1855 New Zealand general election

Last updated

1855 general election
Flag of New Zealand.svg
  1853 26 October – 28 December 1855 1860–61  

All 37 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
 First party
  Henry Sewell, ca 1872.jpg
Leader Henry Sewell
Party Independent
Leader's seat Town of Christchurch
Last election37 seats
Seats won37
Seat changeSteady2.svg

Premier before election

Office Established

Subsequent Premier

Henry Sewell
Independent

The 1855 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 2nd term. It was the second national election ever held in New Zealand, and the first one which elected a Parliament that had full authority to govern the colony.

Contents

Background

The first New Zealand elections had been held after the passage of the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 by the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The 1st Parliament did not have the ability to appoint the executive branch (Cabinet) of the New Zealand government, however, and a major dispute arose between Parliament and the Governor. In the 2nd Parliament, Parliament gained the powers it sought for this reason, some see the 1855 elections, not the 1853 elections, as the beginning of New Zealand democracy.

At the time of the 1855 elections, there were no political parties in New Zealand. As such, all candidates were independents. Governments were formed based on loose coalitions, with prospective Prime Ministers needing to seek support from enough individual MPs to command a majority. This means that nobody could truly be said to have "won" an election a government usually rose or fell based on its ability to make deals with MPs, not on election results.

The election

In the 1855 elections, voting occurred on a different day for each individual seat. The first seat was elected on 26 October, and the final seat was elected on 28 December. An estimated 9,891 people were eligible to vote, although records are poor for some areas. The number of electoral districts was 24, with some districts electing multiple MPs. The total number of seats was 37. [1] Some parts of the colony were not part of any district, and did not have representation in Parliament. [2]

Results

NewZealandElectorates1853-Labeled.png

MemberElectorateProvinceMP's termElection date
John Cuff Akaroa CanterburyFirst28 December [3]
John Logan Campbell City of Auckland AucklandFirst27 October [4]
Thomas Beckham City of Auckland Auckland First27 October [5]
William Daldy City of Auckland AucklandFirst27 October [3]
Frederick Merriman Auckland Suburbs AucklandSecond27 October [6]
Walter Brodie Auckland Suburbs AucklandFirst27 October [7]
Hugh Carleton Bay of Islands AucklandSecond24 November [4]
Dingley Brittin Christchurch Country Canterbury First20 December [7]
John Hall Christchurch Country CanterburyFirst20 December [8]
Henry Sewell Town of Christchurch CanterburySecond18 December [9]
John Cargill Dunedin Country Otago Second11 December [4]
William Cargill Dunedin Country OtagoFirst11 December [4]
James Macandrew Town of Dunedin OtagoSecond11 December [10]
Charles Brown Grey and Bell New Plymouth First8 November [7]
Alfred Ludlam Hutt WellingtonSecond16 November [11]
Dillon Bell Hutt Wellington First16 November [5]
James FitzGerald Town of Lyttelton CanterburySecond21 December [12]
Charles Parker Motueka and Massacre Bay NelsonFirst8 November [13]
Alfred Domett Town of Nelson Nelson First12 November [14]
Edward Stafford Town of Nelson NelsonFirst12 November [15]
William Richmond Town of New Plymouth New PlymouthFirst5 November [16]
Thomas Henderson Northern Division AucklandFirst27 October [17]
Walter Lee Northern Division AucklandSecond27 October [11]
Alfred East Omata New PlymouthFirst10 November [14]
John Williamson Pensioner Settlements AucklandFirst27 October [18]
Joseph Greenwood Pensioner Settlements AucklandSecond27 October [19]
Charles Taylor Southern Division AucklandSecond26 October [20]
Robert Graham Southern Division AucklandFirst26 October [19]
Charles Elliott Waimea NelsonFirst5 November [21]
William Travers Waimea NelsonSecond5 November [21]
John Smith Wairarapa and Hawke's Bay WellingtonFirst26 November [22]
William Wells Wairau NelsonFirst19 November [23]
William Fox Wanganui and Rangitikei WellingtonFirst27 November [24]
Charles Clifford City of Wellington WellingtonSecond13 November [25]
Isaac Featherston City of Wellington WellingtonSecond13 November [26]
William Fitzherbert City of Wellington WellingtonFirst13 November [12]
Dudley Ward Wellington Country WellingtonFirst15 November [27]

Notes

  1. "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
  2. Wilson 1985.
  3. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 102.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Scholefield 1950, p. 99.
  5. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 95.
  6. Scholefield 1950, p. 126.
  7. 1 2 3 Scholefield 1950, p. 97.
  8. Scholefield 1950, p. 111.
  9. Scholefield 1950, p. 138.
  10. Scholefield 1950, p. 121.
  11. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 120.
  12. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 106.
  13. Scholefield 1950, p. 131.
  14. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 104.
  15. Scholefield 1950, p. 140.
  16. Scholefield 1950, p. 136.
  17. Scholefield 1950, p. 113.
  18. Scholefield 1950, p. 148.
  19. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 109.
  20. Scholefield 1950, p. 143.
  21. 1 2 "Election of members to represent the Waimea districts". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. Vol. XIV. 7 November 1855. p. 2. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  22. Scholefield 1950, p. 139.
  23. Scholefield 1950, p. 147.
  24. Scholefield 1950, p. 107.
  25. Scholefield 1950, p. 100.
  26. Scholefield 1950, p. 105.
  27. Scholefield 1950, p. 146.

Related Research Articles

The 1st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. It opened on 24 May 1854, following New Zealand's first general election. It was dissolved on 15 September 1855 in preparation for that year's election. 37 Members of the House of Representatives (MHRs) represented 24 electorates.

Alfred Christopher Picard was a 19th-century New Zealand politician.

William Morgan Crompton was a New Zealand politician.

The 2nd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. It opened on 15 April 1856, following New Zealand's 1855 election. It was dissolved on 5 November 1860 in preparation for 1860–61 election. The 2nd Parliament was the first under which New Zealand had responsible government, meaning that unlike previously, the Cabinet was chosen by Parliament rather than by the Governor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1853 New Zealand general election</span>

The 1853 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 1st term. It was the first national election ever held in New Zealand, although Parliament did not yet have full authority to govern the colony, which was part of the British Empire at that time. Elections for the first provincial councils and their Superintendents were held at the same time.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1879 New Zealand general election</span> Elections

The 1879 New Zealand general election was held between 28 August and 15 September 1879 to elect a total of 88 MPs to the 7th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 8 September. A total of 82,271 (66.5%) European voters turned out to vote, plus 14,553 Māori voters. Following the election, John Hall formed a new government.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nelson (New Zealand electorate)</span> Electoral district in Nelson, New Zealand

Nelson is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives of New Zealand. From 1853 to 1860, the electorate was called Town of Nelson. From 1860 to 1881, it was City of Nelson. The electorate is the only one that has continuously existed since the 1st Parliament in 1853.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Plymouth (New Zealand electorate)</span> Electoral district in Taranaki, New Zealand

New Plymouth is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created for the 1st New Zealand Parliament in 1853 and has existed since, with one 32-year interruption. The electorate was initially called Town of New Plymouth.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Whanganui (New Zealand electorate)</span> Electoral district in New Zealand

Whanganui is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first established in 1860 for the 3rd Parliament and has existed continuously since then.

Dunstan was a parliamentary electorate in the Otago region of New Zealand, from 1871 to 1890.

Wellington Country was a former parliamentary electorate in the Wellington Region from 1853 to 1860 and then 1871 to 1881. The seat covered Miramar, Mākara, Porirua, the Kapiti Coast and the Horowhenua District.

Suburbs of Auckland was a parliamentary electorate in Auckland, New Zealand from 1853 to 1860.

The 6th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand.

The 7th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand.

The 8th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament.

The 10th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Elections for this term were held in 4 Māori electorates and 91 European electorates on 7 and 26 September 1887, respectively. A total of 95 MPs were elected. Parliament was prorogued in October 1890. During the term of this Parliament, two Ministries were in power.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">11th New Zealand Parliament</span>

The 11th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">12th New Zealand Parliament</span>

The 12th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1893 general election in November and December of that year.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">15th New Zealand Parliament</span>

The 15th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1902 general election in November and December of that year.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">16th New Zealand Parliament</span>

The 16th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1905 general election in December of that year.

References