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L. l. carpathicus
|Lynx lynx carpathicus|
(Kratochvil & Stollmann, 1963)
The Carpathian lynx (Lynx lynx carpathicus) is a subspecies of the Eurasian lynx found in the Carpathian Basin of Romania, Slovakia and Hungary.
The Carpathian lynx is quite large compared to other cat species. They have lengthy legs, large paws, bob tails, cheek hair forming a facial ruff, and tall ears with noticeable black tufts. Like other lynx subspecies, Carpathian lynxes have big, furry paws which hit the ground with a spreading toe movement, allowing them to walk above the snow. Their thick fur protects them from cold during winters. They have soft fur, which has denser amounts of spots than other lynx subspecies.Individual Carpathian lynxes have different patterns of spots, which allows researchers to identify them more easily on camera.
Carpathian lynxes can be found in the Carpathian mountain ranges of Europe. They hunt in the northern forests of Europe and Asia.
Carpathian lynxes are not fast runners compared to other cat species, and instead rely on ambush attacks to kill their prey.They are solitary creatures, avoiding humans and only coming together to breed.
Like other cat species, the Carpathian lynx is carnivorous and preys on deer, wild goats, and sheep. In times of scarcity, they have been known to feed on smaller creatures, such as hares, rabbits, grouse, foxes, and rodents. They hunt at night, and are not often spotted by humans for this reason.
Carpathian lynxes have a gestation period of 63 to 74 days.Their litters have one to four kittens, who weigh 240 to 430 grams (8.5 to 15 oz) at birth and are born blind. The female lynx raises the kittens by herself, and the male does not play a part in their parenting. The kittens remain with their mother for 10 months.
L. l. carpathicus was once common throughout Europe, but is now extinct in some areas.In contrast to the expanding populations of many large carnivores in Europe, the Carpathian lynx population in the Western Carpathians appears unable to spread beyond the western boundaries of its current range, at the Czech-Slovak border. Persistent low density, high turnover of residents, and female philopatry may be responsible for hindering its range expansion, but stressors such as poaching and increasing landscape fragmentation in the Western Carpathians have exacerbated this issue. In addition, due to reintroduction in the 1970s, there is an endangered population in the territories of Croatia, Slovenia and Bosnia. Its main habitat, the Carpathian Mountains, are a popular eco-tourist destination. Illegal logging is widespread in the area as well, due to the existing laws not having enough funding to be enforced.
A lynx is any of the four species within the medium-sized wild cat genus Lynx. The name lynx originated in Middle English via Latin from the Greek word λύγξ, derived from the Indo-European root leuk- in reference to the luminescence of its reflective eyes.
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The wildcat is a species complex comprising two small wild cat species, the European wildcat and the African wildcat. The European wildcat inhabits forests in Europe and the Caucasus, while the African wildcat inhabits semi-arid landscapes and steppes in Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Central Asia, into western India and western China. The wildcat species differ in fur pattern, tail, and size: the European wildcat has long fur and a bushy tail with a rounded tip; the smaller African wildcat is more faintly striped, has short sandy-gray fur and a tapering tail; the Asiatic wildcat is spotted.
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