Bedford, Nova Scotia

Last updated
Bedford Basin Waterfront.jpg
Waterfront development in Bedford
Location of Bedford in Halifax Regional Municipality
Canada Nova Scotia location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Location of Bedford, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 44°43′56″N63°39′24″W / 44.73212°N 63.65676°W / 44.73212; -63.65676 Coordinates: 44°43′56″N63°39′24″W / 44.73212°N 63.65676°W / 44.73212; -63.65676
CountryFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
ProvinceFlag of Nova Scotia.svg  Nova Scotia
Municipality Halifax Regional Municipality
Municipal District16
IncorporatedJuly 1, 1980
AmalgamatedApril 1, 1996
  Governing Body Halifax Regional Council
  Community CouncilNorth West Community Council
  Total39.79 km2 (15.36 sq mi)
Highest elevation
107 m (351 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 (1996) [2]
  Density342/km2 (890/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-4 (AST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-3 (ADT)
Postal code span
B4A to B4B
Area code(s) 782, 902
Median Income$100,131 CDN [3]
Telephone Exchange 832, 835, 444
NTS Map 11D12 Halifax

Bedford is a current community of the Halifax Regional Municipality, in Nova Scotia, Canada.



The area of Bedford has evidence of Indigenous peoples dating back thousands of years. Petroglyphs are found at Bedford Petroglyphs National Historic Site. [4] The Bedford area is known as Kwipek to the Mi'kmaq First Nation. [5]

18th century

Scott Manor House (built 1770) ScottManorHouseBedfordNovaScotia.jpg
Scott Manor House (built 1770)

On 21 July 1749, Father Le Loutre's War began when Edward Cornwallis arrived to establish Halifax with 13 transports. [6] The British quickly began to build other settlements. To guard against the Acadians, the French, and the Mi'kmaq, British fortifications were erected in Halifax (1749), Bedford (Fort Sackville) (1749), Dartmouth (1750), Lunenburg (1753) and Lawrencetown (1754).

The history of Bedford began when Governor Edward Cornwallis organised his men and began the construction of a road leading to Minas Basin on the Bay of Fundy after establishing the garrison at Halifax. To protect it, he hired John Gorham and his Rangers to erect a fort on the shore of Bedford Basin. It was named Fort Sackville after Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset. [7] The area around the fort became known as Sackville until the mid-1850s, when it became Bedford.

In 1752, among the first to receive a large land grant was military officer George Scott in the Fort Sackville area. Scott later participated in the Expulsion of the Acadians, specifically the St. John River Campaign (1758). His brother, Joseph, was paymaster at the Halifax Garrison in the 1760s, received two grants in 1759 and 1765. And built Scott Manor House in 1770.

19th century

Anthony Holland established the Acadian Paper Mill on the Basin around 1819 to provide paper to produce the Halifax newspaper Acadian Recorder.

When the railway went through the station named Millview, the Moirs, Son and Co. moved a part of the Moirs Mill factory to Bedford. The Moirs Mill generating station built in the early 1930s to supply the necessary electricity required to run the factory.

20th century

A map of the Bedford area of HRM. Map of Bedford.pdf
A map of the Bedford area of HRM.

On 1 July 1980, Bedford was incorporated as a town.[ contradictory ] The Town only had two Mayors from 1 July 1980 until 1 April 1996; the first Mayor of Bedford was Francene Cosman. The second and final Mayor of Bedford was Peter J. Kelly. Peter J. Kelly would later serve as Mayor of the Municipality of Halifax, from 2000 to 2012.

On 1 April 1996, Halifax County was dissolved and all of its places (cities, suburbs, towns, and villages) were turned into communities of a single-tier municipality named Halifax Regional Municipality. Subsequently, Bedford was turned into a community within the new Municipality of Halifax.

23 March 1997 issue of Maclean's magazine rated Bedford as being the "Best Community to Live in Canada."

21st century

In 2019, the provincial electoral-district of Bedford South electoral district was created to reflect the community's growing population in that area.


Bedford is approximately 18 km (11 mi) from Downtown Halifax. [8] Bedford covers 3,979 hectares (39.79 km2) of land area. [9]



There is a popular walkway along much of the Bedford Basin waterfront that begins at DeWolf park, and continues as the Bedford-Sackville Connector Greenway, a crushed gravel covered trail that meanders along the Sackville River.

On Shore Drive, there is an outdoor 25-metre pool and smaller splash pool located at Lions Park, and in the summer there are numerous lakes suitable for swimming.

Bedford is a well-established sailing community, and is home to the Bedford Basin Yacht Club and Marina.


The community is currently home to six ice surfaces, at the BMO Centre, Lebrun Centre, and the Gary Martin Dome.

The topography of the area limits the possible locations for football-and-soccer fields. However, there are fields at Basinview Drive Community School, Bedford South School, Charles P. Allen High School, Range Park, Rocky Lake Junior High, and Sunnyside Elementary (Eaglewood location).


Bedford Days has occurred annually at the end of June and beginning of July for over 30 years. Currently, most of the events take place at DeWolf Park. There is an opening celebration, a Canada Day celebration, free pancake-breakfast, dog show, Kids' Extravaganza, Kids' Triathlon, Movies in the Park, the Rubber Duck Dash, and the Scott Manor House Tea Party. [10]

The Light Up Bedford Parade is an annual parade that takes place on the Sunday following the Light Up Halifax Parade, which usually is mid-November. It runs along the Bedford Highway from Bedford Place Mall and ends at DeWolf Park. At the park there is Christmas carol singing, contests-and-prizes, and a hot chocolate stand. At the conclusion of the parade, a Christmas Tree is lit. In addition to bringing the community together to celebrate the beginning of the Christmas season, the parade serves as a fundraiser for the Turkey Club Society--which raises funds to ensure residents of Municipality of Halifax are able to provide a Christmas dinner for their families.


Although a well-established community, Bedford has not had demographic information released from the 2006, 2011, 2016, and the 2021 Canadian Censuses. As of the 1996 Census, before the amalgamation of Halifax on 1 April 1996, the Town of Bedford had 13,638 people--a population density of 342 people per km2.

Historical population
1996 13,638+17.4%
2001 16,102+18.1%
From 1996 onward, Bedford became a community of the Municipality of Halifax
Source: [11] [12]


Depending on where they live, students may attend the following schools in the Bedford area:

Public Schools

Private Schools


Bedford is well served by highways, roads, sidewalks-and-walking paths, taxis, and transit.

The community is served by Halifax's transit authority, Halifax Transit. Routes 8, 87, 90, 91 and 93 directly serve Bedford while many more routes serve the nearby Cobequid Terminal in Lower Sackville.

Recently, there have been several different modes of public-transportation proposed within Halifax to support its current and continued growth. There is a fast ferry service planned for the Mill Cove area that would connect to the Ferry Terminal in Downtown Halifax. Furthermore, there have been proposals to re-introduce Commuter (Light) Rail within Halifax's urban area. However, these proposed services are controversial due to disputes over projected costs and ridership levels.

Notable residents

Related Research Articles

Nova Scotia Province of Canada

Nova Scotia is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is one of the three Maritime provinces and one of the four Atlantic provinces. Nova Scotia is Latin for "New Scotland".

Colchester County County in Nova Scotia, Canada

Colchester County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. With a population of 51,476 the county is the fourth largest in Nova Scotia. Colchester County is located in north central Nova Scotia.

Dartmouth, Nova Scotia Place in Nova Scotia, Canada

Dartmouth is an urban community and former city located in the Halifax Regional Municipality of Nova Scotia, Canada. Dartmouth is located on the eastern shore of Halifax Harbour. Dartmouth has been nicknamed the City of Lakes, after the large number of lakes located within its boundaries.

Truro, Nova Scotia Town in Nova Scotia, Canada

Truro is a town in central Nova Scotia, Canada. Truro is the shire town of Colchester County and is located on the south side of the Salmon River floodplain, close to the river's mouth at the eastern end of Cobequid Bay.

Sackville, New Brunswick Town in New Brunswick, Canada

Sackville is a town in southeastern New Brunswick, Canada. It is home to Mount Allison University, a primarily undergraduate liberal arts university. Historically based on agriculture, shipbuilding, and manufacturing, the economy is now driven by the university and tourism. Initially part of the French colony of Acadia, the settlement became part of the British colony of Nova Scotia in 1755 following the Expulsion of the Acadians.

Middleton, Nova Scotia Town in Nova Scotia, Canada

Middleton is a town in Annapolis County, Nova Scotia, Canada. Situated on the north bank of the Annapolis River, it is located close to the centre of the Annapolis Valley, from which it gets its nickname, "The Heart of the Valley".

Windsor is a community located in Hants County, Nova Scotia, Canada. It is a service centre for the western part of the county and is situated on Highway 101.

Canso, Nova Scotia Community in Nova Scotia, Canada

Canso is a community in Guysborough County, on the north-eastern tip of mainland Nova Scotia, Canada, next to Chedabucto Bay. In January 2012, it ceased to be a separate town and as of July 2012 was amalgamated into the Municipality of the District of Guysborough.

Halifax, Nova Scotia Capital and most populous municipality of Nova Scotia, Canada

Halifax is the capital and largest municipality in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, and the largest municipality in Atlantic Canada. As of the 2021 Census, the municipal population was 439,819, with 348,634 people in its urban area. The regional municipality consists of four former municipalities that were amalgamated in 1996: Halifax, Dartmouth, Bedford, and Halifax County.

Shelburne, Nova Scotia Town in Nova Scotia, Canada

Shelburne is a town located in southwestern Nova Scotia, Canada.

Fort Beauséjour Historic French-built fort in Aulac, New Brunswick, Canada

Fort Beauséjour, renamed Fort Cumberland in 1755, is a large, five-bastioned fort on the Isthmus of Chignecto in eastern Canada, a neck of land connecting the present-day province of New Brunswick with that of Nova Scotia. The site was strategically important in Acadia, a French colony that included primarily the Maritimes, the eastern part of Quebec, and northern Maine of the later United States. The fort was built by the French from 1751 to 1752. They surrendered it to the British in 1755 after their defeat in the Battle of Fort Beauséjour, during the Seven Years' War. The British renamed the structure as Fort Cumberland. The fort was strategically important throughout the Anglo-French rivalry of 1749–63, known as the French and Indian Wars by British colonists. Less than a generation later, it was the site of the 1776 Battle of Fort Cumberland, when the British forces repulsed sympathisers of the American Revolution.

Lower Sackville, Nova Scotia Place in Nova Scotia, Canada

Lower Sackville is a suburban community of the Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia, Canada. It lies approximately 27 km (17 mi) by road from Downtown Halifax.

Fort Edward (Nova Scotia)

Fort Edward is a National Historic Site of Canada in Windsor, Nova Scotia, and was built during Father Le Loutre's War (1749-1755). The British built the fort to help prevent the Acadian Exodus from the region. The Fort is most famous for the role it played both in the Expulsion of the Acadians (1755) and in protecting Halifax, Nova Scotia from a land assault in the American Revolution. While much of Fort Edward has been destroyed, including the officers' quarters and barracks, the blockhouse that remains is the oldest extant in North America. A cairn was later added to the site.

Fairview, Nova Scotia Urban Community in Nova Scotia, Canada

Fairview is a community within the urban area of Halifax in Nova Scotia, Canada.

Lawrencetown, Halifax County, Nova Scotia

Lawrencetown is a Canadian rural community in the Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia, Canada. The settlement was established during the eve of Father Le Loutre's War and at the beginning of the French and Indian War.

St. Croix River (Nova Scotia) River in Nova Scotia, Canada

The St. Croix River is a river in Nova Scotia entirely contained in Hants and Halifax Counties. Its headwaters are Panuke Lake. The river has been exploited for water power. There were water mills in the nineteenth century and in the 1930s three hydroelectric dams were built; they still operate.

St. Croix is a community in the province of Nova Scotia Canada, located in Hants County, Nova Scotia.

Battle at St. Croix 1750 battle during Father Le Loutres War

The Battle at St. Croix was fought during Father Le Loutre's War between Gorham's Rangers and Mi'kmaq at Battle Hill in the community of St. Croix, Nova Scotia. The battle lasted from March 20–23, 1750.

Fort Sackville (Nova Scotia)

Fort Sackville was a British fort in present-day Bedford, Nova Scotia. It was built during Father Le Loutre's War by British adjacent to present-day Scott Manor House, on a hill overlooking the Sackville River to help prevent French, Acadian and Mi'kmaq attacks on Halifax. The fort consisted of a blockhouse, a guard house, a barracks that housed 50 soldiers, and outbuildings, all encompassed by a palisade. Not far from the fort was a rifle range. The fort was named after George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville.

Outline of Nova Scotia Overview of and topical guide to Nova Scotia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Nova Scotia:



  1. "1996 Census of Canada; Electronic Area Profiles". Statistics Canada. 29 October 1998. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  2. "1996 Census of Canada; Electronic Area Profiles". Statistics Canada. 29 October 1998. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  3. "Nova Scotia Community Counts web page - data modeled from Statistics Canada, National Household Survey, 2011".[ permanent dead link ]
  4. "Bedford Petroglyphs National Historic Site of Canada". Retrieved September 23, 2018.
  5. "Welcome to Mi'kma'ki". Retrieved September 23, 2018.
  6. Grenier, John. The Far Reaches of Empire. War in Nova Scotia, 1710-1760. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 2008; Thomas Beamish Akins. History of Halifax, Brookhouse Press. 1895. (2002 edition). p 7
  7. Cutherbertson and Architects, p. 48
  8. "Google Maps". Google Maps. Google Maps. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  9. "Electronic Area Profiles". Statistics Canada. 29 October 1998. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  10. "Bedford Days web site". Archived from the original on 2010-08-24. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
  11. Archived 2013-10-05 at the Wayback Machine , Censuses 1981-2001
  12. , Census 2006


Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap  
Download coordinates as: KML