Frankwell

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Frankwell
Guildhall of Shrewsbury.JPG
The University Centre Shrewsbury, Frankwell
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Frankwell
Location within Shropshire
OS grid reference SJ488128
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Shrewsbury
Postcode district SY3
Dialling code 01743
Police West Mercia
Fire Shropshire
Ambulance West Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Shropshire
52°42′40″N2°45′33″W / 52.7112°N 2.7592°W / 52.7112; -2.7592 Coordinates: 52°42′40″N2°45′33″W / 52.7112°N 2.7592°W / 52.7112; -2.7592
From Frankwell Footbridge, looking towards Frankwell with the Guildhall on the left. FrankwellFootbridgeCB.jpg
From Frankwell Footbridge, looking towards Frankwell with the Guildhall on the left.

Frankwell is a district of the town of Shrewsbury, in Shropshire, England. It lies adjacent to the River Severn, to the northwest of the town centre, and is one of Shrewsbury's oldest suburbs. The main road running through the area is also called Frankwell.

Contents

Frankwell grew up as a port and trading location by the river and on the road to Wales, but across the river from the walled borough of Shrewsbury and therefore beyond the town's jurisdiction. There have been a number of suggestions about where the name derives from, but one possible origin is "Frankville", which means a town of free trade. Being independent from the larger borough of Shrewsbury gave it a local nickname of the Little Borough, a name which is used to this day.

Today Frankwell continues to be a commercial area of the town, lying just outside the town centre, with its own character and identity. There has been much redevelopment recently near to the river, especially now flood defences have been constructed, and new buildings include The Guildhall (originally built for Shrewsbury and Atcham Borough Council) and Theatre Severn.

Early origins

St George's Bridge, the old Welsh Bridge, linking Mardol with Frankwell, circa 1500 The-Old-Welsh-Bridge-Shrewsbury.jpg
St George's Bridge, the old Welsh Bridge, linking Mardol with Frankwell, circa 1500

Frankwell's origins are connected with the crossing of the River Severn from the meander core which forms the centre of Shrewsbury. Water Lane, which still exists today, led to a ford over the river that was probably a crossing point in the early Middle Ages. St George's Bridge, a fortified and partly inhabited structure, was built in the mid twelfth century. This bridge, which also became known as Welsh(man's) Bridge in the thirteenth century, crossed the river from the end of Mardol on the town side to a position close to a former Methodist chapel on the Frankwell side. Although this bridge was demolished in the 1790s, remnants of the foundations and land arches remain.

A number of buildings in Frankwell show evidence of Frankwell's medieval development. 92 Frankwell is the surviving half of a two-bay cruck-framed hall house, and 111-12 Frankwell is a pair of early fifteenth century semi-detached houses. Boundaries in the oldest part of Frankwell have been strongly influenced by medieval burgage plots approached from the main street through passages.

Early modern period

Frankwell was highly prosperous in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries. 4-7 Frankwell is an imposing building with ground-floor shops and first- and second- floor workshops above, built in about 1590. 113-14 Frankwell, built around 1620, remains a splendid and imposing half-timbered building. Late seventeenth and early eighteenth century buildings, including the 'Anchor' public house, line the corner to the approach to the old Welsh Bridge.

The old Welsh Bridge (St George's Bridge) was replaced by the present day Welsh Bridge in the 1790s. The new Welsh Bridge is located some 70 m (77 yd) further downstream from the old bridge.

Frankwell today

A new headquarters for Shrewsbury and Atcham Borough Council was opened on Frankwell Quay in March 2004. [1] After Shrewsbury and Atcham Borough Council was abolished in 2009, it became surplus to requirements and was converted for use as an academic facility for the University Centre Shrewsbury. [1]

Frankwell Forge was a small industrial area by the side of the Welsh Bridge, founded in 1878 and closed only recently, in 2004. It closed to make way for the new theatre complex planned for the area. The name of the company which operated the site when it closed was "H and E Davies".

Also in Frankwell is St George's Church and Frankwell Quay (with its small marina/boat yard and the town's only major permanent flood defences). Two bridges connect the district with the town centre - the historic Welsh Bridge and the modern Frankwell Footbridge. Flooding, which affected the district regularly and badly, no longer occurs due to flood defences built in 2002/03. Only the main car park and some houses on New Street are affected by flooding today.

Frankwell gained notoriety for the 2006 'Brothel Slayings' in which 2 women were brutally murdered with a blunt instrument. [2] The brothel, now closed, was situated next to the Wheatsheaf pub and is now a tattoo studio. [3]

Frankwell holds the County Ground of Shropshire County Cricket Club, which was played on as early as 1862. [4]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "Shrewsbury Guildhall transformed into seat of learning for university". Shropshire Star. 14 October 2015. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  2. "Man admits brothel hammer deaths". April 18, 2007 via news.bbc.co.uk.
  3. Life and Death tattoos
  4. Cricket Archive ground record