August 14 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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August 13 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

August 12 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - August 14

Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar liturgical calendar used within Eastern Orthodox churches

The Eastern Orthodox Liturgical Calendar describes and dictates the rhythm of the life of the Eastern Orthodox Church. Passages of Holy Scripture, saints and events for commemoration are associated with each date, as are many times special rules for fasting or feasting that correspond to the day of the week or time of year in relationship to the major feast days.

August 15 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

August 14 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - August 16

Contents

All fixed commemorations below are observed on August 27 by Eastern Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar. [note 1]

Eastern Orthodox Church Christian Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian church, with approximately 200–260 million members. As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, the Eastern Orthodox Church has played a prominent role in the history and culture of Eastern and Southeastern Europe, the Caucasus, and the Near East. It operates as a communion of autocephalous churches, each governed by its bishops in local synods. The church has no central doctrinal or governmental authority analogous to the Pope of Rome, but the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is recognised by all as primus inter pares of the bishops.

For August 14, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on August 1 .

August 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

July 31 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Aug. 2

Feasts

Dormition of the Mother of God Great Feast of the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches which commemorates the "falling asleep" or death of Mary the Theotokos ("Mother of God"), and her bodily resurrection before being taken up into heaven.

The Dormition of the Mother of God, Albanian: Fjetja e Shën Marisë, is a Great Feast of the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches which commemorates the "falling asleep" or death of Mary the Theotokos, and her bodily resurrection before being taken up into heaven. It is celebrated on 15 August as the Feast of the Dormition of the Mother of God. The Armenian Apostolic Church celebrates the Dormition not on a fixed date, but on the Sunday nearest 15 August.

Saints

Micah (prophet) prophet

Micah was a prophet in Judaism who prophesied from approximately 737 to 696 BC in Judah and is the author of the Book of Micah. He is considered one of the twelve minor prophets of the Tanakh and was a contemporary of the prophets Isaiah, Amos and Hosea. Micah was from Moresheth-Gath, in southwest Judah. He prophesied during the reigns of kings Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah of Judah. Micah’s messages were directed chiefly toward Jerusalem. He prophesied the future destruction of Jerusalem and Samaria, the destruction and then future restoration of the Judean state, and he rebuked the people of Judah for dishonesty and idolatry. His prophecy that the Messiah would be born in the town of Bethlehem is cited in the Gospel of Matthew. Information about the end of his life is not known.

Tarcisius Child saint

Tarsicius or Tarcisius was a martyr of the early Christian church who lived in the 3rd century. The little that is known about him comes from a metrical inscription by Pope Damasus I, who was pope in the second half of the 4th century.

Valerian (emperor) Roman emperor

Valerian, also known as Valerian the Elder, was Roman Emperor from 22 October 253 AD to spring 260 AD. He was taken captive by the Persian Emperor, Shapur I, after the Battle of Edessa, becoming the first Roman emperor to be captured as a prisoner of war, causing shock and instability throughout the empire.

Pre-Schism Western saints

Eusebius of Rome, the founder of the church on the Esquiline Hill in Rome that bears his name, is listed in the Roman Martyrology as one of the saints venerated on 14 August.

Fachtna of Rosscarbery, known also as Fachanan, was the founder of the monastery of Rosscarbery, County Cork. He died around 600.

Rosscarbery Town in Munster, Ireland

Rosscarbery is a town in County Cork, Ireland. The town is on a shallow estuary, which opens onto Rosscarbery Bay. Rosscarbery is in the Cork South-West constituency, which has three seats.

Post-Schism Orthodox saints

New martyrs and confessors

  • New Monkmartyr Matthew (Pomerantsev), Archimandrite, of Perm, and
  • New Martyr Alexei Zverev (1918) [1] [11] [17]

Other commemorations

  • Monks Theophanes, Aaron, Nicander, Cosmas, and Metrophanes (18th-19th centuries)

Icons

Notes

  1. The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. The Troparion of the Forefeast invites us to gather on this day in gladness, for the Theotokos is about to depart from earth to heaven. [4]
  3. "In Dalmatia, St. Ursicius, a martyr, who was beheaded for Christ, after suffering various torments, under the emperor Maximian, and the governor Aristides." [9]
  4. "At Apamea, in Syria, St. Marcellus, bishop and martyr, who was killed by the exasperated Gentiles, for having pulled down a temple of Jupiter." [9]
  5. "At Rome, the birthday of the blessed priest Eusebius, who for the defense of the Catholic faith was shut up in a room of his own house by the Arian emperor Constantius, where constantly persevering in prayer for seven months, he rested in peace. His body was removed by the priests Gregory and Orosius, and buried in the cemetery of Callistus, on the Appian road." [9]
  6. "WERENFRID was one of the numerous English men who devoted themselves to the conversion of the kindred race of the Old Saxons on the Continent. He is usually supposed to have been one of St. Willibrord's first companions, and to have sailed with him from Ireland at the bidding of St. Egbert, but his life leaves it doubtful whether he actually accompanied the great missioner, or followed him some years later. After various employments among the Frisians, Werenfrid was sent by St. Willibrord to the isle of Batavia, which had been given to him by Charles Martel, and established himself at Elst. There he built a church, and exercised a fruitful mission, until, urged by his zeal, he proceeded to Westervoost, near Arnheim, and while labouring there was seized with a fever, which he foretold would be the end of his earthly course. He gave up his soul to God with singular piety, and assisted by the religious men whom he called together. A heavenly odour pervaded the place of his death and the neighbourhood, inspiring all with sentiments of devotion and veneration for the servant of God. A dispute arose between the inhabitants of Westervoost and Elst for the honour of possessing his sacred remains, which was terminated by a miracle, through which the Saint clearly indicated that Elst was to be the place of his repose. There his relics were duly honoured, until they were profaned by the heretics in the year 1588; after which sacrilege the ashes and fragments, which could be collected, were reverently preserved by the faithful." [15]
  7. Born in Swabia in Germany, he became a monk and then the first Abbot of Einsiedeln in Switzerland.
  8. Abbot (996-1006) of Pannonhalma in Hungary and then second Archbishop of Eszterzom and primate of Hungary.
  9. See also: Василий (Богоявленский). Википедии. (Russian Wikipedia).
  10. "Without an investigation, the Troika (a Soviet extraordinary council of three judges) sentenced to death Metropolitan Nazarius and four other clergymen—Priest Herman Jajanidze, Priest Hierotheos Nikoladze, Priest Simon Mchedlidze, and Archdeacon Besarion Kukhianidze. They were shot to death in the Sapichkhia Forest. In 1994, with the blessing of Catholicos-Patriarch Ilia II, the full Ecclesiastical Council of the Georgian Church resolved with one accord to canonize Metropolitan Nazarius and the clergymen who were martyred with him. At the same time, the council canonized all the Orthodox Christians who, for their Faith and the independence of their homeland, became victims of the totalitarian regime. They were proclaimed the "New Martyrs of the Georgian Church."" [18]
  11. On this day the True Cross was put away once again, having been set out from the end of July or the start of August for the veneration of the faithful. [20]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 August 14 / August 27. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Προεόρτια (παραμονή) τῆς κοιμήσεως τῆς Θεοτόκου. 14 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 (in Greek) Συναξαριστής. 14 Αυγούστου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  4. Forefeast of the Dormition of the Mother of God. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  5. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Προφήτης Μιχαίας. 14 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. Prophet Micah. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  7. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ταρσίζιος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 14 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Οὐρσίκιος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 14 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. 1 2 3 The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. p. 243.
  10. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Λούκιος ὁ Μάρτυρας ὁ στρατιώτης. 14 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 August 27 / August 14. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  12. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Μάρκελλος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας Ἐπίσκοπος Ἀπαμείας. 14 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  13. Hieromartyr Marcellus the Bishop of Apamea. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  14. 1 2 3 4 5 August 14. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  15. Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp. 393-394.
  16. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Συμεὼν ὁ Τραπεζούντιος, ὁ χρυσοχόος. 14 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  17. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 (in Russian) 14 августа (ст.ст.) 27 августа 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  18. 1 2 3 New Martyr Nazarius, Metropolitan of Kutaisi-Gaenati, and his companions of Georgia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  19. 1 2 3 The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p. 60.
  20. 1 2 Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ἀνακομιδὴ Τιμίου Σταυροῦ στὸ Παλάτι. 14 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  21. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ἀνακομιδὴ Τιμίων Λειψάνων Ὁσίου Θεοδοσίου ἡγουμένου τοῦ Σπηλαίου (Ρῶσος). 14 Αυγούστου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  22. Translation of the relics of the Venerable Theodosius of the Kiev Far Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  23. Venerable Arcadius of Novotorsk. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  24. (in Greek) Αρχιμ. Γ.Ι.Ρ. Ο ΓΕΡΟΝΤΑΣ ΤΗΣ ΒΗΘΑΝΙΑΣ: ΑΡΧΙΜΑΝΔΡΙΤΗΣ ΘΕΟΔΟΣΙΟΣ Ι. ΜΑΚΚΟΣ (1913-1991). ΕΚΔΟΣΗ ΠΕΡΙΟΔΙΚΟΥ «ΧΡΙΣΤΙΑΝΙΚΟΙ ΠΑΛΜΟΙ», ΠΟΛΥΓΥΡΟΣ 1992. Retrieved: 9 July, 2014.
  25. Icon of the Mother of God “the Converser”. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  26. Icon of the Mother of God of Narva. OCA - Lives of the Saints.

Sources

Greek Sources

Russian Sources