Block Communications (also known as Blade Communications) is an American privately held holding company of various assets, mainly in the print and broadcast media, based in Toledo, Ohio. The company was founded in 1900 in New York City when Paul Block, a German-Jewish immigrant who came to the United States fifteen years prior, formed an ad representation firm for newspaper the Block empire grew to encompass many newspapers on the east coast of the US, however with the Great Depression in the 1930s came the loss of all but three properties: the ad representation firm, the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette , and the Toledo Blade (where Block eventually settled the company upon its purchase in 1927). After Block's death in 1941, over the company and later his grandchildren (one of whom, Allan Block, is company chairman).
A holding company is a company that owns other companies' outstanding stock. A holding company usually does not produce goods or services itself; rather, its purpose is to own shares of other companies to form a corporate group. Holding companies allow the reduction of risk for the owners and can allow the ownership and control of a number of different companies.
Toledo is a city in and the county seat of Lucas County, Ohio, United States. Toledo is in northwest Ohio, at the western end of Lake Erie bordering the state of Michigan. The city was founded in 1833 on the west bank of the Maumee River, and originally incorporated as part of Monroe County, Michigan Territory. It was re-founded in 1837, after conclusion of the Toledo War, when it was incorporated in Ohio.
The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, also known simply as the PG, is the largest newspaper serving metropolitan Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.
Pennsylvania, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern, Great Lakes and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle. The Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east.
The Pittsburgh Press, published from 1884 to 1992, was a major afternoon daily newspaper in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, US. It was one of many competing city newspapers published prior to the First World War including The Hearst Corporation-owned Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, the Pittsburgh Dispatch, and the Block Communications-owned Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. At one time, the Press was the second largest newspaper in Pennsylvania, behind only the Philadelphia Inquirer. For four years starting in 2011, the brand was revived and applied to an afternoon online edition of the Post-Gazette.
WAND is an NBC-affiliated television station licensed to Decatur, Illinois, United States and serving the Central Illinois region. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on virtual and UHF channel 17 from a transmitter, along I-72, between Oreana and Argenta. Owned by Block Communications, the station has studios on South Side Drive in Decatur.
Decatur is the largest city and the county seat of Macon County in the U.S. state of Illinois, with a population of 76,122 as of the 2010 Census. The city was founded in 1829 and is situated along the Sangamon River and Lake Decatur in Central Illinois. In 2017, the city's estimated population was 72,174.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English-language commercial terrestrial television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast. The network is headquartered at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in New York City, with additional major offices near Los Angeles, Chicago and Philadelphia. The network is one of the Big Three television networks. NBC is sometimes referred to as the "Peacock Network", in reference to its stylized peacock logo, introduced in 1956 to promote the company's innovations in early color broadcasting. It became the network's official emblem in 1979.
On November 29, 2008, it was announced that Metro Video Productions, owners of Lima, Ohio low-powered network affiliates WOHL-CA (Fox/MyNetworkTV), WLQP-LP (ABC) and WLMO-LP (CBS), would sell these stations to West Central Ohio Broadcasting, Inc.; one of the company's heads, Allan J. Block, is the chairman of Block Communications, owner of WLIO.Those three stations have since consolidated at WLIO's studios and carry simulcasts of the station's newscasts, with WCOB holding the license interests of the stations.
Lima is a city in and the county seat of Allen County, Ohio, United States. The municipality is located in northwestern Ohio along Interstate 75 approximately 72 miles (116 km) north of Dayton and 78 miles (126 km) south-southwest of Toledo.
WOHL-CD is a low-powered, Class A dual ABC/CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Lima, Ohio, United States. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on virtual and UHF channel 35 from a transmitter at its studios on Rice Avenue northwest of downtown. Owned by Block Communications, WOHL shares studios with three sister stations: full-powered dual NBC/Fox affiliate WLIO and low-powered analog stations WPNM-LP and WAMS-LP.
WPNM-LP, UHF analog channel 25, is a low-powered television station licensed to Lima, Ohio, United States. It simulcasts the primary subchannel of digital Class A station WOHL-CD, which is affiliated with ABC. WPNM-LP's transmitter is located on Rice Avenue in the city. Owned by Block Communications, it is a sister station to WOHL-CD, full-powered dual NBC/Fox affiliate WLIO, and low-powered analog station WAMS-LP. All of the stations share studios on Rice Avenue northwest of downtown.
Sandusky is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Erie County. Situated in northern Ohio on the shores of Lake Erie, Sandusky is midway between Toledo to the west and Cleveland to the east.
Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,079. Its county seat is Sandusky. The county is named for the Erie tribe, whose name was their word for "wildcat". It was formed in 1838 from the northern third of Huron County and a portion of Sandusky County.
Competitive Local Exchange Carrier (CLEC)
Cable Television Networks
WDRB, virtual channel 41, is a Fox-affiliated television station licensed to Louisville, Kentucky, United States. The station is owned by Block Communications, as part of a duopoly with Salem, Indiana-licensed CW/MyNetworkTV affiliate WBKI. The two stations share studios on West Muhammad Ali Boulevard in downtown Louisville and transmitting facilities in rural northeastern Floyd County, Indiana. On cable, WDRB is available on Charter Spectrum channel 9.
WNWO-TV is an NBC-affiliated television station licensed to Toledo, Ohio, United States, serving northwest Ohio and southeast Michigan. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on UHF channel 23 from a transmitter on Cousino Road in Jerusalem Township. Owned by the Sinclair Broadcast Group, the station has studios on South Byrne Road in Toledo, although newscasts have originated from the studios of sister station and CBS affiliate WSBT-TV in South Bend, Indiana since March 2017.
WBKI, virtual channel 58, is a television station serving Louisville, Kentucky, United States that is licensed to Salem, Indiana. It serves as an affiliate of The CW Television Network and MyNetworkTV. The station is owned by Block Communications, as part of a duopoly with Louisville-licensed Fox affiliate WDRB. The two stations share studios on West Muhammad Ali Boulevard in downtown Louisville and transmitting facilities in rural northeastern Floyd County, Indiana.
WHAS-TV, virtual and VHF digital channel 11, is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Louisville, Kentucky, United States. The station is owned by Tegna Inc. WHAS-TV's studios are located on West Chestnut Street in Downtown Louisville, and its transmitter is located in rural northeastern Floyd County, Indiana. On cable, WHAS-TV is available on Charter Spectrum channel 4 and in high definition on digital channel 908.
WBKI-TV, virtual channel 34, was a CW-affiliated television station serving Louisville, Kentucky, United States that was licensed to Campbellsville. The station was owned by LM Communications, LLC; Block Communications, which owned Louisville-licensed Fox affiliate WDRB and Salem, Indiana-licensed MyNetworkTV affiliate WMYO, operated WBKI-TV under a local marketing agreement (LMA). WBKI-TV's transmitter was located in Raywick, Kentucky. In 2014, all of WBKI-TV's operations were consolidated at WDRB and WMYO's shared studio facility on West Muhammad Ali Boulevard in downtown Louisville. Previously, WBKI-TV maintained separate studios at the Kaden Tower on Dutchmans Lane in Louisville's Bowman section, while the WDRB/WMYO facilities only housed WBKI-TV's master control and some internal operations.
WUPW is a Fox-affiliated television station licensed to Toledo, Ohio, United States, serving northwest Ohio and southeast Michigan. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on UHF channel 46 from a transmitter on Corduroy Road in Oregon, Ohio. Owned by American Spirit Media, WUPW is operated by Tegna Inc. under a shared services agreement (SSA), making it a sister station to CBS affiliate WTOL. The two stations share studios on North Summit Street in downtown Toledo.
WMYO-CD, virtual and UHF digital channel 24, is a low-powered, Class A Laff-affiliated television station licensed to Louisville, Kentucky, United States. The station is owned by New Albany Broadcasting Co., Inc. WMYO-CD maintains offices on Potters Lane in Clarksville, Indiana, and its transmitter is located in the Louisville tower farm in Floyd County.
WKYT-TV is a dual CBS/CW-affiliated television station licensed to Lexington, Kentucky, United States, serving the east-central part of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on UHF channel 36 from a transmitter east of the intersection of I-75 and U.S. 60 in Lexington. Owned by Gray Television, WKYT maintains studios on Winchester Road, within a mile from the studios of competing ABC affiliate WTVQ-DT.
Toledo 5, The CW was a cable channel serving Northwest Ohio, primarily serving the city of Toledo and Northwest Ohio. The channel was operated by Buckeye Cablesystem, and was originally exclusive to its subscribers, but expanded to other northwestern Ohio cable providers such as Time Warner Cable and Comcast. It was carried on channel 5 on Buckeye CableSystem and various other channel positions on Time Warner Cable and Comcast.
WBKO is an ABC/Fox/CW+-affiliated television station licensed to Bowling Green, Kentucky, United States and serving south central Kentucky. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on virtual and VHF channel 13 from a transmitter along KY 185 and Richardsville Road in unincorporated northern Warren County. Owned by Gray Television, WBKO has studios on Russellville Road along the William H. Natcher Parkway in Bowling Green.
WLIO is a dual NBC/Fox-affiliated television station licensed to Lima, Ohio, United States. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on virtual and VHF channel 8 from a transmitter at its studios on Rice Avenue northwest of downtown. Owned by Block Communications, WLIO shares studios with three low-powered sister stations: Class A dual ABC/CBS affiliate WOHL-CD and analog stations WPNM-LP and WAMS-LP.
WAMS-LP, UHF analog channel 38, is a low-powered television station licensed to Lima, Ohio, United States. It simulcasts the second subchannel of digital Class A station WOHL-CD, which is affiliated with CBS. WAMS-LP's transmitter is located on Rice Avenue in the city. Owned by Block Communications, it is a sister station to WOHL-CD, full-powered dual NBC/Fox affiliate WLIO, and low-powered analog station WPNM-LP. All of the stations share studios on Rice Avenue northwest of downtown.
WFND-LD is a low-power television station in Findlay, Ohio, serving the Toledo market as an BCSN affiliate on Channel 19.
The News-Press & Gazette Company (NPG) is a media company based in St. Joseph, Missouri, wholly owned and operated by the Bradley family. It is presided by Brian Bradley and David R. Bradley, with Hank Bradley (retired), Eric Bradley and Kit Bradley serving on its board of directors. All are descendants of family patriarch Henry D. Bradley and his son, David Bradley, Sr.
West Central Ohio CW was the name of a cable-only television station in the Lima, Ohio, media market. It was owned and operated by Time Warner Cable.
The Ohio News Network (ONN) is a radio service and former television and radio news network in the U.S. state of Ohio. Its studios and offices are co-located with sister station WBNS-TV, the CBS television affiliate for Columbus and central Ohio. ONN is owned by the Dispatch Broadcast Group. ONN provided statewide newscasts for affiliate stations during the day. It is distributed by Radio Sound Network, which is also owned and operated by the Dispatch Group. Radio Sound Network distributes various programming elements for radio stations, including live play-by-play broadcasts of the Columbus Blue Jackets, Ohio State Buckeyes, and the Cleveland Cavaliers. ONN also operated a television channel from 1996 to 2012 in more than 1.8 million households statewide.
WIMA "The Talk Station" is a commercial AM broadcasting station operating at 1150 kHz in Lima, Ohio owned and operated by iHeartMedia, Inc. which also operates FM sister stations WIMT, WLWD, WZRX-FM and WMLX from its studio and office location on West Market Street. Its transmitter is located on McClain Road in Fort Shawnee. It is Lima's first and oldest commercial radio station. The call letters, when spoken like a word rhymes with the city of Lima, which is pronounced with a long "i" sound, unlike the capital city of Peru.
Buckeye Broadband is a cable and telecommunications provider located in Toledo, Ohio, United States, that is owned by Block Communications. Buckeye Broadband provides cable television, broadband internet and home telephone services to customers in northwest Ohio and parts of southeast Michigan; in addition to its system in Toledo, Buckeye also provides services to Sandusky and Erie County in north central Ohio, which were formerly served by predecessor Erie County Cablevision.