Palmerston North (New Zealand electorate)

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Palmerston North electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election Palmerston North electorate, 2014.svg
Palmerston North electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election

Palmerston North is a parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate was first formed for the 1890 election and was called Palmerston until 1938. The current MP for Palmerston North is Iain Lees-Galloway of the Labour Party. He has held this position since the 2008 election.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

1890 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1890 was one of New Zealand's most significant. It marked the beginning of party politics in New Zealand with the formation of the Liberal Government, which was to enact major welfare, labour and electoral reforms, including giving the vote to women.

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In December 1887, the House of Representatives voted to reduce its membership from general electorates from 91 to 70. The 1890 electoral redistribution used the same 1886 census data used for the 1887 electoral redistribution. In addition, three-member electorates were introduced in the four main centres. This resulted in a major restructuring of electorates, and Palmerston was one of four electorates to be first created for the 1890 election. [1]

Palmerston North reached its current approximate size at the expense of the old Manawatu electorate in the lead up to the introduction of mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting in 1996. The boundaries of the Palmerston North electorate were last adjusted in the 2007 redistribution, when the electorate became fully urban and covered all of the urbanised part of Palmerston North City, with the towns in its orbit such as Ashhurst and Linton becoming part of the neighbouring electorate of Rangitīkei. To counter the population loss on the Manawatu River's left bank, the section of the city on the right bank, including the suburb of Milson, was moved in at the same time. [2] No boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent 2013/14 redistribution. [3]

Manawatu was a parliamentary electorate in the Manawatu-Wanganui Region of New Zealand that existed during three periods between 1871 and 1996.

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.

1996 New Zealand general election

The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.

At the 2013 census, the Palmerston North electorate reported the highest share of those working in the retail trade industry (11.4%); those whose occupation was a community and personal service worker (10.9%); and those whose households used mains (natural) gas as a heating fuel. Among general electorates, Palmerston North had the second-highest share of those working in the education and training sector (11.8%), and people affiliated with the Brethren religious denomination (1.2%). [4]

The 2013 New Zealand census was the thirty-third national census. "The National Census Day" used for the census was on Tuesday, 5 March 2013. The population of New Zealand was counted as 4,242,048, – an increase of 214,101 or 5.3% over the 2006 census.

Natural gas fossil fuel

Natural gas, also called "Fossil Gas" is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium. It is formed when layers of decomposing plant and animal matter are exposed to intense heat and pressure under the surface of the Earth over millions of years. The energy that the plants originally obtained from the sun is stored in the form of chemical bonds in the gas.

History

The electorate has been loyal to the Labour Party, not having elected a National MP since 1975, and having not re-elected a National MP since 1966.

1975 New Zealand general election

The 1975 New Zealand general election was held on 29 November to elect MPs to the 38th session of the New Zealand Parliament. It was the first general election in New Zealand where 18- to 20-year-olds and all permanent residents of New Zealand were eligible to vote, although only citizens were able to be elected.

1966 New Zealand general election

The 1966 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 35th term. It saw the governing National Party win a third consecutive term in office. It was also the first time since the 1943 election that a minor party won a seat in Parliament.

The first representative of the Palmerston electorate was James Wilson. [5] Wilson previously represented the Foxton electorate until its abolition in 1890. [6] In the 1890 election, Wilson beat Frederick Pirani by 61 votes. [7] In the 1893 election, Wilson stood successfully in the Otaki electorate [5] and Palmerston was won by Pirani, who was confirmed in 1896 and 1899, [8] but defeated in 1902 when he contested the Hutt electorate. [9] In the 1899 election, Prime Minister Richard Seddon expressed his opposition to Pirani (who had previously stood for the Liberal Party) by endorsing William Thomas Wood, who came second that year. [7]

James Wilson (New Zealand politician, born 1849) Politician from New Zealand born in 1849

Sir James Glenny Wilson was a New Zealand politician and farmer.

Foxton is a former parliamentary electorate in the Manawatu-Wanganui and Wellington regions of New Zealand, from 1881 to 1890.

Frederick Pirani New Zealand politician

Frederick Pirani was a New Zealand politician. He was Member of the House of Representatives for Palmerston from 1893 to 1902, first as a Liberal, then as an Independent. He was part of the Liberal Party's "left" (radical) wing.

Wood was the successful candidate in the 1902 election, and he was confirmed in 1905. [10] The 1908 election was held under the Second Ballot Act, contested by three candidates. David Buick, Wood and W. Milverton received 2675, 2626 and 123 votes, respectively. As Buick did not receive an absolute majority, a second ballot was required. [11] Buick standing for the Reform Party was again successful in the second round of voting and was thus elected. [12] Buick was re-elected in 1911 and 1914, but died in office on 18 November 1918 during the influenza epidemic. [13]

Jimmy Nash, the sitting Mayor of Palmerston North, won the resulting by-election on 19 December 1918. [14] Nash was confirmed at the next five general elections, [14] but was defeated in the 1935 election by Joe Hodgens of the Labour Party in an election also contested by the then-mayor, Gus Mansford. [15] Hodgens had previously contested the electorate in the 1922 and 1931 elections. He retired from the electorate at the 1946 election due to the deteriorating health of his wife. [15]

The 1946 election was contested between Ormond Wilson for Labour and Mansford, whose relationship with the National Party was strained, since his 1935 election campaign had contributed to the defeat of Nash. Mansford failed to get nominated by the National Party for the 1938 and 1943 elections. So in 1946, the National Party decided not to stand a candidate, with Mansford running as an Independent. Wilson obtained a majority of 928 votes. [16]

Wilson lost the subsequent election in 1949 against Blair Tennent of the National Party. [17] [18] Tennent was confirmed at the subsequent election, but then lost against the Labour candidate, Philip Skoglund, in the 1954 election. [18] Skoglund contested the 1957 election against Bill Brown of the National Party and was confirmed by the voters. However, in the 1960 election, Brown beat Skoglund by the narrow majority of 123 votes. At the 1963 election, Brown had a 772-vote majority to Skoglund. The 1966 election was contested by Brown against Labour's Joe Walding, with Brown holding a 259-vote majority. Brown died in office on 16 October 1967 at a function in Kaiapoi. [19]

The resulting 1967 by-election was contested by five candidates: Walding (Labour Party), Gordon Cruden (National Party), John O'Brien (Social Credit Party), Goldingham (Progress) and P. J. Wedderspoon (Democratic Labour). Walding obtained a majority of 592 votes. [20] Walding represented the Palmerston North electorate until the 1975 election, when he was defeated by John Lithgow, and from 1978 to 1981. Six months prior to the 1981 election, he announced his retirement from Parliament. [20]

The Labour nomination was hotly contested and Trevor de Cleene, a good friend of Walding, was the most experienced candidate who put his name forward for selection, and despite concerns about his often controversial nature, he was nominated by the party. The candidate put forward by National was his old foe Brian Elwood, with whom he had worked on the Palmerston North City Council for many years, and against whom he lost the mayoralty contest in 1974. Elwood and de Cleene received 8315 and 10425 votes, respectively (representing 35.7% and 48.5% of the vote), with de Cleene thus entering Parliament in 1981. [21] De Cleene won the 1984 election, called early by Robert Muldoon, with an increased majority over National's candidate, C G Singleton. [21] In the 1987 election, de Cleene raised his share of the vote to 56.2%, defeating National's Paul Curry. He did not seek re-election in the 1990 election. [21]

Iain Lees-Galloway was selected by the Labour Party as successor to retiring MP Steve Maharey, who became Vice Chancellor of Massey University, in a contested Labour Party selection for the 2008 election. [22] Lees-Galloway defeated the National Party candidate, Malcolm Plimmer, with a majority of 1,117 votes. [23] [24] In the 2011 election, Lees-Galloway was confirmed with an increased majority of 3,285 votes, defeating National's Leonie Hapeta. [25] In the 2014 election, Lees-Galloway was challenged by the Mayor of Palmerston North, Jono Naylor, but remained successful. [26] Lees-Galloway had a decreased majority of 2,212 votes over Naylor. [27] Naylor was the lowest-ranked National MP who entered Parliament via their list. [28] [29]

Members of Parliament

Key

  Independent     Conservative     Liberal     Independent Liberal     Reform     Labour     National     NZ First   

ElectionWinner
1890 election James Wilson
1893 election Frederick Pirani
1896 election
1899 election
1902 election William Wood
1905 election
1908 election David Buick
1911 election
1914 election
1918 by-election Jimmy Nash
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election Joe Hodgens
1938 election
1943 election
1946 election Ormond Wilson
1949 election Blair Tennent
1951 election
1954 election Philip Skoglund
1957 election
1960 election Bill Brown
1963 election
1966 election
1967 by-election Joe Walding
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election John Lithgow
1978 election Joe Walding (2nd period)
1981 election Trevor de Cleene
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election Steve Maharey
1993 election
1996 election
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Iain Lees-Galloway
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Palmerston North electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
2014 election Jono Naylor
Darroch Ball
2017 election

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Palmerston North [30]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Iain Lees-Galloway 18,38853.09+3.3914,64841.37+10.49
National Adrienne Pierce11,94634.58−8.6114,27640.32−2.77
NZ First Darroch Ball 2,1556.24+2.662,7677.82−0.82
Green Thomas Nash1,9605.672,1666.12−3.73
Money Free Scott Andrew1420.41
Opportunities  9442.67
Māori  1410.40−0.08
ACT  1380.39−0.12
Conservative  1160.33−4.17
Legalise Cannabis  960.27−0.09
United Future  300.08−0.15
Ban 1080  180.05−0.04
People's Party  170.05
Outdoors  160.05
Mana  150.04−0.92 [lower-alpha 1]
Democrats  110.03±0.00
Internet  70.02−0.94 [lower-alpha 2]
Informal votes471139
Total Valid votes34,55135,406
Turnout 35,545
Labour holdMajority6,39218.51+12.00

2014 election

2014 general election: Palmerston North [27]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Iain Lees-Galloway 16,88549.70−1.6210,63230.88−3.00
National Jono Naylor 14,67343.19+2.0714,83543.09−1.03
NZ First Darroch Ball 1,2173.58+3.582,9738.64+2.98
Conservative Mark Pearce6892.03−0.071,5494.50+1.48
Internet Pani Farvid2500.74+0.74
Green  3,3909.85−0.65
Internet Mana  3300.96+0.68 [lower-alpha 3]
ACT  1750.51−0.23
Māori  1660.48−0.03
Legalise Cannabis  1230.36−0.12
United Future  800.23−0.41
Ban 1080  300.09+0.09
Civilian  240.07+0.07
Democrats  100.03−0.02
Independent Coalition  100.03+0.03
Focus  70.02+0.02
Informal votes25793
Total Valid votes33,87134,427
Turnout 34,42779.37+3.46
Labour holdMajority2,2126.51−3.69

2011 election

2011 general election: Palmerston North [25]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Iain Lees-Galloway 16,52551.32+4.5011,19433.88-6.80
National Leonie Hapeta13,24041.12-2.4314,57744.12+3.46
Green Corrina Tucker1,4854.61+0.193,46910.50+3.99
Conservative Andrew Marquet6752.10+2.109973.02+3.02
ACT Daniel Stratton1670.52-0.712450.74-1.99
United Future Sultan Eusoff1090.34-0.422100.64-0.60
NZ First  1,8705.66+1.61
Māori  1680.51-0.20
Legalise Cannabis  1570.48+0.07
Mana  940.28+0.28
Alliance  230.07+0.02
Libertarianz  190.06+0.01
Democrats  150.05+0.03
Informal votes667230
Total Valid votes32,20133,038
Labour holdMajority3,28510.20+6.93

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 43,524 [31]

2008 election

2008 general election: Palmerston North [32]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Iain Lees-Galloway 15,97746.8214,10840.68
National Malcolm Plimmer14,86043.5514,10340.66
Green Lawrence O'Halloran1,5094.422,2586.51
NZ First Graham Odering6581.931,4044.05
ACT Kevin Dittmer4201.239482.73
Progressive Debbie Lucas2610.764081.18
United Future Frank Owen2590.764301.24
Independent Grant Seton1070.31
Independent Arshad Chatha740.22
Bill and Ben  3380.97
Māori  2470.71
Legalise Cannabis  1390.40
Kiwi  1170.34
Family Party  890.26
Pacific  370.11
Alliance  160.05
Libertarianz  160.05
Workers Party  120.03
Democrats  60.02
RONZ  40.01
RAM  20.01
Informal votes341159
Total Valid votes34,12534,682
Labour holdMajority1,1173.27

2005 election

2005 general election: Palmerston North [33]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Steve Maharey 17,26353.8714,64244.98
National Malcolm Plimmer11,76336.7111,94336.69
Green Lawrence O'Hallorahan1,1413.562,1166.50
NZ First Graham Odering8532.661,6735.14
United Future Gary Pedersen6271.961,0713.29
Progressive Dawn Patchett2510.783701.14
Independent Archard Chatha1470.46
ACT  2850.88
Māori  1610.49
Destiny  1160.36
Legalise Cannabis  590.18
Christian Heritage  490.15
Libertarianz  180.06
Alliance  140.04
99 MP  100.03
One NZ  70.02
Democrats  60.02
Direct Democracy  60.02
RONZ  40.01
Family Rights  20.01
Informal votes276105
Total Valid votes35,46035,983
Labour holdMajority5,50017.16

1999 election

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Palmerston North for a list of candidates.

1993 election

1993 general election: Palmerston North [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Steve Maharey 9,049 46.24 +4.29
National Barbara Stones5,28527.00
Alliance Gerard Hehir3,47417.75
NZ First Graham Odering1,2206.23
Christian Heritage Kay Burgess4132.11+1.44
Natural Law Tony Martin660.33
Independent Pat Goaley480.24+0.02
Independent Evan Matthew Nattrass400.20
Majority3,76419.23+17.47
Turnout 19,56983.25+1.02
Registered electors 23,504

1990 election

1990 general election: Palmerston North [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Steve Maharey 8,283 41.95
National P L Sherriff7,93440.18
Green Ashok Parbhu1,4657.41
Social Credit Bruce Beetham 8514.31
NewLabour B J Short7013.55
Christian Heritage Kay Burgess3591.81
Democrats S A M Collins1070.54
Independent Pat Goaley440.22
Majority3491.76
Turnout 19,74484.27-3.52
Registered electors 23,429

1987 election

1987 general election: Palmerston North [36]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Trevor de Cleene 11,192 56.20 +5.85
National Paul Curry7,95539.95
Democrats Jacqueline Lush5052.53
McGillicuddy Serious N G Colless1700.85
NZ Party E B Halford900.45
Majority3,32716.70+1.94
Turnout 19,91287.79-4.16
Registered electors 22,681

1984 election

1984 general election: Palmerston North [36]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Trevor de Cleene 10,341 50.35 +1.88
National C G Singleton7,30835.58
NZ Party Carol Coupler2,12310.33
Social Credit M Smith7653.72
Majority3,03314.76+4.95
Turnout 20,53791.95+1.99
Registered electors 22,333

1981 election

1981 general election: Palmerston North [36]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Trevor de Cleene 10,425 48.47
National Brian Elwood 8,31538.66
Social Credit Jacqueline Lush2,56711.93
Values H T Kaa1130.52
Independent W J Harris870.40
Majority2,1109.81
Turnout 21,50789.96+22.56
Registered electors 23,905

1978 election

1978 general election: Palmerston North [36]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Joe Walding 10,629 49.02 +6.35
National John Lithgow 7,89336.40-6.97
Social Credit Peter Joseph Edmonds2,55811.79+4.63
Values George Ferdinand Serrallich5512.54
Tory Andrew John Smith480.22
Majority2,73612.62
Turnout 21,67967.40-16.25
Registered electors 32,162

1975 election

1975 general election: Palmerston North [36]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National John Lithgow 8,801 43.37
Labour Joe Walding 8,65942.67-7.89
Social Credit Peter Joseph Edmonds1,4537.16
Values N W Rennie1,3786.79
Majority1420.69
Turnout 20,29183.65-6.03
Registered electors 24,257

1972 election

1972 general election: Palmerston North [36]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Joe Walding 8,888 50.56 +3.52
National Paul William Mitchell7,12240.51
Social Credit B K Harper6943.94
Values D J Woodhams6763.84
Mad Hatter's Tea PartyMickey Mouse [nb 1] 760.43
New Democratic L A Inglis320.18
Majority1,76610.04+9.15
Turnout 17,57989.68-1.50
Registered electors 19,600

Table footnotes:

  1. Candidate Chris Lawrence changed his name on the ballot to "Mickey Mouse". [37]

1969 election

1969 general election: Palmerston North [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Joe Walding 8,492 47.04 +3.10
National Gordon Cruden8,33146.15+5.96
Social Credit Les Hunter 1,2296.80
Majority1610.89-2.86
Turnout 18,05291.18+14.79
Registered electors 19,797

1967 by-election

1967 Palmerston North by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Joe Walding 6,939 43.94 -0.56
National Gordon Cruden6,34740.19
Social Credit John O'Brien 2,41015.26
Democratic LabourJamie Wedderspoon610.39
ProgressJ. Q. Goldringham340.22
Majority5923.75
Turnout 15,79176.39-12.56
Registered electors 19,873
Labour gain from National Swing

1966 election

1966 general election: Palmerston North [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Bill Brown 7,865 46.01 -3.17
Labour Joe Walding 7,60644.50
Social Credit George Thew1,6209.47
Majority2591.51-3.20
Turnout 17,09188.95-2.62
Registered electors 19,213

1963 election

1963 general election: Palmerston North [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Bill Brown 8,047 49.18 +2.74
Labour Philip Skoglund 7,27544.46+1.15
Social Credit T A Greenwood8154.98
Liberal R J Pedley1651.00
Communist G A Allison580.35
Majority7724.71+3.88
Turnout 16,36091.57+0.90
Registered electors 17,865

1960 election

1960 general election: Palmerston North [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Bill Brown 7,401 46.44 +4.17
Labour Philip Skoglund 7,26845.61-5.58
Social Credit Roy Matheson Gunn1,1867.44
Communist Frederick William Manning790.49
Majority1330.83
Turnout 15,93490.67-2.51
Registered electors 17,572

1957 election

1957 general election: Palmerston North [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Philip Skoglund 7,931 51.19 +2.94
National Bill Brown 6,58342.49
Social Credit Henry Harold Egmont Kensington9786.31
Majority1,3488.70+6.37
Turnout 15,49293.18-0.89
Registered electors 16,625

1954 election

1954 general election: Palmerston North [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Philip Skoglund 7,160 48.25
National Blair Tennent 6,81445.92-4.77
Social Credit S W Wood8635.81
Majority3462.33
Turnout 14,83794.07+4.02
Registered electors 15,772

1951 election

1951 general election: Palmerston North [39]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Blair Tennent 7,288 50.69 -1.13
Labour Joe Hodgens 7,08849.31
Majority2001.39-2.25
Turnout 14,37690.05-3.12
Registered electors 15,964

1949 election

1949 general election: Palmerston North [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Blair Tennent 7,368 51.82
Labour Ormond Wilson 6,85048.17-5.25
Majority5183.64
Turnout 14,21893.17+0.17
Registered electors 15,260

1946 election

1946 general election: Palmerston North [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Ormond Wilson 7,237 53.42
Independent Gus Mansford 6,30946.57-0.08
Majority9286.85
Turnout 13,54693.00+1.92
Registered electors 14,565

1943 election

1943 general election: Palmerston North [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Joe Hodgens 7,346 48.03 -9.24
Independent Gus Mansford 7,13446.65
Democratic Labour Sydney Hindmarsh6134.00
Informal votes1991.30+0.86
Majority2121.38-13.60
Turnout 15,29291.08+2.41
Registered electors 16,789

1938 election

1938 general election: Palmerston North [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Joe Hodgens 8,093 57.27 +22.81
National Jimmy Nash 5,97542.28+10.37
Informal votes630.44+0.02
Majority2,11814.98+14.15
Turnout 14,13188.67-1.33
Registered electors 15,936

1935 election

1935 general election: Palmerston North [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Joe Hodgens 4,730 34.46 -10.31
Independent Gus Mansford 4,61533.62
Reform Jimmy Nash 4,38031.91-23.42
Informal votes580.42-0.15
Majority1150.83
Turnout 13,72590.00+6.18
Registered electors 15,249

1931 election

1931 general election: Palmerston [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Reform Jimmy Nash 6,465 55.33 +5.92
Labour Joe Hodgens 5,22044.67
Majority1,24510.65-10.23
Informal votes670.57-1.07
Turnout 11,75283.82-3.88
Registered electors 14,020

1928 election

1928 general election: Palmerston [46]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Reform Jimmy Nash 5,558 49.40 -16.91
Labour Walter Bromley3,20828.52-5.17
United Charles Albert Loughnan [nb 1] 2,48422.08
Majority2,35020.89-11.75
Informal votes1881.64-0.44
Turnout 11,43887.71-2.04
Registered electors 13,041

Table footnotes:

  1. Charles Loughnan (died 1955), younger brother of Robert Andrew Loughnan, was the founder of Loughnan and Jacobs, solicitors in Palmerston North, now Jacobs Florentine. [47]

1925 election

1925 general election: Palmerston [48]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Reform Jimmy Nash 6,584 66.32
Labour Walter Bromley3,34433.68
Majority3,24032.63
Informal votes2112.08
Turnout 10,13989.75
Registered electors 11,297

1919 election

1919 general election: Palmerston [49]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Reform Jimmy Nash 4,617 54.94 +13.38
Labour Moses Ayrton 3,61342.99
Informal votes1732.05
Majority1,00411.94+6.07
Turnout 8,403

1918 by-election

1918 Palmerston by-election [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Reform Jimmy Nash 2,229 41.56
Labour Alexander Galbraith 1,91435.68
Liberal Ernest Hugh Crabb [51] 1,11920.86
Independent Reform A. Buchanan1011.88
Majority3155.87
Turnout 5,363

1899 election

1899 general election: Palmerston [52]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Independent Liberal Frederick Pirani 1,980 48.49 -2.30
Liberal William Thomas Wood 1,46535.88
Conservative David Buick 63815.63-33.58
Majority51512.61+11.03
Turnout 4,08376.32-2.90
Registered electors 5,350

1890 election

1890 general election: Palmerston [53]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative James Wilson 1,055 43.14
Liberal–Labour Frederick Pirani 99440.65
Liberal John Stevens 39616.19
Majority612.49
Turnout 2,44563.55
Registered electors 3,847

Table footnotes

  1. 2017 Mana Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with the Internet Party in the 2014 election
  2. 2017 Internet Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Mana Party in the 2014 election
  3. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 54ff.
  2. Report of the Representation Commission 2007 (PDF). Representation Commission. 14 September 2007. p. 9. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  3. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 9. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  4. "Palmerston North electorate profile". Parliamentary Library. December 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2018. CC-BY-icon-80x15.png  This article incorporates textby the Parliamentary Library available under the CC BY 4.0 license.
  5. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 148.
  6. Scholefield 1950, p. 157.
  7. 1 2 Oliver, Steven (22 June 2007). "Pirani, Frederick 1858–1926". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  8. Scholefield 1950, p. 132.
  9. "Untitled". The Evening Post . LXIV (131). 29 November 1902. p. 6. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
  10. Scholefield 1950, p. 149.
  11. "Palmerston". Wanganui Herald. XXXXIII (12621). 18 November 1908. p. 5. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  12. "In other Districts". Nelson Evening Mail. XLII. 25 November 1908. p. 2. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  13. "David Buick : Member of Parliament for Palmerston North 1908–1918" (PDF). New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  14. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 128.
  15. 1 2 Atkinson, Neill. "Hodgens, Joseph". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 23 December 2011.
  16. Hancock, Mervyn (December 2005). "George Hamish Ormond Wilson : Member of Parliament for Rangitikei 1935–1938 Palmerston North 1946–1949" (PDF). Palmerston North Library. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-25. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  17. Paul, Janet. "Wilson, George Hamish Ormond - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 23 December 2011.
  18. 1 2 Pilkington, Dorothy. "Tennent, William Blair - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 21 October 2011.
  19. Hancock, Mervyn (December 2005). "George Hamish Ormond Wilson : Member of Parliament for Palmerston North 1960–67" (PDF). Palmerston North Library. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 April 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  20. 1 2 Hancock, Mervyn (December 2005). "Joseph Albert Walding : Member of Parliament for Palmerston North 1967–1975 1978–1981" (PDF). Palmerston North Library. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 April 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2011.
  21. 1 2 3 Hancock, Mervyn (December 2005). "Trevor Albert De Cleene : Member of Parliament for Palmerston North 1981–1990" (PDF). Palmerston North Library. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-25. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  22. Dykes, Mervyn (29 April 2009). "Man about the House". Manawatu Standard. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
  23. "Official Count Results -- Palmerston North". Chief Electoral Officer. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
  24. "Iain Lees-Galloway". New Zealand Parliament . Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  25. 1 2 "Official Count Results -- Palmerston North (2011)". Chief Electoral Officer. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
  26. "Lees-Galloway returned as MP". Manawatu Standard . 20 September 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  27. 1 2 "Official Count Results -- Palmerston North (2014)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 26 April 2016.
  28. Townend, Lucy (4 October 2014). "Naylor confirmed as MP". Manawatu Standard . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  29. Rutherford, Hamish (4 October 2014). "National loses majority, Greens pick up one". Stuff.co.nz . Archived from the original on 4 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  30. "Official Count Results -- Palmerston North (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
  31. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  32. 2008 election results Archived 2008-12-11 at the Wayback Machine
  33. election result Palmerston North 2005 [ permanent dead link ]
  34. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. pp. 12, 161.
  35. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  36. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, pp. 309.
  37. "Mr Mickey Mouse Accepted as Candidate". The Evening Post. 1 November 1972. p. 1.
  38. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, pp. 308.
  39. "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  40. "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  41. "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  42. "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. p. 11. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  43. "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  44. The General Election, 1935. Government Printer. 1936. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  45. The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 4. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  46. The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 4. Retrieved 29 November 2014.
  47. "About Jacobs Florentine". Jacobs Florentine. Retrieved 29 November 2014.
  48. The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 3. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  49. Hislop, J. (1921). The General Election, 1919. National Library. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  50. "By-election Results". The New Zealand Herald . LV (17038). 20 December 1918. p. 4. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  51. Hughes, Beryl. "Helen Priscilla Crabb". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved August 10, 2016.
  52. "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  53. "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012.

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