All 80 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
41 seats were needed for a majority
The New Zealand general election of 1914 was held on 10 December to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 19th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Maori vote was held on 11 December. A total number of 616,043 voters were registered, of which 84.7% voters turned out to vote.
The 19th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It opened on 24 June 1915, following the 1914 election. It was dissolved on 27 November 1919 in preparation for 1919 election.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by her governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The New Zealand Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world. It has met in Wellington, the capital of New Zealand, since 1865.
The election saw William Massey's Reform Government maintain power.
William Ferguson Massey, commonly known as Bill Massey, was a politician who served as the 19th Prime Minister of New Zealand from May 1912 to May 1925. He was the founding leader of the Reform Party, New Zealand's second organised political party, from 1909 until his death.
The Reform Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand from 1912 to 1928. It is perhaps best remembered for its anti-trade union stance in the Waihi miners' strike of 1912 and a dockworkers' strike the following year. It also governed during World War I, during which a temporary coalition was formed with the Liberal Party.
The second-ballot voting system had been repealed in 1913, and first-past-the-post voting reinstated for the 1914 election.
The two-round system is a voting method used to elect a single winner, where the voter casts a single vote for their chosen candidate. However, if no candidate receives the required number of votes, then those candidates having less than a certain proportion of the votes, or all but the two candidates receiving the most votes, are eliminated, and a second round of voting is held.
A first-past-the-post electoral system is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins. This is sometimes described as winner takes all. First-past-the-post voting is a plurality voting method. FPTP is a common, but not universal, feature of electoral systems with single-member electoral divisions, and is practised in close to one third of countries. Notable examples include Canada, India, the United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as most of their current or former colonies and protectorates.
Soldiers serving overseas in the NZEF were given a vote by the Expeditionary Forces Voting Act, 1914. They voted for a party (Liberal, Labour or Reform) and their votes were allocated to a candidate for their electorate by a representative of their party; which sometimes required the representative to choose between rival "Liberal" or "Labour" candidates.
The New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) was the title of the military forces sent from New Zealand to fight alongside other British Empire and Dominion troops during World War I (1914–1918) and World War II (1939–1945). Ultimately, the NZEF of World War I became known as the First New Zealand Expeditionary Force. The NZEF of World War II was known as the Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force (2NZEF).
The New Zealand Liberal Party was the first organised political party in New Zealand. It governed from 1891 until 1912. The Liberal strategy was to create a large class of small land-owning farmers who supported Liberal ideals, by buying large tracts of Māori land and selling it to small farmers on credit. The Liberal Government also established the basis of the later welfare state, with old age pensions, developed a system for settling industrial disputes, which was accepted by both employers and trade unions. In 1893 it extended voting rights to women, making New Zealand the first country in the world to enact universal female suffrage.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
|Party||Candidates||Total votes||Percentage||Seats won|
|Total valid votes||534,457||80|
The following are the results of the 1914 general election:
Liberal Reform United Labour Social Democrat Independent Labour Independent
The United Labour Party (ULP) of New Zealand was an early left-wing political party. Founded in 1912, it represented the more moderate wing of the labour movement. In 1916 it joined with other political groups to establish the modern Labour Party.
The Social Democratic Party of New Zealand was an early left-wing political party. It existed only a short time before being amalgamated into the new Labour Party. During its period of existence, the party held two seats in Parliament.
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.
|Ashburton||William Nosworthy||157||William Maslin|
|Auckland Central||Albert Glover||2,302||Michael Joseph Savage|
|Auckland East||Arthur Myers||2,507||Arthur Holmes|
|Auckland West||James Bradney||Charles Poole||1,411||James Bradney|
|Awarua||Joseph Ward||1,226||John Hamilton|
|Avon||George Russell||1,073||Dan Sullivan|
|Bay of Islands||Vernon Reed||108||Peter Buck|
|Bay of Plenty||William MacDonald||965||Kenneth Williams|
|Bruce||James Allen||693||Charles Smith|
|Buller||James Colvin||2,195||George Powell|
|Chalmers||Edward Clark||James Dickson||686||William Mason|
|Christchurch East||Thomas Davey||Henry Thacker||1,890||Hiram Hunter|
|Christchurch North||Leonard Isitt||1,217||Henry Toogood|
|Christchurch South||Harry Ell||2,333||Gains Whiting|
|Clutha||Alexander Malcolm||1,009||John Jenkinson|
|Dunedin Central||Charles Statham||12||James Wright Munro|
|Dunedin North||George Thomson||Andrew Walker||322||George Thomson|
|Dunedin South||Thomas Sidey||2,697||Thomas Dalton|
|Dunedin West||John A. Millar||William Downie Stewart||345||John Johnson|
|Eden||John Bollard||James Parr||2,456||William Tuck|
|Egmont||Charles Wilkinson||894||David Astbury|
|Ellesmere||Heaton Rhodes||273||James Free|
|Franklin||William Massey||2,928||Arthur Glass|
|Gisborne||James Carroll||1,249||Harry de Lautour|
|Grey||Paddy Webb||980||Henry Michel|
|Grey Lynn||John Payne||89||Murdoch McLean|
|Hawke's Bay||Hugh Campbell||Robert McNab||40||Hugh Campbell|
|Hurunui||George Forbes||1,486||William Banks|
|Hutt||Thomas Wilford||943||Albert Samuel|
|Invercargill||Josiah Hanan||1,590||John Lillicrap|
|Kaiapoi||David Buddo||1,181||David Jones|
|Kaipara||Gordon Coates||1,118||Richard Hoe|
|Lyttelton||James McCombs||1,598||Malcolm Miller|
|Manukau||Frederic Lang||1,224||John McLarin|
|Marsden||Francis Mander||940||Edmund Purdie|
|Masterton||George Sykes||193||Alexander Hogg|
|Mataura||George Anderson||174||William Mehaffey|
|Motueka||Roderick McKenzie||Richard Hudson||602||Roderick McKenzie|
|Napier||Vigor Brown||2,215||George William Venables|
|Nelson||Harry Atmore||Thomas Field||90||Harry Atmore|
|Oamaru||Ernest Lee||338||John MacPherson|
|Ohinemuri||Hugh Poland||100||Joseph Clark|
|Oroua||David Guthrie||1,119||John Morrison|
|Otago Central||Robert Scott||999||William Bodkin|
|Otaki||John Robertson||William Field||640||John Robertson|
|Pahiatua||James Escott||683||John Mathews|
|Palmerston||David Buick||1,109||Jim Thorn|
|Parnell||James Dickson||1,172||Jeremiah Sullivan|
|Patea||George Pearce||118||William Morrison|
|Raglan||Richard Bollard||1,448||William Thompson|
|Rangitikei||Edward Newman||903||Robert Hornblow|
|Riccarton||George Witty||1,215||Bertram Bunn|
|Selwyn||William Dickie||1,227||George Sheat|
|Stratford||John Hine||637||William Hawkins|
|Taranaki||Henry Okey||201||Daniel Hughes|
|Taumarunui||Charles Wilson||William Jennings||205||Charles Wilson|
|Tauranga||William Herries||1,992||Ralph Stewart|
|Temuka||Thomas Buxton||Charles Talbot||407||Charles Kerr|
|Thames||Thomas Rhodes||515||Edmund Taylor|
|Timaru||James Craigie||1,110||Francis Smith|
|Waikato||Alexander Young||2,193||Alexander Scholes|
|Waimarino||Robert Smith||1,995||Hugh Speed|
|Waipawa||George Hunter||138||Albert Jull|
|Wairarapa||Walther Buchanan||J. T. Marryat Hornsby||60||Walter Buchanan|
|Wairau||Richard McCallum||369||John Duncan|
|Waitaki||Francis Smith||John Anstey||156||Norton Francis|
|Waitemata||Alexander Harris||1,013||Henry Cromwell Tewsley|
|Wanganui||Bill Veitch||852||Frederick Pirani|
|Wakatipu||William Fraser||897||Joseph Stephens|
|Wallace||John Thomson||881||Alexander Rodger|
|Wellington Central||Francis Fisher||Robert Fletcher||2,329||Francis Fisher|
|Wellington East||Alfred Newman||48||David McLaren|
|Wellington North||Alexander Herdman||2,655||William Turnbull|
|Wellington South||Alfred Hindmarsh||1,215||John Luke|
|Wellington Suburbs and Country||William Bell||Robert Wright||1,002||Frank Moore|
|Westland||Tom Seddon||826||Arthur Paape|
|Eastern Maori||Sir Āpirana Ngata||2,825||Hetekia Pere|
|Northern Maori||Te Rangi Hiroa||Taurekareka Henare||176||Hemi te Paa|
|Southern Maori||Taare Parata||238||Teone Matapura Erihana|
|Western Maori||Māui Pōmare||Māui Pōmare||2,107||Hema te Ao|
The 1987 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the 42nd sitting of the New Zealand Parliament. The governing New Zealand Labour Party, led by Prime Minister David Lange, was re-elected for a second term, although the Opposition National Party made gains. The election also saw the elimination of the Democratic Party from Parliament, leaving Labour and National as the only parties represented.
The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.
The 1993 New Zealand general election was held on 6 November 1993 to determine the composition of the 44th New Zealand Parliament. It saw the governing National Party, led by Jim Bolger, win a second term in office, despite a major swing away from National in both seats and votes. The opposition Labour Party, despite a slight drop in their support, managed to make gains in terms of seats. The new Alliance and New Zealand First parties gained significant shares of the vote, but won few seats. The election was New Zealand's last under the non-proportional first past the post electoral system.
The 1935 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 25th term. It resulted in the Labour Party's first electoral victory, with Michael Joseph Savage becoming the first Labour Prime Minister. The governing coalition, consisting of the United Party and the Reform Party, suffered a major defeat, attributed by many to their handling of the Great Depression. The year after the election, United and Reform took their coalition further, merging to form the modern National Party.
The 1949 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 29th term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the opposition National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.
The Independent Political Labour League (IPLL) was a small New Zealand political party. It was the second organised political party to win a seat in the House of Representatives, and was a forerunner of the modern Labour Party.
The New Zealand general election of 1881 was held on 8 and 9 December in the Māori and European electorates, respectively, to elect 95 MPs to the 8th session of the New Zealand Parliament.
The New Zealand general election of 1890 was one of New Zealand's most significant. It marked the beginning of party politics in New Zealand with the formation of the Liberal Government, which was to enact major welfare, labour and electoral reforms, including giving the vote to women.
The New Zealand general election of 1893 was held on 28 November and 20 December in the European and Māori electorates, respectively, to elect 74 MPs to the 12th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The election was won by the Liberal Party, and Richard Seddon became Prime Minister.
The New Zealand general election of 1905 was held on Wednesday, 6 December in the general electorates, and on Wednesday, 20 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 16th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 412,702 voters turned out, with 396,657 voting in the European electorates.
The New Zealand general election of 1911 was held on Thursday, 7 and 14 December in the general electorates, and on Tuesday, 19 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 18th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 590,042 (83.5%) voters turned out to vote. In two seats there was only one candidate.
The New Zealand general election of 1928 was held on 13 and 14 November in the Māori and European electorates, respectively, to elect 80 MPs to the 23rd session of the New Zealand Parliament.
Dunedin North is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament (MP) to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was established for the 1905 election and has existed since. It is currently held by David Clark of the New Zealand Labour Party, who replaced the long-standing representative Pete Hodgson. It is considered a safe Labour seat, with Labour holding the seat for all but one term (1975–1978) since 1928.
Dunedin South is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It first existed from 1881 to 1890, then from 1905 to 1946 and was re-established for the introduction of MMP in 1996. A Labour Party stronghold, it has been represented by Clare Curran since the 2008 election.
Western Maori was one of the four former New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorates, from 1868 to 1996.
Northern Maori was one of the four original New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorates, from 1868 to 1996.
The 22nd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. Its composition was determined by the 1925 election, and it sat until the 1928 election.
Dunedin Central was a parliamentary electorate in the city of Dunedin in Otago, New Zealand from 1881 to 1890 and 1905 to 1984.
The Second Ballot Act 1908 was an electoral system in place from 1908 to 1913 in New Zealand. It applied to elections to the House of Representatives. It was used in the 1908 and 1911 general elections, and a number of by-elections. It was introduced by the Liberal Government under Joseph Ward, who feared that the emergence of the Independent Political Labour League (IPLL) would split the vote on the political left and thus be beneficial to the conservative opposition, who in 1909 formed the Reform Party. Ward expected that this electoral mechanism would result in all second ballots to be between Liberal and conservative (Reform) candidates. In the Wellington East electorate, however, two Liberal candidates received similar votes and both were eliminated in the first ballot. This left the Labour candidate, David McLaren, face a conservative candidate and with many liberal voters transferring their allegiance to McLaren, he became the only candidate of the IPLL who was ever elected to the House of Representatives.