|
|Mississippi||R+10||Rep||Dem||Rep||Dem 3–1||Rep||Dem||Rep||Rep 3–1|
|Missouri||R+3||Dem||Rep||Split||Rep 5–4||Dem||Rep||Split||Rep 6–3|
|Montana||R+7||Dem||Split||Dem||Rep 1–0||Dem||Rep||Dem||Rep 1–0|
|Nebraska||R+13||Rep||NP||Split||Rep 3–0||Rep||NP||Split||Rep 3–0|
|Nevada||D+1||Rep||Dem||Split||Dem 2–1||Rep||Dem||Split||Rep 2–1|
|New Hampshire||D+2||Dem||Dem||Split||Dem 2–0||Dem||Rep||Split||Rep 2–0|
|New Jersey||D+4||Rep||Dem||Dem||Dem 8–5||Rep||Dem||Dem||Dem 7–6|
|New Mexico||D+2||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 3–0||Rep||Dem||Dem||Dem 2–1|
|New York||D+10||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 26–2||Dem||Split||Dem||Dem 21–8|
|North Carolina||R+4||Dem||Dem||Split||Dem 8–5||Dem||Rep||Split||Dem 7–6|
|North Dakota||R+10||Rep||Rep||Dem||Dem 1–0||Rep||Rep||Split||Rep 1–0|
|Ohio||R+1||Dem||Split||Split||Dem 10–8||Rep||Rep||Split||Rep 13–5|
|Oklahoma||R+17||Dem||Rep||Rep||Rep 4–1||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 4–1|
|Oregon||D+4||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 4–1||Dem||Split||Dem||Dem 4–1|
|Pennsylvania||D+2||Dem||Split||Dem||Dem 12–7||Rep||Rep||Split||Rep 12–7|
|Rhode Island||D+11||Rep||Dem||Dem||Dem 2–0||Ind||Dem||Dem||Dem 2–0|
|South Carolina||R+8||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 4–2||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 5–1|
|South Dakota||R+9||Rep||Rep||Split||Dem 1–0||Rep||Rep||Split||Rep 1–0|
|Tennessee||R+9||Dem||Rep||Rep||Dem 5–4||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 7–2|
|Texas||R+10||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 20–12||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 23–9|
|Utah||R+20||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 2–1||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 2–1|
|Vermont||D+13||Rep||Dem||Split D/I||Dem 1–0||Dem||Dem||Split D/I||Dem 1–0|
|Virginia||R+2||Rep||Split||Dem||Dem 6–5||Rep||Split||Dem||Rep 8–3|
|Washington||D+5||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 6–3||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 5–4|
|West Virginia||R+8||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 2–1||Dem||Dem||Dem||Rep 2–1|
|Wisconsin||D+2||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 5–3||Rep||Rep||Split||Rep 5–3|
|Wyoming||R+20||Dem||Rep||Rep||Rep 1–0||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 1–0|
|United States||Even||Dem 26–23||Dem 27–14||Dem 59–41||Dem 255–178||Rep 29–20||Rep 25–16||Dem 53–47||Rep 242–193|
The Republican Revolution, Revolution of '94 or Gingrich Revolution refers to the Republican Party (GOP) success in the 1994 U.S. midterm elections, which resulted in a net gain of 54 seats in the House of Representatives, and a pickup of eight seats in the Senate. The day after the election, conservative Democrat Senator Richard Shelby of Alabama changed parties, becoming a Republican; on March 3, 1995, Colorado senator Ben Nighthorse Campbell switched to the Republican side as well, increasing the GOP senate majority and angering the Democrats.
The Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (DSCC) is the Democratic Hill committee for the United States Senate. It is the only organization solely dedicated to electing Democrats to the United States Senate. The DSCC's current Chair is Senator Catherine Cortez Masto of Nevada, who succeeded Maryland‘s Chris Van Hollen after the 2018 Senate elections. DSCC's current Executive Director is Tom Lopach, who is assisted by Deputy Executive Director Preston Elliott.
The 2006 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 7, 2006 in the middle of Republican President George W. Bush's second term. All United States House of Representatives seats and one third of the United States Senate seats were contested in this election, as well as 36 state and two territorial governorships, many state legislatures, four territorial legislatures and many state and local races. The election resulted in a sweeping victory for the Democratic Party which captured control of the House of Representatives, the Senate, and won a majority of governorships and state legislatures from the Republican Party.
The Oklahoma Republican Party is a political party affiliated with the United States Republican Party (GOP). Along with the Oklahoma Democratic Party, it is one of the two major parties in Oklahoma politics.
The Illinois Republican Party is the state-level affiliate of the Republican Party in Illinois. Since May 17, 2014, it has been chaired by Tim Schneider. The party is one of two legally established, statewide political parties in Illinois, the other being the Democratic Party.
New Hampshire is often noted for its moderate politics and its status as a prominent swing state. Voters predominantly selected Republicans for national office during the 19th and 20th centuries until 1992. Since then, the state has been considered as a swing state, and the Cook Political Report now classifies New Hampshire as "Even" after the 2016 election, reflecting that neither party has an advantage. Since 2006, control of the state legislature and New Hampshire's congressional seats have switched back and forth between Republicans and Democrats in a series of wave elections.
Elections in the U.S. state of New Hampshire are held at national, state and local level. The state holds the first presidential primary in the national cycle. Elections for a range of state positions coincide with biennial elections for the House of Representatives.
The 2003 United States elections, most of which were held on Tuesday, November 4, were off-year elections in which no members of the Congress were standing for election. However, there were three gubernatorial races, state legislative elections in four states, numerous citizen initiatives, mayoral races in several major cities, and a variety of local offices on the ballot.
The 2002 United States elections were held on November 5, in the middle of Republican President George W. Bush's first term. Unusual in midterm elections, the incumbent president's party gained seats in both chambers of the United States Congress. The Republicans picked up net gains of 2 Senate seats and 8 House seats.
The 2012 United States elections included many federal elections on Election Day, November 6, 2012, most prominently the 57th presidential election, Senate elections, and House of Representatives elections. It also featured 13 state and territorial governors' races; state and territorial legislature races, special elections, and various other state, territorial, and local races and referenda on votes held in November as well as throughout the year.
The 1996 United States elections were held on November 5. Democratic President Bill Clinton won re-election, while the Republicans maintained their majorities in both houses of the United States Congress.
Elections were held in Texas on Tuesday, November 2, 2010. Primary elections were held on March 2, 2010.
The Wisconsin spring nonpartisan primary election was held February 16, 2010. The Wisconsin spring nonpartisan general election was held April 6, 2010. Voters statewide cast ballots for Wisconsin Court of Appeals and Wisconsin Circuit Court judges.
The 2014 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 4, 2014, in the middle of Democratic President Barack Obama's second term. During this midterm election year, all 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives and 36 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate were contested; along with 39 state and territorial governorships, 46 state legislatures, four territorial legislatures, and numerous state and local races. This midterm election became the most expensive in history, with total spending reaching $3.7 billion, while producing the lowest turnout since 1942 at only 36.4%.
Elections in Alabama are authorized under the Alabama State Constitution, which establishes elections for the state level officers, cabinet, and legislature, and the election of county-level officers, including members of school boards.
The 2018 United States Senate elections were held on November 6, 2018. Thirty-three of the 100 seats were contested in regular elections while two others were contested in special elections due to Senate vacancies in Minnesota and Mississippi. The winners were elected to six-year terms running from January 3, 2019, to January 3, 2025. Senate Democrats had 26 seats up for election while Senate Republicans had nine seats up for election.
The 2016 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. During this presidential election year, the President of the United States and Vice President were elected. In addition, elections were held for all 435 voting-member seats in the United States House of Representatives and 34 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate to determine the 115th Congress.
The 2018 United States elections were held Tuesday, November 6, 2018. These midterm elections occurred during the presidency of Republican Donald Trump. Thirty-five of the 100 seats in the United States Senate and all 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives were contested. Thirty-nine state and territorial governorships as well as numerous state and local elections were also contested.
The 2020 United States elections will be held on Tuesday, November 3, 2020. All 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, 34 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate, and the office of President of the United States will be contested. Thirteen state and territorial governorships, as well as numerous other state and local elections, will also be contested.