Bilbeis

Last updated

Belbeis

بلبيس
Belbeis (2).jpg
Nickname(s): 
Eastern gate of Egypt
Egypt relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Belbeis
Location within Egypt
Coordinates: 30°25′18″N31°33′33″E / 30.42167°N 31.55917°E / 30.42167; 31.55917
CountryFlag of Egypt.svg  Egypt
Governorate Sharqia Governorate
Elevation
4 m (13 ft)
Population
 (2018)
  Total407,300
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)

Belbeis (Arabic : بلبيس pronounced  [belˈbeːs] ; Bohairic Coptic : Ⲫⲉⲗⲃⲉⲥ/ⲪⲉⲗⲃⲏⲥPhelbes/Phelbēs) is an ancient fortress city on the eastern edge of the southern Nile delta in Egypt, the site of the Ancient city and former bishopric of Phelbes and a Latin Catholic titular see.

Contents

The city is small in size but densely populated, with over 407,300 residents. It also houses the Egyptian Air Force Academy complex, which contains the town's largest public school in Al-Zafer. The mosque of Sadat Qureish, which is the oldest mosque in Egypt, and perhaps the entirety of Africa, is located in Belbeis. [1]

History

The city was important enough in the Roman province of Augustamnica Secunda to become a bishopric.

The city played a role in the machinations for control of the Fatimid vizierate: first in 1164, when Shirkuh was besieged in the city by the combined forces of Shawar and crusader king Amalric I of Jerusalem for three months; then again in 1168 when the city was assaulted again by Amalric's army, who took the city after three days on 4 November and indiscriminately killed the inhabitants. This atrocity angered the Coptic Egyptians, who had seen the Crusaders as deliverers but had suffered as much as the Muslim inhabitants of Bilbeis. Many of the Copts ended their support of the Crusaders after this. [2] (See Crusader invasion of Egypt.)

In 1798, its fortifications were rebuilt at the order of Napoleon.

Ecclesiastical history

The bishopric, a suffragan of the Metropolitan of provincial capital Leontopolis, faded.

Titular see

The diocese of Phelbes was nominally restored in 1933 as a Latin Catholic titular bishopric.

It has had the following incumbents, all of the lowest (episcopal) rank :

Coordinates: 30°25′N31°34′E / 30.417°N 31.567°E / 30.417; 31.567

Climate

Bilbeis is classified by Köppen-Geiger climate classification system as hot desert (BWh), [3] as the rest of Egypt.

Climate data for Bilbeis
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)18.7
(65.7)
20
(68)
23.7
(74.7)
27.9
(82.2)
31.7
(89.1)
34.5
(94.1)
34.2
(93.6)
34.1
(93.4)
31.8
(89.2)
30.1
(86.2)
25.3
(77.5)
21
(70)
27.8
(82.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)13.1
(55.6)
13.8
(56.8)
16.8
(62.2)
20.2
(68.4)
23.9
(75.0)
27
(81)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
25.3
(77.5)
23.4
(74.1)
19.8
(67.6)
15.1
(59.2)
21.1
(70.1)
Average low °C (°F)7.5
(45.5)
7.7
(45.9)
10
(50)
12.6
(54.7)
16.1
(61.0)
19.5
(67.1)
20.9
(69.6)
21.2
(70.2)
18.9
(66.0)
16.8
(62.2)
14.3
(57.7)
9.2
(48.6)
14.6
(58.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)7
(0.3)
3
(0.1)
3
(0.1)
1
(0.0)
1
(0.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.1)
4
(0.2)
4
(0.2)
25
(1)
Source: Climate-Data.org [3]

See also

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References

  1. http://www.mmdtkw.org/CrusadesMaster.pdf
  2. 1 2 "Climate: Bilbeis - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 13 August 2013.

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