Lyttelton is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1853 to 1890, and again from 1893 to 1996, when it was replaced by the Banks Peninsula electorate.
The New Zealand Constitution Act 1852, passed by the British government, allowed New Zealand to establish a representative government. The initial 24 New Zealand electorates were defined by Governor George Grey in March 1853. Lyttelton was one of the initial single-member electorates.
The electorate was in the eastern suburbs of Christchurch, New Zealand, and included the port of Lyttelton.
The electorate was created in 1853 and existed until 1890. In the 1890 election, the Akaroa electorate covered the town of Lyttelton.The Lyttelton electorate was re-established for the 1893 election and existed until 1996, the first mixed-member proportional (MMP) election, when it was included in the Banks Peninsula electorate.
The nomination meeting for the first election was held on 15 August 1853 at the Reading Room in Lyttelton. The first election was held two days later on a Wednesday at the Resident Magistrate's Office in Lyttelton, with Charles Simeon as Resident Magistrate acting as the returning officer.The election was contested by Christopher Edward Dampier, the solicitor of the Canterbury Association, and James FitzGerald, who in the previous month had been elected Canterbury's first Superintendent. FitzGerald won the election by 55 votes to 45. In the 1855 election, FitzGerald was returned unopposed. FitzGerald represented the electorate until 1857, when he resigned due to ill health.
Crosbie Ward won the resulting by-election in May 1858.Ward was re-elected unopposed on 25 January 1861.
Edward Allen Hargreaves won the 1866 election.He resigned in April 1867. Hargreaves was succeeded by George Macfarlan, who was elected unopposed in a 1 July 1867 by-election. Macfarlan died in office on 9 October 1868.
John Thomas Peacock won the 2 November 1868 by-election.At the 1871 election, Peacock was re-elected unopposed. He held the seat until April 1873, when was promoted to the New Zealand Legislative Council (the upper house). He resigned from Parliament on 5 April 1873. The resulting by-election on 19 May 1873 was won by his brother in law, Henry Richard Webb, who beat Hugh Murray-Aynsley.
At the 28 December 1875 general election, the Lyttelton electorate was contested by the same two candidates as the 1873 by-election, but this time, Murray-Aynsley was successful.Murray-Aynsley was defeated by Harry Allwright in the 1879 general election held on 4 September.
John Joyce represented Lyttelton from 1887 to 1890 and from 1893 to 1899. The electorate was held from 1913 by James McCombs for the Social Democrats and then for Labour; he was succeeded by his wife when he died, and then his son when she also died.
The 1925 general election was contested by Melville Lyons and the incumbent, James McCombs.The original count resulted in a tie of 4,900 votes each. The returning officer gave his casting vote to Lyons and declared him elected. A recount was demanded, and on 3 December 1925, an amended result of 4890 votes for Lyons and 4884 votes for McCombs was determined, with the differences in the counts explained by counting informal votes in a different way. Lyons' election was declared void on 13 March 1926, and the previous holder, McCombs, was restored as the holder of the electorate. The 22nd Parliament had its first sitting on 16 June 1926, hence Lyons had not been sworn in before his election was declared void.
The 1931 election had a close result, with McCombs just 32 votes ahead of the United–Reform Coalition candidate, Christchurch civil engineer Frederick Willie Freeman.
The seat has been held by National and Norman Kirk transferred to the safer (for Labour) Sydenham seat in 1969, just as his predecessor Harry Lake transferred to the safer (for National) Fendalton seat in 1960.
Independent Liberal Social Democrat Labour Reform National
|1853 election||James FitzGerald|
|1858 by-election||Crosbie Ward|
|1866 election||Edward Hargreaves|
|1867 by-election||George Macfarlan|
|1868 by-election||John Thomas Peacock|
|1873 by-election||Henry Richard Webb|
|1875 election||Hugh Murray-Aynsley|
|1879 election||Harry Allwright|
|1887 election||John Joyce|
|(Electorate abolished 1890–1893; see Akaroa)|
|1893 election||John Joyce|
|1899 election||George Laurenson|
|1913 by-election||James McCombs|
|1925 election||Melville Lyons|
|13 March 1926||James McCombs|
|1933 by-election||Elizabeth McCombs|
|1935 by-election||Terry McCombs|
|1951 election||Harry Lake|
|1957 election||Norman Kirk|
|1969 election||Tom McGuigan|
|1975 election||Colleen Dewe|
|1978 election||Ann Hercus|
|1987 election||Peter Simpson|
|1990 election||Gail McIntosh|
|1993 election||Ruth Dyson|
|(Electorate abolished 1996; see Banks Peninsula)|
|NZ First||Ross Gluer||829||3.50|
|Christian Heritage||Bruce Burnett||375||1.58|
|Natural Law||David Lovell-Smith||193||0.81|
|Democrats||Audrey Evans Scott||141||0.61|
|Social Credit||Louise Moore||137||0.60|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Tom Wells||74||0.32|
|NZ Party||A J Roberts||187||0.84|
|Imperial British Conservative||P A Swafford||96||0.43|
|National||D G Graham||7,031||30.20|
|NZ Party||Ross Burrows||3,291||14.13|
|Social Credit||Michael Bruce||962||4.13||-5.86|
|Social Credit||Michael Bruce||2,163||9.99|
|Social Credit||Louise Moore||1,294||5.98|
|Independent||John Victor Pierson||153||0.70|
|Social Credit||Errol Crockett||592||2.80|
|Social Credit||Joe Pounsford||472||2.42|
|Liberal Reform||W J Jamieson||52||0.26|
|New Democratic||Robert Ramsay Scarth||31||0.15|
|National||Peter de Latour||8,508||45.63||+5.83|
|Social Credit||Terry Huggins||1,042||5.58|
|National||Peter de Latour||6,924||39.80|
|Social Credit||Cliff Munnings||1,424||8.18||+1.11|
|Social Credit||Cliff Munnings||1,249||7.07||+0.81|
|Social Credit||Cliff Munnings||1,040||6.26|
|Social Credit||Wilfrid Owen||1,014||6.11||-12.21|
|Social Credit||Wilfrid Owen||2,675||18.32|
|National||Richard Ralph Beauchamp||6,780||46.63|
|Democratic Labour||Malcolm Frederick Nottage||781||5.94|
|Real Democracy||Leonard Alexander Jarden||117||0.89|
|United/Reform||Seton Fulton Marshall||4,190||35.32|
|Democrat||Benjamin Henry Riseley||709||5.98|
|Independent Labour||Edward Hills||103||1.11|
|Independent Labour||Edward Hills||269||2.61|
|Reform||Frederick Willie Freeman||5,372||49.47|
|Independent||William Ling Page||83||0.76|
|United||William Thomas Lester||2,734||25.33|
|Liberal||William Thomas Lester||1,277||17.53|
|Social Democrat||James McCombs||4,276||61.49||9.24|
|Social Democrat||James McCombs||2,075||42.20|
|Independent Liberal||Henry Thacker||263||5.35|
|Social Democrat||James McCombs||2,628||52.25|
|Social Democrat gain from Liberal||Swing|
|Independent Liberal||Colin Cook||2,081||33.34|
|Independent Liberal||Henry Thacker||2,789||43.10|
|Conservative||Charles Lord Russell||967||18.34|
|Conservative||Samuel R. Webb||399||7.57|
|Independent Liberal||Samuel R. Webb||458||13.16|
|Independent||John Moncrieff Douglass||40||1.43|
|Independent||Samuel R. Webb||288||41.92||9.25|
|Independent||E. M. Clissold||71||10.33|
|Independent||Samuel R. Webb||246||32.67|
|Independent||Henry Richard Webb||107||43.50||-7.98|
|Independent||Henry Richard Webb||122||51.48|
|Independent||Christopher Edward Dampier||45||45.0%|
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