East Coast Bays (New Zealand electorate)

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East Coast Bays electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election East Coast Bays electorate, 2014.svg
East Coast Bays electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

East Coast Bays is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first formed in 1972 and has existed apart from a break lasting two parliamentary terms. The electorate has been held by Erica Stanford of the National Party since the 2017 general election.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

Erica Stanford is a New Zealand politician and Member of Parliament in the House of Representatives for the National Party.

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

Contents

Population centres

Since the 1969 election, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, with continued faster population growth in the North Island leading to an increase in the number of general electorates. There were 84 electorates for the 1969 election, [1] and the 1972 electoral redistribution saw three additional general seats created for the North Island, bringing the total number of electorates to 87. [2] Together with increased urbanisation in Christchurch and Nelson, the changes proved very disruptive to existing electorates. [2] In the South Island, three electorates were abolished, and three electorates were newly created. [3] In the North Island, five electorates were abolished, two electorates were recreated, and six electorates were newly created (including East Coast Bays). [4]

1969 New Zealand general election

The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.

South Island Southernmost of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.

North Island The northern of the two main islands of New Zealand

The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.

The electorate is based around the north-eastern suburbs of North Shore City in north Auckland, including Torbay, Browns Bay and Mairangi Bay. The electorate crosses State Highway One at its southern end, which includes a section of Glenfield. East Coast Bays is a wealthy electorate, with incomes above the national average and boasting some of the most expensive real estate in the country. The electorate also contains many émigrés from South Africa.

Auckland Metropolitan area in North Island, New Zealand

Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. The most populous urban area in the country, Auckland has an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. Auckland is a diverse, multicultural and cosmopolitan city, home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. A Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.

Torbay, New Zealand Suburb in Auckland Council, New Zealand

Torbay is a suburb of Auckland, New Zealand. It is located on the city's North Shore, and is governed by Auckland Council. The name Torbay comes from the area of the same name in the south east of Devon, England, and from the Tor, a presque-isle at the north end of Waiake Beach that becomes an island at high tide.

Browns Bay, New Zealand Suburb in Auckland Council, New Zealand

Browns Bay is an Auckland suburb in the East Coast Bays area.

History

East Coast Bays was an electorate in the New Zealand Parliament between 1972 and 1996, before being abolished to make way for the Albany electorate at the change to Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) voting. High population growth in North Auckland lead to the electorate's western fringe being removed in 2002, and with it the eponymous suburb of Albany, thus recreating East Coast Bays ahead of the 2002 election.

1972 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1972 was held on 25 November to elect MPs to the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Labour Party, led by Norman Kirk, defeated the governing National Party.

1996 New Zealand general election

The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.

Albany was a New Zealand electorate. It was located in north Auckland, and named after the suburb of Albany. It existed from 1978 to 2002, with a break from 1984 to 1987.

Although now a safe electorate for National, it was held for seven years by Social Credit MP Gary Knapp, from the 1980 by-election when he defeated future National party leader Don Brash. In the 1981, 1984 and 1987 general elections, Labour came third, with Knapp defeating Brash in 1981 and Murray McCully in 1984.

The New Zealand Democratic Party for Social Credit is a small leftist political party in New Zealand whose policies are based on the ideas of social credit. The party has been known as the Social Credit Political League, the Social Credit Party and the New Zealand Democratic Party and was part of the Alliance for a time.

Garry Thomas Knapp is a former New Zealand politician of the Social Credit Party.

The East Coast Bays by-election of 1980 was a by-election during the 39th New Zealand Parliament in the East Coast Bays electorate. It resulted in an upset for the National Party, as their candidate and future leader Don Brash was unexpectedly beaten by Gary Knapp of the Social Credit Party.

But in 1987 the declining fortunes of the Democratic Party (as Social Credit renamed itself), led to Knapp being defeated by Murray McCully, who held the electorate for National until 2017.

1987 New Zealand general election

The 1987 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the 42nd sitting of the New Zealand Parliament. The governing New Zealand Labour Party, led by Prime Minister David Lange, was re-elected for a second term, although the Opposition National Party made gains. The election also saw the elimination of the Democratic Party from Parliament, leaving Labour and National as the only parties represented.

Murray McCully New Zealand politician

Murray Stuart McCully, CF is a former New Zealand politician. He is a member of the National Party, and served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2008 to 2017.

In December 2016, McCully announced that he would not stand for parliament in the 2017 general election, [5] and the seat of East Coast Bays was won by Erica Stanford, retaining it for the National Party.

Members of Parliament

Key

  National     Social Credit     Democrats     United Future     Green   

ElectionWinner
1972 election Frank Gill 1
1975 election
1978 election
1980 by-election Gary Knapp
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election Murray McCully
1990 election
1993 election
electorate abolished, see Albany
2002 election Murray McCully
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election Erica Stanford

1 Resigned when appointed Ambassador to the United States

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the East Coast Bays electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
2002 election Paul Adams
2008 election Sue Bradford 2

2Resigned in October 2009, five months after losing Green Party co-leadership vote to Metiria Turei

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: East Coast Bays [6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Erica Stanford 22,73165.53+3.6122,00662.78−0.60
Labour Naisi Chen6,44118.57+3.308,13023.20+11.05
Green Nicholas Mayne2,3066.65−3.301,6604.74−3.49
Opportunities Teresa Moore1,2893.726731.92
NZ First Ilja Ruppeldt1,2543.621,8865.38−0.58
ACT Stephen Berry3891.123471.00−4.96
Conservative  950.27−6.43
Legalise Cannabis  580.17−0.12
Māori  550.16+0.12
United Future  340.10−0.11
People's Party  180.05
Outdoors  140.04
Democrats  60.02−0.03
Mana  50.01
Ban 1080  50.01−0.13
Internet  40.01
Informal votes277154
Total Valid votes34,68735,050
National holdMajority16,29046.96+0.30

2014 election

2014 general election: East Coast Bays [7] [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Murray McCully 19,95161.92-3.0620,89563.38+0.52
Conservative Colin Craig 4,92315.27+10.32,2106.7+2.96
Labour Greg Milner-White3,91512.15-7.734,00512.15-5.05
Green Teresa Moore3,2069.95+1.232,7128.23+0.17
Ban 1080 Tricia Cheel2290.71+0.71470.14+0.14
NZ First  1,9645.96+1.02
ACT  5801.76+0.18
Internet Mana  2220.67+0.67
Māori  1250.38-0.01
Legalise Cannabis  950.29-0.18
United Future  690.21-0.22
Civilian  640.06+0.06
Democrats  170.05+0.02
Independent Coalition  40.01+0.01
Focus  30.01+0.01
Informal votes32773
Total Valid votes32,55733,041
National holdMajority15,03446.65+1.55

2011 election

2011 general election: East Coast Bays [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Murray McCully 21,09464.98+6.9021,07962.86+1.45
Labour Vivienne Goldsmith6,45319.88+2.075,76917.20-4.44
Green Brett Stansfield2,8328.72+2.202,7048.72+2.20
Conservative Simonne Dyer1,6144.97+4.971,2543.74+3.74
ACT Toby Hutton4671.44-2.155301.58-4.08
NZ First  1,6574.94+2.11
Legalise Cannabis  1560.47+0.19
United Future  1450.43-0.31
Māori  1300.39-0.01
Mana  640.19+0.19
Libertarianz  240.07+0.001
Alliance  140.04+0.002
Democrats  90.03-0.01
Informal votes902160
Total Valid votes32,46033,535
National holdMajority14,64145.10+4.82

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 47,305 [10]

2008 election

2008 general election: East Coast Bays [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Murray McCully 20,15158.09+11.0621,68161.40+9.13
Labour Vivienne (Viv) Goldsmith6,17717.81-9.317,64221.64-10.13
Family Party Paul Adams [note 1] 3,57010.29-5.585051.43
Green Sue Bradford 2,2636.52+3.011,4394.08+0.59
ACT Tim Kronfeld1,2463.59+2.122,0005.66+3.09
NZ First Dail Jones7302.10-0.471,0012.83-1.94
No Commercial Airport at Whenuapai Toby Hutton2830.82
United Future Ian McInnes2150.62-0.492630.74-1.65
Libertarianz Elah Zamora560.16250.07+0.03
Progressive  2140.61-0.30
Bill and Ben  1490.42
Māori  1410.40+0.14
Legalise Cannabis  980.28+0.08
Kiwi  900.25
Alliance  140.04-0.00
Pacific  140.04
Democrats  130.04-0.00
Workers Party  80.02
RONZ  70.02+0.00
RAM  50.01
Informal votes28191
Total Valid votes34,69135,309
National holdMajority13,97440.28+20.38
  1. Paul Adams contested the 2005 election as an Independent: the "±% electoral votes" figure here compares Adams' percentage of electoral votes for the Family Party in 2008 with the 2005 percentage as an Independent.

2005 election

2005 general election: East Coast Bays [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Murray McCully 17,21347.02+7.9319,43752.27+27.44
Labour Hamish McCracken9,92727.12-7.0311,81331.77-2.04
Independent Paul Adams 5,80915.87
Green Jeanette Elley1,2873.52-1.921,2973.49-8.48
NZ First Anne Martin9422.571,7754.77-5.20
ACT Andrew Stone5371.47-4.959562.39-2.80
United Future Steven Dromgool4051.11-8.148902.39-7.23
Progressive Fiona Beazley2530.69-0.953380.91-0.36
Māori Rahuia Kapa1190.33950.26
Democrats Patrick Fahey730.20140.04
Destiny John Steemson390.113701.00
Legalise Cannabis  740.20-0.19
Christian Heritage  440.12-0.93
Direct Democracy  280.08
Alliance  150.04-0.86
Libertarianz  140.04
RONZ  70.02
99 MP  60.02
Family Rights  60.02
One NZ  50.01-0.23
Informal votes324100
Total Valid votes36,60437,184
National holdMajority7,28619.90+14.96

2002 election

2002 general election: East Coast Bays [13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Murray McCully 12,13439.097,87624.83
Labour Hamish McCracken10,60034.1510,72233.81
United Future Paul Adams 2,8729.253,0529.62
ACT Julie Pepper1,9936.421,6465.19
Green Jeanette Elley1,6885.443,79611.97
One NZ Alan McCulloch5281.70750.24
Progressive Jill Henry5081.644031.27
Christian Heritage Ian Cummings3991.293341.05
Alliance Fiona McLaren3161.022870.90
NZ First  3,1639.97
ORNZ  2270.72
Legalise Cannabis  1230.39
NMP  60.02
Mana Māori  40.01
Informal votes39275
Total Valid votes31,03831,714
National win new seatMajority1,5344.94

1993 election

1993 general election: East Coast Bays [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Murray McCully 10,209 46.74 -0.83
Alliance Heather-Ann McConachy5,69326.06
Labour Gordon Duncan3,25314.89
NZ First Anne Martin2,23210.21
Christian Heritage Dennis Knox3471.58
Natural Law Miranda Adams1070.48
Majority4,51620.67-2.32
Turnout 21,84186.74-1.31
Registered electors 25,179

1990 election

1990 general election: East Coast Bays [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Murray McCully 10,791 47.57 +7.12
Democrats Gary Knapp 5,57524.58-14.45
Labour Vivienne Halligan3,43315.13
Green Dianne Gatward2,40610.60
NewLabour John Alfred Watson4301.89
Social Credit Sonia Lee Stewart450.19
Majority5,21622.99+21.57
Turnout 22,68088.05+1.89
Registered electors 25,758

1987 election

1987 general election: East Coast Bays [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Murray McCully 8,833 40.45 +4.62
Democrats Gary Knapp 8,52239.03-5.71
Labour Wayne Kingsley Sellwood4,41120.20
Independent J C Braithwaite680.31
Majority3111.42
Turnout 21,83489.94-3.46
Registered electors 24,276

1984 election

1984 general election: East Coast Bays [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Social Credit Gary Knapp 10,146 44.74 +0.16
National Murray McCully 8,12635.83
Labour Michael Smythe2,0819.17
NZ Party David Phillips2,0358.97
Independent M F Smits170.07
Majority2,0208.90+5.96
Turnout 22,67593.40+1.26
Registered electors 24,276

1981 election

1981 general election: East Coast Bays [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Social Credit Gary Knapp 11,568 44.90 +1.59
National Don Brash 10,81041.96+3.76
Labour Neville Creighton3,33512.94
Independent E Smith490.19
Majority7582.94-2.17
Turnout 25,76292.14+28.50
Registered electors 27,957

1980 by-election

1980 East Coast Bays by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Social Credit Gary Knapp 8,061 43.31 +23.33
National Don Brash 7,11038.20
Labour Wyn Hoadley3,29617.71
Values J S Moore1440.77
Majority9515.11
Turnout 18,61163.64-12.95
Registered electors 29,243
Social Credit gain from National Swing

1978 election

1978 general election: East Coast Bays [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Frank Gill 7,675 34.48 -20.96
Labour C Hicks6,10927.45
Social Credit Gary Knapp 4,44819.98
Independent National David Phillips3,68416.55
Values Eric Smith3391.52
Majority1,5667.03-17.31
Turnout 22,25576.59-8.01
Registered electors 29,055

1975 election

1975 general election: East Coast Bays [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Frank Gill 12,739 55.44 +6.80
Labour Rex Stanton7,14531.09
Values John Bartram1,8398.00
Social Credit N E Lord1,2535.45
Majority5,59424.34+18.72
Turnout 22,97684.60-2.59
Registered electors 27,157

1972 election

1972 general election: East Coast Bays [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Frank Gill 8,460 48.64
Labour B T Pauling7,48143.01
Social Credit B M Ross1,3577.80
New Democratic K F Edgecumbe930.53
Majority9795.62
Turnout 17,39187.19
Registered electors 19,946

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  2. 1 2 McRobie 1989, p. 115.
  3. McRobie 1989, pp. 112, 116.
  4. McRobie 1989, pp. 111, 115.
  5. "Murray McCully says he won't stand again in next election". The New Zealand Herald . 15 December 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
  6. "Official Count Results -- East Coast Bays (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  7. New Zealand Electoral Commission. "Official Count Results - East Coast Bays". Electionresults.govt.nz. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  8. "New Zealand Parliament - East Coast Bays Electorate Profile". Parliament.nz. 26 June 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  9. New Zealand Electoral Commission. "Official Count Results - East Coast Bays". Electionresults.govt.nz. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  10. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
  11. Archived 11 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  12. "Official Count Results - East Coast Bays". Electionresults.org.nz. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  13. "Official Count Results - East Coast Bays". Electionresults.govt.nz. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  14. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. p. 19.
  15. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. p. 29.
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, p. 218.

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References