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Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Lauraceae
Genus: Chlorocardium
Rohwer, H.G.Richt. & van der Werff

Chlorocardium is a genus of the family Lauraceae. It contains only three species, C. esmeraldense , C. rodiei and C. venenosum , and is native to northern South America. The name Chlorocardium means green (chloro-) heart (cardia), referring to the wood.


They are trees up to 40 m high, mostly 30 m high, and are hermaphrodites. They are slow-growing canopy evergreen trees and have a valuable timber. The wood and bark are pleasantly scented. They are present in Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, and the Guiana Shield (in northeastern Brazil, Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar and Delta Amacuro states), Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana).[ citation needed ]

The species are heavily used by the timber industry. This causes a shortage of mature trees. Their timber is of great commercial value and much exploited, but C. rodiei is able to produce sprouts from more than 50% of stumps. [1]


They grow in evergreen tropical forests. The ecological requirements of the genus are those of moisture precipitating almost continuously in cloud-cover for much of the year.

The fruit, a drupe, is an important food source for birds.

The common name in Guyana is greenheart.

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<i>Chlorocardium rodiei</i> Species of tree

Chlorocardium rodiei (greenheart) is a species of flowering plant in the family Lauraceae. It is one of two species in the genus Chlorocardium. It is native to Guyana and Suriname in South America. Other common names include cogwood, demerara greenheart, ispingo moena, sipiri, bebeeru and bibiru.

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  1. "Regeneration through sprout formation in Chlorocardium rodiei (Lauraceae) in Guyana".Cite journal requires |journal= (help)[ permanent dead link ]