Eastern gate of Egypt
|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
Belbeis (Arabic : بلبيس pronounced [belˈbeːs] ; Bohairic Coptic : Ⲫⲉⲗⲃⲉⲥ/ⲪⲉⲗⲃⲏⲥPhelbes/Phelbēs) is an ancient fortress city on the eastern edge of the southern Nile delta in Egypt, the site of the Ancient city and former bishopric of Phelbes and a Latin Catholic titular see.
The city is small in size but densely populated, with over 407,300 residents. It also houses the Egyptian Air Force Academy complex, which contains the town's largest public school in Al-Zafer. The mosque of Sadat Qureish, which is the oldest mosque in Egypt, and perhaps the entirety of Africa, is located in Belbeis.
The city was important enough in the Roman province of Augustamnica Secunda to become a bishopric.
The city played a role in the machinations for control of the Fatimid vizierate: first in 1164, when Shirkuh was besieged in the city by the combined forces of Shawar and crusader king Amalric I of Jerusalem for three months; then again in 1168 when the city was assaulted again by Amalric's army, who took the city after three days on 4 November and indiscriminately killed the inhabitants. This atrocity angered the Coptic Egyptians, who had seen the Crusaders as deliverers but had suffered as much as the Muslim inhabitants of Bilbeis. Many of the Copts ended their support of the Crusaders after this.(See Crusader invasion of Egypt.)
In 1798, its fortifications were rebuilt at the order of Napoleon.
The bishopric, a suffragan of the Metropolitan of provincial capital Leontopolis, faded.
The diocese of Phelbes was nominally restored in 1933 as a Latin Catholic titular bishopric.
It has had the following incumbents, all of the lowest (episcopal) rank :
Bilbeis is classified by Köppen-Geiger climate classification system as hot desert (BWh),as the rest of Egypt.
|Climate data for Bilbeis|
|Average high °C (°F)||18.7|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||13.1|
|Average low °C (°F)||7.5|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||7|
Dorylaeum or Dorylaion, called Şarhöyük in Turkish language, was an ancient city in Anatolia. It is now an archaeological site located near the city of Eskişehir, Turkey.
Damietta is a port city and the capital of the Damietta Governorate in Egypt, a former bishopric and present multiple Catholic titular see. It is located at the Damietta branch, an eastern distributary of the Nile Delta, 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the Mediterranean Sea, about 200 kilometres (120 mi) north of Cairo.
Sarepta was a Phoenician city on the Mediterranean coast between Sidon and Tyre, also known biblically as Zarephath. It became a bishopric, which faded, and remains a double Catholic titular see.
Herceg Novi is a coastal town in Montenegro located at the entrance to the Bay of Kotor and at the foot of Mount Orjen. It is the administrative center of the Herceg Novi Municipality with around 33,000 inhabitants. Herceg Novi was known as Castelnuovo between 1482 and 1797, when it was part of Ottoman Empire and the Albania Veneta of the Republic of Venice. It was a Catholic bishopric and remains a Latin titular see as Novi. Herceg Novi has had a turbulent past, despite being one of the youngest settlements on the Adriatic. A history of varied occupations has created a blend of diverse and picturesque architectural style in the city.
Hermopolis was a major city in antiquity, located near the boundary between Lower and Upper Egypt.
Zarzis also known as Jarjis is a coastal commune (municipality) in southeastern Tunisia, former bishopric and Latin Catholic titular see under its ancient name Gergis.
Midès is a mountain oasis in Tunisia. As Ancient Mades, it was a bishopric and remains a Latin Catholic titular see.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cusco is a Latin Metropolitan archdiocese with see in the city and old Inca imperial capital of Cusco, in Peru.
Medjana is a town and commune (municipality) in Bordj Bou Arréridj Province, Algeria. It is the (approximative) location the Ancient city and bishopric Vardimissa, which remains a Latin Catholic titular see.
Ksar Sbahi is a town and commune in Oum El Bouaghi Province, Algeria and the site of Ancient Gadiaufala, a Roman city and former bishopric, now a Latin Catholic titular see.
Arsuz, also known as Uluçınar, is a municipality in Hatay Province, southern Anatolia. In the ancient times, it was known as Rhosus and was a former bishopric and titular see.
Ain Zana (Aïn-Zana) is a town and commune in Souk Ahras Province in north-eastern Algeria.
Ptolemais was an ancient port city on the Phoenician coast. It was also called Ptolemais in Phoenicia. It was an Ancient bishopric, which became a double Catholic titular see.
Parnassus or Parnassos was a town in the northern part of ancient Cappadocia, on the right bank of the Halys River, and on or near a hill, to which it owed its name, on the road between Ancyra and Archelais, about 63 miles west of the latter town. It became a bishopric and remains a Roman Catholic titular see.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Castro del Lazio was a residential bishopric from 600 to 1649 and is now a Latin Catholic titular see under the shortened name Castro.
Theuzi is a former ancient city and bishopric in Roman Africa and present Latin Catholic titular see.
Thucca in Numidia was an Ancient Roman era town and the seat of an ancient Bishopric during the Roman Empire, which remains only as a Latin Catholic titular see.
Cellae in Proconsulari was an ancient city and bishopric in Roman Africa, which remains a Latin titular see.
The Titular Archbishopric of Gabala, formerly the Diocese of Gabala, is a titular archbishopric of the Roman Catholic Church named for its former see, the city of Jableh, in present-day Syria.
Andropolis was an Ancient city and former bishopric in Roman Egypt, and is now a Latin Catholic titular see.
Media related to Bilbeis at Wikimedia Commons