All 80 seats in the House of Representatives
41 seats were needed for a majority
The 1954 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 31st term. It saw the governing National Party remain in office, but with a slightly reduced majority. It also saw the debut of the new Social Credit Party, which won more than eleven percent of the vote but failed to win a seat.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by her governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The New Zealand Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world. It has met in Wellington, the capital of New Zealand, since 1865.
The 31st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1954 general election on 13 November of that year.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
The National Party had formed its first administration after the 1949 elections. It had then been re-elected by a large margin amid the industrial disputes of the 1951 election. The Prime Minister, Sidney Holland, was popular in many sectors of society for his strong line against striking dockworkers and coalminers, while Labour's leader, Walter Nash, had been criticised for his failure to take a firm stand on the issue. Labour was troubled by internal disputes, with Nash subjected to an unsuccessful leadership challenge only a few months before the election. For the election, the National government adopted a "steady as she goes" approach, saying that the country was in good hands and did not need any major policy realignments.
The 1949 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 29th term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the opposition National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.
The 1951 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 30th term. The First National Government was re-elected, with the National Party increasing its parliamentary majority over the opposition Labour Party.
The Prime Minister of New Zealand is the head of government of New Zealand. The incumbent Prime Minister, Jacinda Ardern, leader of the New Zealand Labour Party, took office on 26 October 2017.
The date for the main 1954 elections was 13 November. 1,209,670 people were registered to vote, and turnout was 91.4%. The number of seats being contested was 80, a number which had been fixed since 1902.
Voter turnout is the percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in an election. Eligibility varies by country, and the voting-eligible population should not be confused with the total adult population. Age and citizenship status are often among the criteria used to determine eligibility, but some countries further restrict eligibility based on sex, race, or religion.
The following new (or reconstituted) electorates were introduced in 1954: Heretaunga, Manukau, Rotorua, Stratford, Waipa and Waitemata.Two candidates, both called John Stewart, came second; in Auckland Central for National and in Eden for Labour.
Heretaunga is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Upper Hutt, that existed from 1954 until 1996.
Manukau is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the south Auckland Region. It existed from 1881 to 1978, with a break from 1938 to 1954. It was represented by nine Members of Parliament. Two by-elections were held in the electorate.
Rotorua is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was first established in 1919, and has existed continuously since 1954. The current MP for Rotorua is Todd McClay of the National Party, who won the electorate in the 2008 general election from incumbent Labour MP Steve Chadwick.
Ten MPs retired at the election, see cartoon.
The 1954 election saw the governing National Party re-elected with a ten-seat margin (and fewer votes than Labour), a drop from the twenty-seat margin it previously held. National won forty-five seats to the Labour Party's thirty-five. The popular vote was much closer, however, with the two parties separated by only 0.2%. No seats were won by minor party candidates or by independents, but the new Social Credit Party managed to win 11.2% of the vote, and it can be argued that Social Credit saved the National Government by providing an alternative to Labour and so minimising the two-party swing.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
The New Zealand Social Credit Party was a political party which served as the country's "third party" from the 1950s through into the 1980s. The party held a number of seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives, although never more than two at a time. It has since renamed itself the New Zealand Democratic Party, and was for a time part of the Alliance.
|Party||Candidates||Total votes||Percentage||Seats won||change|
The table below shows the results of the 1954 general election:
National Labour Independent Social Credit
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.
|Ashburton||Richard Gerard||2,292||G Glassey|
|Auckland Central||Bill Anderton||4,093||John Weir Stewart|
|Avon||John Mathison||4,955||A N Stone|
|Awarua||George Herron||3,172||J P Wyatt|
|Bay of Plenty||Bill Sullivan||3,062||Thomas Godfrey Santon|
|Buller||Jerry Skinner||3,348||D M Carson|
|Central Otago||William Bodkin||John George||2,074||P J Scott|
|Christchurch Central||Robert Macfarlane||3,395||Oliver G. Moody|
|Clutha||James Roy||1,490||T A Rodgers|
|Dunedin Central||Phil Connolly||330||Marcus Anderson|
|Dunedin North||Ethel McMillan||2,791||Helen Black|
|Eden||Wilfred Fortune||Duncan Rae||8||John Stewart|
|Egmont||Ernest Corbett||2,977||Roy Evans|
|Fendalton||Sidney Holland||3,004||R H McDonald|
|Franklin||Jack Massey||4,587||Percival Peacock|
|Gisborne||Harry Dudfield||Reginald Keeling||521||Harry Dudfield|
|Grey Lynn||Fred Hackett||4,807||Thomas McGowan|
|Hamilton||Hilda Ross||1,430||Ben Waters|
|Hastings||Sydney Jones||Ted Keating||252||Sydney Jones|
|Hauraki||Andrew Sutherland||Arthur Kinsella||2,659||Brevat William Dynes|
|Hawkes Bay||Cyril Harker||3,109||A Stafford|
|Heretaunga||New electorate||Phil Holloway||5,058||Allan McCready|
|Hobson||Sidney Smith||2,584||Cecil William Elvidge|
|Hurunui||William Gillespie||2,395||Norman Kirk|
|Hutt||Walter Nash||3,681||Clevedon Costello|
|Invercargill||Ralph Hanan||943||William Denham|
|Island Bay||Robert McKeen||Arnold Nordmeyer||3,824||John Maurice Whitta|
|Karori||Charles Bowden||Jack Marshall||1,811||Jim Bateman|
|Lyttelton||Harry Lake||24||Tom McGuigan|
|Manawatu||Matthew Oram||2,228||Patrick Kelliher|
|Manukau||New electorate||Leon Götz||3,072||Cyril Stamp|
|Marlborough||Tom Shand||1,635||G A Turner|
|Marsden||Alfred Murdoch||Donald McKay||872||Mervyn Allan Hosking|
|Miramar||Bob Semple||Bill Fox||1,527||Robert John McConnell|
|Mornington||Wally Hudson||3,886||Walter MacDougall|
|Mt Albert||Warren Freer||3,226||Robert Muldoon|
|Napier||Peter Tait||Jim Edwards||720||Peter Tait|
|Nelson||Edgar Neale||717||Stanley Whitehead|
|New Plymouth||Ernest Aderman||1,178||C R Parkes|
|North Shore||Dean Eyre||1,395||Arthur Faulkner|
|Oamaru||Thomas Hayman||1,358||J H Rapson|
|Onehunga||Hugh Watt||4,389||Alfred E. Allen|
|Onslow||Henry May||519||Wilfred Fortune|
|Otahuhu||Leon Götz||James Deas||1,806||Leonard Bradley|
|Otaki||James Maher||963||Ernest Langford|
|Pahiatua||Keith Holyoake||3,519||R Bell|
|Palmerston North||Blair Tennent||Philip Skoglund||346||Blair Tennant|
|Patea||William Sheat||Roy Jack||662||Benjamin R. Winchcombe|
|Petone||Michael Moohan||4,211||Fanny Elizabeth Soward|
|Ponsonby||Ritchie Macdonald||3,948||Harold Barry|
|Raglan||Hallyburton Johnstone||857||James Harrison Wilson|
|Rangitikei||Edward Gordon||Norman Shelton||2,679||Stephen Malcolm Roberton|
|Remuera||Ronald Algie||3,544||Bob Tizard|
|Riccarton||Angus McLagan||4,343||Balfour Grieve Dingwall|
|Rodney||Clifton Webb||Jack Scott||3,270||Arthur Hellyn|
|Roskill||John Rae||1,652||Elizabeth Morris|
|Rotorua||New electorate||Ray Boord||822||Percy Allen|
|St Albans||Jack Watts||608||Mick Connelly|
|St Kilda||Jim Barnes||114||Fred Jones|
|Selwyn||John McAlpine||2,521||D Clinton|
|Stratford||New electorate||Thomas Murray||2,966||Brian Edgar Richmond|
|Sydenham||Mabel Howard||5,560||Mrs A Schumacher|
|Tamaki||Eric Halstead||1,986||Pat Curran|
|Tauranga||George Walsh||3,448||Oliver Liddell|
|Timaru||Clyde Carr||1,423||V W Wilson|
|Waikato||Geoffrey Sim||4,698||Albert Clifford Tucker|
|Waimate||(vacant)||Alfred Davey||1,438||Neville Pickering|
|Waipa||New electorate||William Goosman||4,435||Harold Francis Gallagher|
|Wairarapa||Bert Cooksley||1,691||Bob Wilkie|
|Waitakere||Rex Mason||3,424||Jim McAllister|
|Waitemata||New electorate||Norman King||387||Hubert Morrison|
|Waitomo||Walter Broadfoot||David Seath||1,480||Vic Haines|
|Wallace||Tom Macdonald||4,466||J W Cleary|
|Wanganui||Joseph Cotterill||305||J S Rumbold|
|Wellington Central||Charles Chapman||Frank Kitts||627||Allan Highet|
|Westland||Jim Kent||3,605||Mark Wallace|
|Eastern Maori||Tiaki Omana||3,094||Claude Anaru|
|Northern Maori||Tapihana Paikea||4,435||H. T. Waetford|
|Southern Maori||Eruera Tirikatene||2,864||Turi Carroll|
|Western Maori||Iriaka Matiu Ratana||6,637||William Rakeipoho Bennett|
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