1963 New Zealand general election

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1963 New Zealand general election
Flag of New Zealand.svg
  1960 30 November 1963 (1963-11-30) 1966  

All 80 seats in the New Zealand Parliament
41 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout1,196,631 (89.6%)
 First partySecond party
  Keith Holyoake (crop).jpg Arnold Nordmeyer (1950).jpg
Leader Keith Holyoake Arnold Nordmeyer
Party National Labour
Leader since 13 August 1957 1 April 1963
Leader's seat Pahiatua Island Bay
Last election46 seats, 47.6%34 seats, 43.4%
Seats won4535
Seat changeDecrease2.svg 1Increase2.svg 1
Popular vote563,875524,066
Percentage47.1%43.7%
SwingDecrease2.svg 0.5%Increase2.svg 0.6%

1963 New Zealand general election - Results.svg
Results of the election.

Prime Minister before election

Keith Holyoake
National

Subsequent Prime Minister

Keith Holyoake
National

The 1963 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of New Zealand Parliament's 34th term. The results were almost identical to those of the previous election, and the governing National Party remained in office.

Contents

Background

The 1960 election had been won by the National Party, beginning New Zealand's second period of National government. Keith Holyoake, who had briefly been Prime Minister at the end of the first period, returned to office. The elderly leader of the Labour Party, Walter Nash, had agreed to step down following his government's defeat, but disliked the prospect of being succeeded by his Minister of Finance, Arnold Nordmeyer. Nash instead backed first Jerry Skinner and then, after Skinner's death, Fred Hackett. In the end, however, Nordmeyer was victorious. [1] Nordmeyer, however, was unpopular with the general public, being remembered with hostility for the tax hikes in his so-called 'Black Budget'. Labour struggled to overcome this negative perception of its leader, and was only partially successful.

There had been an unusually large number of by-elections during the term of the 33rd Parliament. None of these had resulted in any upsets, and there was no major indications from the population wanting a change. National held two seats Hurunui and Waitaki, but by reduced margins. The party organisation was also acutely aware that National's win in 1960 was mostly due to public mood against Labour, rather than endorsement of National, and put work in to improving their campaigning. Benefits were seen sooner than expected picking up swings (but not winning) against Labour in two by-elections in the two Labour held seats of Buller and Northern Maori. [2]

Holyoake started his election campaign on 4 November, not even a month out from the election. [3] Whilst television had just been introduced in New Zealand, the election campaign was a dull affair and, from 23 November, the Assassination of John F. Kennedy was the dominant topic in the media. [3]

MPs retiring in 1963

Five National MPs and two Labour MPs intended to retire at the end of the 33rd Parliament.

PartyNameElectorate
National Cyril Harker Hawke's Bay
Stan Goosman Piako
Thomas Murray Stratford
Hallyburton Johnstone Waipa
Bert Cooksley Wairarapa
Labour Phil Connolly Dunedin Central
Tiaki Omana Eastern Maori

The election

The date for the main 1963 elections was 30 November. 1,345,836 people were registered to vote, and turnout was 89.6%. This turnout was around average for the time. The number of seats being contested was 80, a number which had been fixed since 1902.

The following new (or reconstituted) electorates were introduced in 1963: Manurewa, New Lynn, Pakuranga, Porirua, Rangiora, Taupo and Waimarino. [4]

Results

The 1963 election saw the governing National Party retain office by a ten-seat margin. It had previously held office by a twelve-seat margin. National won a total of forty-five seats, while the Labour Party won thirty-five. In the popular vote, National won 47.1% to Labour's 43.7%. The Social Credit Party won 7.9% of the vote, but no seats. Four of their candidates also missed the nomination deadline. One political analyst, Professor Robert Chapman, called it "the no change election". [3] [5]

Puti Tipene Watene was elected for Eastern Maori; he was a Mormon and was the first non-Ratana to win a Maori seat since 1938.

1954 nz parliament.svg
Election results
PartyCandidatesTotal votesPercentageSeats wonChange
National 80563,87547.145-1
Labour 80524,06643.735+1
Social Credit 7695,1767.9-±0
Liberal 2310,3390.9-±0
Communist 223,1670.3-±0
Others91,4220.1-±0
Total2901,196,63180

Votes summary

Popular Vote
National
47.10%
Labour
43.70%
Social Credit
7.90%
Others
1.30%
Parliament seats
National
56.25%
Labour
43.75%

The table below shows the results of the 1963 general election:

Key

  National     Labour     Social Credit   

Electorate results for the 1963 New Zealand general election [6]
ElectorateIncumbentWinnerMajorityRunner up
General electorates
Ashburton Geoff Gerard 3,419Albert George Braddick
Auckland Central Norman Douglas 3,227John Strevens
Avon John Mathison 5,117Stan Dodwell
Awarua Gordon Grieve 3,373Noel Valentine
Bay of Plenty Percy Allen 3,025Peter Riden
Buller Bill Rowling 1,671Ernie King
Christchurch Central Robert Macfarlane 1,915Dave Patchett
Clutha Peter Gordon 3,595Les McKay
Dunedin Central Phil Connolly Brian MacDonell 1,170George Robert Thorn [7]
Dunedin North Ethel McMillan 2,524Edgar Whittleston
Eden John Rae 3,335Frank Knipe
Egmont William Sheat 3,047 John Seddon
Fendalton Harry Lake 2,740 Bruce Barclay
Franklin Alfred E. Allen 5,848Ron Ng-Waishing [8]
Gisborne Esme Tombleson 902Bob MacDonald [9]
Grey Lynn Reginald Keeling Ritchie Macdonald 5,240Jolyon Firth
Hamilton Lance Adams-Schneider 2,642J M Cairns
Hastings Duncan MacIntyre 1,944 Ted Keating
Hauraki General Arthur Kinsella 2,873George Broad
Hawkes Bay Cyril Harker Richard Harrison 3,518J G Woolf [10]
Heretaunga Ron Bailey 2,135Bob Kimmins
Hobson Logan Sloane 31 Vernon Cracknell [nb 1]
Hutt Walter Nash 3,648Vere Hampson-Tindale
Invercargill Ralph Hanan 1,934Oliver James Henderson
Island Bay Arnold Nordmeyer 2,388Fairlie Curry
Karori Jack Marshall 4,020 Keith Spry
Lyttelton Norman Kirk 2,677Tom Flint
Manawatu Blair Tennent 2,513Leonard Thomas Fischer
Manukau Leon Götz Colin Moyle 759Henry Christopher Pryor
Manurewa New electorate Phil Amos 1,524 Leon Götz
Marlborough Tom Shand 2,111Bill Kenyon
Marsden Don McKay 3,942O J Lewis
Miramar Bill Fox 416 Bill Young
Mt Albert Warren Freer 3,018Jeffrey Lloyd Reid
Napier Jim Edwards 785D'Arcy Ormonde Haskell
Nelson Stan Whitehead 2,610 Peter Malone
New Lynn New electorate Rex Mason 3,052Charles Alexander McLeod
New Plymouth Ernest Aderman 474 Ron Barclay
North Shore Dean Eyre 2,757 Reginald Keeling
Onehunga Hugh Watt 5,127J P Mason
Otago Central John George 2,675 Stan Rodger
Otaki Allan McCready 3,014George McDonald
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 5,733Ernie Hemmingsen
Pakuranga New electorate Bob Tizard 2,015Roland Neville-White
Palmerston North Bill Brown 772 Philip Skoglund
Petone Mick Moohan 2,448Peter Love
Piako Stan Goosman Geoffrey Sim 5,526N R D Shewan
Porirua New electorate Henry May 3,161Joseph W. Miller
Raglan Douglas Carter 1,850Henry Uttinger
Rangiora New electorate Lorrie Pickering 1,425Te Rino Tirikatene
Rangitikei Norman Shelton 4,307Russell Wiseman
Remuera Ronald Algie 7,001Frederick Nelson Goodall
Riccarton Mick Connelly 2,550Ian Wilson
Rodney Jack Scott 4,320Chris Pickett
Roskill Arthur Faulkner 3,216Thomas Tucker
Rotorua Harry Lapwood 2,217James Phillip Cranston
Selwyn John McAlpine 3,371Francis Edward Smith
St Albans Bert Walker 2,501John Palmer
St Kilda Bill Fraser 2,597Kevin John Marlow
Stratford Thomas Murray David Thomson 4,590J McLafferty
Sydenham Mabel Howard 5,399 Derek Quigley
Tamaki Robert Muldoon 3,754Norman Finch
Taupo New electorate Rona Stevenson 275Arthur John Ingram
Tauranga George Walsh 4,545Gordon Hardaker
Timaru Sir Basil Arthur 2,831Maurice John O'Reilly
Waimarino New electorate Roy Jack 1,785 Olive Smuts-Kennedy
Waipa Hallyburton Johnstone Leslie Munro 3,165Ronald Nelson Little
Wairarapa Bert Cooksley Haddon Donald 501 Jack Williams
Waitaki Allan Dick 2,019K S Lysaght
Waitakere Rex Mason Martyn Finlay 2,895Horace Alexander Nash
Waitemata Norman King 2,919Butch Pugh
Waitomo David Seath 4,655H C Brown
Wallace Brian Talboys 5,740John Reid
Wanganui George Spooner 1,397John Grace
Wellington Central Dan Riddiford 1,508 Frank Kitts
Westland Paddy Blanchfield 4,925 Winston Reynolds
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Tiaki Omana Puti Tipene Watene 2,566 Arnold Reedy [11]
Northern Maori Matiu Rata 2,123 James Henare
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 4,978 Ben Couch
Western Maori Iriaka Rātana 5,096 Pei Te Hurinui Jones

Notes

  1. Vernon Cracknell was first on election night, but lost when special votes were included

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References

  1. Sinclair 1976, pp. 355–7.
  2. Gustafson 1986, p. 90.
  3. 1 2 3 Gustafson 2007, p. 134.
  4. Norton 1988, pp. 7, 8, 9.
  5. Gustafson 1986, p. 92.
  6. Norton 1988, pp. ?.
  7. Norton 1988, p. 212.
  8. "Interview with Ron Ng-Waishing". National Library of New Zealand. 1994. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  9. Norton 1988, p. 228.
  10. Norton 1988, p. 240.
  11. Gustafson 1986, p. 383.

Works cited