Garcinia xanthochymus

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Garcinia xanthochymus
Starr-120606-9538-Garcinia xanthochymus-fruit and leaves-Kahanu Gardens Hana-Maui (24514384534).jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Clusiaceae
Genus: Garcinia
G. xanthochymus
Binomial name
Garcinia xanthochymus
  • Garcinia pictoria(Roxb.) Engl.
  • Garcinia tinctoria(DC.) W. Wight, orth. var.
  • Xanthochymus pictoriusRoxb.
  • Xanthochymus tinctoriusDC., orth. var.
  • Garcinia roxburghiiKurz
  • Stalagmitis pictoriaG.Don

Garcinia xanthochymus, the false mangosteen, gamboge, yellow mangosteen, Himalayan Garcinia, or Sour Mangosteen is a species of mangosteens found from India, southern China, and Japan through Indochina to Peninsular Malaysia at elevations of 0 - 1400 meters. [2] Plants are found growing in humid forests of valleys or on hills. It's locally known as Defol (ডেফল) in Bengal; Tepor Tenga (টেপৰ টেঙা) in Assam; and Heirangoi (হৈরাংগোই) in Manipur.



Tree growing up to 8-15 meters with gray brow bark. Leaves are oblong to lanceolate, 15.4-30.5 cm x (4-)6-12 cm. Petioles are robust 1.5-2.5 cm long. Flowers are greenish white, monoecious in a dense cluster of 4-10 with a diameter of 1.3 cm. Fruits are yellow 5 cm to 8.9 cm in diameter containing yellow flesh and around 5 seeds. Seeds are oblong or ovoid and brown. Plants bloom from March to May with fruits forming around August to November. [3]

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<i>Lansium parasiticum</i> Species of tree

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<i>Garcinia intermedia</i> Fruit tree

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<i>Cardamine hirsuta</i> species of flowering plant in the cabbage family Brassicaceae

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<i>Garcinia livingstonei</i> Species of tree

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<i>Malus baccata</i> Asian species of apple

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<i>Garcinia pedunculata</i> Species of flowering plant

Garcinia pedunculata, popularly known as Bor Thekera in Assamese, is an evergreen tree related to the more familiar purple mangosteen. The tree is endemic to the south-eastern regions of Asia such as parts of Myanmar and north-eastern parts of India.

<i>Prunus sibirica</i> Species of plant

Prunus sibirica, called Siberian apricot, is a species of shrub or small tree native to northern China, Korea, Mongolia, and eastern Siberia. It is in the genus Prunus in the rose family, Rosaceae, one of several species whose fruit are called apricot, although this species is rarely cultivated for its fruit. The species was named by Carl Linnaeus in 1753.

Iris dolichosiphon is a plant species in the genus Iris, it is also in the subgenus Iris and in the section Pseudoregelia. It is a rhizomatous perennial, from China and Bhutan. It has long, thin dark green leaves, very short stem, and dark blue, purple, or violet flowers. That are mottled with white. It has thick white/orange beards. It has one subspecies, Iris dolichosiphon subsp. orientalis, from China, India and Burma. It has similar flowers. They are cultivated as ornamental plants in temperate regions

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<i>Garcinia warrenii</i> Fruit tree

Garcinia warrenii, a is a fruit-bearing tree, up to 15 metres in height, of the mangosteen family (Clusiaceae), commonly known as native mangosteen or Warren's mangosteen. It is found in the tropical rainforests of northern and north-eastern Australia and New Guinea. The genus Garcinia, belonging to the family Clusiaceae, includes about 200 species found in the Old World tropics, mostly in Asia and Africa. Garcinia warrenii is indigenous to New Guinea, the Torres Strait Islands, northeastern Queensland from Cape York Peninsula south to Babinda, and a small, isolated population on Melville Island in the Northern Territory, Australia.

Garcinia parvifolia, the Kundong, Brunei cherry or Asam aur aur, is a tropical evergreen tree native to the island of Borneo. The tree is found at elevations of 600–800 metres (2,000–2,600 ft) in humid environments, and grows to a height of 33 metres (108 ft). The bark, wood, leaves, and fruit of the kundong tree are used by humans.

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Garcinia binucao is a species of flowering plant in the Clusiaceae family. It is commonly known as binukaw or batuan, is a species of Garcinia native to the Philippines and Vietnam. It is not cultivated, though its edible fruits are harvested from the wild for use as a souring agent in some Filipino dishes.

<i>Garcinia subelliptica</i> Species of flowering plant

Garcinia subelliptica, the happiness tree, or Fukugi tree is a species of Garcinia found in the coastal forest of Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Indonesia (Java) and Japan

Garcinia cowa, commonly known as cowa fruit or cowa mangosteen is an evergreen plant with edible fruit native to Asia, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Malaysia, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Southwest China. The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruits and leaves, which are used locally. Flowers are yellow, male & female flowers are separated.


  1. Hooker, J.D. (1974). Flora of British India. 1. p. 269.
  2. "Garcinia xanthochymus in Tropicos". 2019-02-18.
  3. "Garcinia xanthochymus in Flora of China @". Home. Retrieved 2019-05-31.