Awarua was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1881 to 1996.
The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–1876 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 22 new electorates being formed, including Awarua, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.
This electorate was in the rural part of Southland. In its original form, it covered the area around the town of Invercargill, which had its own electorate. Bluff fell into Awarua, and all of Stewart Island / Rakiura.On the mainland, Awarua had taken area from Riverton (which was abolished) and from Mataura (which moved to the east and north). Stewart Island had previously belonged to Wallace.
The electorate was established in 1881. It was represented by the Prime Minister, Sir Joseph Ward from 1887 to 1919. Philip De La Perrelle announced his retirement due to ill health in August 1935.He died within days of the 1935 election and was succeeded by James Hargest.
In the 1996 election, the first MMP election, the electorate was absorbed into the adjacent Invercargill electorate.
Liberal Reform United National LabourIndependent
|1881 election||James Joyce|
|1887 election||Joseph Ward|
|1919 election||John Hamilton|
|1922 election||Philip De La Perrelle|
|1925 election||John Hamilton|
|1928 election||Philip De La Perrelle|
|1935 election||James Hargest 1|
|1944 by-election||George Herron|
|1957 election||Gordon Grieve|
|1969 election||Hugh Templeton|
|1972 election||Aubrey Begg|
|1975 election||Rex Austin|
|1987 election||Jeff Grant|
|1993 election||Eric Roy|
|(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Invercargill)|
1 James Hargest was originally an Independent supporter of the Reform Party. He joined the National Party in 1936.
|Social Credit||D McNaughton||1,194||8.4||+0.2|
|Liberal||R J Egerton||691||4.8|
|Labour||Leo Sylvester O'Sullivan||2,558||34.26|
|Real Democracy||Robert Henderson||249||3.33|
|Labour||Thomas Francis Doyle||2,701||30.57|
|Democrat||L. A. Neiderer||2,182||24.70|
|United||Philip De La Perrelle||4,645||65.04||+10.38|
|United||Philip De La Perrelle||4,358||54.66||+6.09|
|Liberal||Philip De La Perrelle||3,742||48.57||-0.76|
|Liberal||Philip De La Perrelle||3,531||49.33|
|Liberal||Sir Joseph Ward||2,407||42.59||-19.57|
|Liberal||Sir Joseph Ward||3,132||62.16||+8.51|
|Liberal||Sir Joseph Ward||2,893||53.65||-11.27|
|Liberal||Sir Joseph Ward||3,069||64.92||-16.76|
|Liberal||Sir Joseph Ward||3,586||81.68||+6.31|
|Liberal||Sir Joseph Ward||2,795||75.37||-2.55|
|Conservative||W. T. Murray||685||22.08|
|Independent||James Walker Bain||237||18.25|
|Independent||John Lyon McDonald||311||34.03|
|Independent||John Walker Mitchell||67||7.33|
The 1884 New Zealand general election was held on 22 July to elect a total of 95 MPs to the 9th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 21 July. A total number of 137,686 (60.6%) voters turned out to vote. In 11 seats there was only one candidate.
The 1887 New Zealand general election was held on 26 September to elect 95 MPs to the tenth session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 7 September. 175,410 votes were cast. In 5 seats there was only one candidate.
Invercargill is an electorate of the New Zealand Parliament that has existed since 1866. Since the 2020 election, the electorate's representative is Penny Simmonds of the National Party.
Auckland East was a New Zealand electorate, situated in the east of Auckland. It existed between 1861 and 1887, and again between 1905 and 1946.
New Plymouth is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created for the 1st New Zealand Parliament in 1853 and has existed since, with one 32-year interruption. The electorate was initially called Town of New Plymouth.
Wairarapa is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1858 and existed until 1881. It was recreated in 1887 and has since existed continuously. In the early years, the electorate was for a time represented by two members. Wairarapa has been held by Kieran McAnulty since the 2020 election.
Waitaki is an electorate for the New Zealand House of Representatives that crosses the boundary of North Otago and South Canterbury towns on the East Coast of the South Island. The electorate was first established for the 1871 election that determined the 5th New Zealand Parliament. It has been abolished and re-established several times and in its early years was a two-member electorate for two parliamentary terms. The current electorate has existed since the 2008 election and is held by Jacqui Dean of the National Party.
Bay of Islands is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed during various periods between 1853 and 1993. It was thus one of the original 24 electoral districts, and New Zealand's first ever MP was elected, although unopposed, in the Bay of Islands; Hugh Carleton thus liked to be called the Father of the House.
Wallace was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was established in 1858, the first election held in 1859, and existed until 1996. For a time, it was represented by two members. In total, there were 18 Members of Parliament from the Wallace electorate.
Buller is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1871 to 1972. It was represented by eleven Members of Parliament.
Motueka is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1860 and existed until the 1890 election, when it was abolished. For the 1896 election the Motueka electorate was recreated, and lasted until the 1946 election, when it was again abolished.
Chalmers, originally Port Chalmers, was a parliamentary electorate in the Otago Region of New Zealand, from 1866 to 1938 with a break from 1896 to 1902. It was named after the town of Port Chalmers, the main port of Dunedin and Otago.
Moeraki was a parliamentary electorate in the Otago region of New Zealand, from 1881 to 1887.
Wairau was a parliamentary electorate in the Marlborough Region of New Zealand. It was one of the initial 24 New Zealand electorates and existed from 1853 until its abolition in 1938, when it was succeeded by the Marlborough electorate. The electorate had 13 representatives during its existence. The 1861 election in the Wairau electorate was notable in that a later Premier, Frederick Weld, was unexpectedly and narrowly defeated by William Henry Eyes.
Mataura was a parliamentary electorate in the Southland Region of New Zealand, from 1866 to 1946.
Wellington North was, from 1905 to 1946, a parliamentary electorate within the area encompassing New Zealand's capital, Wellington. The electorate was represented by four Members of Parliament.
Wellington East was a parliamentary electorate in the eastern suburbs of Wellington, New Zealand from 1887 to 1890 and from 1905 to 1946. It was succeeded by the Miramar electorate. The electorate was represented by seven Members of Parliament.
Oamaru was a parliamentary electorate in the Otago region of New Zealand, during three periods between 1866 and 1978.
The 8th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament.
The 1944 Awarua by-election was a by-election held during the 27th New Zealand Parliament in the Southland electorate of Awarua. The by-election occurred following the death of MP James Hargest and was won by George Herron.