|Born||October 16, 1947|
New York City, United States
|Title||Professor of Anthropology and Forced Migration|
Oliver Nicholas Patrick Mylne(m. 1979)
|Education||Wakefield High School|
|Alma mater|| University of California, Los Angeles |
International Institute of Social Studies, Erasmus University Rotterdam
|Doctoral advisor||Hilda Kuper|
Dawn Chatty,(born October 16, 1947) is an American social anthropologist and academic, who specialises in the Middle East, nomadic pastoral tribes, and refugees. From 2010 to 2015, she was Professor of Anthropology and Forced Migration at the University of Oxford.
Chatty was born on October 16, 1947 in New York City, United States, to Diaeddine Chatty and Eleonora Swanson (née Dorfman).She was educated at Wakefield High School in Arlington County, Virginia, and was a member of the class of 1965. She studied anthropology at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts (BA) honours degree. She then studied social development at the International Institute of Social Studies in the Netherlands, from which she graduated with a Master of Arts (MA) degree. Having returned to UCLA, she studied for a doctorate in social anthropology under Hilda Kuper.
Chatty is both an academic and practising anthropologist. She has held appointments at universities and at humanitarian organisations. This reflects her research interests: the Middle East, nomadic pastoral tribes, and refugees, particularly young refugees.
From 1977 to 1979, Chatty was Fulbright professor at the University of Damascus in Syria. She then worked for United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as a technical assistance expert and was based in Oman between 1979 and 1988. She then returned to academia and was an associate professor at Sultan Qaboos University in Oman from 1988 to 1994.
In 1994, Chatty joined the University of Oxford, where she spent the rest of academic career until retirement.From 1994 to 2002, she was the Dulverton Senior Fellow at Queen Elizabeth House (now the Department of International Development). In 2002, she appointed university lecturer in forced migration and elected a Fellow of St Cross College, Oxford. In September 2004, she was promoted to Reader in Forced Migration. From October 2005 to September 2007, she held a Leverhulme Trust Major Research Fellowship; the research she conducted during this period was published as Dispossession and Displacement in the Modern Middle East (2010). Between 2011 and 2014, she was Director of the Refugee Studies Centre at the University of Oxford. In January 2012, she was awarded a Title of Distinction as Professor of Anthropology and Forced Migration.
In 2015, Chatty retired from full-time academia and was appointed an Emerita Fellow of St Cross College and an Emerita Professor of the University of Oxford.She is a visiting professor of anthropology at New York University's Abu Dhabi campus.
Chatty's 2018 book Syria: The Making and Unmaking of a Refuge State, was criticized for containing errors of fact and of omission, in particular, in discussion the multiple causes of the Syrian Civil War, Chatty omits any discussion of the Syrian government's longstanding support of multiple Palestinian militant organizations, and omits discussion of the destruction and depopulation of Syria's Yarmouk Camp, which contained 110,000 people, most of them descendants of Palestinian refugees, at the beginning of the war.
In 1979, Chatty married Oliver Nicholas Patrick Mylne. Together they have two children: one son and one daughter.
In 2015, Chatty was elected a Fellow of the British Academy (FBA), the United Kingdom's national academy for the humanities and the social sciences.
The Bedouin or Bedu are a grouping of nomadic Arab people who have historically inhabited the desert regions in North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq and the Levant. The English word bedouin comes from the Arabic badawī, which means "desert dweller", and is traditionally contrasted with ḥāḍir, the term for sedentary people. Bedouin territory stretches from the vast deserts of North Africa to the rocky sands of the Middle East. They are traditionally divided into tribes, or clans, and historically share a common culture of herding camels and goat. The vast majority of Bedouin adhere to Islam, although there are some fewer numbers of Arab Christian Bedouins present in the Fertile Crescent.
Human migration is the movement of people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily at a new location. The movement is often over long distances and from one country to another, but internal migration is also possible; indeed, this is the dominant form globally. People may migrate as individuals, in family units or in large groups. There are four major forms of migration: invasion, conquest, colonization and immigration.
Forced displacement is the involuntary or coerced movement of a person or people away from their home or home region, resulting from a variety of external causes including natural disasters, violence, ethnic cleansing and other persecution. Specific examples may include droughts, civil wars, deportation and population transfer, forcing populations to relocate or flee to another country. A person or people experiencing forced displacement may be referred to, among other terms, as: "forced immigrant," "displaced person/persons" (DP), or, if within the same country, "internally displaced person/persons" (IDP). While some displaced persons may be considered refugees, this term specifically refers to displaced persons receiving legally-defined protections recognized by countries and/or international organizations.
Al-Hasakah Governorate is one of the fourteen governorates (provinces) of Syria. It is located in the far north-east corner of Syria and distinguished by its fertile lands, plentiful water, natural environment, and more than one hundred archaeological sites. It was formerly known as Al-Jazira Province. Prior to the Syrian Civil War nearly half of Syria's oil was extracted from the region. The area is coextensive with that governed by the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria.
Climate refugees are people who are forced to leave their home region due to sudden or long-term changes to their local environment. These are changes which compromise their well-being or secure livelihood. Such changes are held to include increased droughts, desertification, sea level rise, and disruption of seasonal weather patterns. Climate refugees may choose to flee to or migrate to another country, or they may migrate internally within their own country.
Refugees of Iraq are Iraqi nationals who have fled Iraq due to war or persecution. Throughout the past 30 years, there have been a growing number of refugees fleeing Iraq and settling throughout the world, peaking recently with the latest Iraq War. Precipitated by a series of conflicts including the Kurdish rebellions during the Iran–Iraq War, Iraq's Invasion of Kuwait (1990) and the Gulf War (1991), the subsequent sanctions against Iraq, and culminating in the violence during and after the American-led invasion and occupation of Iraq, millions have been forced by insecurity to flee their homes in Iraq. Unlike most refugees, Iraqi refugees have established themselves in urban areas in other countries rather than in refugee camps. In April 2007, there was an estimate of over 4 million Iraqi refugees around the world, including 1.9 million in Iraq, 2 million in neighboring Middle East countries, and around 200,000 in countries outside the Middle East. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has led the humanitarian efforts for Iraqi refugees. The Iraqi displacement of several million is the largest in the Middle East, and is much larger than the number of Palestinians who were displaced in 1948 during the creation of the state of Israel.
Syrian Turkmen, are Syrian citizens of Turkish origin who mainly trace their roots to Anatolia. The majority of Syrian Turkmen are the descendants of migrants who arrived in Syria during Ottoman rule (1516–1918); however, there are also many Syrian Turkmen who are the descendants of earlier Turkish settlers that arrived during the Seljuk (1037-1194) and Mamluk (1250-1517) rule. Today, the Turkish-speaking Syrian Turkmen make up the third largest ethnic group in the country, after the Arabs and Kurds respectively; yet, some estimations indicate that if Arabized Turkmen are taken into account then they form the second biggest group in the country. The majority of Syrian Turkmen are Sunni Muslims.
The Refugee Studies Centre (RSC) was established in 1982, as part of the University of Oxford's Department of International Development, in order to promote the understanding of the causes and consequences of forced migration and to improve the lives of some of the world's most marginalised people. Its philosophy is to "combine world-class academic research with a commitment to improving the lives and situations for some of the world's most disadvantaged people".
Howard Adelman is a Canadian philosopher and former university professor. He retired as Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at York University in 2003. Adelman was one of the founders of Rochdale College, as well as the founder and director of York's Centre for Refugee Studies. He was editor of Refuge for ten years, and since his retirement he has received several honorary university and governmental appointments in Canada and abroad. Adelman was the recipient of numerous awards and grants, and presented the inaugural lecture in a series named in his honor at York University in 2008.
Elizabeth G. Ferris is a senior fellow in the Foreign Policy Studies Program at the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C. and serves as the co-director of the Brookings-LSE Project on Internal Displacement. In addition to her positions within the Brookings Institution, Ferris is an adjunct associate professor in Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service. She is also a commissioner of the Women's Refugee Commission, a distinguished author and a lifelong humanitarian.
Al-Jazira Province was an administrative division in the State of Aleppo (1920–25), the State of Syria (1925–1930) and the first decades of the Mandatory Syrian Republic, during the French Mandate of Syria and the Lebanon. It encompassed more or less the present-day Al-Hasakah Governorate and part of the former Ottoman Zor Sanjak, created in 1857.
The Circassians in Syria refers to the Circassian diaspora, some of whom settled in Syria in the 19th century. They moved to Syria after a forced migration to the Ottoman Empire resulting from a Russian invasion in the early 1860s. Most pre-Civil War estimates put the Circassian population at around 100,000. They are predominantly Sunni Muslims. While they have become an increasingly assimilated part of Syrian society, they have maintained a distinct identity, having retained their Adyghe language, their tribal heritage and some of their traditional customs. Syria's Circassian population has dwindled with the advent of the civil war that has been ongoing in Syria since 2011.
Refugee crisis can refer to difficulties and dangerous situations in the receiption of large groups of forcibly displaced persons. These could be either internally displaced, refugees, asylum seekers or any other huge groups of migrants.
Alexander Milton Stedman Betts is the Leopold Muller Professor of Forced Migration and International Affairs, William Golding Senior Fellow in Politics at Brasenose College, and Associate Head of the Social Sciences Division at the University of Oxford. He was formerly director of the Refugee Studies Centre between 2014 and 2017.
'Ruth Mace FBA is a British anthropologist, biologist, and academic. She specialises in the evolutionary ecology of human demography and life history, and phylogenetic approaches to culture and language evolution. Since 2004, she has been Professor of Evolutionary Anthropology at University College London.
Wendy Rosalind James, is a British retired social anthropologist and academic. She was Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Oxford from 1996 to 2007, and President of the Royal Anthropological Institute from 2001 to 2004.
Arabic Belt was the Syrian Baath government's project of Arabization of the north of the Al-Hasakah Governorate to change the ethnic population composition in Hasakah Governorate in favor of the Arabs.
Catherine Panter-Brick is the Bruce A. and Davi-Ellen Chabner Professor of Anthropology, Health, and Global Affairs at Yale University, where she directs the Program on Conflict, Resilience, and Health and the Program on Stress and Family Resilience. She is also the Senior Editor of the interdisciplinary journal Social Science & Medicine and the President-Elect of the Human Biology Association. She serves as Head of Morse College, one of Yale’s 14 residential colleges.
Elena Isayev is Professor of Ancient History and Place in the Classics and Ancient History Department at the University of Exeter. She is an expert on migration, hospitality and displacement, particularly in ancient Mediterranean contexts. She works with Campus in Camps in Palestine and she is a Trustee of the charity Refugee Support Devon.
Susan Lee McGrath is a Professor Emerita in the School of Social Work at York University and former director of York's Centre for Refugee Studies.