Whanganui (known as Wanganui until 1996) is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first established in 1860 for the 3rd Parliament and has existed continuously since then.
It is held by Steph Lewis of the Labour Party, who won it in the 2020 general election.
In the 1860 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of representatives by 12, reflecting the immense population growth since the original electorates were established in 1853. The redistribution created 15 additional electorates with between one and three members, and the Wanganui and Rangitikei electorate was split into two separate electorates: the Rangitikei electorate and the Wanganui electorate, with one member each.
The current electorate is based on the urban area of Whanganui, the towns Opunake and Hawera, and smaller centres Kaponga, Eltham, Normanby, Manaia, Patea and Waverley; broadly speaking, the Whanganui and South Taranaki local government districts.
Henry Shafto Harrison was the first representative. His 7 February 1861 election was declared invalid. He stood again in the 1861 by-election and was elected again. He then served the electorate until the end of the term in 1866.
Harrison, John Bryce and John Garner contested the 1866 election. The nomination meeting was held on Friday, 2 March 1866. Harrison, Bryce and Garner received 51, 102 and 7 votes, respectively, at the election on the following day. Bryce was thus declared elected.Bryce resigned in 1867.
The resulting 6 May 1867 by-election was won by Harrison, and he served until the dissolution of Parliament on 30 December 1870.
Bryce was again elected in the 30 January 1871 election. This time, he served three parliamentary terms until the dissolution in November 1881.
Wanganui became a two-member electorate for the 12 January 1876 election. Apart from Bryce, Julius Vogel was elected, who was later to become Premier. Vogel resigned on 9 September 1876.
The resulting 2 October 1876 by-election was won by William Fox, resulting in his second period of representation of a Whanganui-centred electorate. He served until the end of the term on 15 August 1879.
Bryce and John Ballance won the 1879 election. They both server until the end of the term, with Parliament being dissolved on 8 November 1881.
For the 1881 election, the electorate reverted to being represented by a single member. The election, held on 9 December, was won by William Hogg Watt. He served until the end of the term, with Parliament being dissolved on 27 June 1884.
The 1884 election was once again won by John Ballance. This time, he would serve in three successive Parliaments. He died in office on 27 April 1893 during the 11th Parliament.Ballance formed the Liberal Party after the 1890 election and became its leader, and thus introduced party politics to New Zealand. The Liberal Government of New Zealand would last for 21 years and is the longest serving government in New Zealand's history.
Ballance's death triggered the 1893 by-election, which was held on 13 June and won by Archibald Willis, who was re-elected at the 1893 election a few months later.
Gilbert Carson was successful in the 1896 election. He served one term.He was succeeded by Willis in the 1899 election, who served two more terms for the electorate.
James Thomas Hogan won the 1905 election. He served two termsand was defeated in the 1911 election by Bill Veitch.
Veitch had a long career in the electorate, serving until 1935, when he defeated. He was initially an Independent, but joined the Liberal Party in 1925, and changed to the United Party in 1928.
Joe Cotterill won the electorate in the 1935 election for the Labour Party. He also had a long career, retiring in 1960 from the Wanganui seat.
He was succeeded by his party colleague George Spooner in the 1960 election, who served three terms and was defeated in 1969 election by Bill Tolhurst from the National Party.
Tolhurst served one term and at the 1972 election, the electorate returned to Labour. Russell Marshall served six terms and retired in 1990.
In the 1990 election, Cam Campion secured the seat for National. He retired in 1993 and died two years after that.
The seat returned to Labour again, with Jill Pettis winning the 1993 election. She was the first woman to represent Wanganui. She served four terms, until her defeat in the 2005 election by Chester Borrows of the National Party.Pettis served an additional term as a List MP until 2008. Borrows announced in 2016 that he would not seek reelection at the 2017 general election and the seat was won by Harete Hipango, retaining it for the National Party. She however, was defeated after one term by Labour's Steph Lewis.
Several members (Fox, Vogel and Ballance) became Premier. Terry Heffernan stood in the electorate five times for four parties, from 1981 to 1993.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at a general election.
Independent Liberal Conservative Liberal–Labour United Labour United Labour National
|1861 election||Henry Harrison|
|1866 election||John Bryce|
|1867 by-election||Henry Harrison (2nd time)|
|1871 election||John Bryce (2nd time)|
|1876 election||John Bryce||Julius Vogel|
|1876 by-election||William Fox|
|1879 election||John Ballance|
|1881 election||William Watt|
|1884 election||John Ballance (2nd time)|
|1893 by-election||Archibald Willis|
|1896 election||Gilbert Carson|
|1899 election||Archibald Willis (2nd time)|
|1905 election||James Thomas Hogan|
|1911 election||Bill Veitch|
|1935 election||Joe Cotterill|
|1960 election||George Spooner|
|1969 election||Bill Tolhurst|
|1972 election||Russell Marshall|
|1990 election||Cam Campion|
|1993 election||Jill Pettis|
|2005 election||Chester Borrows|
|2017 election||Harete Hipango|
|2020 election||Steph Lewis|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Peter Gresham|
|2005 election||Jill Pettis|
|2020 general election: Whanganui|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|National||N Harete Hipango||14,108||34.37||-10.54||10,828||26.21||-18.52|
|New Conservative||Johnathan Marshall||784||1.91||—||690||1.67||+1.42|
|Advance NZ||Charlotte Weber||773||1.88||—||531||1.28||—|
|Social Credit||Heather Marion Smith||188||0.46||—||63||0.46||+0.41|
|Total Valid votes||41,045||41,308|
|Labour gain from National||Majority||8,191||19.96||+24.53|
|2017 general election: Whanganui|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Reg Skipworth||2,580||6.92||—||3,783||10.02||−1.9|
|Total Valid votes||37,297||37,724|
|2014 general election: Whanganui|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|ACT||Alan Daniel Davidson||252||0.72||+0.29||167||0.47||-0.61|
|Democrats||Heather Marion Smith||208||0.59||+0.20||57||0.16||+0.01|
|Total Valid votes||35,085||35,407|
|2011 general election: Whanganui|
|NZ First||Ian Brougham||1,043||3.34||+3.34||3,035||9.53||+4.39|
|ACT||Alan Daniel Davidson||135||0.43||-0.56||345||1.08||-1.99|
|Democrats||Heather Marion Smith||121||0.39||-0.28||47||0.15||-0.07|
|Total Valid votes||31,183||31,858|
Electorate (as at 11 November 2011): 43,350
|2008 general election: Whanganui|
|Democrats||Heather Marion Smith||225||0.66||73||0.21|
|Bill and Ben||249||0.73|
|Total Valid votes||33,875||34,272|
|2005 general election: Whanganui|
|Labour||N Jill Pettis||13,444||41.81||-4.56||13,045||39.99|
|United Future||David Ball||502||1.56||885||2.71|
|One NZ||Ian Brougham||214||0.67||52||0.16|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||2,402||7.47||+14.26|
Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Whanganui for a list of candidates.
|NZ First||Terry Heffernan||3,621||17.92||-11.36|
|Christian Heritage||J Rush||378||1.87|
|Social Credit||G Butler||123||0.60|
|National||A R Anderson||6,089||29.08|
|Social Credit||Terry Heffernan||6,473||29.10||-3.47|
|NZ Party||Ian David Harrex||751||3.37|
|Independent||T L Sullivan||47||0.21|
|Social Credit||Terry Heffernan||6,904||32.57|
|National||J G Rowan||6,601||31.82||-|
|Social Credit||Oliver Marks||3,956||19.07||+9.38|
|Values||R W Holmes||449||2.16|
|Independent||T L Sullivan||34||0.16||+0.08|
|National||J G Rowan||8,069||40.39|
|Social Credit||Oliver Marks||1,937||9.69|
|Christian Democratic||Tom Fouhy||100||0.50|
|Independent||T L Sullivan||16||0.08||-0.19|
|Social Credit||J S Humphreys||1,168||6.35||-2.73|
|New Democratic||R A Dowdie||53||0.28|
|Independent||T L Sullivan||50||0.27||+0.09|
|Social Credit||J S Humphreys||1,557||9.08|
|Independent||D M Lewis||40||0.23|
|Independent||T L Sullivan||32||0.18|
|Social Credit||Percival John Dempsey||3,206||20.64||+4.50|
|Christian Democratic||D G Tumery||233||1.50|
|Social Credit||Percival John Dempsey||2,593||16.14|
|National||E J Crotty||5,911||39.10|
|Social Credit||Roly Marks||3,132||20.72||-1.71|
|National||A K MacLean||5,131||34.07|
|Social Credit||Roly Marks||3,378||22.43||-2.96|
|National||J S Rumbold||4,810||36.15|
|Social Credit||Roly Marks||3,378||25.39|
|National||Ernest Victor O'Keefe||6,553||49.15||+2.89|
|National||Ernest Victor O'Keefe||6,317||46.26|
|National||Eric James Kirk||4,254||31.18|
|Real Democracy||Roly Marks||1,722||12.62|
|Democratic Labour||Sydney Duffy||832||6.09|
|National||Henry Charles Veitch||4,710||35.14||+3.70|
|Reform||Norman Rhind Bain||1,754||16.74|
|Independent Liberal||James Thomas Hogan||524||5.00|
|Reform||N. G. Lewis||2,650||25.31|
|Reform||William J. Cuttle||2,637||31.69|
|United Labour||Bill Veitch||3,330||42.18||-15.81|
|Liberal–Labour||James Thomas Hogan||2,086||26.42||-15.27|
|Independent Labour||Bill Veitch||2,295||31.01|
|Liberal–Labour||James Thomas Hogan||2,220||30.00||-15.85|
|Second ballot result|
|Independent Labour||Bill Veitch||4,115||57.99||+26.98|
|Liberal–Labour||James Thomas Hogan||2,959||41.69||+11.69|
|Liberal–Labour||James Thomas Hogan||3,041||45.85|
|Second ballot result|
|Liberal–Labour||James Thomas Hogan||3,602||54.30||+8.46|
|Independent Liberal||John Michael Murphy||108||2.10|
|Independent||William Hogg Watt||154||17.11||-33.14|
|Independent||William Hogg Watt||397||50.25|
|Independent||Sir William Fox||501||62.31|
|Independent||Henry Shafto Harrison||143||57.66|
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