Angolan Navy

Last updated
Angolan Navy
Marinha de Guerra Angolana
Flag of Angola.svg
Founded1977
CountryFlag of Angola.svg  Angola
TypeNavy
Size1,000 Personnel and 40 Ships
Engagements

The Angolan Navy (Portuguese : Marinha de Guerra Angolana) or MGA is the naval branch of the Angolan Armed Forces and is tasked with protecting Angola's 1,600 km long coastline. The Angolan Navy has approximately 1,000 personnel.

Contents

History

The Angolan Navy was officially founded on 10 July 1976, though it traces its origins to 11 November 1975 when Angolans took over naval facilities abandoned by the Portuguese Navy. [1] Angolan Navy forces participated in the Angolan Civil War from 1975 until 2002. United States Navy Vice Admiral Harry B. Harris Jr., then commander of the US 6th Fleet, visited Luanda during the 35th anniversary of the MGA on July 9, 2012. [2]

Modernization

Angola's oil wealth is allowing it to modernize its naval forces as most of the existing fleet are Soviet Navy exports from the 1980s. It was reported in 2009 that Angola was hoping to sign a US$800m deal with Germany for 3 new border protection Fast Attack Craft, [3] probably Lurssen PV80's. They were still trying to complete the deal in 2011 [4] and there has been no word on it since.

In December 2013 it was reported that Angola would be buying a package of old ships from the Spanish Navy. Príncipe de Asturias (R11) a small (16,000t) Harrier carrier, to be transferred along with Pizarro (L42) a Newport class landing ship, Diana (F32) a Descubierta class corvette converted to minesweeper support ship, Chilreu (P61) lead ship of its class of ocean patrol vessels, and Ízaro (P27) an Anaga class patrol ship. [5]

Structure

Equipment

Surface Vessels

Fast Missile Craft

Small ships or boats designed to fire anti-ship missiles. First used by the Soviet Union, missile-armed FAC's could be used to sink much larger enemy naval ships.

ClassPhotoNumber of ShipsNotes
OSA-II HQ-359-2007.jpg 6OSA-II 205ER Missile Boat (Soviet Navy: Project 205 Moskit) [7]

Fast Torpedo Craft

Small ships or boats designed to fire torpedoes. First used in the Second World War by both the Royal Navy and the Kriegsmarine, FAC's could be used to sink much larger enemy naval ships.

ClassPhotoNumber of ShipsNotes
Shershen-class Project206 Shershen Egypt 1989 DN-SN-89-09160.jpg 6Shershen-class Torpedo Boat (Soviet Navy: Project 206 Shtorm) [8]

Inland/Coastal Patrol Boats

Small border protection craft often used for anti-piracy, anti-smuggling, and border patrolling. May be designed for use on estuaries and rivers (brown water) or oceanic (blue water) environments.

ClassPhotoNumber of ShipsNotes
Argos-class 4built in Portugal
Aresa PVC-170 5 [6]
Poluchat-I-class 2
Zhuk-class Boat U170 Skadovsk 2012 G1.jpg 1 or 2
Bellatrix-class 4 or 5
Mandume-class 4 [6]
Patrulheiro-class 3 [6]
Namacurra-class 2 [6] harbour patrol boat

On 5 September 2014, the Angolan Minister of Defence João Manuel Lourenço and Brazil's Minister of Defence Celso Amorim signed a Memorandum of Understanding as part of Angola's Naval Power Development Program (PRONAVAL). The MOU specifies that Angola will acquire seven Macaé-class patrol vessel, four to be built in Brazil, and three in Angola. The Brazilian EMGEPRON will have the lead in the project, overseeing the Angolan shipyard and training in addition to overall project management. [9]

Mine Warfare Craft

Small ship designed for either clearing up minefields or deploying new minefields.

ClassPhotoNumber of ShipsNotes
Yevgenya-class Caspian boat 207.jpg 2Yevgenya-class (Soviet Navy: Project 1258 Korund) minesweeper [10]

Amphibious Vessels

Ship designed to deploy troops on coasts and beaches during amphibious assault operations.

ClassPhotoNumber of ShipsNotes
Polnocny-class The Libyan Polnochny class landing ship.JPEG 4Polnocny-class Landing Ship (Soviet Navy: Project 770 (A)/Project 771 (B)) - 1 Polnocny-A Boat, 3 Polnocny-B Boats. [11] [12]
Alfange-class 1
Landing Craft Tank 1
LDM-400 9 or 109 or 10 Ships. [6] from US c. 1964
An Angolan speed craft Africa Partnership Station 150306-N-RB579-076.jpg
An Angolan speed craft

Coastal Defense Equipment

Defensive equipment, both active and passive, used to defend Angola's coasts.

  1. SS-C1 Sepal Radar System.

Maritime Patrol Aircraft

Aircraft designed for maritime patrols, often involving anti-ship, anti-submarine, and search and rescue duties.

AircraftManufacturer OriginTypeVersionImageNotes
Fokker F27 Friendship Netherlands Maritime Reconnaissance F27 Maritime Enforcer or F27 200-MAR Spanish Air Force Fokker F-27-200MAR Maritime Lofting.jpg
Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante Brazil Maritime Reconnaissance EMB 111A Brazilian Air Force Embraer P-95B Bandeirulha (EMB-111A).jpg

Related Research Articles

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Captain (naval) Naval military rank

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30mm DS30M Mark 2 Automated Small Calibre Gun Gun turret for autocannon with automated mount or manual control

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Mansup Brazilian anti-ship missile

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References

  1. "História da Marinha de Guerra de Angola". Marinha de Guerra Angolana (in Portuguese). Forças Armadas Angolanas. Archived from the original on 30 June 2021. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  2. "Commander Sixth Fleet Attends 35th Angolan Navy Celebration". Navy.mil. Retrieved 2013-06-07.[ dead link ]
  3. "Angola to buy Navy ships". News24. 23 November 2009. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
  4. Mendes, Candido (2011-07-14). "Germany Seeks to Sell Patrol Ships to Angola to Modernize, Dos Santos Says". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
  5. "Solución de última hora de la Armada: Angola compra el 'Príncipe de Asturias'". El Confidencial Digital. 2 December 2013.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Angola". DefenceWeb. 2013-02-05. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  7. "Missile boats - Project 205". Russian-ships.info. Archived from the original on 2013-11-10. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  8. "Large torpedo boat - Project 206". Russian-ships.info. Archived from the original on 2014-05-12. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  9. Barreira, Victor (17 September 2014). "Angola orders patrol boats from Brazil". Jane's Defence Weekly. 51 (38): 19.
  10. "Inshore minesweepers - Project 1258". Russian-ships.info. Archived from the original on 2010-11-30. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  11. "Medium landing ships - Project 770". Russian-ships.info. Archived from the original on 2010-11-30. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  12. "Medium landing ship - Project 771". Russian-ships.info. Archived from the original on 2010-11-30. Retrieved 2013-06-07.