Wagon road at the summit of Eagle Pass, c. 1885
|Elevation||550 m (1,804 ft)|
|Traversed by||Canadian Pacific Railway, British Columbia Highway 1|
|Location||British Columbia, Canada|
Eagle Pass (elevation 550 metres or 1,804 feet) is a mountain pass through the Gold Range of the Monashee Mountains in British Columbia, Canada. It divides the Columbia River drainage basin from that of the Fraser River (via the Shuswap Lakes and the Thompson River).
Eagle Pass was chosen as the route of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), and later the Trans-Canada Highway, over the Monashees. The line over the Eagle Pass was the last section of the CPR to be completed; the last spike was driven at a location known as Craigellachie in 1885.
The pass was discovered by Walter Moberly in his role as Assistant Surveyor General of British Columbia in 1865.
The nearest city to Eagle Pass is Revelstoke, 20 kilometres to the east.
Craigellachie is a locality in British Columbia, located several kilometres to the west of the Eagle Pass summit between Sicamous and Revelstoke. Craigellachie is the site of a tourist stop on the Trans-Canada Highway between Salmon Arm and Revelstoke.
Shuswap Lake is a lake located in south-central British Columbia, Canada that drains via the Little River into Little Shuswap Lake. Little Shuswap Lake is the source of the South Thompson River, a branch of the Thompson River, a tributary of the Fraser River. It is at the heart of a region known as the Shuswap Country or "the Shuswap", noted for its recreational lakeshore communities including the city of Salmon Arm. The name "Shuswap" is derived from the Shuswap or Secwepemc First Nations people, the most northern of the Interior Salish peoples, whose territory includes the Shuswap. The Shuswap call themselves /ʃǝxwépmǝx/ in their own language, which is called /ʃǝxwepmǝxtʃín/, but the ethnonym's original meaning is now lost.
The Canadian Pacific Survey or Canadian Pacific Railway Survey comprised many distinct geographical surveys conducted during the 1870s and 1880s, designed to determine the ideal route of the Canadian Pacific Railway. Although much of the survey's activity focused on locating suitable mountain passes through the Canadian Rockies, Selkirk Mountains, Monashee Mountains, Canadian Cascades and Coast Mountains of western Canada, locating the best route across the rugged terrain of the Canadian Shield north of Lake Superior was also a primary goal. The survey played an important role in the exploration of Canada, especially in the mapping of hitherto-uncharted parts of British Columbia.
Sicamous is a district municipality in British Columbia located adjacent to the Trans-Canada Highway at the Highway 97A junction, where Mara Lake empties into Shuswap Lake via a short narrows. Sicamous is a resort town about halfway between Calgary and Vancouver and is the eastern gateway to the Apple Country. With 341 km (212 mi) of shoreline, it styles itself as the houseboat capital of Canada. It has a population of 3,166.
The Monashee Mountains are a mountain range lying mostly in British Columbia, Canada, extending into the U.S. state of Washington. They stretch 530 km (329 mi) from north to south and 150 km (93 mi) from east to west. They are a sub-range of the Columbia Mountains. The highest summit is Mount Monashee, which reaches 3,274 m (10,741 ft). The name is from the Scottish Gaelic monadh and sìth, meaning "moor" and "peace".
The Columbia Mountains are a group of mountain ranges along the upper Columbia River in southeastern British Columbia, and also in Montana, Idaho and Washington. The mountain range covers 135,952 km². The range is bounded by the Rocky Mountain Trench on the east, and the Kootenay River on the south; their western boundary is the edge of the Interior Plateau. Seventy-five percent of the range is located in Canada and the remaining twenty-five percent in the United States; American geographic classifications place the Columbia Mountains as part of the Rocky Mountains complex, but this designation does not apply in Canada. Mount Sir Sandford is the highest mountain in the range, reaching 3,519 metres (11,545 ft).
The Cariboo Mountains are the northernmost subrange of the Columbia Mountains, which run down into the Spokane area of the United States and include the Selkirks, Monashees and Purcells. The Cariboo Mountains are entirely within the province of British Columbia, Canada. The range is 7,700 square kilometres (3,000 sq mi) in area and about 245 km in length (southeast–northwest) and about 90 km at its widest (southwest–northeast).
The basin of the Shuswap River lies northeast of the Okanagan Valley in British Columbia, originating in the central Monashee Mountains. It is the upper part of the drainage better known to British Columbians as belonging to Shuswap Lake and the South Thompson River. The river's drainage basin is over 1,969 square kilometres (760 sq mi) in area.
Mabel Lake Provincial Park is a provincial park in the Monashee Mountains of British Columbia, Canada, located on the east side of Mabel Lake, which is part of the Shuswap River system. Created on December 21, 1972, at approximately 182 ha., the park was expanded in 2000 to approximately 187 ha.
Monashee Provincial Park is a provincial park in British Columbia, Canada. It is located in the central Monashee Mountains between the Arrow Lakes and the upper Shuswap River drainage, just east of Sugar Lake. It is a remote Grizzly habitat that is a walk-in only. Mount Fosthall is the highest peak in the area and can be hiked in a day. In addition to hiking and alpinism other activities include fishing.
The Gold Range is a subrange of the Monashee Mountains in the southern British Columbia Interior. This range originally applied to all of the Monashees between the Arrow Lakes and the Okanagan but today only applies to a narrow stretch of the Monashee Mountains' eastern flank adjoining Upper Arrow Lake, west of the upper Shuswap River.
The Shuswap Country, or simply the Shuswap and called Secwepemcúl̓ecw in Secwepemctsín, is a term used in the Canadian province of British Columbia to refer to the environs of Shuswap Lake. The upper reaches of the Shuswap basin, southeast of Shuswap Lake and northeast of the Okanagan, are generally considered to be part of Okanagan or of the Monashee Country rather than "the Shuswap". Roughly defined, the Shuswap Country begins on its west at the town of Chase, located on Little Shuswap Lake, west of which is the South Thompson area of the Thompson Country, and includes Adams Lake to the northwest of Shuswap Lake as well as communities in the Eagle River area as far as Craigellachie and/or Three Valley Gap, which is at the summit of Eagle Pass, beyond which eastwards is the Columbia Country.
Monashee Pass, 1,189 m (3,901 ft), is a mountain pass in the Monashee Mountains of the Southern Interior of British Columbia. Located southeast of Cherryville, the pass is used by British Columbia Highway 6 connecting Vernon to Nakusp on Arrow Lake, and beyond to the cities of the West Kootenay. It is the "prominence col" for Big White Mountain, which is the highest mountain to its southwest.
The Columbia and Western Railway was a historic Canadian narrow gauge railway located in southern British Columbia.
The Adams River is a tributary to the Thompson and Fraser Rivers in British Columbia, Canada. Beginning in the Monashee Mountains to the north, the Upper Adams River flows mainly southward and eventually reaches Adams Lake. The Lower Adams River begins at the southern end of the lake and flows into the extreme western end of Shuswap Lake. The river is one of the most important sockeye salmon breeding areas in North America. The run occurs in mid-October and can bring millions of fish to a concentrated area near the river mouth. Excavations of Secwepemc villages on the river have shown a long tradition of habitation and salmon fishing in the area. The river also served as an important transportation route for early logging operations in the watershed.
The Sawtooth Range is a subrange of the Shuswap Highland area of the central Monashee Mountains in the Southern Interior of British Columbia, Canada. It is located between Mabel Lake (W) and Sugar Lake (E) and bounded on the south by the upper Shuswap River. Its northern boundary is just south of the Three Valley Gap area of Eagle Pass, which is the route of the Canadian Pacific Railway mainline and the Trans-Canada Highway. To the east, across the uppermost Shuswap River above Sugar Lake, is the Gold Range of the main spine of the Monashees, to which it is connected by the col of Joss Pass. To the west, it is adjoined by the rest of the Shuswap Highland, of which it is a part and is an intermediary mountainous plateau between the Monashees and the northeastern Thompson Plateau.
Joss Pass, 1345 m (4413 ft), is a mountain pass in the central Monashee Mountains of the Southern Interior of British Columbia, Canada. Located just south of the Three Valley Gap area of Eagle Pass, which is the route of the Trans-Canada Highway and the mainline of the Canadian Pacific Railway. It forms the divide between the headwaters of the Shuswap River and those of its eventual tributary Wap Creek, which joins the Shuswap via Mabel Lake. It forms the prominence col for Tsuius Mountain, the highest mountain of the Sawtooth Range, which is part of the Shuswap Highland. It is located just east of Joss Mountain, which is the northernmost peak of the Sawtooths.
The Seymour River is a river in the North Shuswap of British Columbia, Canada. It begins in the Monashee Mountains north of Shuswap Lake, and flows south into the northern end of the Seymour Arm of the lake.
Cherry Creek is a creek located in the Okanagan region of British Columbia. The south fork of Cherry Creek is known as Monashee Creek. Cherry Creek was discovered in the 1800s and mined for gold. The Creek was mined in the 1800s by Christian, Schneider, Bissett, and Leblanc. Chinese and European miners worked Cherry Creek. The largest gold nugget found in Cherry Creek weighed 8 to 9 ounces with a value of $130.
The Perry River, sometimes referred to as the North Fork of the Eagle River, is a mountain river in the interior of British Columbia, Canada. It flows out of the Monashee Mountains and joins the Eagle River near the town of Malakwa. It is part of the Thompson River system, which drains into the Fraser River. The river's watershed area is 43,646 hectares (169 sq mi), and major tributaries to the river include Bews and Rocky creeks.
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