Fendalton (New Zealand electorate)

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Fendalton is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed during two periods between 1946 and 1996. The electorate was in the western suburbs of Christchurch, New Zealand. Fendalton is an expensive suburb, and was always represented by the National Party.

Contents

Population centres

The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Fendalton. [1] To the west of the Main North Line, its area came from the Riccarton electorate. To the east of the Main North Line, the electorate's area had previously belonged to the Christchurch North and Christchurch South electorates. [2]

In the 1952 electoral redistribution, the Fendalton electorate expanded to the north and north-west, gaining area from the Selwyn electorate, and lost some area in the southern part of the central city. [3] In the 1957 electoral redistribution, the boundaries were adjusted significantly. The southern part of the Fendalton electorate was lost to the Christchurch Central electorate. In the southwest, large areas were transferred to the Riccarton electorate. In the north-west, the electorate was extended as far as Harewood. In the north-east, Papanui was gained from the St Albans electorate. [4] In the 1962 electoral redistribution, some boundary adjustments were carried out in the Papanui area. [5]

Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution. [6] It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election. [7] In the North Island, five electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. [8] In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished (including Fendalton). [9] The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered. [10] Fendalton's area went to the Papanui and Riccarton electorates. [11] These changes came into effect through the 1969 election. [7]

History

Sidney Holland was the electorate's first representative. Holland had since the 1935 election held the Christchurch North electorate. [12] He was Prime Minister from 1949 to 1957 while representing the electorate. He retired from Parliament in 1957 due to declining health. [13]

Holland was succeeded by Jack Watts in the 1957 election. Watts had since 1943 represented various Christchurch electorates. He retired at the end of the parliamentary term in 1960. [14]

The electorate was abolished in 1969, [15] when Eric Holland went to the nearby Riccarton electorate. [12] It was then recreated in 1978, [15] and abolished in 1996, for the first MMP election.

Members of Parliament

The Fendalton electorate was represented by five Members of Parliament: [15]

Key

  National   

ElectionWinner
1946 election Sidney Holland
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election Jack Watts
1960 election Harry Lake
1963 election
1966 election
1967 by-election Eric Holland
(Electorate abolished 1969–1978; see Papanui and Riccarton)
1978 election Eric Holland (2nd period)
1981 election Philip Burdon
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Ilam)

Election results

1993 election

1993 general election: Fendalton [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Philip Burdon 10,767 51.75 -1.71
Labour Tony Day5,78527.80-1.28
Alliance Christopher St Johanser3,34116.06
Christian Heritage Rosemary Pearson2791.34-0.98
Natural Law Warwick Jones1090.52
Majority4,98223.94-0.43
Turnout 20,80286.23-0.05
Registered electors 24,122

1990 election

1990 general election: Fendalton [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Philip Burdon 10,950 53.46 +4.13
Labour Tony Day5,95729.08
Green Don Robertson1,8489.02
NewLabour Eric Gamble1,0024.89
Christian Heritage Rosemary Pearson4772.32
McGillicuddy Serious Mark Muir1300.63
Democrats Dan Bond1170.57
Majority4,99324.37+22.91
Turnout 20,48186.28-4.39
Registered electors 23,737

1987 election

1987 general election: Fendalton [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Philip Burdon 10,482 49.33 +1.57
Labour Neil Cherry 10,17147.87
Democrats Bill Smith3661.72
Breakfast PartyMary-Jane Tomasi1040.48
Independent Labour Alan Faloon620.29
Wizard PartyPhilip Day610.28
Majority3111.46-5.16
Turnout 21,24690.67-1.53
Registered electors 23,430

1984 election

1984 general election: Fendalton [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Philip Burdon 10,506 47.76 -0.42
Labour Murray Dobson9,04941.14
NZ Party Robert Radley2,44511.11
Social Credit S Wright3161.43
Values W H Thompson1070.48
Independent M Ellims220.10
Majority1,4576.62+0.91
Turnout 21,99592.20+1.44
Registered electors 23,854

1981 election

1981 general election: Fendalton [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Philip Burdon 9,772 48.18
Labour David Close8,61442.47+4.13
Social Credit Louise Moore1,8949.33
Majority1,1585.71
Turnout 20,28090.76+28.66
Registered electors 22,343

1978 election

1978 general election: Fendalton [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Eric Holland 9,480 48.30
Labour David Close7,52438.34
Social Credit D W Parlane1,6038.16
Values Don Offwood1,0175.18
Majority1,9569.96
Turnout 19,62462.10
Registered electors 31,599

1967 by-election

1967 Fendalton by-election [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Eric Holland 7,024 46.17
Labour Bruce Barclay 6,73844.29+6.12
Social Credit John Forster1,4519.53-0.93
Majority2861.87
Turnout 15,21373.56-12.15
Registered electors 20,681
National hold Swing

1966 election

1966 general election: Fendalton [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Harry Lake 8,850 51.35 -6.72
Labour Bruce Barclay 6,57938.17-2.84
Social Credit John Forster1,80310.46
Majority2,27113.17-3.88
Turnout 17,23285.71-3.74
Registered electors 20,103

1963 election

1963 general election: Fendalton [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Harry Lake 9,329 58.07 +2.53
Labour Bruce Barclay 6,58941.01
Communist William John Collins1450.90
Majority2,74017.05
Turnout 16,06389.45-1.02
Registered electors 17,957

1960 election

1960 general election: Fendalton [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Harry Lake 9,500 55.54
Labour Bill Rowling 6,77839.62
Social Credit John Forster8264.82
Majority2,72215.91
Turnout 17,10490.47-2.90
Registered electors 18,904

1957 election

1957 general election: Fendalton [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Jack Watts 8,307 54.39
Labour Lawrence Godfrey Graham White6,14040.20
Social Credit Allan Edward Collins8245.39-10.15
Majority2,16714.19
Turnout 15,27193.37+1.87
Registered electors 16,354

1954 election

1954 general election: Fendalton [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Sidney Holland 7,852 56.17 -10.98
Labour Roy Henry McDonald3,95228.27
Social Credit Allan Edward Collins2,17315.54
Majority3,90027.90-6.40
Turnout 13,97791.50+5.43
Registered electors 15,275

1951 election

1951 general election: Fendalton [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Sidney Holland 8,546 67.15 +3.13
Labour Philip John Alley4,18032.84
Majority4,36634.30+4.07
Turnout 12,72686.07-7.43
Registered electors 14,784

1949 election

1949 general election: Fendalton [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Sidney Holland 8,632 64.02 +2.58
Labour Robert Newman4,28631.78
Independent Liberal John Henry Gilmour5654.19
Majority4,07630.23+7.35
Turnout 13,48393.50+2.35
Registered electors 14,419

1946 election

1946 general election: Fendalton [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Sidney Holland 8,065 61.44
Labour Alan Williams5,06138.55
Majority3,00422.88
Turnout 13,12691.15
Registered electors 14,399

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. McRobie 1989, pp. 93, 97.
  3. McRobie 1989, pp. 97–101.
  4. McRobie 1989, pp. 101–105.
  5. McRobie 1989, pp. 105–109.
  6. McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 111, 112.
  7. 1 2 McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  8. McRobie 1989, pp. 107, 111.
  9. McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 112.
  10. McRobie 1989, pp. 111f.
  11. McRobie 1989, pp. 109, 113.
  12. 1 2 Wilson 1985, p. 205.
  13. Gustafson, Barry. "Holland, Sidney George". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 30 October 2012.
  14. Wilson 1985, p. 244.
  15. 1 2 3 Wilson 1985, p. 263.
  16. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
  17. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  18. 1 2 3 4 Norton 1988, p. 225.
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Norton 1988, p. 224.
  20. "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  21. "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.

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