Ayer Cottage

Last updated
First home of Pomona College
Ayer Cottage ca1887.jpg
Ayer Cottage in 1887
LocationCorner Mission Blvd and South White Street, Pomona, California
Coordinates 34°03′17″N117°45′33″W / 34.05483333°N 117.759041666°W / 34.05483333; -117.759041666 Coordinates: 34°03′17″N117°45′33″W / 34.05483333°N 117.759041666°W / 34.05483333; -117.759041666
DesignatedJune 27, 1938
Reference no.289
USA Los Angeles Metropolitan Area location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location of First home of Pomona College in the Los Angeles metropolitan area

Ayer Cottage was the place of first meeting of Pomona College on September 12, 1888 in Pomona, California in Los Angeles County. [1] It was designated a California Historic Landmark (No.289) on June 27, 1938. It was built in 1887, and in 1888 rented to the college so that classes could be held there. The cottage had five rooms, each used as classrooms. [2] The cottage has since been demolished and is now a burger stand at about 500 S White St., although a commemorative marker on the site is present. [1] [3] [4]


Role in Pomona College history

Pomona College was incorporated on October 14, 1887, by a group of Congregationalists who wanted to recreate a "college of the New England type" in Southern California. Tuition was initially set at $60 per year for the Collegiate Department. [2] After holding classes at Ayer College for two years, it planned to relocate to Piedmont Mesa north of Pomona, but was instead offered the site of an unfinished hotel in Claremont, California, a few miles away. The trustees chose to accept the offer, and the college relocated there in 1889 but kept its name. The hotel building would eventually become Sumner Hall, the current location of the college's admissions office. The college’s first graduating class, in 1894, had ten members. [5]

Pomona College founders’ values led to the college’s belief in educational equity. Like other Congregationalist-founded colleges such as Harvard, Dartmouth, Middlebury, and Bowdoin, Pomona received its own governing board, ensuring its independence. [5] The board of trustees was originally composed of graduates of Williams, Dartmouth, Bates and Yale, among others.

Pomona College went on to become the founding member of the Claremont Colleges consortium in the 1920s. Today, it is fully nonsectarian, and is widely considered the premier liberal arts college on the West Coast. [6]


The marker on the site Site of Pomona College's first home.JPG
The marker on the site

The marker on the site reads: [1]

On this site, September 12, 1888, was held the first session of Pomona College. 1937 by Historical Society of Pomona Valley. (Marker Number 289.)

California Historical Landmarks reports: [1]

NO. 289 FIRST HOME OF POMONA COLLEGE - Pomona College, incorporated October 14, 1887, held its first class in this small frame cottage on September 12, 1888. Those in attendance consisted of a mere handful of eager students, five faculty members, and the president, Professor Edwin C. Norton. Five months later, in January 1889, the college moved to an unfinished boom hotel on a plot of land in the town of Claremont.

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  1. 1 2 3 4 californiahistoricallandmarks.com 289, First home of Pomona College
  2. 1 2 "Pomona College Timeline: 1888". Pomona College. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  3. calisphere.org, Ayer Cottage
  4. claremont.edu, Ayer Cottage
  5. 1 2 "History of Pomona College". Pomona College. September 2006. Archived from the original on September 1, 2006. Retrieved January 11, 2007.
  6. Characterizations of the reputation of Pomona College: