|Created by||Gu Long|
|Literal meaning||Chief Xiang|
|Literal meaning||Chief of Bandits/Thieves|
|Vietnamese||Sở Lưu Hương|
Chu Liuxiang is the fictional protagonist of the wuxia novel series Chu Liuxiang Series by Taiwanese writer Gu Long. His given name "Liuxiang" literally means "lingering fragrance". Nicknamed "Dàoshuài" ("Bandit Chief") or "Xiāngshuài" ("Chief Xiang"), he steals from the rich to help the poor and upholds justice in the jianghu (martial artists' community).
Chu Liuxiang is a martial arts expert whose prowess in qinggong is one of the best – if not the best – in the jianghu (martial artists' community). He wields a metal hand fan as his weapon and uses it only for self-defence. Despite his superb combat skills and impressive qinggong, one of his definitive traits is that he has never killed a person in his whole life – not even an enemy. Usually, he relies on his wit, experience and calm to solve mysteries and overcome enemies who are far more powerful than him. The identity of his martial arts master is unknown, and even the well-informed Shuǐmǔ Yīnjī (水母陰姬) could only deduce that he is an apprentice of Yè Dì (夜帝), a character from Dàqí Yīngxióng Zhuàn, another of Gu Long's novels.[ citation needed ]
Although his age is not mentioned in any of the novels, Chu Liuxiang is probably around 30 years old when the events of the novels take place. In Biānfú Chuánqí, his childhood friend, Hú Tiěhuā (胡鐵花), is 33 years old. Chu Liuxiang is presumably around the same age as Hu Tiehua since they grew up together.
Chu Liuxiang lives on a houseboat, called "Xiang's Pavilion" (香榭; Xiāng xiè), with three young beauties. They are the closest people to him apart from his best friends, Hú Tiěhuā and Jī Bīngyàn (姬冰雁). They come from pitiful backgrounds and have been following Chu Liuxiang on his adventures since they were 11 or 12. The first, Sū Róngróng (蘇蓉蓉), is kind and understanding and specialises in the art of disguise. The second, Lǐ Hóngxiù (李紅袖), is very clear and alert and has a good memory. The third one, Sòng Tián-ěr (宋甜兒), is a good cook and is the most mischievous and adorable of the three. Chu Liuxiang also meets several other beautiful maidens on his adventures, such as Hēizhēnzhū (黑珍珠; 'Black Pearl'), Shí Xiùyún (石繡雲), Huà Zhēnzhēn (華真真), Dōng Sānniáng (東三娘) and Xīnyuè (新月; 'New Moon'). He eventually marries Zhāng Jiéjié (張潔潔), whom he meets in Táohuā Chuánqí.
A legendary and highly reputable figure in the jianghu, Chu Liuxiang has a wide network of friends, acquaintances and contacts. They include: Hú Tiěhuā, his childhood friend who has a penchant for alcoholic drinks; Jī Bīngyàn, who appears cold and indifferent but is actually very warm-hearted; Wúhuā (無花), a Buddhist monk who turns out to be a villain; Zhōngyuán Yīdiǎnhóng (中原一點紅; 'A Red Spot in the Central Plains '), a powerful swordsman and contract killer; Zuǒ Qīnghóu (左輕侯), the hospitable master of Cup-Throwing Manor; "Swift Net" Zhāng Sān ("快罔"張三), a marine expert and excellent chef of grilled fish.
|Genre||Wuxia, romance, adventure, mystery|
楚留香傳奇; Chǔ Líuxiāng Chuánqí; 'The Legend of Chu Liuxiang'
Xuèhǎi Piāoxiāng (血海飄香; 'Fragrance in the Sea of Blood')
Dà Shāmò (大沙漠; 'The Vast Desert')
Huàméiniǎo (畫眉鳥; 'The Thrush ')
楚留香新傳; Chǔ Líuxiāng Xīnzhuàn; 'The New Legend of Chu Liuxiang'
Biānfú Chuánqí (蝙蝠傳奇; 'The Legend of the Bat')
Guǐliàn Xiáqíng (鬼戀俠情; 'Phantom Love and Heroic Romance'); alternatively known as Guǐliàn Chuánqí (鬼戀傳奇; 'Legend of Phantom Love') and Jièshī Huánhún (借屍還魂; 'Borrowing a Corpse to Return a Soul to Life')
Táohuā Chuánqí (桃花傳奇; 'The Legend of the Peach Blossom')
Xīnyuè Chuánqí (新月傳奇; 'The Legend of the New Moon')
Wǔyè Lánhuā (午夜蘭花; 'The Midnight Orchid')
|Year||Production||Main cast||Additional information|
|1977|| Shaw Brothers Studio |
|Ti Lung, Ling Yun, Elliot Ngok, Nora Miao, Li Ching, Betty Pei||See Clans of Intrigue|
|1978||Ti Lung, Ling Yun, Elliot Ngok, Derek Yee, Ching Li, Wong Chung, Candice Yu||See Legend of the Bat|
|1979||Tung Hai Film Company|
|Tien Peng, Ling Yun, Doris Chen, Wen Chiang-lung||See The Legend of Broken Sword|
|1980||Bao Lung Motion Pictures Production|
|Liu Dekai, Sun Chia-lin, Chou Ming-hui||See Chu Liu Xiang Chuan Qi|
|Liu Dekai, James Tien, Li Chien-ping, Sun Chia-lin||See Chu Liu Hsiang and Hu Tieh Hua|
|Taiwan||Meng Fei||See Everlasting Chivalry|
|Meng Fei, Ling Yun, Wang Kuan-hsiung, Shih Feng||See The Sun Moon Legend|
|Ling Yun, Tin Hok, Doris Lung, Betty Pei, Cheng Hsi-keng, Wang Hsieh||See Middle Kingdom's Mark of Blood|
|1982||Shaw Brothers Studio|
|Ti Lung, Ling Yun, Elliot Ngok, Nora Miao, Li Ching, Betty Pei||See Perils of the Sentimental Swordsman|
|Taiwan||Angie Chiu, Chung Yan, Ng Man-tat, Ha Yu, Ko Miu-see, Liao An-li, Meng Fei, David Chiang||See Dan Zhi Shen Gong|
|1983||Adam Cheng, Brigitte Lin||See Demon Fighter|
|Adam Cheng, Lui Ying-ying, Norman Chu, Luk Yat-lung, Tin Hok, Luk Yee-fung, Chow Ming-hui, Chow Shui-fong||See The Denouncement of Chu Liu Hsiang|
|1993||Hong Kong||Aaron Kwok, Anita Yuen, Deric Wan, Sharla Cheung, Fennie Yuen, Chingmy Yau, Norman Chu, Lau Tsi-wai, Gloria Yip, Winnie Lau, Loretta Lee||See Legend of the Liquid Sword|
|Year||Production||Main cast||Additional information|
|1979||TVB (Hong Kong)||Adam Cheng, Liza Wang, Angie Chiu||See Chor Lau-heung (1979 TV series)|
|RTV (Hong Kong)||Pat Poon, Kenneth Tsang, Paul Chun, Alex Man, Bonnie Ngai, Law Lok-lam, Mary Cheung, Man Man-yee, Wen Hsueh-erh, Yuen Pui-jan, Miu Kam-fung, Chan Yuen-mei, Yung Wai-man, Nancy Sit, Choi King-fai||See It Takes a Thief (1979 TV series)|
|1984||TVB (Hong Kong)||Michael Miu, Barbara Yung, Mini Kung, Sharon Yeung, Simon Yam, Lau Dan, Cecilia Fong, Cheung Ying-choi, Kwok Fung, Lee Heung-kam, Benz Hui, Ng Man-tat, Kwan Hoi-san||See The New Adventures of Chor Lau-heung (1984 TV series)|
|1985||CTV (Taiwan)||Adam Cheng, Michelle Yim, Eddy Ko, Li Hai-hsing, Chen Mei-chun, Chiang Jung-li, Huang Hui-wen, Ching Li, Chiang Hou-jen, Mei Chang-fen, Lu Hsiao-huang||See Chor Lau-heung (1985 TV series)|
|1995||TTV (Taiwan)||Adam Cheng, Cynthia Khan, Shen Meng-sheng, Hsia Kuang-li, Chen Ya-lan, Kang Kai, Ling Mei-chen, Chang Hsin-yueh, Huang Hsiao-ching||See Chor Lau-heung (1995 TV series)|
|2000||Taiwan||Vincent Chiao, Yang Junjun, Liu Dekai, Bryan Leung, Yen Shi-kwan||A Taiwanese television series loosely adapted from the Chu Liuxiang Series as a spin-off series of sorts. Its Chinese title is 西門無恨.|
|2001||TVB (Hong Kong),|
|Richie Ren, Ruby Lin, Dicky Cheung, Eric Suen, Ekin Cheng, Gigi Lai, Anita Yuen||See The New Adventures of Chor Lau-heung (2001 TV series)|
|2007||Mainland China||Ken Chu, Hu Jing, Sun Feifei, Liu Jia, Cui Peng, Benny Chan, Choo Ja-hyun, Stephanie Hsiao, Kingone Wang, Sammul Chan, Mu Tingting||See The Legend of Chu Liuxiang (2007 TV series)|
|2012||Mainland China||Ken Chang, Louis Fan, Xia Qing, Jin Qiaoqiao, Li Xin, Shi Lan, Shu Yaoxuan, Dai Chunrong, Zhao Yue, Tong Fan||See The Legend of Chu Liuxiang (2012 TV series)|
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Legend of the Bat, also known as Bat Island Adventure or Clans of Intrigue 2, is a 1978 Hong Kong wuxia film adapted from Bianfu Chuanqi of Gu Long's Chu Liuxiang novel series. The film was directed and written by Chor Yuen, produced by the Shaw Brothers Studio, and starred Ti Lung as the lead character. It was preceded by Clans of Intrigue (1977) and followed by Perils of the Sentimental Swordsman (1982).
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Chuanqi is a form of fictional short story in Classical Chinese first formed in the Tang dynasty. The term often refers specifically to fictions written in the Tang dynasty, in which case the fictions are also called Tang chuanqi or chuanqi wen. Chuanqi originated from the Zhiguai xiaoshuo of the Six Dynasties, was first formed in Early Tang dynasty, became popular in Middle Tang and dwindled in the Song dynasty. Chuanqi has four main themes: love, gods and demons, xiayi and history. Well known works of chuanqi include The World Inside a Pillow and Renshi zhuan by Shen Jiji, Yingying's Biography by Yuan Zhen, The Tale of Huo Xiaoyu by Jiang Fang, The Tale of Li Wa by Bai Xingjian, The Governor of Nanke by Li Gongzuo, Chang hen ge zhuan by Chen Hong, Hongxian zhuan by Yuan Jiao and The Tale of the Curly-Bearded Guest by Du Guangting. Unlike general Biji xiaoshuo and Zhiguai xiaoshuo, most chuanqi stories have a complicated plot with twists and detailed descriptions and are meaningful literary creations instead of mere recordings of factual events. They are the first Chinese literature written in the form of short stories and have provided valuable inspiration plot-wise and in other ways for fiction and drama in later eras. Many were preserved in the 10th-century anthology, Taiping Guangji.