Blockhouse Bay

Last updated

Blockhouse Bay
Blockhousebay.jpg
The Blockhouse Bay town centre.
Blockhouse Bay
Coordinates: 36°55′00″S174°42′32″E / 36.9167°S 174.7089°E / -36.9167; 174.7089 Coordinates: 36°55′00″S174°42′32″E / 36.9167°S 174.7089°E / -36.9167; 174.7089
Country New Zealand
City Auckland
Local authority Auckland Council
Electoral ward Whau ward
Local board Whau Local Board
Area
[1]
  Land455 ha (1,124 acres)
Population
 (June 2021) [2]
  Total16,810
Avondale New Windsor New Windsor
New Lynn
Pfeil oben.svg
Pfeil links.svgBlockhouse BayPfeil rechts.svg
Pfeil unten.svg
Mount Roskill
Green Bay (Manukau Harbour) Lynfield
Blockhouse Bay beach Blockhouse Bay Beach.jpg
Blockhouse Bay beach

Blockhouse Bay is a residential suburb in the south west of Auckland, in New Zealand's North Island. It is sited on the northern coast of the Manukau Harbour, and is also close to the administrative boundary that existed between Auckland City and Waitakere City, two of the former four cities of what was the Auckland conurbation before amalgamation into Auckland Council.

Contents

The suburb is located 11 kilometres to the southwest of the city centre, and is surrounded by the more central suburbs of Lynfield and New Windsor, and the Waitakere suburbs of New Lynn and Green Bay.

The Blockhouse Bay Library is located in the town centre, [3] as is the Blockhouse Bay Community Centre, located 200 metres from the library. [4]

History

Early history

Blockhouse Bay circa 1917 Blockhouse Bay (AM PH-NEG-C21519) (cropped).jpg
Blockhouse Bay circa 1917

Portage Road is the location of Te Tōanga Waka, one of the overland routes between the two harbours (and thus the Pacific Ocean and the Tasman Sea), where Māori would beach their waka (canoes) and drag them overland to the other coast, thus avoiding having to paddle around North Cape. This made the area of immense strategic importance in both pre-European times and during the early years of European occupation.[ citation needed ]

The earliest European known to have trekked through, and followed the coastline of the Manukau Harbour in an endeavour to find if there was a waterway connecting the two harbours, was the Rev. Samuel Marsden in 1820. Two missionaries who had arrived in New Zealand on 30 December 1834, William Colenso and R. Wade, walked through the Whau South area in 1838 hoping to find a Māori settlement, but the Pa site on Te Whau point had been abandoned some time before. They remarked that the area was "open and barren heaths, dreary, sterile and wild."[ citation needed ]

Te Whau Bay was used as a camping spot fur European settlers during the early colonial era of Auckland. [5]

The Blockhouse

A wooden blockhouse was constructed over Te Whau Bay in 1860. [5] At this time the first land war in Taranaki was escalating and there were fears it would spread north and so a defence system for Auckland was actioned. A 12-acre site was chosen, bordered by Esplanade (Endeavour Street), Gilfillan Street, Wynyard Road (Blockhouse Bay Road) and Boylan Street (Wade Street). The actual Whau Blockhouse was located on what is now No. 8 Gilfillan Street.[ citation needed ]

The site was chosen for two reasons:

Colonel Thomas Mould of the Royal Engineers was charged with planning the location and type of defence system needed. A blockhouse is a purpose-built building with walls thick enough to stop musket ball penetration, with slits in the walls for defensive musket fire, a fence or stockade surrounding the building, with a trench beyond that.[ citation needed ]

The blockhouse was manned by the 57th (West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot and the 65th (2nd Yorkshire, North Riding) Regiment of Foot until 1863. [5] Never seeing military action, the blockhouse was rented out to a tenant in the 1880s and was gutted in a fire. It was subsequently demolished. The trenches were apparently still visible in the 1940s but have since been obscured.[ citation needed ]

Urban development

The earliest industry, in 1884, was the Gittos Tannery. The early 1900s saw other industries such as poultry, orchards, potteries, strawberries, flowers, loganberries and small farm holdings.[ citation needed ]

A bach community at Blockhouse Bay developed in the early 1900s, [5] with the area becoming a popular holiday resort for Aucklanders in the 1920s, with families making the journey over rough roads to spend the summer at the beach.[ citation needed ] During the Great Depression in the 1930s, workers developed the Blockhouse Bay beachfront area, building stone walls and pathways. [5]

Demographics

Blockhouse Bay covers 4.55 km2 (1.76 sq mi) [1] and had an estimated population of 16,810 as of June 2021, [2] with a population density of 3,695 people per km2.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
200613,347    
201314,370+1.06%
201815,747+1.85%
Source: [6]

Blockhouse Bay had a population of 15,747 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 1,377 people (9.6%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 2,400 people (18.0%) since the 2006 census. There were 4,767 households, comprising 7,854 males and 7,893 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.0 males per female, with 2,850 people (18.1%) aged under 15 years, 3,525 (22.4%) aged 15 to 29, 7,023 (44.6%) aged 30 to 64, and 2,349 (14.9%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 34.8% European/Pākehā, 6.6% Māori, 13.2% Pacific peoples, 50.8% Asian, and 4.1% other ethnicities. People may identify with more than one ethnicity.

The percentage of people born overseas was 52.1, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people chose not to answer the census's question about religious affiliation, 33.0% had no religion, 35.1% were Christian, 0.3% had Māori religious beliefs, 14.4% were Hindu, 8.1% were Muslim, 1.9% were Buddhist and 2.6% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 3,852 (29.9%) people had a bachelor's or higher degree, and 1,788 (13.9%) people had no formal qualifications. 1,887 people (14.6%) earned over $70,000 compared to 17.2% nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 6,135 (47.6%) people were employed full-time, 1,650 (12.8%) were part-time, and 537 (4.2%) were unemployed. [6]

Individual statistical areas
NameArea (km2)PopulationDensity (per km2)HouseholdsMedian ageMedian income
Glenavon0.642,9074,54278031.1 years$23,500 [7]
Blockhouse Bay North0.933,8734,1651,17035.2 years$27,400 [8]
Blockhouse Bay North East0.532,1814,11565735.8 years$29,800 [9]
Blockhouse Bay South1.674,2362,5371,35639.4 years$31,300 [10]
Blockhouse Bay East0.782,5503,26980441.2 years$25,300 [11]
New Zealand37.4 years$31,800

Education

Blockhouse Bay Intermediate is a school for years 7–8 with a roll of 789. [12] The school was established in 1959. [13]

Blockhouse Bay Primary School, Chaucer School, and Glenavon School are primary schools for years 1–6 (years 1–8 for Glenavon) with rolls of 523, 187 and 386 students, respectively. [14] [15] [16]

St Dominic's Catholic School is a state-integrated contributing primary school for years 1–6 with a roll of 270. [17]

Auckland International College is a private senior secondary school for years 11–13 with a roll of 44. [18] The school was founded in 2003. [19]

All these schools are coeducational. Rolls are as of July 2022. [20]

Local state or state-integrated secondary schools are Lynfield College, Mount Roskill Grammar School, Green Bay High School, and Marcellin College .

Sport and recreation

The Bay Roskill Vikings rugby league club are based at Blockhouse Bay reserve.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Waiuku</span> Place in Auckland Region, New Zealand

Waiuku is a rural town in the Auckland Region in the North Island of New Zealand. It is located at the southern end of the Waiuku River, which is an estuarial arm of the Manukau Harbour, and lies on the isthmus of the Āwhitu Peninsula, which extends to the northeast. It is 40 kilometres southwest of Auckland city centre, and 12 kilometres north of the mouth of the Waikato River.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Lynn</span> Suburb of Auckland in Auckland Council, New Zealand

New Lynn is a residential suburb in West Auckland, New Zealand, located 10 kilometres to the southwest of the Auckland city centre. The suburb is located along the Whau River, one of the narrowest points of the North Island, and was the location of Te Tōanga Waka, a traditional waka portage between the Waitematā and Manukau harbours.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Papatoetoe</span> Suburb of Auckland in Auckland Council, New Zealand

Papatoetoe is a suburb in Auckland, New Zealand. It is the largest suburb in Auckland by population and is located to the northwest of Manukau Central, and 18 kilometres southeast of Auckland CBD. Papatoetoe has the unofficial title of Auckland's Little India, with 40 percent of the suburb's population being of Indian ethnicity according to the 2018 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Waitematā Harbour</span> Harbour in Auckland, New Zealand

Waitematā Harbour is the main access by sea to Auckland, New Zealand. For this reason it is often referred to as Auckland Harbour, despite the fact that it is one of two harbours adjoining the city. The harbour forms the northern and eastern coasts of the Auckland isthmus and is crossed by the Auckland Harbour Bridge. It is matched on the southern side of the city by the shallower waters of the Manukau Harbour.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Onehunga</span> Suburb of Auckland in Auckland Council, New Zealand

Onehunga is a suburb of Auckland in New Zealand and the location of the Port of Onehunga, the city's small port on the Manukau Harbour. It is eight kilometres south of the city centre, close to the volcanic cone of Maungakiekie / One Tree Hill.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Whau River</span> River in New Zealand

The Whau River is an estuarial arm of the southwestern Waitemata Harbour within the Auckland metropolitan area in New Zealand. It flows north for 5.7 kilometres (3.5 mi) from its origin at the confluence of the Avondale Stream and Whau Stream to its mouth between the Te Atatū peninsula and the long, thin Rosebank Peninsula in Avondale. It is 800 metres (2,600 ft) at its widest and 400 metres (1,300 ft) wide at its mouth.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Panmure, New Zealand</span> Suburb of Auckland in Auckland Council, New Zealand

Panmure is an east Auckland suburb, in the North Island of New Zealand. It is located 11 kilometres southeast of the Auckland CBD, close to the western banks of the Tāmaki River and the northern shore of the Panmure Basin. To the north lies the suburb of Tāmaki, and to the west is the cone of Maungarei / Mount Wellington.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Māngere</span> Suburb of Auckland in Auckland Council, New Zealand

Māngere or Mangere is one of the largest suburbs in Auckland, in northern New Zealand. It is located on mainly flat land on the northeastern shore of the Manukau Harbour, to the northwest of Manukau City Centre and 15 kilometres south of the Auckland city centre. It is the location of Auckland Airport, which lies close to the harbour's edge to the south of the suburb.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Green Bay, New Zealand</span> Suburb of Auckland in Auckland Council, New Zealand

Green Bay is a suburb of West Auckland. It is under the local governance of the Auckland Council. The main road running through Green Bay is Godley Road and this is the Urban Route 15 that follows through Green Bay to Titirangi and Laingholm.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Windsor, New Zealand</span> Suburb of Auckland in Auckland Council, New Zealand

New Windsor, founded in 1865, is a suburb of Auckland, New Zealand. It is located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the Auckland city centre, between Mount Albert, Blockhouse Bay, Mt Roskill and Avondale.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ōtāhuhu</span> Suburb of Auckland in Auckland Council, New Zealand

Ōtāhuhu is a suburb of Auckland, New Zealand – 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) to the southeast of the CBD, on a narrow isthmus between an arm of the Manukau Harbour to the west and the Tāmaki River estuary to the east. The Auckland isthmus is the narrowest connection between the North Auckland Peninsula and the rest of the North Island, being only some 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) wide at its narrowest point, between the Otahuhu Creek and the Māngere Inlet. As the southernmost suburb of the former Auckland City, it is considered part of South Auckland.

Waikowhai is an Auckland suburb.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hillsborough, Auckland</span> Suburb of Auckland in Auckland Council, New Zealand

Hillsborough is a suburb of Auckland, New Zealand. It is under the local governance of the Auckland Council. Hillsborough is a leafy suburb of 20th-century houses. The area is serviced by two shopping areas; Onehunga and Three Kings. The area is served by secondary schools Mount Roskill Grammar School and Marcellin College.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Te Atatū South</span> Suburb of Auckland in Auckland Council, New Zealand

Te Atatū South is a residential suburb in West Auckland, New Zealand. Its location allows the suburb easy access to the city and Henderson town centre. Its elevation allows views back on to the city and Waitākere Ranges. Situated on the Te Atatū Peninsula, it has coasts backing on to water on its eastern and western sides with walkways and cycleways on both sides.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Te Atatū Peninsula</span> Suburb of Auckland in Auckland Council, New Zealand

Te Atatū Peninsula is a waterfront suburb of West Auckland surrounded by the Waitemata Harbour with extensive views of the city skyline, central city and north shore. There are also direct views of the Auckland Harbour Bridge.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Avondale, Auckland</span> Suburb of Auckland in Auckland Council, New Zealand

Avondale is a suburb of Auckland, New Zealand. Located on the western Auckland isthmus, the suburb is often considered a part of West Auckland. It is located in the Whau local board area, one of the 21 administrative divisions for the Auckland Council.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ōtara</span> Suburb of Auckland in Auckland Council, New Zealand

Ōtara is a suburb of South Auckland, New Zealand, situated 18 kilometres to the southeast of the Auckland CBD. Ōtara lies near the head of the Tamaki River, which extends south towards the Manukau Harbour. Contemporary Ōtara is surrounded by the suburbs of Papatoetoe, East Tāmaki, Clover Park and Flat Bush. The suburb is noted for its proportion of Pacific Islander residents, who make up 78% of the Ōtara population, and its unusually low number of European New Zealanders (Pākehā) residents (10%).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Āwhitu Peninsula</span> Place in Auckland, New Zealand

The Āwhitu Peninsula is a long peninsula in the North Island of New Zealand, extending north from the mouth of the Waikato River to the entrance to Manukau Harbour.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Whau (local board area)</span> Local board area in Auckland, New Zealand

Whau is a local government area in Auckland, in New Zealand's Auckland Region. It is governed by the Whau Local Board and Auckland Council. It is within the council's Whau Ward.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Portages of New Zealand</span>

Portages in New Zealand, known in Māori as or Tōanga Waka, are locations where waka (canoes) could easily be transported overland. Portages were extremely important for early Māori, especially along the narrow Tāmaki isthmus of modern-day Auckland, as they served as crucial transportation and trade links between the east and west coasts. Portages can be found across New Zealand, especially in the narrow Northland and Auckland regions, and the rivers of the Waikato Region.

References

  1. 1 2 "ArcGIS Web Application". statsnz.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 14 July 2022.
  2. 1 2 "Population estimate tables - NZ.Stat". Statistics New Zealand . Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  3. "Blockhouse Bay Library" . Retrieved 24 July 2016.
  4. "Blockhouse Bay Community Centre". Archived from the original on 22 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 Cameron, Ewen; Hayward, Bruce; Murdoch, Graeme (2008). A Field Guide to Auckland: Exploring the Region's Natural and Historical Heritage (Revised ed.). Random House New Zealand. p. 226. ISBN   978-1-86962-1513.
  6. 1 2 "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Glenavon (137100), Blockhouse Bay North (137200), Blockhouse Bay North East (138600), Blockhouse Bay South (138900) and Blockhouse Bay East (139500).
  7. 2018 Census place summary: Glenavon
  8. 2018 Census place summary: Blockhouse Bay North
  9. 2018 Census place summary: Blockhouse Bay North East
  10. 2018 Census place summary: Blockhouse Bay South
  11. 2018 Census place summary: Blockhouse Bay East
  12. Education Counts: Blockhouse Bay Intermediate
  13. "About us". Blockhouse Bay Intermediate. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  14. Education Counts: Blockhouse Bay Primary School
  15. Education Counts: Chaucer School
  16. Education Counts: Glenavon School
  17. Education Counts: St Dominic's Catholic School
  18. Education Counts: Auckland International College
  19. "Welcome to Auckland International College". Auckland International College. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  20. "New Zealand Schools Directory". New Zealand Ministry of Education. Retrieved 19 August 2022.