East Coast Bays is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first formed in 1972 and has existed apart from a break lasting two parliamentary terms. The electorate has been held by Erica Stanford of the National Party since the 2017 general election.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
Erica Stanford is a New Zealand politician and Member of Parliament in the House of Representatives for the National Party.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
Since the 1969 election, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, with continued faster population growth in the North Island leading to an increase in the number of general electorates. There were 84 electorates for the 1969 election,and the 1972 electoral redistribution saw three additional general seats created for the North Island, bringing the total number of electorates to 87. Together with increased urbanisation in Christchurch and Nelson, the changes proved very disruptive to existing electorates. In the South Island, three electorates were abolished, and three electorates were newly created. In the North Island, five electorates were abolished, two electorates were recreated, and six electorates were newly created (including East Coast Bays).
The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The electorate is based around the north-eastern suburbs of North Shore City in north Auckland, including Torbay, Browns Bay and Mairangi Bay. The electorate crosses State Highway One at its southern end, which includes a section of Glenfield. East Coast Bays is a wealthy electorate, with incomes above the national average and boasting some of the most expensive real estate in the country. The electorate also contains many émigrés from South Africa.
Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. The most populous urban area in the country, Auckland has an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. Auckland is a diverse, multicultural and cosmopolitan city, home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. A Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.
Torbay is a suburb of Auckland, New Zealand. It is located on the city's North Shore, and is governed by Auckland Council. The name Torbay comes from the area of the same name in the south east of Devon, England, and from the Tor, a presque-isle at the north end of Waiake Beach that becomes an island at high tide.
Browns Bay is an Auckland suburb in the East Coast Bays area.
East Coast Bays was an electorate in the New Zealand Parliament between 1972 and 1996, before being abolished to make way for the Albany electorate at the change to Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) voting. High population growth in North Auckland lead to the electorate's western fringe being removed in 2002, and with it the eponymous suburb of Albany, thus recreating East Coast Bays ahead of the 2002 election.
The New Zealand general election of 1972 was held on 25 November to elect MPs to the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Labour Party, led by Norman Kirk, defeated the governing National Party.
The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.
Albany was a New Zealand electorate. It was located in north Auckland, and named after the suburb of Albany. It existed from 1978 to 2002, with a break from 1984 to 1987.
Although now a safe electorate for National, it was held for seven years by Social Credit MP Gary Knapp, from the 1980 by-election when he defeated future National party leader Don Brash. In the 1981, 1984 and 1987 general elections, Labour came third, with Knapp defeating Brash in 1981 and Murray McCully in 1984.
The New Zealand Democratic Party for Social Credit is a small leftist political party in New Zealand whose policies are based on the ideas of social credit. The party has been known as the Social Credit Political League, the Social Credit Party and the New Zealand Democratic Party and was part of the Alliance for a time.
Garry Thomas Knapp is a former New Zealand politician of the Social Credit Party.
The East Coast Bays by-election of 1980 was a by-election during the 39th New Zealand Parliament in the East Coast Bays electorate. It resulted in an upset for the National Party, as their candidate and future leader Don Brash was unexpectedly beaten by Gary Knapp of the Social Credit Party.
But in 1987 the declining fortunes of the Democratic Party (as Social Credit renamed itself), led to Knapp being defeated by Murray McCully, who held the electorate for National until 2017.
The 1987 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the 42nd sitting of the New Zealand Parliament. The governing New Zealand Labour Party, led by Prime Minister David Lange, was re-elected for a second term, although the Opposition National Party made gains. The election also saw the elimination of the Democratic Party from Parliament, leaving Labour and National as the only parties represented.
Murray Stuart McCully, CF is a former New Zealand politician. He is a member of the National Party, and served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2008 to 2017.
In December 2016, McCully announced that he would not stand for parliament in the 2017 general election,and the seat of East Coast Bays was won by Erica Stanford, retaining it for the National Party.
National Social Credit Democrats United Future Green
|1972 election||Frank Gill 1|
|1980 by-election||Gary Knapp|
|1987 election||Murray McCully|
|electorate abolished, see Albany|
|2002 election||Murray McCully|
|2017 election||Erica Stanford|
1 Resigned when appointed Ambassador to the United States
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the East Coast Bays electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|2002 election||Paul Adams|
|2008 election||Sue Bradford 2|
2Resigned in October 2009, five months after losing Green Party co-leadership vote to Metiria Turei
|2017 general election: East Coast Bays|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Ilja Ruppeldt||1,254||3.62||—||1,886||5.38||−0.58|
|Total Valid votes||34,687||35,050|
|2014 general election: East Coast Bays|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Ban 1080||Tricia Cheel||229||0.71||+0.71||47||0.14||+0.14|
|Total Valid votes||32,557||33,041|
|2011 general election: East Coast Bays|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Total Valid votes||32,460||33,535|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 47,305
|2008 general election: East Coast Bays|
|Labour||Vivienne (Viv) Goldsmith||6,177||17.81||-9.31||7,642||21.64||-10.13|
|Family Party||Paul Adams||3,570||10.29||-5.58||505||1.43|
|NZ First||Dail Jones||730||2.10||-0.47||1,001||2.83||-1.94|
|No Commercial Airport at Whenuapai||Toby Hutton||283||0.82|
|United Future||Ian McInnes||215||0.62||-0.49||263||0.74||-1.65|
|Bill and Ben||149||0.42|
|Total Valid votes||34,691||35,309|
|2005 general election: East Coast Bays|
|NZ First||Anne Martin||942||2.57||1,775||4.77||-5.20|
|United Future||Steven Dromgool||405||1.11||-8.14||890||2.39||-7.23|
|Total Valid votes||36,604||37,184|
|2002 general election: East Coast Bays|
|United Future||Paul Adams||2,872||9.25||3,052||9.62|
|One NZ||Alan McCulloch||528||1.70||75||0.24|
|Christian Heritage||Ian Cummings||399||1.29||334||1.05|
|Total Valid votes||31,038||31,714|
|National win new seat||Majority||1,534||4.94|
|NZ First||Anne Martin||2,232||10.21|
|Christian Heritage||Dennis Knox||347||1.58|
|Natural Law||Miranda Adams||107||0.48|
|NewLabour||John Alfred Watson||430||1.89|
|Social Credit||Sonia Lee Stewart||45||0.19|
|Labour||Wayne Kingsley Sellwood||4,411||20.20|
|Independent||J C Braithwaite||68||0.31|
|Social Credit||Gary Knapp||10,146||44.74||+0.16|
|NZ Party||David Phillips||2,035||8.97|
|Independent||M F Smits||17||0.07|
|Social Credit||Gary Knapp||11,568||44.90||+1.59|
|Social Credit||Gary Knapp||8,061||43.31||+23.33|
|Values||J S Moore||144||0.77|
|Social Credit gain from National||Swing|
|Social Credit||Gary Knapp||4,448||19.98|
|Independent National||David Phillips||3,684||16.55|
|Social Credit||N E Lord||1,253||5.45|
|Labour||B T Pauling||7,481||43.01|
|Social Credit||B M Ross||1,357||7.80|
|New Democratic||K F Edgecumbe||93||0.53|
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