1963 New Zealand general election

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Flag of New Zealand.svg
  1960 30 November 1963 (1963-11-30) 1966  

All 80 seats in the New Zealand Parliament
41 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout1,196,631 (89.6%)
 First partySecond party
  Keith Holyoake (crop).jpg Arnold Nordmeyer (1950).jpg
Leader Keith Holyoake Arnold Nordmeyer
Party National Labour
Leader since 13 August 1957 26 February 1963
Leader's seat Pahiatua Island Bay
Last election46 seats, 47.6%34 seats, 43.4%
Seats won4535
Seat changeDecrease2.svg 1Increase2.svg 1
Popular vote563,875524,066
Percentage47.1%43.7%
SwingDecrease2.svg 0.5%Increase2.svg 0.6%

Prime Minister before election

Keith Holyoake
National

Elected Prime Minister

Keith Holyoake
National

The 1963 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of New Zealand Parliament's 34th term. The results were almost identical to those of the previous election, and the governing National Party remained in office.

New Zealand Parliament legislative body of New Zealand

The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by her governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The New Zealand Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world. It has met in Wellington, the capital of New Zealand, since 1865.

34th New Zealand Parliament

The 34th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1963 general election on 30 November of that year.

1960 New Zealand general election

The 1960 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 33rd term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the National Party, putting an end to the short second Labour government.

Contents

Background

The 1960 election had been won by the National Party, beginning New Zealand's second period of National government. Keith Holyoake, who had briefly been Prime Minister at the end of the first period, returned to office. The elderly leader of the Labour Party, Walter Nash, had agreed to step down following his government's defeat, but disliked the prospect of being succeeded by his Minister of Finance, Arnold Nordmeyer. Nash instead backed first Jerry Skinner and then, after Skinner's death, Fred Hackett. In the end, however, Nordmeyer was victorious. Nordmeyer, however, was unpopular with the general public, being remembered with hostility for the tax hikes in his so-called 'Black Budget'. Labour struggled to overcome this negative perception of its leader, and was only partially successful.

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

Keith Holyoake 20th-century Governor-General, Prime Minister of New Zealand, politician

Sir Keith Jacka Holyoake was the 26th Prime Minister of New Zealand, serving for a brief period in 1957 and then from 1960 to 1972, and also the 13th Governor-General of New Zealand, serving from 1977 to 1980. He is the only New Zealand politician to date to have held both positions.

Prime Minister of New Zealand head of the New Zealand government

The Prime Minister of New Zealand is the head of government of New Zealand. The incumbent Prime Minister, Jacinda Ardern, leader of the New Zealand Labour Party, took office on 26 October 2017.

There had been an unusually large number of by-elections during the term of the 33rd Parliament. None of these had resulted in any upsets, and there was little indication for the population wanting a change. Holyoake started his election campaign on 4 November, not even a month out from the election. [1] Whilst television had just been introduced in New Zealand, the election campaign was a dull affair. And from 23 November, the Assassination of John F. Kennedy was the dominant topic in the media. [1]

33rd New Zealand Parliament

The 33rd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1960 general election on 26 November of that year.

Assassination of John F. Kennedy 1963 murder of the US President

John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza. Kennedy was riding with his wife Jacqueline, Texas Governor John Connally, and Connally's wife Nellie when he was fatally shot by former U.S. Marine Lee Harvey Oswald firing in ambush from a nearby building. Governor Connally was seriously wounded in the attack. The motorcade rushed to Parkland Memorial Hospital where President Kennedy was pronounced dead about thirty minutes after the shooting; Connally recovered from his injuries.

The election

The date for the main 1963 elections was 30 November. 1,345,836 people were registered to vote, and turnout was 89.6%. This turnout was around average for the time. The number of seats being contested was 80, a number which had been fixed since 1902.

Voter turnout percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in an election

Voter turnout is the percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in an election. Eligibility varies by country, and the voting-eligible population should not be confused with the total adult population. Age and citizenship status are often among the criteria used to determine eligibility, but some countries further restrict eligibility based on sex, race, or religion.

The following new (or reconstituted) electorates were introduced in 1963: Manurewa, New Lynn, Pakuranga, Porirua, Rangiora, Taupo and Waimarino. [2]

Manurewa (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand electorate

Manurewa is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in southern Auckland. Louisa Wall has represented the electorate since the 2011 election.

New Lynn (New Zealand electorate)

New Lynn is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Deborah Russell of the Labour Party has represented the electorate since the 2017 general election.

Pakuranga (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Pakuranga is a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate. It gave the Social Credit Party one of its few MPs when Neil Morrison held the seat from 1984 to 1987, but otherwise the electorate seat has been held by the National Party since 1972. Its current MP is Simeon Brown who has held the electorate since the 2017 general election.

Results

The 1963 election saw the governing National Party retain office by a ten-seat margin. It had previously held office by a twelve-seat margin. National won a total of forty-five seats, while the Labour Party won thirty-five. In the popular vote, National won 47.1% to Labour's 43.7%. The Social Credit Party won 7.9% of the vote, but no seats. Four of their candidates also missed the nomination deadline. One political analyst, Professor Robert Chapman, called it "the no change election". [1] [3]

The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.

Social Credit Party (New Zealand)

The New Zealand Social Credit Party was a political party which served as the country's "third party" from the 1950s through into the 1980s. The party held a number of seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives, although never more than two at a time. It has since renamed itself the New Zealand Democratic Party, and was for a time part of the Alliance.

Robert McDonald Chapman was a New Zealand political scientist and historian.

Puti Tipene Watene was elected for Eastern Maori; he was a Mormon and was the first non-Ratana to win a Maori seat since 1938.

Election results
PartyCandidatesTotal votesPercentageSeats wonChange
National 80563,87547.145-1
Labour 80524,06643.735+1
Social Credit 7695,1767.9-±0
Liberal 2310,3390.9-±0
Communist 223,1670.3-±0
Others91,4220.1-±0
Total2901,196,63180

Votes summary

Popular Vote
National
47.10%
Labour
43.70%
Social Credit
7.90%
Others
1.30%
Parliament seats
National
56.25%
Labour
43.75%

The table below shows the results of the 1963 general election:

Key

  National     Labour     Social Credit   

Electorate results for the 1963 New Zealand general election [4]
ElectorateIncumbentWinnerMajorityRunner up
General electorates
Ashburton Richard Gerard 3,419Albert George Braddick
Auckland Central Norman Douglas 3,227John Strevens
Avon John Mathison 5,117Stanley Lester Dodwell
Awarua Gordon Grieve 3,373Noel Valentine
Bay of Plenty Percy Allen 3,025P E Riden
Buller Bill Rowling 1,671Ernie King
Christchurch Central Robert Macfarlane 1,915David John Patchett
Clutha Peter Gordon 3,595Les McKay
Dunedin Central Phil Connolly Brian MacDonell 1,170George Robert Thorn [5]
Dunedin North Ethel McMillan 2,524Edgar Whittleston
Eden John Rae 3,335Frank Knipe
Egmont William Sheat 3,047John Seddon
Fendalton Harry Lake 2,740 Bruce Barclay
Franklin Alfred E. Allen 5,848Ron Ng-Waishing [6]
Gisborne Esme Tombleson 902Bob MacDonald [7]
Grey Lynn Reginald Keeling Ritchie Macdonald 5,240Jolyon Firth
Hamilton Lance Adams-Schneider 2,642J M Cairns
Hastings Duncan MacIntyre 1,944 Ted Keating
Hauraki Arthur Kinsella 2,873George Broad
Hawkes Bay Cyril Harker Richard Harrison 3,518J G Woolf [8]
Heretaunga Ron Bailey 2,135Robert Orville Kimmins
Hobson Logan Sloane 31 Vernon Cracknell [nb 1]
Hutt Walter Nash 3,648Vere Edward Hampson-Tindale
Invercargill Ralph Hanan 1,934O J Henderson
Island Bay Arnold Nordmeyer 2,388Fairlie Fergus Curry
Karori Jack Marshall 4,020 Keith Spry
Lyttelton Norman Kirk 2,677Tom Flint
Manawatu Blair Tennent 2,513Leonard Thomas Fischer
Manukau Leon Götz Colin Moyle 759Henry Christopher Pryor
Manurewa New electorate Phil Amos 1,524 Leon Götz
Marlborough Tom Shand 2,111W G Kenyon
Marsden Donald McKay 3,942O J Lewis
Miramar Bill Fox 416 Bill Young
Mt Albert Warren Freer 3,018Jeffrey Lloyd Reid
Napier Jim Edwards 785D O Haskell
Nelson Stanley Whitehead 2,610 Peter Malone
New Lynn New electorate Rex Mason 3,052C A McLeod
New Plymouth Ernest Aderman 474 Ron Barclay
North Shore Dean Eyre 2,757 Reginald Keeling
Onehunga Hugh Watt 5,127J P Mason
Otago Central John George 2,675 Stan Rodger
Otaki Allan McCready 3,014George Norman McDonald
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 5,733E J Hemmingsen
Pakuranga New electorate Bob Tizard 2,015Roland Mainwaring Neville-White
Palmerston North Bill Brown 772 Philip Skoglund
Petone Michael Moohan 2,448Peter Love
Piako William Goosman Geoffrey Sim 5,526N R D Shewan
Porirua New electorate Henry May 3,161Joseph Walter Miller
Raglan Douglas Carter 1,850Henry Uttinger
Rangiora New electorate Herbert Pickering 1,425Te Rino Tirikatene
Rangitikei Norman Shelton 4,307Russell Wiseman
Remuera Ronald Algie 7,001Frederick Nelson Goodall
Riccarton Mick Connelly 2,550Ian Wilson
Rodney Jack Scott 4,320Chris Pickett
Roskill Arthur Faulkner 3,216Thomas Tucker
Rotorua Harry Lapwood 2,217James Phillip Cranston
Selwyn John McAlpine 3,371Francis Edward Smith
St Albans Bert Walker 2,501John Palmer
St Kilda Bill Fraser 2,597Kevin John Marlow
Stratford Thomas Murray David Thomson 4,590J McLafferty
Sydenham Mabel Howard 5,399 Derek Quigley
Tamaki Robert Muldoon 3,754Norman Finch
Taupo New electorate Rona Stevenson 275Arthur John Ingram
Tauranga George Walsh 4,545Gordon Walker Stanley Hardaker
Timaru Basil Arthur 2,831M J O'Reilly
Waimarino New electorate Roy Jack 1,785 Olive Smuts-Kennedy
Waipa Hallyburton Johnstone Leslie Munro 3,165Ronald Nelson Little
Wairarapa Bert Cooksley Haddon Donald 501 Jack Williams
Waitaki Allan Dick 2,019K S Lysaght
Waitakere Rex Mason Martyn Finlay 2,895Horace Alexander Nash
Waitemata Norman King 2,919A G E Pugh
Waitomo David Seath 4,655H C Brown
Wallace Brian Talboys 5,740J S Reid
Wanganui George Spooner 1,397John Grace
Wellington Central Dan Riddiford 1,508 Frank Kitts
Westland Paddy Blanchfield 4,925W A Reynolds
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Puti Tipene Watene 2,566 Arnold Reedy [9]
Northern Maori Matiu Rata 2,123 James Henare
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 4,978 Ben Couch
Western Maori Iriaka Matiu Ratana 5,096 Pei Te Hurinui Jones

Notes

  1. Vernon Cracknell was first on election night, but lost when special votes were included

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Gustafson 2007, p. 134.
  2. Norton 1988, pp. 7,8,9.
  3. Gustafson 1986, p. 92.
  4. Norton 1988, pp. ?.
  5. Norton 1988, p. 212.
  6. "Interview with Ron Ng-Waishing". National Library of New Zealand. 1994. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  7. Norton 1988, p. 228.
  8. Norton 1988, p. 240.
  9. Gustafson 1986, p. 383.

Works Cited