Beaver Bank, Nova Scotia

Last updated
Beaver Bank
Beaver Bank Sign.jpg
The sign of Beaver Bank as you enter
Motto(s): 
"People Together with Nature"
Canada Nova Scotia location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Beaver Bank
Coordinates: 44°48′07″N63°41′17″W / 44.80194°N 63.68806°W / 44.80194; -63.68806
CountryFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
ProvinceFlag of Nova Scotia.svg  Nova Scotia
Municipality Halifax Regional Municipality
Community councilNorth West Community Council
District14 - Middle/Upper Sackville - Beaver Bank - Lucasville
Founded in1776
Government
  MP for Sackville—Preston—Chezzetcook Darrell Samson (Lib)
  Mayor of Halifax Mike Savage
  MLA for Waverley-Fall River-Beaver Bank Brian Wong (PC)
  Councillor of Middle/Upper Sackville - Beaver Bank - Lucasville Lisa Blackburn
Area
[1]
  Total6.14 km2 (2.37 sq mi)
Time zone UTC-5 (AST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (ADT)
Postal Code
B4E, B4C, B4G
Area code(s) 902
Website http://www.beaverbank.ca/

Beaver Bank is a suburban community northeast of Lower Sackville on the Beaver Bank Road (Route 354) in Nova Scotia, Canada, within the Halifax Regional Municipality. It is about 35 kilometres from the City of Halifax.

Contents

History

Believed to be named after a large beaver dam by the first Loyalists settlers in the 1780s, [2] the community of Beaver Bank dates back to 1776 when Boston Loyalist Mary Brown Parcel Barnstead and her son, John Henry Barnstead (1764–1861), arrived just after the American Revolution commenced. After the War of 1812, George and John Barrett, shopkeepers from Blackthorn, Oxford, England. In 1816, the Fultz family were granted a thousand acres (4 km²) of land. A museum bears their name in nearby Lower Sackville.

Other long standing families of this area include:

Grove Family

The Grove Family offers a rich contribution to Beaver Bank history. Originally from England, the siblings moved to Nova Scotia after living in Philadelphia for several years. The four Grove sisters quickly established a reputation in Halifax due to their prestigious finishing school in the Downtown area. They were described once as, "Those four English sisters whose ability and character influenced for good so large a number of young ladies of that generation."

Woodlands, the Grove residence, was built in Beaver Bank in 1847. The two Grove brothers lived on the property, profiting from saw-milling, brick-making, farming and box-making. In 1880 their sisters returned, and established the Grove School for Young Ladies in its place, which ran until destroyed by fire in 1943.

One or all of the Grove sisters is/are the writer(s) of what is thought to be the first piece of children's literature written in Nova Scotia, possibly even Canada, titled Little Grace or Scenes in Nova Scotia. The original book still remains with the Grove family to this day.

The sisters also are the main influence behind the construction of the first Anglican Church in Beaver Bank, in 1886: The Church of the Good Shepard. The Original church was sold in 1998 to a private buyer and removed from its foundation and its proper standing place. Today is it located in the township of Chester and used for private purposes. Frances Shunamon (McCarron, née Grove) donated the land in her newly developed "Shunamon Subdivision" to house the newer and current Church of the Good Shepard, which still stands today.

Beaver Bank Station

Beaver Bank was the location of construction camps and taverns in the mid 1850s during the construction of Nova Scotia's first railway, the Windsor Branch of the Nova Scotia Railway under direction of Joseph Howe, the first Chief Commissioner. Tensions between Protestant and Catholic workers resulted in a large riot at Beaver Bank. [3] The railway opened in June 1857 with a station and freight shed at Beaver Bank. It was replaced by a second structure in 1886. [4] The station served the Sackville/Beaver Bank area until 1956, creating business opportunities for lumbermen by shipping to Halifax. After the closing of the station in 1956 the original train station was sold and moved to be a private residence and in the mid 1960s was destroyed by fire. The last train across the tracks at Beaver Bank was on November 2, 2010.

Daniel Hallisey, of County Cork, Ireland, was one of the builders of the original railway. He became the first Station Master. In 1856 he built a house/hotel next to the station, which many say served more as a tavern than anything. This Hotel was lost in a fire and a new one was built behind the station road in 1872. The new hotel/house offered the new assets of a telegraph and post office, which ran for 99 years. Sir Robert Borden was often present at this house for entertainment.

Today, the Hallisey Hotel remains at the corner of the Beaver Bank Road and Windgate Drive (formerly known as the Beaver Bank Windsor Junction Crossroad). It had been converted into a pub called the Black Crow, which closed. In early-2014, construction began on the building to renovate and re-open it to the public. On July 11, 2014, the building re-opened as the Beaver Bank Station, a pub and restaurant.

Beaver Bank "Radar"

RCAF Station Beaver Bank was a long-range Pinetree Line early warning radar station operated by the Royal Canadian Air Force, located in Beaver Bank.

RCAF Station Beaver Bank was approximately 40 km (25 mi) north of Halifax-Dartmouth. The station sat on 430 acres (1.7 km²) with about a half a mile (800 m) separation between the domestic and the operations site; both sites being divided by the county line between Halifax County (domestic site) and Hants County (operations site).

The "22 Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron" was the operational unit posted to the station, its colours having been created in 1953 and the unit made operational a year later in the fall of 1954. The radar unit itself was manually operated and reported to the Fredericton NORAD Sector at RCAF Station St. Margarets until September 1962 when this was changed to the Bangor NORAD Sector at Topsham AFS, Maine.

The 22 AC&W became SAGE-operational on January 1, 1964; however, this capability did not last long as the station was closed and the squadron disbanded four months later on April 1, 1964, following a NORAD realignment and increasing focus being placed on the DEW Line. After the closure of the base, it had been used briefly as a cement factory.

Beaver Bank Radar Base at Sunset Radar Base.jpg
Beaver Bank Radar Base at Sunset

Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) Station Beaver Bank occupied a unique location in proximity to Canada's largest Atlantic seaport and its biggest naval base, making it an important early warning radar during the manual environment of the 1950s. Since manned bomber raids by the Soviet Union in the area were considered quite likely, it was felt that RCAF Station Beaver Bank fulfilled a critical role in the early days of Canada's and North America's air defence. The station was originally financed by the United States Air Force, although operational responsibility rested with the RCAF, until 1962 when the RCAF assumed financial responsibility as well. In the mid-1970s the base was converted for a short time to a cement plant. This was only used for a few years before the base was abandoned completely.

Early entertainment

Residents of Beaver Bank in the 1950s had close access to the First Sackville Drive-In Theatre, and the Sackville Downs Raceway (now Downsview area, Sackville Drive).

Spelling

Beaver Bank is often misspelled as "Beaverbank" as it was misprinted on provincial signs for much of the 1980s and 1990s. After the community rallied together in protest for many years, the province re-issued the signs with the correct spelling. There are still some signs in the province that have not been fixed.

As some early texts such as newspapers spelled Beaver Bank as one word, many of the older residents still consider that spelling to be correct. The spelling has always been debated because technically it should be "Beaver Bank" and yet it has always been and always will be "Beaverbank" to its native residents.

Facilities and businesses

Convenience stores

Restaurants

Golf

Sunrise at Lost Creek Golf Course Lost Creek River Bridge.jpg
Sunrise at Lost Creek Golf Course

Facilities

Emergency facilities

Camps and day care facilities

Overlooking Beaver Bank Lake. Bblake.jpg
Overlooking Beaver Bank Lake.

Residential areas

Mobile home parks

Subdivisions

Schools

Elementary schools

Junior high schools

High schools

Related Research Articles

Hammonds Plains is a suburban community within the Halifax Regional Municipality, in Nova Scotia, Canada.

Bedford, Nova Scotia Place in Nova Scotia, Canada

Bedford is a former town and current urban community of the Halifax Regional Municipality, in Nova Scotia, Canada. It was an independent town from 1980 to 1996. Bedford is on the northwestern end of Bedford Basin, an extension of the Halifax Harbour, which ends just before Nova Scotia Highway 102 and the Bedford Bypass, next to Lower Sackville. Bedford is at the junctions of Trunks 1, 2, and 7.

Spryfield is an unincorporated suburban community in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. It was founded about 1770, by Captain William Spry, who purchased land there and established the settlement with the aid of stationed soldiers from the nearby Halifax garrison. In 1783, he sold the property and returned to England. The name "Spryfield" is also sometimes used to refer to the general area of Halifax's South Mainland, which includes a number of communities along the Herring Cove and Purcell's Cove Roads.

Fall River is a suburban community located in Nova Scotia, Canada within the Halifax Regional Municipality. It is located north-northeast of the Bedford Basin, northeast of Bedford and Lower Sackville and north of Waverley.

Lower Sackville, Nova Scotia Place in Nova Scotia, Canada

Lower Sackville is a suburban community of the Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia, Canada. It lies approximately 27 km (17 mi) by road from Downtown Halifax.

Middle Sackville is a suburban community located in the Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia, Canada. The community was named after George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville.

CBHA-FM CBC Radio One station in Halifax, Nova Scotia

CBHA-FM is a Canadian radio station. It is the CBC Radio One affiliate in Halifax, Nova Scotia, broadcasting at 90.5 MHz. It is the flagship CBC Radio One station for the Maritime provinces. CBHA's studios are located on 7067 Chebucto Road in Halifax, while its transmitter is located on Washmill Lake Drive in Clayton Park.

Rockingham is a community located in Nova Scotia, Canada that is part of the Halifax Regional Municipality.

The Eastern Shore is a region of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. It is the Atlantic coast running northeast from Halifax Harbour to the eastern end of the peninsula at the Strait of Canso.

Timberlea-Prospect Provincial electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada

Timberlea—Prospect is a provincial electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada, that elects one member of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly. Its Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) since 2013 has been Iain Rankin of the Nova Scotia Liberal Party.

Sackville-Cobequid Provincial electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada

Sackville—Cobequid is a provincial electoral district in Nova Scotia, Canada, that elects one member of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly.

Nova Scotia Trunk 1 Highway in Nova Scotia

Trunk 1 is part of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia's system of Trunk Highways.

Timberlea is a community located on the rural/suburban fringe of the Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia, Canada, along the St. Margaret's Bay Rd, which extends from the Armdale Rotary to the Head of St. Margaret's Bay. It is about 15.2 km (9.4 mi) from Downtown Halifax. The name means a broad meadow in a forest.

The Halifax Regional Centre for Education is the public school district responsible for 136 elementary, junior high, and high schools located in the Halifax Regional Municipality in Halifax County, Nova Scotia, Canada. The current Regional Executive Director is Elwin LeRoux. The district's office is on Spectacle Lake Drive, Dartmouth. The district's stated vision is "to provide a high quality education to every student every day". On January 24, 2018, the provincial government announced would be dissolved and education administered by an appointed provincial council and the board was dissolved on March 31, 2018.

Lockview High School High school in Fall River, Nova Scotia, Canada

Lockview High School is a high school located in Fall River, Nova Scotia, serving the areas of Fall River, Beaver Bank, Windsor Junction, Waverley, Wellington and a section of Enfield. It opened in 2000, relieving overcrowding at Charles P. Allen High School in Bedford. The building itself is operated by Scotia Learning Centres and is currently being leased to the Halifax Regional Centre for Education.

Scouting and Guiding in Nova Scotia

Scouting in Nova Scotia has a long history, from the 1900s to the present day, serving thousands of youth in programs that suit the environment in which they live.

Fairview, Nova Scotia Urban Community in Nova Scotia, Canada

Fairview is a current community within the urban area of Halifax in Nova Scotia, Canada.

Hammonds Plains, Upper Sackville and Beaverbank, Nova Scotia Planning Area in Nova Scotia, Canada

Hammonds Plains, Upper Sackville and Beaver Bank is a planning area in the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia. The area wraps from Exit 5 on Highway 103 to the west of the urban core of Halifax, and runs north and east, wrapping clockwise around the harbour along the Hammonds Plains Road, Lucasville Road and Sackville Drive, through Upper Sackville to Beaverbank.

Dartmouth North Community Centre

Dartmouth North Community Centre is a Community centre in Albro Lake a neighbourhood in the north end of the community of Dartmouth in Nova Scotia's Halifax Regional Municipality. Albro Lake is also known as District 9.

References

  1. "Halifax Regional Municipality Urban Forest Master Plan" (PDF). halifax.ca. Government of the Municipality of Halifax. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  2. C. Bruce Fergusson, "Beaver Bank", Place-Names and Places of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Archives (1967), p. 47.
  3. "Beaver Bank", Dominion Atlantic Railway Digital Preservation Initiative
  4. C. Bruce Fergusson, "Beaver Bank", Place-Names and Places of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Archives (1967), p. 47.

Coordinates: 44°48′07″N63°41′17″W / 44.80194°N 63.68806°W / 44.80194; -63.68806