Fendalton is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed during two periods between 1946 and 1996. The electorate was in the western suburbs of Christchurch, New Zealand. Fendalton is an expensive suburb, and was always represented by the National Party.
The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Fendalton.To the west of the Main North Line, its area came from the Riccarton electorate. To the east of the Main North Line, the electorate's area had previously belonged to the Christchurch North and Christchurch South electorates.
In the 1952 electoral redistribution, the Fendalton electorate expanded to the north and north-west, gaining area from the Selwyn electorate, and lost some area in the southern part of the central city.In the 1957 electoral redistribution, the boundaries were adjusted significantly. The southern part of the Fendalton electorate was lost to the Christchurch Central electorate. In the southwest, large areas were transferred to the Riccarton electorate. In the north-west, the electorate was extended as far as Harewood. In the north-east, Papanui was gained from the St Albans electorate. In the 1962 electoral redistribution, some boundary adjustments were carried out in the Papanui area.
Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution.It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election. In the North Island, five electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished (including Fendalton). The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered. Fendalton's area went to the Papanui and Riccarton electorates. These changes came into effect through the 1969 election.
Sidney Holland was the electorate's first representative. Holland had since the 1935 election held the Christchurch North electorate.He was Prime Minister from 1949 to 1957 while representing the electorate. He retired from Parliament in 1957 due to declining health.
Holland was succeeded by Jack Watts in the 1957 election. Watts had since 1943 represented various Christchurch electorates. He retired at the end of the parliamentary term in 1960.
The electorate was abolished in 1969,when Eric Holland went to the nearby Riccarton electorate. It was then recreated in 1978, and abolished in 1996, for the first MMP election.
The Fendalton electorate was represented by five Members of Parliament:
|1946 election||Sidney Holland|
|1957 election||Jack Watts|
|1960 election||Harry Lake|
|1967 by-election||Eric Holland|
|(Electorate abolished 1969–1978; see Papanui and Riccarton)|
|1978 election||Eric Holland (2nd period)|
|1981 election||Philip Burdon|
|(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Ilam)|
|Alliance||Christopher St Johanser||3,341||16.06|
|Christian Heritage||Rosemary Pearson||279||1.34||-0.98|
|Natural Law||Warwick Jones||109||0.52|
|Christian Heritage||Rosemary Pearson||477||2.32|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Mark Muir||130||0.63|
|Breakfast Party||Mary-Jane Tomasi||104||0.48|
|Independent Labour||Alan Faloon||62||0.29|
|Wizard Party||Philip Day||61||0.28|
|NZ Party||Robert Radley||2,445||11.11|
|Social Credit||S Wright||316||1.43|
|Values||W H Thompson||107||0.48|
|Social Credit||Louise Moore||1,894||9.33|
|Social Credit||D W Parlane||1,603||8.16|
|Social Credit||John Forster||1,451||9.53||-0.93|
|Social Credit||John Forster||1,803||10.46|
|Communist||William John Collins||145||0.90|
|Social Credit||John Forster||826||4.82|
|Labour||Lawrence Godfrey Graham White||6,140||40.20|
|Social Credit||Allan Edward Collins||824||5.39||-10.15|
|Labour||Roy Henry McDonald||3,952||28.27|
|Social Credit||Allan Edward Collins||2,173||15.54|
|Labour||Philip John Alley||4,180||32.84|
|Independent Liberal||John Henry Gilmour||565||4.19|
The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.
Wigram is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Wigram is Megan Woods of the Labour Party. She took over this position from Jim Anderton, who had held this position from 1996 until 2011.
Panmure is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the southern suburbs of the city of Auckland, from 1984 to 1996. In the four parliamentary terms of its existence, it was first represented by Bob Tizard of the Labour Party, and then by his daughter Judith Tizard.
Otahuhu is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the southern suburbs of the city of Auckland, from 1938 to 1963, and then from 1972 to 1984.
King Country was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1972 to 1996 and was represented by Jim Bolger of the National Party for those 24 years.
Kapiti was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1996. A bellwether electorate, it frequently changed between National and Labour.
Glenfield was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate for four terms, from 1984 to 1996. It was represented by two members of parliament, first Judy Keall of the Labour Party, and then Peter Hilt of the National Party. Hilt defected to United New Zealand in 1995.
Birkenhead was a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate on Auckland's North Shore from 1969 to 1996, when it was absorbed into the Northcote electorate.
Hobson is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1946 to 1978 and then from 1987 to 1996, and was represented by five Members of Parliament, four of whom represented the National Party. It is notable for returning a member of the Social Credit Party in the 1966 election, as no other candidate not aligned with either Labour or National had been elected to Parliament since 1943. With the re-drawing of boundaries in the first MMP election in 1996, the seat was absorbed into the Northland and Whangarei electorates.
Otara was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in Auckland, from 1984 to 1996. It existed for four parliamentary terms and was represented by three members of parliament, two from Labour and one from National.
Christchurch North is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. The electorate comprised the northern half of what is now considered the Christchurch Central City.
Papanui is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. The electorate was in the northern suburbs of the city of Christchurch, and existed from 1969 to 1984.
Tasman is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1996.
West Coast is a former New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1996.
Tongariro is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1984 to 1996. During the four parliamentary terms of its existence, it was represented by three members of parliament.
West Auckland is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate on the western outskirts of Auckland, created for the 1984 election from part of the former Helensville electorate. The electorate was abolished for the 1993 election, and split between Henderson and Waitakere electorates.
Henderson is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1969 to 1978 and then from 1993 to 1996.
South Canterbury is a former parliamentary electorate, in South Canterbury, New Zealand. It existed for three parliamentary terms from 1969 to 1978.
Yaldhurst is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, near the city of Christchurch. The electorate was to the southwest of Christchurch, and was suburban and semi-rural.
St Albans was a parliamentary electorate in Christchurch, New Zealand from 1881 to 1890, then from 1946 to 1996.