52nd New Zealand Parliament

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52nd Parliament of New Zealand
51st Parliament 53rd Parliament
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG
Overview
Term7 November 2017 
Election New Zealand general election, 2017
Government Sixth Labour Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand House of Representatives - Layout Chart October 16th 2018.png
Members120
Speaker of the House Rt Hon Trevor Mallard
Leader of the House Hon Chris Hipkins
Prime Minister Rt Hon Jacinda Ardern
Leader of the Opposition Hon Simon Bridges
––Rt Hon Bill English until 27 February 2018
Sovereign
Monarch HM Elizabeth II
Governor-General HE Rt Hon Dame Patsy Reddy

The 52nd New Zealand Parliament is the current meeting of the legislative branch of New Zealand's Parliament. It was elected at the 2017 general election. The 52nd Parliament consists of 120 members, [1] and is serving from its opening on 7 November 2017 until the next general election. Under section 17 of the Constitution Act 1986, Parliament expires three years "from the day fixed for the return of the writs issued for the last preceding general election of members of the House of Representatives, and no longer." [2] With the date for the return of writs for the general election set at 12 October 2017, the 52nd Parliament must be dissolved on or before 12 October 2020.

New Zealand Parliament legislative body of New Zealand

The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.

Constitution Act 1986 New Zealand 1986 parliament act

The Constitution Act 1986 is an Act of the New Zealand Parliament that forms a major part of the Constitution of New Zealand. It lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles of governance and establishes the powers of the executive, legislative and judicial branches of state. It outlines the roles and duties of the Monarch, Governor-General, ministers and judges. The Act also repealed and replaced the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 and the Statute of Westminster, and removed the ability of the British Parliament to pass laws for New Zealand with the consent of the New Zealand Parliament.

Contents

The Parliament was elected using a mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) voting system. Members of Parliament (MPs) represent 71 geographical electorates: 16 in the South Island, 48 in the North Island and 7 Māori electorates. The remaining members were elected from party lists using the Sainte-Laguë method to realise proportionality. The number of geographical electorates was increased by one at the 2014 election, to account for the North Island's higher population growth. [3]

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.

South Island southernmost and largest of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.

2017 general election

The 2017 general election was held on Saturday, 23 September 2017. Voters elected 120 members to the House of Representatives, with 71 electorate members and 49 list members. Official results indicated that the National Party had won a plurality, winning 56 seats; down from 60 in 2014. The Labour Party won 46 seats, up from 32 at the last election. Their partner, the Green Party won 8 seats, down from 14. New Zealand First won 9 seats, down from 11. ACT won the electorate of Epsom, and enough party votes to avoid an overhang, but failed to win any more party votes to entitle it to more seats. [4] New Zealand First was left in the position of Kingmaker between National and the Labour/Green bloc. On 19 October, Winston Peters announced he was forming a coalition agreement with Labour, with the Greens in a confidence-and-supply agreement. [5] [6] The Greens' support, plus the coalition, resulting in 63 seats to National's 56—enough to ensure that Ardern maintains the confidence of the House.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.

Major events

Writ of election

A writ of election is a writ issued ordering the holding of an election. In Commonwealth countries writs are the usual mechanism by which general elections are called and are issued by the head of state or their representative. In the United States, it is more commonly used to call a special election for a political office.

New Zealand First, commonly abbreviated to NZ First, is a nationalist and populist political party in New Zealand. It was founded in July 1993, following the resignation on 19 March 1993 of its leader and founder, Winston Peters, from the then-governing National Party. It has formed governments with both major parties in New Zealand: first with the National Party from 1996 to 1998, and then with the Labour Party from 2005 to 2008 and from 2017 to present.

In a parliamentary democracy based on the Westminster system, confidence and supply are required for a minority government to retain power in the lower house.

Legislation

On 31 October 2017, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern announced that the government would amend the Overseas Investment Act 2004 by Christmas to categorise existing residential properties as 'sensitive', to restrict its sale to citizens and permanent residents only. [16]

Jacinda Ardern current Prime Minister of New Zealand

Jacinda Kate Laurell Ardern is a New Zealand politician serving as the 40th and current Prime Minister of New Zealand since 26 October 2017. She has also served as the Leader of the Labour Party since 1 August 2017. Ardern has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Mount Albert electorate since 8 March 2017; she was first elected to the House of Representatives as a list MP at the 2008 general election.

On 8 November 2017, Bill 1-1 extending paid parental leave to 22 weeks from 1 July 2018 and 26 weeks from 1 July 2020, was introduced in the name of Minister of Immigration Iain Lees-Galloway.

Iain Lees-Galloway New Zealand politician

Iain Francis Lees-Galloway, initially Iain Galloway, is a politician from New Zealand. Since the 2008 general election, he has represented the Palmerston North electorate in Parliament for the Labour Party, succeeding Steve Maharey. Currently, he is the Minister for Workplace Relations, Immigration, and ACC.

Ministry

The Sixth Labour Government began with the 52nd Parliament, following the announcement of a coalition deal between the Labour Party and New Zealand First, with the Green Party providing confidence and supply, thus giving the government 63 seats, opposite the main opposition party, National, with 56 seats. The government was formally sworn in on 26 October 2017 by Governor General Dame Patsy Reddy.

Jacinda Ardern, as Leader of the Labour Party, serves as Prime Minister. Winston Peters, as Leader of New Zealand First, serves as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs. Prime Minister Ardern appointed Grant Robertson as Minister of Finance, Ron Mark as Minister of Defence, Kelvin Davis as Minister of Corrections, David Parker as Attorney General, Andrew Little as Minister of Justice, Dr David Clark as Minister of Health, and Chris Hipkins as Minister of Education and Leader of the House.

For a period of six weeks beginning in June 2018, Winston Peters will serve as Acting Prime Minister of New Zealand, while Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern takes up maternity leave. Ardern will be only the second head of government to give birth while in office, after Benazir Bhutto, who gave birth while serving as Prime Minister of Pakistan.

Officeholders

The current officers of the 52nd Parliament are listed below:

Speaker

Other parliamentary officers

The following is a list of other parliamentary officers who are non-political:

Party leaders

Floor leaders

Whips

Shadow Cabinets

Members

The table below show the members of the 52nd Parliament based on the official results of the 2017 general election. Ministerial roles were officially announced on 25 October 2017.

Overview

This table shows the number of MPs in each party:

AffiliationMembers [4]
At 2017 election Current
Labour 4646
NZ First Coa 99
Green CS 88
Government total6363
National 5655
ACT 11
Independent 01
Opposition total5757
Total120120
Working Government majority67

Notes

Members

Seating plan

The chamber is in a horseshoe-shape.

As of 7 November 2017 (start)

As of 12 February 2019 (current)

Committees

The 52nd Parliament has 12 select committees and 5 specialist committees. They are listed below, with their chairpersons:

CommitteeChairpersonGovernment–Opposition divide
Select committees
Economic Development, Science and Innovation Committee Jonathan Young (National)5–5
Education and Workforce Committee Sarah Dowie (National)6–5
Environment Committee Deborah Russell (Labour)5–4
Finance and Expenditure Committee Michael Wood (Labour)7–6
Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade Committee Simon O'Connor (National)4–4
Governance and Administration Committee Brett Hudson (National)4–4
Health Committee Louisa Wall (Labour)4–4
Justice Committee Raymond Huo (Labour)4–4
Māori Affairs Committee Rino Tirikatene (Labour)4–4
Primary Production Committee Hon David Bennett (National)4–4
Social Services and Community Committee Gareth Hughes (Green Party)5–4
Transport and Infrastructure Committee Darroch Ball (NZ First)5–4
Specialist committees
Business Committee Rt Hon Trevor Mallard (Labour)7–5
Officers of Parliament Committee Rt Hon Trevor Mallard (Labour)4–2
Privileges Committee Hon David Parker (Labour)5–5
Regulations Review Committee Hon Jacqui Dean (National)3–3
Standing Orders Committee Rt Hon Trevor Mallard (Labour)TBD

Summary of changes during term

The following changes occurred in the 52nd Parliament:

#SeatIncumbentWinner
PartyNameDate vacatedReasonPartyNameDate electedChange
1.List National Bill English 13 March 2018 [18] Resigned National Maureen Pugh 20 March 2018 [19] List
2.List National Steven Joyce 2 April 2018 [20] Resigned National Nicola Willis 3 April 2018 List
3. Northcote National Jonathan Coleman 15 April 2018 [21] Resigned National Dan Bidois 9 June 2018 By-election
4.List National Chris Finlayson 30 January 2019Resigned National Agnes Loheni [22] 31 January 2019 List

See also

Related Research Articles

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New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

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2017 New Zealand general election Election on 23 September 2017

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Next New Zealand general election

The next New Zealand general election will be held after the currently elected 52nd New Zealand Parliament is dissolved or expires. The current Parliament was elected on Saturday, 23 September 2017. The last possible date for the next general election to be held is Saturday, 21 November 2020.

Various organisations have commissioned opinion polls for the next New Zealand general election to be conducted during the term of the 52nd New Zealand Parliament (2017-present). Relative to previous electoral cycles, there have been very few polls conducted. The remaining two polls are: Television New Zealand Colmar Brunton and MediaWorks New Zealand (Newshub) Reid Research. The last Roy Morgan Research poll was released in November 2017. The sample size, margin of error and confidence interval of each poll varies by organisation and date. The current Parliament was elected on Saturday, 23 September 2017. The next general election will take place no later than Saturday, 21 November 2020.

2017 Mount Albert by-election

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2018 New Zealand National Party leadership election

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2018 Northcote by-election

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