Grey Lynn is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Auckland. It existed from 1902 to 1978, and was represented by nine Members of Parliament.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. Auckland is the largest urban area in the country, with an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. A diverse and multicultural city, Auckland is home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. The Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
The Representation Act 1900 had increased the membership of the House of Representatives from general electorates 70 to 76, and this was implemented through the 1902 electoral redistribution. In 1902, changes to the country quota affected the three-member electorates in the four main centres. The tolerance between electorates was increased to ±1,250 so that the Representation Commissions (since 1896, there had been separate commissions for the North and South Islands) could take greater account of communities of interest. These changes proved very disruptive to existing boundaries, and six electorates were established for the first time, including Grey Lynn, and two electorates that previously existed were re-established.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
The country quota was a part of the New Zealand electoral system from 1881 until 1945. Its effect was to make urban constituencies more populous than those in rural areas, thus making rural votes worth more in general elections.
The Electoral Commission is an independent Crown entity set up by the New Zealand Parliament. It is responsible for the administration of parliamentary elections and referenda, promoting compliance with electoral laws, servicing the work of the Representation Commission, and the provision of advice, reports and public education on electoral matters. The Commission also assists electoral agencies of other countries on a reciprocal basis with their electoral events.
During this electorate's existence, it was centred on the suburb of Grey Lynn. In the 1902 election, the electorate was classed as a mix of rural and urban (with a two to one ratio), and comprised areas just west of the central part of Auckland.In the 1907 electoral redistribution, the electorate was classed as fully urban, and the country quota thus no longer applied.
Grey Lynn is an inner residential suburb of Auckland City, New Zealand, located 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) to the west of the city centre. Originally a separate borough, Grey Lynn amalgamated with Auckland City in 1914.
The New Zealand general election of 1902 was held on Tuesday, 25 November, in the general electorates, and on Monday, 22 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 15th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 415,789 (76.7%) voters turned out to vote.
The electorate existed from 1902 to 1978.George Fowlds of the Liberal Party was the electorate's first representative. He served for three terms as was beaten in the 1911 election by the independent left-wing politician John Payne.
Sir George Matthew Fowlds was a New Zealand politician of the Liberal Party.
The New Zealand Liberal Party was the first organised political party in New Zealand. It governed from 1891 until 1912. The Liberal strategy was to create a large class of small land-owning farmers who supported Liberal ideals, by buying large tracts of Māori land and selling it to small farmers on credit. The Liberal Government also established the basis of the later welfare state, with old age pensions, developed a system for settling industrial disputes, which was accepted by both employers and trade unions. In 1893 it extended voting rights to women, making New Zealand the first country in the world to enact universal female suffrage.
The New Zealand general election of 1911 was held on Thursday, 7 and 14 December in the general electorates, and on Tuesday, 19 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 18th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 590,042 (83.5%) voters turned out to vote. In two seats there was only one candidate.
In 1919 Ellen Melville was one of three women who stood at short notice when women were able to stand as candidates for election to parliament. She stood on behalf of the Reform Party and came second in Grey Lynn.
Eliza Ellen Melville was a New Zealand feminist and politician.
The Reform Party, formally the New Zealand Political Reform League, was New Zealand's second major political party, having been founded as a conservative response to the original Liberal Party. It was in government between 1912 and 1928, and later formed a coalition with the United Party, and then merged with United to form the modern National Party.
Grey Lynn was held from the 1919 election by Labour's Fred Bartram until he was defeated in 1928 by John Fletcher of the United Party.During 1930, Fletcher became an Independent. There was disagreement in the Labour Party regarding the nomination for the 1931 election, with John A. Lee chosen over their previous representative Fred Bartram, resulting in the latter to stand as an Independent. Four candidates stood in total, with Lee defeating the incumbent.
The New Zealand general election of 1919 was held on Tuesday, 16 December in the Māori electorates, and on Wednesday, 17 December in the general electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 20th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 560,673 (80.5%) voters turned out to vote.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
Frederick Notley (Fred) Bartram was a New Zealand Member of Parliament for Grey Lynn in Auckland.
The electorate was represented by nine Members of Parliament.
Liberal Independent Labour Labour Independent United Democratic Labour
|1902 election||George Fowlds|
|1911 election||John Payne|
|1919 election||Fred Bartram|
|1928 election||John Fletcher|
|1931 election||John A. Lee|
|1943 election||Fred Hackett|
|1963 by-election||Reginald Keeling|
|1963 election||Ritchie Macdonald|
|1969 election||Eddie Isbey|
|(Electorate abolished 1978)|
|Social Credit||William Alexander Ross||977||6.09||-0.94|
|Socialist Action||Matt Robson||31||0.19|
|Socialist Unity||Bruce Skilton||30||0.18|
|Social Credit||William Alexander Ross||1,148||7.03||+2.29|
|New Democratic||Martin Spratt||63||0.38|
|Independent Labour||Kevin Ryan||3,887||24.84|
|Social Credit||William Alexander Ross||743||4.74||-6.19|
|National||Horace Alexander Nash||3,930||28.20|
|Social Credit||William Alexander Ross||1,523||10.93||+5.09|
|Social Credit||William Alexander Ross||885||5.84||+1.96|
|National||Raymond John Presland||1,791||28.26|
|Social Credit||William Alexander Ross||246||3.88|
|Social Credit||Frederick Thomas Morley||693||5.04|
|Communist||Richard Charles Wolf||117||0.85|
|Social Credit||Ernest Richard James||733||4.97|
|Social Credit||Samuel Hank Charles Jones||835||6.36|
|National||John Leon Faulkner||3,159||24.02|
|Democratic Labour||John A. Lee||2,627||19.98|
|Democratic Labour||John A. Lee||3,951||23.29||-56.26|
|Real Democracy||Joseph Alexander Govan||410||2.42||-18.03|
|People's Movement||George Edward Plane||91||0.54|
|Labour||John A. Lee||11,584||79.55||+4.78|
|National||Joseph Alexander Govan||2,977||20.45|
|Labour||John A. Lee||9,828||74.77||+16.99|
|Democrat||Hilton Basil Moore Arthur||1,290||9.81|
|Communist||Henry Mornington Smith||210||1.59|
|Labour||John A. Lee||6,767||57.78|
|United||Walter Harry Murray||1,037||8.85|
|Independent Labour||Fred Bartram||382||3.26||-42.73|
|Reform||Patrick Buckley Fitzherbert||684||5.79|
|Reform||William John Holdsworth||4,241||42.34|
|Independent Labour||Paul Richardson||180||2.06|
|Independent Labour||John Payne||2,933||34.04||-16.07|
|United Labour||George Fowlds||2,838||32.94||-16.62|
|Independent Labour||John Payne||2,191||31.38|
|Reform||Walter Harry Murray||1,568||22.45|
|Second ballot result|
|Independent Labour||John Payne||3,470||50.11||+18.73|
|Independent Labour||James Ulysses Brown||57||0.77|
|Liberal–Labour||Thomas Taylor Masefield||1,990||48.56|
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