All 80 seats in the New Zealand Parliament
41 seats were needed for a majority
The 1963 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of New Zealand Parliament's 34th term. The results were almost identical to those of the previous election, and the governing National Party remained in office.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by her governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The New Zealand Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world. It has met in Wellington, the capital of New Zealand, since 1865.
The 34th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1963 general election on 30 November of that year.
The 1960 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 33rd term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the National Party, putting an end to the short second Labour government.
The 1960 election had been won by the National Party, beginning New Zealand's second period of National government. Keith Holyoake, who had briefly been Prime Minister at the end of the first period, returned to office. The elderly leader of the Labour Party, Walter Nash, had agreed to step down following his government's defeat, but disliked the prospect of being succeeded by his Minister of Finance, Arnold Nordmeyer. Nash instead backed first Jerry Skinner and then, after Skinner's death, Fred Hackett. In the end, however, Nordmeyer was victorious. Nordmeyer, however, was unpopular with the general public, being remembered with hostility for the tax hikes in his so-called 'Black Budget'. Labour struggled to overcome this negative perception of its leader, and was only partially successful.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
Sir Keith Jacka Holyoake was the 26th Prime Minister of New Zealand, serving for a brief period in 1957 and then from 1960 to 1972, and also the 13th Governor-General of New Zealand, serving from 1977 to 1980. He is the only New Zealand politician to date to have held both positions.
The Prime Minister of New Zealand is the head of government of New Zealand. The incumbent Prime Minister, Jacinda Ardern, leader of the New Zealand Labour Party, took office on 26 October 2017.
There had been an unusually large number of by-elections during the term of the 33rd Parliament. None of these had resulted in any upsets, and there was little indication for the population wanting a change. Holyoake started his election campaign on 4 November, not even a month out from the election.Whilst television had just been introduced in New Zealand, the election campaign was a dull affair. And from 23 November, the Assassination of John F. Kennedy was the dominant topic in the media.
The 33rd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1960 general election on 26 November of that year.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza. Kennedy was riding with his wife Jacqueline, Texas Governor John Connally, and Connally's wife Nellie when he was fatally shot by former U.S. Marine Lee Harvey Oswald firing in ambush from a nearby building. Governor Connally was seriously wounded in the attack. The motorcade rushed to Parkland Memorial Hospital where President Kennedy was pronounced dead about thirty minutes after the shooting; Connally recovered from his injuries.
The date for the main 1963 elections was 30 November. 1,345,836 people were registered to vote, and turnout was 89.6%. This turnout was around average for the time. The number of seats being contested was 80, a number which had been fixed since 1902.
Voter turnout is the percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in an election. Eligibility varies by country, and the voting-eligible population should not be confused with the total adult population. Age and citizenship status are often among the criteria used to determine eligibility, but some countries further restrict eligibility based on sex, race, or religion.
The following new (or reconstituted) electorates were introduced in 1963: Manurewa, New Lynn, Pakuranga, Porirua, Rangiora, Taupo and Waimarino.
Manurewa is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in southern Auckland. Louisa Wall has represented the electorate since the 2011 election.
New Lynn is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Deborah Russell of the Labour Party has represented the electorate since the 2017 general election.
Pakuranga is a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate. It gave the Social Credit Party one of its few MPs when Neil Morrison held the seat from 1984 to 1987, but otherwise the electorate seat has been held by the National Party since 1972. Its current MP is Simeon Brown who has held the electorate since the 2017 general election.
The 1963 election saw the governing National Party retain office by a ten-seat margin. It had previously held office by a twelve-seat margin. National won a total of forty-five seats, while the Labour Party won thirty-five. In the popular vote, National won 47.1% to Labour's 43.7%. The Social Credit Party won 7.9% of the vote, but no seats. Four of their candidates also missed the nomination deadline. One political analyst, Professor Robert Chapman, called it "the no change election".
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
The New Zealand Social Credit Party was a political party which served as the country's "third party" from the 1950s through into the 1980s. The party held a number of seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives, although never more than two at a time. It has since renamed itself the New Zealand Democratic Party, and was for a time part of the Alliance.
Robert McDonald Chapman was a New Zealand political scientist and historian.
Puti Tipene Watene was elected for Eastern Maori; he was a Mormon and was the first non-Ratana to win a Maori seat since 1938.
|Party||Candidates||Total votes||Percentage||Seats won||Change|
The table below shows the results of the 1963 general election:
National Labour Social Credit
|Ashburton||Richard Gerard||3,419||Albert George Braddick|
|Auckland Central||Norman Douglas||3,227||John Strevens|
|Avon||John Mathison||5,117||Stanley Lester Dodwell|
|Awarua||Gordon Grieve||3,373||Noel Valentine|
|Bay of Plenty||Percy Allen||3,025||P E Riden|
|Buller||Bill Rowling||1,671||Ernie King|
|Christchurch Central||Robert Macfarlane||1,915||David John Patchett|
|Clutha||Peter Gordon||3,595||Les McKay|
|Dunedin Central||Phil Connolly||Brian MacDonell||1,170||George Robert Thorn|
|Dunedin North||Ethel McMillan||2,524||Edgar Whittleston|
|Eden||John Rae||3,335||Frank Knipe|
|Egmont||William Sheat||3,047||John Seddon|
|Fendalton||Harry Lake||2,740||Bruce Barclay|
|Franklin||Alfred E. Allen||5,848||Ron Ng-Waishing|
|Gisborne||Esme Tombleson||902||Bob MacDonald|
|Grey Lynn||Reginald Keeling||Ritchie Macdonald||5,240||Jolyon Firth|
|Hamilton||Lance Adams-Schneider||2,642||J M Cairns|
|Hastings||Duncan MacIntyre||1,944||Ted Keating|
|Hauraki||Arthur Kinsella||2,873||George Broad|
|Hawkes Bay||Cyril Harker||Richard Harrison||3,518||J G Woolf|
|Heretaunga||Ron Bailey||2,135||Robert Orville Kimmins|
|Hobson||Logan Sloane||31||Vernon Cracknell|
|Hutt||Walter Nash||3,648||Vere Edward Hampson-Tindale|
|Invercargill||Ralph Hanan||1,934||O J Henderson|
|Island Bay||Arnold Nordmeyer||2,388||Fairlie Fergus Curry|
|Karori||Jack Marshall||4,020||Keith Spry|
|Lyttelton||Norman Kirk||2,677||Tom Flint|
|Manawatu||Blair Tennent||2,513||Leonard Thomas Fischer|
|Manukau||Leon Götz||Colin Moyle||759||Henry Christopher Pryor|
|Manurewa||New electorate||Phil Amos||1,524||Leon Götz|
|Marlborough||Tom Shand||2,111||W G Kenyon|
|Marsden||Donald McKay||3,942||O J Lewis|
|Miramar||Bill Fox||416||Bill Young|
|Mt Albert||Warren Freer||3,018||Jeffrey Lloyd Reid|
|Napier||Jim Edwards||785||D O Haskell|
|Nelson||Stanley Whitehead||2,610||Peter Malone|
|New Lynn||New electorate||Rex Mason||3,052||C A McLeod|
|New Plymouth||Ernest Aderman||474||Ron Barclay|
|North Shore||Dean Eyre||2,757||Reginald Keeling|
|Onehunga||Hugh Watt||5,127||J P Mason|
|Otago Central||John George||2,675||Stan Rodger|
|Otaki||Allan McCready||3,014||George Norman McDonald|
|Pahiatua||Keith Holyoake||5,733||E J Hemmingsen|
|Pakuranga||New electorate||Bob Tizard||2,015||Roland Mainwaring Neville-White|
|Palmerston North||Bill Brown||772||Philip Skoglund|
|Petone||Michael Moohan||2,448||Peter Love|
|Piako||William Goosman||Geoffrey Sim||5,526||N R D Shewan|
|Porirua||New electorate||Henry May||3,161||Joseph Walter Miller|
|Raglan||Douglas Carter||1,850||Henry Uttinger|
|Rangiora||New electorate||Herbert Pickering||1,425||Te Rino Tirikatene|
|Rangitikei||Norman Shelton||4,307||Russell Wiseman|
|Remuera||Ronald Algie||7,001||Frederick Nelson Goodall|
|Riccarton||Mick Connelly||2,550||Ian Wilson|
|Rodney||Jack Scott||4,320||Chris Pickett|
|Roskill||Arthur Faulkner||3,216||Thomas Tucker|
|Rotorua||Harry Lapwood||2,217||James Phillip Cranston|
|Selwyn||John McAlpine||3,371||Francis Edward Smith|
|St Albans||Bert Walker||2,501||John Palmer|
|St Kilda||Bill Fraser||2,597||Kevin John Marlow|
|Stratford||Thomas Murray||David Thomson||4,590||J McLafferty|
|Sydenham||Mabel Howard||5,399||Derek Quigley|
|Tamaki||Robert Muldoon||3,754||Norman Finch|
|Taupo||New electorate||Rona Stevenson||275||Arthur John Ingram|
|Tauranga||George Walsh||4,545||Gordon Walker Stanley Hardaker|
|Timaru||Basil Arthur||2,831||M J O'Reilly|
|Waimarino||New electorate||Roy Jack||1,785||Olive Smuts-Kennedy|
|Waipa||Hallyburton Johnstone||Leslie Munro||3,165||Ronald Nelson Little|
|Wairarapa||Bert Cooksley||Haddon Donald||501||Jack Williams|
|Waitaki||Allan Dick||2,019||K S Lysaght|
|Waitakere||Rex Mason||Martyn Finlay||2,895||Horace Alexander Nash|
|Waitemata||Norman King||2,919||A G E Pugh|
|Waitomo||David Seath||4,655||H C Brown|
|Wallace||Brian Talboys||5,740||J S Reid|
|Wanganui||George Spooner||1,397||John Grace|
|Wellington Central||Dan Riddiford||1,508||Frank Kitts|
|Westland||Paddy Blanchfield||4,925||W A Reynolds|
|Eastern Maori||Puti Tipene Watene||2,566||Arnold Reedy|
|Northern Maori||Matiu Rata||2,123||James Henare|
|Southern Maori||Eruera Tirikatene||4,978||Ben Couch|
|Western Maori||Iriaka Matiu Ratana||5,096||Pei Te Hurinui Jones|
The New Zealand general election of 1972 was held on 25 November to elect MPs to the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Labour Party, led by Norman Kirk, defeated the governing National Party.
The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.
The 1938 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 26th term. It resulted in the governing Labour Party being re-elected, although the newly founded National Party gained a certain amount of ground.
The 1946 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 28th term. It saw the governing Labour Party re-elected, but by a substantially narrower margin than in the three previous elections. The National Party continued its gradual rise.
The 1949 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 29th term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the opposition National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.
The 1951 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 30th term. The First National Government was re-elected, with the National Party increasing its parliamentary majority over the opposition Labour Party.
The 1954 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 31st term. It saw the governing National Party remain in office, but with a slightly reduced majority. It also saw the debut of the new Social Credit Party, which won more than eleven percent of the vote but failed to win a seat.
The 1957 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 32nd term. It saw the governing National Party narrowly defeated by the Labour Party. The 1957 elections marked the beginning of the second Labour government, although this administration was to last only a single term.
The 1966 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 35th term. It saw the governing National Party win a third consecutive term in office. It was also the first time since the 1943 election that a minor party won a seat in Parliament.
The 29th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. It opened in 1950, following the 1949 general election. It was dissolved in 1951 in preparation for the 1951 general election. The governing Labour Party had been defeated in the election by the National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.
The 30th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1951 general election on 1 September of that year.
The 31st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1954 general election on 13 November of that year.
The 32nd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1957 general election on 30 November of that year.
The 35th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1966 general election on 26 November of that year.
The 36th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1969 general election on 29 November of that year.
The Northern Maori by-election of 1963 was a by-election for the electorate of Northern Maori on 16 March 1963 during the 33rd New Zealand Parliament. The by-election resulted from the death of the previous member Tapihana Paikea on 7 January 1963.