Collins English Dictionary

Last updated

Collins English Dictionary Complete and Unabridged 13th edition Collins English Dictionary Complete and Unabridged Edition.jpg
Collins English Dictionary Complete and Unabridged 13th edition

The Collins English Dictionary is a printed and online dictionary of English. It is published by HarperCollins in Glasgow. [1]

Contents

The edition of the dictionary in 1979 with Patrick Hanks as editor and Laurence Urdang as editorial director, was the first British English dictionary to be typeset from the output from a computer database in a specified format. This meant that every aspect of an entry was handled by a different editor using different forms or templates. Once all the entries for an entry had been assembled, they were passed on to be keyed into the slowly assembled dictionary database which was completed for the typesetting of the first edition. [ citation needed ]

In a later edition, they increasingly used the Bank of English established by John Sinclair at COBUILD to provide typical citations rather than examples composed by the lexicographer.

Editions

The current edition is the 13th edition, which was published in November 2018. [2] The previous edition was the 12th edition, which was published in October 2014. A special "30th Anniversary" 10th edition was published in 2010, with earlier editions published once every 3–4 years.

CollinsDictionary.com

The unabridged Collins English Dictionary was published on the web on 31 December 2011 on CollinsDictionary.com, along with the unabridged dictionaries of French, German, Spanish and Italian. [3] The site also includes example sentences showing word usage from the Collins Bank of English Corpus, word frequencies and trends from the Google Ngrams project, and word images from Flickr.

In August 2012, CollinsDictionary.com introduced crowd-sourcing for neologisms, [4] [5] [6] whilst still maintaining overall editorial control to remain distinct from Wiktionary and Urban Dictionary. This followed an earlier launch of a discussion forum for neologisms in 2004. [7]

In May 2015, CollinsDictionary.com added 6,500 new Scrabble words to their Collins Official Scrabble Wordlist. The words are based on terms related to and influenced by slang, social media, food, technology, and more. [8]

Related Research Articles

<i>Oxford English Dictionary</i> Premier historical dictionary of the English language

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the principal historical dictionary of the English language, published by Oxford University Press (OUP). It traces the historical development of the English language, providing a comprehensive resource to scholars and academic researchers, as well as describing usage in its many variations throughout the world.

<i>Scrabble</i> Board game with words

Scrabble is a word game in which two to four players score points by placing tiles, each bearing a single letter, onto a game board divided into a 15×15 grid of squares. The tiles must form words that, in crossword fashion, read left to right in rows or downward in columns and are included in a standard dictionary or lexicon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">V</span> Letter of Latin-based alphabets

V, or v, is the twenty-second and fifth-to-last letter in the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet. Its name in English is vee, plural vees.

Webster's Dictionary is any of the English language dictionaries edited in the early 19th century by American lexicographer Noah Webster (1758–1843), as well as numerous related or unrelated dictionaries that have adopted the Webster's name in honor. "Webster's" has since become a genericized trademark in the United States for English dictionaries, and is widely used in dictionary titles.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Merriam-Webster</span> American publisher and dictionary

Merriam-Webster, Inc. is an American company that publishes reference books and is especially known for its dictionaries. It is the oldest dictionary publisher in the United States.

The word(s) of the year, sometimes capitalized as "Word(s) of the Year" and abbreviated "WOTY", refers to any of various assessments as to the most important word(s) or expression(s) in the public sphere during a specific year.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">American and British English spelling differences</span> Comparison between US and UK English spelling

Despite the various English dialects spoken from country to country and within different regions of the same country, there are only slight regional variations in English orthography, the two most notable variations being British and American spelling. Many of the differences between American and British English date back to a time before spelling standards were developed. For instance, some spellings seen as "American" today were once commonly used in Britain, and some spellings seen as "British" were once commonly used in the United States.

The World Scrabble Championship (WSC) is the most-prestigious title in competitive English-language Scrabble. It was held in every odd year from 1991 to 2013. From the 2013 edition, it became an annual event. It has been an open event since 2014. Although the official brand name and organizations of the event have changed over the years, many Scrabble enthusiasts from more than 30 countries compete to become World Scrabble Champion.

Collins Scrabble Words is the word list used in English-language tournament Scrabble in most countries except the US, Thailand and Canada. The term SOWPODS is an anagram of the two abbreviations OSPD and OSW, these being the original two official dictionaries used in various parts of the world at the time. Although the two source dictionaries have now changed their respective titles, the term SOWPODS is still used by tournament players to refer to the combination of the two sources. There has not been any actual hard-copy list produced called SOWPODS, although the current Collins Scrabble Words, or CSW, is in effect the full SOWPODS list by a different name.

Irregardless is a word sometimes used in place of regardless or irrespective, which has caused controversy since the early twentieth century, though the word appeared in print as early as 1795.

Dictionary.com is an online dictionary whose domain was first registered on May 14, 1995. The primary content on Dictionary.com is a proprietary dictionary based on Random House Unabridged Dictionary, with editors for the site providing new and updated definitions. Supplementary content comes from the Collins English Dictionary, American Heritage Dictionary and others.

<i>Euouae</i> Music mnemonic

Euouae or Evovae is an abbreviation used as a mnemonic in Latin psalters and other liturgical books of the Roman Rite to indicate the distribution of syllables in the differentia or variable melodic endings of the standard psalm tones of Gregorian chant. It derives from the vowels in the Latin words saeculorum Amen, taken from the Gloria Patri, which ends with the phrase in saecula saeculorum. Amen.

NASPA Word List is the official word authority for tournament Scrabble in the USA and Canada under the aegis of NASPA Games. It is based on the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary (OSPD) with modifications to make it more suitable for tournament play. Its British and international-English counterpart is Collins Scrabble Words.

<i>Official Scrabble Players Dictionary</i> Word authority for American tournaments

The Official Scrabble Players Dictionary or OSPD is a dictionary developed for use in the game Scrabble, by speakers of American and Canadian English.

"Twat" is an English-language vulgarism which in American English means the vulva or vagina, and is used figuratively as a derogatory epithet. In British English, it is a common insult referring to an obnoxious or stupid person regardless of gender; in American English, it is rarer and usually used to insult a woman. In Britain, the usual pronunciation rhymes with "hat", while Americans most often use the older pronunciation that rhymes with "squat". This is reflected in the former variant spelling of "twot".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Common English usage misconceptions</span> Beliefs about the use of the English language considered by others as wrong

This list comprises widespread modern beliefs about English language usage that are documented by a reliable source to be misconceptions.

The World English-Language Scrabble Players' Association (WESPA) is the overarching global body for English-language national Scrabble associations and similar entities.

Craig Beevers is an English professional Scrabble player and former World Scrabble Champion.

References

  1. "History". www.harpercollins.co.uk. Glasgow: HarperCollins. 2015. Archived from the original on 11 June 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  2. "Collins English Dictionary [13th edition]". collins.co.uk. HarperCollins . Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  3. Collins launches free dictionary site Wired UK , 3 January 2012. Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  4. Price, Emily (17 July 2012). "YOLO in the Dictionary? Collins Crowdsources Lexicon". Mashable . New York City: Ziff Davis. Archived from the original on 11 June 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  5. Reid, Susanna Victoria; Turnbull, William Robert Joylon; Brown, Alex; et al. (11 September 2012). "Blootered? New words in dictionary" (Video). BBC News Online . MediaCityUK, Salford Quays: British Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 11 June 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  6. "Collins online dictionary adds mummy porn and blootered". BBC News Online . Glasgow: British Broadcasting Corporation. 11 September 2012. Archived from the original on 11 June 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  7. Moss, Stephen (16 December 2004). "Collins launches online dictionary to debate new words". The Guardian . London. Archived from the original on 11 June 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  8. "Discover the New Scrabble Words". www.collinsdictionary.com. HarperCollins. 21 May 2015. Archived from the original on 11 June 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2019.