Gareth Hughes (politician)

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Gareth Hughes

MP
Gareth Hughes MP.jpg
Gareth Hughes MP
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Green party list
Assumed office
11 February 2010
Preceded by Jeanette Fitzsimons
Personal details
Born (1981-10-31) 31 October 1981 (age 37)
Gisborne, New Zealand
Political party Green
Spouse(s)Meghan Hughes
ChildrenArlo (b. 2008) and Zoe (b. 2010)
Residence Wellington, New Zealand
Website https://www.greens.org.nz/ourpeople/gareth-hughes-mp

Gareth Thomas Llewelyn Hughes [1] (born 31 October 1981) is a New Zealand politician and member of the Green Party. He took a seat in Parliament as the next person on the Green party list following the retirement of Jeanette Fitzsimons in February 2010. [2]

The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand is a left-wing political party in New Zealand. Like many Green parties around the world it has four organisational pillars: ecology, social responsibility, grassroots democracy, and nonviolence. It also accepts Te Tiriti o Waitangi as the founding document of Aotearoa New Zealand and recognises Māori as Tangata Whenua.

Jeanette Fitzsimons New Zealand politician

Jeanette Mary Fitzsimons is a New Zealand politician and environmentalist. She was the co-leader of the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand from 1995 to 2009, and was a Member of Parliament from 1996 to 2010.

Contents

Early life

Hughes grew up in Gisborne, [3] and, after attending Gisborne Boys' High School, [4] studied religious studies, history and politics at Victoria University of Wellington. [5] He became a vegetarian while a student. [6] He worked for Greenpeace in Australia and New Zealand from 2000–2005, and then worked for the Green Party on climate change issues. He is married with two children, Arlo and Zoe. [7]

Gisborne, New Zealand City in Gisborne Region, New Zealand

Gisborne is a city in northeastern New Zealand and the largest settlement in the Gisborne District. It has a population of 37,200. The district council has its headquarters in Whataupoko, in the central city.

Gisborne Boys' High School is a boys' secondary school situated in Gisborne, New Zealand. It was founded as a co-educational school in 1909 as Gisborne High School. In 1956, the school became Gisborne Boys' High School when the it was split into two single-sex schools.

Victoria University of Wellington public university in New Zealand

Victoria University of Wellington is a university in Wellington, New Zealand. It was established in 1897 by Act of Parliament, and was a constituent college of the University of New Zealand.

In May 2004, Hughes was arrested after dressing as Ronald McDonald and chaining himself to the gates of McDonald's New Zealand distribution centre in Wiri, Auckland, protesting against the use of genetically modified chicken feed. [8]

Ronald McDonald clown mascot of McDonalds

Ronald McDonald is a clown character used as the primary mascot of the McDonald's fast-food restaurant chain. In television commercials, the clown inhabited a fantasy world called McDonaldland to which he had adventures with his friends Mayor McCheese, the Hamburglar, Grimace, Birdie the Early Bird and The Fry Kids. As of 2003, McDonaldland has been largely phased out, and Ronald is instead shown interacting with normal children in their everyday lives.

McDonalds American fast food restaurant chain

McDonald's is an American fast food company, founded in 1940 as a restaurant operated by Richard and Maurice McDonald, in San Bernardino, California, United States. They rechristened their business as a hamburger stand, and later turned the company into a franchise, with the Golden Arches logo being introduced in 1953 at a location in Phoenix, Arizona. In 1955, Ray Kroc, a businessman, joined the company as a franchise agent and proceeded to purchase the chain from the McDonald brothers. McDonald's had its original headquarters in Oak Brook, Illinois, but moved its global headquarters to Chicago in early 2018.

In the 2008 election, Hughes stood in the Ōhariu electorate, placing fourth with 7.06% of the vote. [9] However, Hughes was campaigning mostly for the party vote, [10] [11] of which the Green Party gained 9.13%. [9]

2008 New Zealand general election election

The 2008 New Zealand general election was held on 8 November 2008 to determine the composition of the 49th New Zealand parliament. The conservative National Party, headed by its parliamentary leader John Key, won the largest share of votes and seats, ending nine years of government by the social-democratic Labour Party, led by Helen Clark. Key announced a week later that he would lead a National minority government with confidence-and-supply support from the ACT, United Future and Māori parties. The Governor-General swore Key in as New Zealand's 38th Prime Minister on 19 November 2008. This marked an end to nine years of Labour Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth National Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the Labour Party in the 2017 general election.

Ōhāriu (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Ōhāriu, previously spelled Ohariu and then Ōhariu, is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. It first existed from 1978 to 1993, and was recreated for the 2008 election. In 2008, it was the successor to Ohariu-Belmont, first contested at the first mixed-member proportional (MMP) election in 1996. Through its existence Ohariu-Belmont was represented by Peter Dunne, leader of the United Future party. Dunne contested and won the recreated electorate in 2008. He announced on 21 August 2017, he would not be seeking re-election in the 2017 general election.

In 2009 Hughes co-ordinated Greenpeace New Zealand's 'Sign On' campaign, which called for stronger action on climate change. [5] [10]

Climate change Change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns for an extended period

Climate change occurs when changes in Earth's climate system result in new weather patterns that last for at least a few decades, and maybe for millions of years. The climate system is comprised of five interacting parts, the atmosphere (air), hydrosphere (water), cryosphere, biosphere, and lithosphere. The climate system receives nearly all of its energy from the sun, with a relatively tiny amount from earth's interior. The climate system also gives off energy to outer space. The balance of incoming and outgoing energy, and the passage of the energy through the climate system, determines Earth's energy budget. When the incoming energy is greater than the outgoing energy, earth's energy budget is positive and the climate system is warming. If more energy goes out, the energy budget is negative and earth experiences cooling.

Gareth Hughes MP at the SPCA Gareth Hughes MP and dog.jpg
Gareth Hughes MP at the SPCA

Member of Parliament

New Zealand Parliament
YearsTermElectorateListParty
20102011 49th List11 Green
2011 2014 50th List 7 Green
2014 2017 51st List5 Green
2017 present 52nd List5 Green

Following the retirement of list MP Jeanette Fitzsimons Hughes was declared elected as the next candidate on the Green party list, [12] ranked at place 11. [13] He was sworn in as an MP on 16 February 2010. [14] He was the youngest MP in Parliament at the time of his election. [3]

A list MP is a member of parliament (MP) who is elected from a party list rather than from a geographical constituency. Their presence in Parliament is owed to the number of votes that their party won, not to votes received by the MP personally. This occurs only in countries which have an electoral system based on party-list proportional representation.

In his maiden speech on 24 February 2010, Hughes declared his support for a New Zealand republic. [15] [16]

Hughes is the Green Party's spokesperson on housing, ICT, libraries and archives, tertiary education, GE, food, oceans, [17] transport, [18] and youth. [5]

In the 2011 general election he stood in the Ōhariu electorate again and was ranked seventh on the Green party list, and was re-elected as a list MP. In the 2014 general election he stood only on the party list.

Hughes, along with the rest of the Green Party, voted in support of Marriage (Definition of Marriage) Amendment Act 2013, allowing same-sex couples to legally marry in New Zealand. [19]

In November 2016, it was announced that Hughes would be running for the East Coast electorate against National Party MP Anne Tolley. This electorate is the one he was raised in. [20]

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References

  1. Speaker of the House, Dr Lockwood Smith (16 February 2010). "List Member Vacancy". New Zealand Parliament . Retrieved 26 February 2010.
  2. "Fitzsimons steps down as MP - effective immediately". The New Zealand Herald . 28 January 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  3. 1 2 Menkes, Emily (5 March 2010). "Introducing NZ's youngest MP". Otago Daily Times . Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  4. "Gareth Hughes - List member, Green Party". Current MPs. New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 3 November 2010.
  5. 1 2 3 "Gareth Hughes". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
  6. "Meet the Green Party's new MP", Stuff.co.nz, 28 January 2010
  7. "Election08 Green Party Candidates". Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand . www.greens.org.nz. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
  8. "Young blood for Green". New Zealand Press Association . 28 January 2010.
  9. 1 2 "Official Count Results Ōhariu". Elections New Zealand. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  10. 1 2 "Young blood for Greens". New Zealand Press Association . Television New Zealand. 28 January 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  11. "Meet the Green Party's new MP". New Zealand Press Association . Stuff.co.nz. 28 January 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  12. "New list MP for Green Party". Chief Electoral Office. 12 February 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
  13. Wood, Jackson (11 August 2008). "Politics: Gareth Hughes Interview". Salient . Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  14. "Journals of the House for the week beginning Tuesday, 16 February 2010". New Zealand Parliament . Retrieved 24 February 2010.
  15. "Gareth Hughes: Maiden Speech". voxy.co.nz. 24 February 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
  16. Gareth Hughes (25 February 2010). "Gareth Hughes Maiden Speech" (Press release). Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand . Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  17. "Bethune needs report for his defence, Greens say". New Zealand Press Association . Guide2.co.nz. 11 May 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  18. "KiwiRail focus off the track, says expert". ONE News and New Zealand Press Association . Television New Zealand. 18 May 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  19. Harkanwal Singh; Andy Ball (17 April 2013). "Marriage equality bill - How MPs voted". Stuff.co.nz . Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  20. Ashton, Andrew (22 November 2016). "Hughes gets Greens light to take on Tolley". The Gisborne Herald.