The former New Zealand parliamentary electorate on the western inner city of Auckland, was known as City of Auckland West from 1861 to 1890, and then Auckland West from 1905 to 1946.
From 1861 to 1884 the electorate comprised the suburbs of Ponsonby, Grey Lynn and Herne Bay. With the creation of the Ponsonby electorate for the 1887 election, Auckland West was moved south to include Grey Lynn, Newton and Kingsland.
From 1890 to 1905, Auckland West – along with Auckland Central and Auckland East – were merged into the multi-member City of Auckland electorate. In 1903 the Parliament passed the City Single Electorates Act, abolishing multi-member electorates from the end of the 15th Parliament in 1905.
The three inner-city Auckland electorates were recreated in 1905, with Auckland West first comprising the suburbs of Ponsonby, Herne Bay, Newton and parts of Grey Lynn; and from 1908 to 1946 covering Ponsonby and Herne Bay.
The City of Auckland West electorate was created for the election held on 11 January 1861and it lasted to 1890. During this period, City of Auckland West was a two-member electorate.
At the first election in 1861, Josiah Firthand John Williamson were elected. Firth resigned on 30 April 1862, and was succeeded by James Williamson (no relation to John Williamson) in the 1862 by-election.
In the December 1875 election, Sir George Grey and Patrick Dignan were the only candidates in the two-member electorate and were thus declared elected.In January 1876, Grey also contested and won a seat in the Thames electorate. A protest against Grey's election was lodged with the returning officer the following day, stating that Grey had not been eligible to stand for election in Thames, as he had already been elected in Auckland West. This petition was filed to the House of Representatives at the end of January. On 8 July, the report of the committee inquiring into Sir George Grey's election for the Thames was read to the House. It was found that his election to the Thames electorate was in accordance with the law, but that he had to make a decision for which electorate he would sit. On 15 July 1876, Grey announced that he would represent Thames, and he moved that a by-election be held in Auckland West for the seat that he would vacate there.
The 25 July 1876 by-election caused by Grey's retirement was won by Benjamin Tonks, who resigned in 1877.
The electorate was then represented by James Wallis 1877–81, William John Hurst 1879–81 and David Goldie 1887–90.
The "Auckland West" electorate was created in 1905, and lasted to 1946. It was held for 1905–11 & 1914–19 by Charles Poole, 1911–14 by James Henry Bradney, and from 1919 until he died in 1940 by revered Labour prime minister Michael Joseph Savage. The next holder Peter Carr 1940–46 also died while holding the seat.
Liberal Reform LabourIndependent
From 1861 to 1881, City of Auckland West was a two-member electorate.
|1861 election||John Williamson||Josiah Firth|
|1862 by-election||James Williamson|
|1867 by-election||Patrick Dignan|
|1871 election||Thomas Gillies|
|1871 by-election||John Williamson|
|1875 (1st) by-election||George Grey|
|1875 (2nd) by-election||Patrick Dignan (2nd period)|
|1876 by-election||Benjamin Tonks|
|1877 by-election||James Wallis|
|1879 by-election||David Goldie|
|1879 election||William John Hurst|
|(Electorate converted to single member in 1881)|
|1881 election||Joseph Dargaville|
|1887 election||David Goldie (2nd period)|
|(Electorate abolished 1890–1905, see City of Auckland)|
|1905 election||Charles Poole|
|1911 election||James Bradney|
|1914 election||Charles Poole (2nd period)|
|1919 election||Michael Joseph Savage|
|1940 by-election||Peter Carr|
|(electorate abolished 1946; see Mount Albert)|
|National||John W. Kealy||3,867||25.74|
|Democratic Labour||Pat Curran||1,447||9.63|
|People's Movement||Howard Moncrieff Bagnall||232||1.54|
|Independent Socialist||Lawrence Pickles||132||1.36|
|Labour||Michael Joseph Savage||11,591||75.88||+2.95|
|National||John W. Kealy||3,584||23.46|
|Labour||Michael Joseph Savage||8,567||72.93||+10.00|
|United||Ernest David Stallworthy||2,387||20.32|
|Democrat||Joseph Alexander Govan||792||6.74|
|Labour||Michael Joseph Savage||6,442||62.93|
|United||Hugh Ross Mackenzie||1,925||18.80|
|Labour||Michael Joseph Savage||5,361||47.01||-5.18|
|Labour||Michael Joseph Savage||5,677||52.19|
|Labour||Michael Joseph Savage||5,649||56.53||+12.02|
|Labour||Michael Joseph Savage||3,750||44.51|
|Reform||Charles Frederick Bennett||3,270||38.81|
|Independent Liberal||Robert Thompson||2,671||38.68|
|Liberal–Labour||Thomas Taylor Masefield||1,590||24.91|
|Independent||Henry Warner Farnall||232||33.57|
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