Dawn Chatty

Last updated
Dawn Chatty

FBA
Born (1947-10-16) October 16, 1947 (age 72)
New York City, United States
NationalityAmerican
TitleProfessor of Anthropology and Forced Migration
Spouse(s)
Oliver Nicholas Patrick Mylne(m. 1979)
ChildrenTwo
Academic background
Education Wakefield High School
Alma mater University of California, Los Angeles
International Institute of Social Studies, Erasmus University Rotterdam
Doctoral advisor Hilda Kuper
Academic work
Discipline Social anthropology
Sub-discipline

Dawn Chatty, FBA (born October 16, 1947) is an American social anthropologist and academic, who specialises in the Middle East, nomadic pastoral tribes, and refugees. From 2010 to 2015, she was Professor of Anthropology and Forced Migration at the University of Oxford.

Contents

Early life and education

Chatty was born on October 16, 1947 in New York City, United States, to Diaeddine Chatty and Eleonora Swanson (née Dorfman). [1] She was educated at Wakefield High School in Arlington County, Virginia, and was a member of the class of 1965. [2] She studied anthropology at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts (BA) honours degree. [1] [3] She then studied social development at the International Institute of Social Studies in the Netherlands, from which she graduated with a Master of Arts (MA) degree. [1] [3] Having returned to UCLA, she studied for a doctorate in social anthropology under Hilda Kuper. [3]

Academic career

Chatty is both an academic and practising anthropologist. She has held appointments at universities and at humanitarian organisations. This reflects her research interests: the Middle East, nomadic pastoral tribes, and refugees, particularly young refugees. [3]

From 1977 to 1979, Chatty was Fulbright professor at the University of Damascus in Syria. She then worked for United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as a technical assistance expert and was based in Oman between 1979 and 1988. She then returned to academia and was an associate professor at Sultan Qaboos University in Oman from 1988 to 1994. [1]

In 1994, Chatty joined the University of Oxford, where she spent the rest of academic career until retirement. [1] From 1994 to 2002, she was the Dulverton Senior Fellow at Queen Elizabeth House (now the Department of International Development). [1] In 2002, she appointed university lecturer in forced migration and elected a Fellow of St Cross College, Oxford. [1] [4] In September 2004, she was promoted to Reader in Forced Migration. [5] From October 2005 to September 2007, she held a Leverhulme Trust Major Research Fellowship; the research she conducted during this period was published as Dispossession and Displacement in the Modern Middle East (2010). [3] Between 2011 and 2014, she was Director of the Refugee Studies Centre at the University of Oxford. [6] In January 2012, she was awarded a Title of Distinction as Professor of Anthropology and Forced Migration. [7]

In 2015, Chatty retired from full-time academia and was appointed an Emerita Fellow of St Cross College and an Emerita Professor of the University of Oxford. [1] [8] She is a visiting professor of anthropology at New York University's Abu Dhabi campus. [9]

Chatty's 2018 book Syria: The Making and Unmaking of a Refuge State, was criticized for containing errors of fact and of omission, in particular, in discussion the multiple causes of the Syrian Civil War, Chatty omits any discussion of the Syrian government's longstanding support of multiple Palestinian militant organizations, and omits discussion of the destruction and depopulation of Syria's Yarmouk Camp, which contained 110,000 people, most of them descendants of Palestinian refugees, at the beginning of the war. [10]

Personal life

In 1979, Chatty married Oliver Nicholas Patrick Mylne. Together they have two children: one son and one daughter. [1]

Honours

In 2015, Chatty was elected a Fellow of the British Academy (FBA), the United Kingdom's national academy for the humanities and the social sciences. [11]

Selected works

Related Research Articles

Bedouin Group of Arab nomads who have historically inhabited the Arabian, North African and Syrian Deserts

The Bedouin or Bedu are a grouping of nomadic Arab people who have historically inhabited the desert regions in North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq and the Levant. The English word bedouin comes from the Arabic badawī, which means "desert dweller", and is traditionally contrasted with ḥāḍir, the term for sedentary people. Bedouin territory stretches from the vast deserts of North Africa to the rocky sands of the Middle East. They are traditionally divided into tribes, or clans, and historically share a common culture of herding camels and goat. The vast majority of Bedouin adhere to Islam, although there are some fewer numbers of Arab Christian Bedouins present in the Fertile Crescent.

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References

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  2. "Wakefield Hall of Fame". Wakefield Alumni. Wakefield High School Education Foundation. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "Dawn Chatty". Refugee Studies Centre. University of Oxford. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  4. "Examinations and Boards". Oxford University Gazette. 133 (4665). 27 June 2003. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  5. "Recognition of Distinction 2003-2004". Oxford University Gazette. 134 (4706): Supplement (1). 23 September 2004. Archived from the original on 14 October 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  6. "Professor Dawn Chatty". Find An Expert. University of Oxford. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  7. "Recognition of Distinction 2010–2011: Successful Candidates" (pdf). Oxford University Gazette. 141 (4974): Supplement (1). 18 January 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  8. "Emeritus Fellows". St Cross College. University of Oxford. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  9. "Dawn Chatty". New York University Abu Dhabi. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  10. Parkinson, Sarah (January 2019). "Syria: The Making and Unmaking of a Refuge State (book review)". H-Diplo. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  11. "Professor Dawn Chatty". The British Academy. Retrieved 7 February 2017.