Chlorocardium

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Chlorocardium
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Lauraceae
Genus: Chlorocardium
Rohwer, H.G.Richt. & van der Werff
Species

Chlorocardium is a genus of the family Lauraceae. It contains only three species, C. esmeraldense , C. rodiei and C. venenosum , and is native to northern South America. The name Chlorocardium means green (chloro-) heart (cardia), referring to the wood.

Contents

They are trees up to 40 m high, mostly 30 m high, and are hermaphrodites. They are slow-growing canopy evergreen trees and have a valuable timber. The wood and bark are pleasantly scented. They are present in Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, and the Guiana Shield (in northeastern Brazil, Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar and Delta Amacuro states), Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana).[ citation needed ]

The species are heavily used by the timber industry. This causes a shortage of mature trees. Their timber is of great commercial value and much exploited, but C. rodiei is able to produce sprouts from more than 50% of stumps. [1]

Ecology

They grow in evergreen tropical forests. The ecological requirements of the genus are those of moisture precipitating almost continuously in cloud-cover for much of the year.

The fruit, a drupe, is an important food source for birds.

The common name in Guyana is greenheart.

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<i>Chlorocardium rodiei</i> Species of tree

Chlorocardium rodiei (greenheart) is a species of flowering plant in the family Lauraceae. It is one of two species in the genus Chlorocardium. It is native to Guyana and Suriname in South America. Other common names include cogwood, demerara greenheart, ispingo moena, sipiri, bebeeru and bibiru.

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<i>Cinnamomum</i> Genus of flowering plants

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<i>Cryptocarya</i> Genus of flowering plants

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Aniba rosaeodora, also known as pau-rosa, is a species of Magnoliid tree in the family Lauraceae. Although sometimes wrongly referred to as rosewood this name is totally misleading; it is no tree of the genus Dalbergia. It grows in parts of the tropical rainforest of South America. It is an endangered species that sees exploitation for its essential oil.

<i>Beilschmiedia</i> Genus of trees and shrubs

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<i>Simarouba amara</i> Species of tree in the family Simaroubaceae

Simarouba amara is a species of tree in the family Simaroubaceae, found in the rainforests and savannahs of South and Central America and the Caribbean. It was first described by Aubl. in French Guiana in 1775 and is one of six species of Simarouba. The tree is evergreen, but produces a new set of leaves once a year. It requires relatively high levels of light to grow and grows rapidly in these conditions, but lives for a relatively short time. In Panama, it flowers during the dry season in February and March, whereas in Costa Rica, where there is no dry season it flowers later, between March and July. As the species is dioecious, the trees are either male or female and only produce male or female flowers. The small yellow flowers are thought to be pollinated by insects, the resulting fruits are dispersed by animals including monkeys, birds and fruit-eating bats and the seeds are also dispersed by leaf cutter ants.

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References

  1. "Regeneration through sprout formation in Chlorocardium rodiei (Lauraceae) in Guyana".Cite journal requires |journal= (help)[ permanent dead link ]