The Russian First Division is the 19th season of Russia's second-tier football league since the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The season began on 27 March .
As in the previous year, 20 clubs participate in this year championship. It features eleven clubs from Russian First Division 2009, two clubs relegated from Russian Premier League 2009, five zone winners from Russian Second Division 2009, one of the second-placed clubs from Russian Second Division 2009 and one of the third-placed clubs from Russian Second Division 2009.
Anzhi Makhachkala as 2009 champions and Sibir Novosibirsk as runners-up have been promoted to the Premier League. They will be replaced by relegated teams Kuban Krasnodar and Khimki.
Nosta Novotroitsk, Chita, Chernomorets Novorossiysk, Metallurg Lipetsk and MVD Rossii Moscow who placed in the last 5 places respectively in 2009 were relegated to the Russian Second Division.
The relegated teams were replaced by the five 2009 Second Division zone winners. These were Dynamo Saint Petersburg (West), Avangard Kursk (Centre), Zhemchuzhina-Sochi (South), Mordovia Saransk (Ural-Povolzhye) and Irtysh Omsk (East).
Due to financial difficulties, Vityaz Podolsk who placed 11th in 2009, decided to give up their spot in the Russian First Division and participate in the Russian Second Division in 2010.
Pending licensing, their place was taken by FC Volgograd who placed 3rd in the Russian Second Division (South Zone) in 2009. For the occasion the management decided to change the name of the club from FC Volgograd to Rotor Volgograd.
FC Alania Vladikavkaz were promoted into the 2010 Russian Premier League after FC Moscow dropped out due to financial reasons. It was replaced by FC Dynamo Bryansk.Dynamo Bryansk originally refused to be promoted when offered Vityaz's spot, but by the time Alania's spot became available, they found new financial commitments and agreed to participate in the First Division.
|Team||Location||Head Coach||Captain||Venue||Capacity||Position in 2009|
|Avangard||Kursk||Trudovye Rezervy||11,329||1st, D2 "Centre"|
|Dynamo Bryansk||Bryansk||Dynamo||10,100||2nd, D2 "Centre"|
|Dynamo St. Petersburg||Saint Petersburg||MSA Petrovsky||2,835||1st, D2 "West"|
|Irtysh||Omsk||Red Star||8,000||1st, D2 "East"|
|Khimki||Khimki||Novyye Khimki||3,066||16th, Premier|
|Mordovia||Saransk||Svetotekhnika||14,000||1st, D2 "Ural-Povolzhye"|
|Nizhny Novgorod||Nizhny Novgorod||Severny||3,180||13th|
|Rotor||Volgograd||Central||32,126||3rd, D2 "South"|
|Zhemchuzhina||Sochi||Central||10,280||1st, D2 "South"|
|Dynamo St. Petersburg||Resigned||15 April 2010||19th|
|Dynamo Bryansk||Sacked||7 May 2010||20th||7 May 2010||20th|
|Volga Nizhny Novgorod||Resigned||8 May 2010||12th||8 May 2010||12th|
|Shinnik Yaroslavl||Sacked||11 May 2010||18th||11 May 2010||12th|
|Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast||Sacked||11 May 2010||7th||14 May 2010||7th|
|Dynamo St. Petersburg||Finished||19 May 2010||10th||19 May 2010|
|Salyut Belgorod||Sacked||20 May 2010||16th||20 May 2010||16th|
|Luch-Energiya||Sacked||22 May 2010||13th||22 May 2010||13th|
|Baltika||Sacked||5 June 2010||13th|
|Rotor||Sacked||26 June 2010||20th||27 June 2010||20th|
|Dynamo St. Petersburg||Sacked||22 July 2010||17th||22 July 2010||20th|
|Khimki||30 July 2010||9th|
|Zhemchuzhina-Sochi||2 August 2010||4th|
|Avangard Kursk||Sacked||17 August 2010||19th|
|Dynamo St. Petersburg||Sacked||20 August 2010||20th|
|Salyut Belgorod||Sacked||23 August 2010||19th||23 August 2010||19th|
|Irtysh Omsk||Sacked||2 September 2010||20th||2 September 2010|
|Avangard Kursk||Finished||17 September 2010||19th|
|Dynamo Bryansk||Sacked||17 September 2010||18th||17 September 2010||18th|
|Zhemchuzhina-Sochi||27 September 2010||5th|
|SKA-Energiya||Sacked||28 September 2010||15th|
|Pos||Team||Pld||W||D||L||GF||GA||GD||Pts||Promotion or relegation|
|1||Kuban Krasnodar (C, P)||38||24||8||6||51||20||+31||80||Promotion to Premier League|
|2||Volga Nizhny Novgorod (P)||38||19||14||5||62||25||+37||71|
|4||KAMAZ Naberezhnye Chelny||38||19||9||10||55||43||+12||66|
|5||Krasnodar (P)||38||17||10||11||60||44||+16||61||Promotion to Premier League|
|7||Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast||38||14||16||8||38||28||+10||58|
|16||Dynamo St. Petersburg (R)||38||9||10||19||32||53||−21||37||Relegation to Second Division|
|17||Salyut Belgorod (R)||38||7||13||18||30||47||−17||34|
|18||Rotor Volgograd (R)||38||9||7||22||27||64||−37||34|
|19||Irtysh Omsk (R)||38||6||10||22||26||52||−26||28|
|20||Avangard Kursk (R)||38||7||6||25||31||67||−36||27|
Last updated: 6 November 2010; Source: PFL (in Russian)
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