Democratic Union (Italy)

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Democratic Union
Unione Democratica
President Antonio Maccanico
Founded 26 February 1996 [1]
Dissolved 27 February 1999
Preceded by Democratic Alliance
Merged into The Democrats
Ideology Social liberalism
Political position Centre-left
National affiliation The Olive Tree (1996–99)
Populars for Prodi (1996)

The Democratic Union (Italian : Unione Democratica, UD) was a small social-liberal political party in Italy.

Italian language Romance language

Italian is a Romance language of the Indo-European language family. Italian, together with Sardinian, is by most measures the closest language to Vulgar Latin of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy, Switzerland, San Marino and Vatican City. It has an official minority status in western Istria. It formerly had official status in Albania, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro (Kotor) and Greece, and is generally understood in Corsica and Savoie. It also used to be an official language in the former Italian East Africa and Italian North Africa, where it plays a significant role in various sectors. Italian is also spoken by large expatriate communities in the Americas and Australia. In spite of not existing any Italian community in their respective national territories and of not being spoken at any level, Italian is included de jure, but not de facto, between the recognized minority languages of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Romania. Many speakers of Italian are native bilinguals of both standardized Italian and other regional languages.

Social liberalism is a political ideology and a variety of liberalism that endorses a regulated free market economy and the expansion of civil and political rights. A social liberal government is expected to address economic and social issues such as poverty, health care and education in a liberal state. It does so in allowing autonomy of the individual and products of the market economy unrestricted access with the goal to increase wellbeing for all.

It was founded in February 1996 [2] by Antonio Maccanico, along with Willer Bordon and Giorgio Benvenuto (both members of Democratic Alliance), Valerio Zanone (a former leader of the Italian Liberal Party) and Giorgio La Malfa (leader of the Italian Republican Party). [3] The party was a minor member of The Olive Tree, [4] and formed the Populars for Prodi list with the Italian People's Party for the 1996 general election, electing five deputies and one senator.

Antonio Maccanico Italian politician and civil servant

Antonio Maccanico was an Italian constitutional specialist and social liberal politician, who served in various capacities in the parliament and federal administrations of Italy.

Willer Bordon Italian politician and mayor

Willer Bordon was an Italian, academic, businessman and former politician who served in different cabinet posts at the end of the 1990s and 2000s.

Giorgio Benvenuto Italian politician

Giorgio Benvenuto is an Italian trade unionist politician and syndicalist.

The party was part of the Prodi I Cabinet, [5] [6] with Maccanico becoming minister for Communications, and later the D'Alema I Cabinet, D'Alema II Cabinet and Amato II Cabinet with Maccanico minister of Institutional Reforms.

Prodi I Cabinet 53nd Government of Italy

The Prodi I Cabinet was the 53rd cabinet of the Italian Republic. It held office from 17 May 1996 until 21 October 1998.

DAlema I Cabinet 54th Government of Italy

The D'Alema I Cabinet was the cabinet of the government of Italy from 21 October 1998 to 22 December 1999.

Amato II Cabinet 56th Government of Italy

The Amato II Cabinet was the 56th cabinet of the Italian Republic, the fourth and last cabinet of the XIII Legislature. It held office from 25 April 2000 to 11 June 2001, a total of 412 days, or 1 year, 1 month and 17 days.

In 1999 the party joined Romano Prodi's new party, The Democrats.

Romano Prodi Italian politician and economist

Romano Prodi is an Italian politician who served as the 10th President of the European Commission from 1999 to 2004. He served twice as Prime Minister of Italy, first from 17 May 1996 to 21 October 1998 and then from 17 May 2006 to 8 May 2008. He is considered the founder of the Italian centre-left and one of the most prominent and iconic figures of the so-called Second Republic. Prodi is often nicknamed Il Professore due to his academic career.

The Democrats (Italy) former political party in Italy

The Democrats were a centrist and social-liberal political party in Italy.

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References

  1. Gabriella Fanello Marcucci (2003). Archivio del Parlamento, delle istituzioni, dei partiti e movimenti politici: documenti sonori in digitale. Rubbettino Editore. p. 180. ISBN   978-88-498-0701-1.
  2. Alan Friedman (27 February 1996). "Berlusconi Looks Like the Loser in Dini's Jump into Politics". The New York Times. Paris. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  3. James J. Newell; Martin Bull (1997). "Party Organisations and Alliance in Italy in the 19902: A Revolution of Sorts". In Martin Bull; Martin Rhodes. Crisis and Transition in Italian Politics. Routledge. pp. 102–103. ISBN   978-1-135-22274-1.
  4. Tom Lansford (2013). Political Handbook of the World 2013. SAGE Publications. p. 714. ISBN   978-1-4522-5825-6.
  5. Catherine Moury (2010). "Common manifestoes and coalition governance: How political leaders lost the window of opportunity". In Andrea Mammone; Giuseppe A. Veltri. Italy Today: The Sick Man of Europe. Routledge. p. 37. ISBN   978-1-135-16494-2.
  6. Catherine Moury (2013). Coalition Government and Party Mandate: How Coalition Agreements Constrain Ministerial Action. Routledge. p. 101. ISBN   978-1-136-18910-4.