Polnocny-class landing ship

Last updated

The Libyan Polnochny class landing ship.JPEG
Class overview
Builders Stocznia Północna shipyard at Gdańsk, (Poland), Stocznia Marynarki Wojennej at Gdynia, Poland
Succeeded by
  • Polnocny-A (Type 770);
  • Polnocny-B (Type 771);
  • Polnocny-C (Type 773);
  • Modified Polnocny-C (Type 776);
  • Polnocny-D (Type 773U);
  • NS-722;
  • Kumbhir-class tank landing ship
In commission1967
General characteristics
Type Landing ship, tank
Displacement834 tons full load (Polnocny-B)
Length73 m (239 ft 6 in)
Beam9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draught2.3 m (7 ft 7 in)
Propulsion2 Soviet Kolomna 40-D two stroke diesels, 2 shafts, 4,400 bhp
Speed18 knots (33 km/h)
Range1,000 nmi (2,000 km) at 18 kn (33 km/h)
Capacity12 BMP-2

4 Main battle tanks

250 tons
  • Strela 2(SA-N-5) surface-to-air missile system (4 launchers)
  • 30 mm AK-230 air defence gun (2 or 4 twin mounts)
  • 140 mm Ogon 18-barreled rocket launcher(2)

The Polnocny (or Polnochny)-class ships are amphibious warfare vessels. They were designed in Poland, in cooperation with the Soviet Navy and were built in Poland between 1967 and 2002. They now serve in several different navies, and some have been converted to civilian use. The name comes from the Stocznia Północna shipyard (Northern Shipyard) at Gdańsk, where they were built. 107 were built by 1986 (last 16 by Stocznia Marynarki Wojennej (Naval Shipyard) at Gdynia, Poland). In 2002, one ship of a modernised design NS-722 was built in Gdynia for Yemen.



The Polnocny-class ships are classified as medium landing ships in the Russian Navy, and are loosely equivalent to Western tank landing ships. They are equipped with a bow ramp that allows beach landings. The Polnocny-C version can carry 12 BMP-2 armored personnel carriers, or 4 Main Battle Tanks, or 250 infantrymen with their weapons like 82 mm Mortars and ATGMs, or 250 tons of rations & stores. Unlike their Western counterparts, these ships can provide substantial fire support for landed troops with their onboard multiple rocket launchers. Other armament consists of anti-aircraft guns and short-range surface-to-air missiles.


The Polnocny class comprises several sub-types that vary in size and capacity:

Displacement: 800 tons full load
Length: 73 m
Speed: 19 knots (35 km/h)
Displacement: 834 tons full load
Length: 73 m
Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h)
Displacement: 1150 tons full load
Length: 81.3 m
Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h)
Displacement: 1253 tons full load
Length: 81.3 m
Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h)
Displacement: 1233 tons full load
Length: 81.3 m
Speed: 16 knots (30 km/h)
Aircraft facility: One helicopter platform
Displacement: 1,410 tons full load
Length: 88.7 m
Speed: 17 knots (31 km/h)
Aircraft facility: One helicopter platform

Operational service

Built in large quantities, the Polnocny-class ships were once the mainstay of the Soviet amphibious forces, and gave the Soviet naval infantry an effective force projection capability. They were gradually phased out in favour of hovercraft, and few remain active in the Russian Navy.

Current operators

A Polish Polnocny-class vessel unloading armoured personnel carriers. TOPAS 2AP TBiU 53 8.jpg
A Polish Polnocny-class vessel unloading armoured personnel carriers.

Former operators

See also

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