Motueka (New Zealand electorate)

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Motueka is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1860 and lasted until 1890 election. In 1896 election the Motueka electorate was recreated, and lasted until 1946 election.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

1890 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1890 was one of New Zealand's most significant. It marked the beginning of party politics in New Zealand with the formation of the Liberal Government, which was to enact major welfare, labour and electoral reforms, including giving the vote to women.

1896 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1896 was held on Wednesday, 4 December in the general electorates, and on Thursday, 19 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 74 MPs to the 13th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 337,024 (76.1%) voters turned out to vote.

Contents

Population centres

In the 1860 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of representatives by 12, reflecting the immense population growth since the original electorates were established in 1853. The redistribution created 15 additional electorates with between one and three members, and Motueka was one of the single-member electorates. [1] The electorates were distributed to provinces so that every province had at least two members. Within each province, the number of registered electors by electorate varied greatly. [1] The Motueka electorate had 311 registered electors for the 1861 election. [2]

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

Provinces of New Zealand administrative areas of New Zealand between 1841-1876

The provinces of the Colony of New Zealand existed as a form of sub-national government. Established in 1841, each province had its own legislature and was built around the six original planned settlements or "colonies". By 1873 the number of provinces had increased to nine, but they had become less isolated from each other and demands for centralised government arose. In 1875 the national parliament decided to abolish the provincial governments, and they came to an end in 1876. They were superseded by counties, which were later replaced by territorial authorities.

Localities within the electorate were Motueka and Mapua. [1] The Motueka electorate took in about half the area of the prior Motueka and Massacre Bay electorate; the other half had gone to the Collingwood electorate. [3]

Motueka Town in Tasman District, New Zealand

The town of Motueka in the South Island of New Zealand lies close to the mouth of the Motueka River, on the western shore of Tasman Bay. It is, after Richmond, the second largest centre in the Tasman Region, with a population of 7125. The Motueka Ward had an estimated population of 10,900 at 30 June 2009.

Mapua, New Zealand Village

Mapua is a small town in the South Island of New Zealand.

Motueka and Massacre Bay was one of the original parliamentary electorates created for the 1st New Zealand Parliament. It existed from 1853 to 1860 and was represented by three Members of Parliament. In the 1860 electoral redistribution, the area was split in half, and the Motueka and Collingwood electorates were created from it.

History

From the 3rd to the 10th New Zealand Parliament, Motueka was represented by five Members of Parliament (counting Monro, who was unseated following a petition). Curtis and Parker had previously represented the Motueka and Massacre Bay electorate. David Monro represented the electorate in 1871 until he was unseated by Parliament on a petition. Parker was followed by Richmond Hursthouse 1876–87, then John Kerr 1887–90.

The third New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Elections for this term were held between 12 December 1860 and 28 March 1861 in 43 electorates to elect 53 MPs. Two electorates were added to this during this term, Gold Fields District and a new Dunedin electorate created by splitting the existing City of Dunedin into Dunedin and Suburbs North and Dunedin and Suburbs South, increasing the number of MPs to 57. During the term of this Parliament, six Ministries were in power.

The 10th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Elections for this term were held in 4 Māori electorates and 91 European electorates on 7 and 26 September 1887, respectively. A total of 95 MPs were elected. Parliament was prorogued in October 1890. During the term of this Parliament, two Ministries were in power.

David Monro New Zealand politician

Sir David Monro was a New Zealand politician. He served as Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives from 1861 to 1870.

The Motueka electorate was held for 14 years by Richard Hudson of the Reform Party from the 1914 election. [4] In 1928, Hudson was unexpectedly beaten by 24-year-old George Black of the United Party. [5] [6] The Reform Party looked for potential candidates to win back the electorate, and a young farmer who was not even a member, Keith Holyoake, was suggested. [6] Holyoake, who had been saving money to go overseas, was chosen in June 1931 from five candidates to contest Motueka, and his savings went into the election campaign instead. [6] [7] Meanwhile, there was a desire by parts of the United Party to enter into a coalition with the Reform Party to avoid vote splitting on the centre-right, but it was not until September that the United/Reform Coalition was announced. [8]

Richard Phineas Hudson was a Reform Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand. Born in Ireland, he was a tea planter in British Ceylon before becoming a fruit grower in New Zealand.

The Reform Party, formally the New Zealand Political Reform League, was New Zealand's second major political party, having been founded as a conservative response to the original Liberal Party. It was in government between 1912 and 1928, and later formed a coalition with the United Party, and then merged with United to form the modern National Party.

1914 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1914 was held on 10 December to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 19th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Maori vote was held on 11 December. A total number of 616,043 voters were registered, of which 84.7% voters turned out to vote.

Black had voted with the Labour Party in March 1931 on the Finance Bill and was expelled from the United Party the following day, thus becoming an Independent. [9] At the 1931 election, Black beat Holyoake. [10] In October 1932, Black committed suicide, [11] [12] and this caused the 1932 Motueka by-election, which was won by future prime minister Holyoake. [6]

The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.

An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.

1931 New Zealand general election

The 1931 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 24th term. It resulted in the newly formed coalition between the United Party and the Reform Party remaining in office as the United-Reform coalition Government, although the opposition Labour Party made some minor gains despite tallying more votes than any other single party.

Holyoake was defeated in 1938 by Jerry Skinner, [13] who was a likely Labour leader if he had not died prematurely. [14]

Members of Parliament

Key

  Independent     Liberal     Reform   
  United     National     Labour   
ElectionWinner
1861 election Herbert Curtis
1866 election Charles Parker
1871 election David Monro
1871 [nb 1] Charles Parker (2nd period)
1876 election Richmond Hursthouse
1879 election
1881 election
1884 election
1887 election John Kerr [16]
(Electorate abolished, 1890–1896)
1896 election Roderick McKenzie
1899 election
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election
1914 election Richard Hudson
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election George Black [nb 2]
1931 election
1932 by-election Keith Holyoake
1935 election
1938 election Jerry Skinner
1943 election
(Electorate abolished 1946)

Table footnotes:

  1. Charles Parker declared elected on petition, 20 September 1871 [15]
  2. George Black became an Independent in March 1931 [9]

Election results

1935 election

1935 general election: Motueka [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Reform Keith Holyoake 5,115 51.40 +2.36
Labour Rubert York4,83548.59
Informal votes860.86
Majority2802.81-5.73
Turnout 9,95091.94+2.91
Registered electors 10,822

1932 by-election

1932 Motueka by-election [18] [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Reform Keith Holyoake 3,887 49.04 +2.34
Labour Paddy Webb 3,21040.50
Liberal–Labour Roderick McKenzie 82910.46
Majority6778.54+1.95
Turnout 7,92689.03+0.52
Registered electors 8,903
Reform gain from Independent Swing

1931 election

1931 general election: Motueka [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Independent George Black 4,180 53.30 -0.75
Reform Keith Holyoake 3,66346.70
Majority5176.59-1.50
Informal votes370.47-0.21
Turnout 7,88088.51-1.71
Registered electors 8,903

1928 election

1928 general election: Motueka [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
United George Black 4,095 54.05
Reform Richard Hudson 3,48245.95-11.86
Majority6138.09-23.71
Informal votes520.68+0.23
Turnout 7,62990.22-0.85
Registered electors 8,456

1925 election

1925 general election: Motueka [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Reform Richard Hudson 4,356 65.90
Labour Mark Fagan 2,25434.10
Majority2,10231.80
Informal votes300.45
Turnout 6,64091.07
Registered electors 7,291

1914 election

1914 general election: Motueka [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Reform Richard Hudson 2,760 56.12
Liberal Roderick McKenzie 2,15843.88
Majority60212.24
Informal votes160.32
Turnout 4,93482.44
Registered electors 5,985

1899 election

1899 general election: Motueka [23] [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Roderick McKenzie 2,078 67.25 +23.39
Conservative Walter Moffatt 1,01232.75
Majority1,06634.50+30.27
Turnout 3,09072.10-11.10
Registered electors 4,286

1896 election

1896 general election: Motueka [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Roderick McKenzie 1,306 43.85
Conservative Richmond Hursthouse 1,18039.62
Liberal William Norris Franklyn [26] 49216.52
Majority1264.23
Informal votes70.23
Registered electors 3,588
Turnout 2,98583.19

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 McRobie 1989, p. 35.
  2. McRobie 1989, p. 36.
  3. McRobie 1989, pp. 31, 35.
  4. Wilson 1985, p. 206.
  5. Wilson 1985, p. 184.
  6. 1 2 3 4 Stade, Karen (12 August 2013). "Kiwi Keith - Portrait of a PM". The Nelson Mail . Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  7. "Motueka Seat". The Evening Post . CXI (147). 24 June 1931. p. 10. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  8. "Coalition Announced". The New Zealand Herald . LXVIII (20982). 19 September 1931. p. 10. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  9. 1 2 "Expelled by Party". The Evening Post . CXI (68). 21 March 1931. p. 10. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  10. 1 2 The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 3. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  11. "Obituary". The Evening Post . CXIV (94). 18 October 1932. p. 11. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  12. "Death by Poisoning". The Evening Post . CXIV (101). 26 October 1932. p. 10. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  13. Wilson 1985, p. 234.
  14. Brown, Bruce. "Nordmeyer, Arnold Henry". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  15. "Wellington Independent (editorial)". Wellington Independent. XXVI (3309). 22 September 1871. p. 2. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  16. Cyclopedia Company Limited (1906). "Present And Past Members Of Parliament". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Nelson, Marlborough & Westland Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
  17. The General Election, 1935. National Library. 1936. pp. 1–35. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  18. "Govt. wins Motueka by-election". Otautau Standard and Wallace County Chronicle. XXVIII (1402). 6 December 1932. p. 2. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  19. "Nelson and Motueka". The Evening Post . CXX (97). 21 October 1935. p. 11. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
  20. The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 4. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  21. Skinner, W. A. G. (1926). The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. p. 4. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  22. Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 16f. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  23. "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  24. "Motueka Electorate". Colonist. XLIII (9651). 2 December 1899. p. 4. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
  25. "Page 2 Advertisements Column 2". Colonist. XL (8744). 15 December 1896. p. 2. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
  26. Scholefield 1940, pp. 280.

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